Fasting on 9th of
Month Dhul Hijjah
Al-Hajj is Performed in This Month.
The First Ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hajjah).” Then some companions of the Prophet said, “Not even Jihad?” He replied, “Not even Jihad”, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and his property in danger (for Allah’s sake) and does not return with any of those things.”(Bukhari 15: 86)
9th Dhul-Hijjah is a very sacred day. When asked about the fast of 9th Dhul-Hijjah (Yaum e Arafah) Allah’s Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “It expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year” (Muslim 6: 2603)
The second Muslim festival Eid ul Adha falls on the 10th of ZulHajjah. An animal sacrifice in memory of the sacrifice of Prophet Ibrahim (as) is offered on 10th Dhul-Hijjah.
Sahih Muslim Book 6 Number 2603
Abu Qatada al-Ansari (Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was asked about his fasting. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) felt annoyed. Thereupon ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with him) said: We are pleased with Allah as the Lord, with Islam as our Code of Life, with Muhammad as the Messenger and with our pledge (to you for willing and cheerful submission) as a (sacred) commitment. He was then asked about perpetual fasting, whereupon he said: He neither fasted nor did he break it, or he did not fast and he did not break it.
He was then asked about fasting for two days and breaking one day. He (the Holy Prophet) said: And who has strength enough to do it? He was asked about fasting for a day and breaking for two days, whereupon he said: May Allah bestow upon us strength to do it. He was then asked about fasting for a day and breaking on the other, whereupon he said: That is the fasting of my brother David (peace be upon him).
He was then asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said: It was the day on which I was born. on which I was commissioned with prophethood or revelation was sent to me, (and he further) said: Three days’ fasting every month and of the whole of Ramadan every year is a perpetual fast. He was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Arafa (9th of Dhu’I-Hijja), whereupon he said: It expiates the sins of the preceding year and the coming year.
He was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Ashura (10th of Muharram), whereupon be said: It expiates the sins of the preceding year. (Imam Muslim said that in this hadith there is a) narration of Imam Shu’ba that he was asked about fasting on Monday and Thursday, but we (Imam Muslim) did not mention Thursday for we found it as an error (in reporting).
The Sacrifice of Ibrahim
Sacrifice has not been made obligatory by Allah Subhanahu wa Tala, however it has the status of being Obligatory Sunnah ( Sunnat e Wajiba). Through this act, pleasure of Allah is obtained and also results in atonement of sins!
Sacrifice has been commanded to the people in all the revealed laws (Shariat) since the time of Prophet Adam (as) to Prophet Muhammad (as). Allah Tala mentioned this sunnah in beautiful words in Surah Safaat:
And he (Ibrhaim as) said (after his rescue from the fire): “Verily, I am going to my Lord. He will guide me!” “My Lord! Grant me (offspring) from the righteous.” So We gave him the glad tidings of a forbearing boy. And, when he (his son) was old enough to walk with him, he said: “O my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (offer you in sacrifice to Allâh), so look what you think!” He said: “O my father! Do that which you are commanded, Inshâ’ Allâh (if Allâh will), you shall find me amongst the patient ones.
Then, when they had both submitted themselves (to the Will of Allâh), and he had laid him prostrate on his forehead; And We called out to him: “O Abraham! You have fulfilled the dream” Verily! Thus do We reward the Muhsinûn (good-doers). Verily, that indeed was a manifest trial and We ransomed him with a great sacrifice and We left for him (a goodly remembrance) among generations (to come) in later times. Salâmun (peace) be upon Ibrâhim!”
After seeing the dream, Ibrahim (as) transcended all logic and sacrificed his most beloved possession, his own son, for the sake of Allah.
The Wisdom Sacrifice
Sacrifice is the symbol of full obedience and total submission to Allah, Ibrahim’s (as) obedience, loyalty and sacrifice greatly earned the pleasure of Allah Subhana Wa-ta’ala and he was declared as a Muhsin and Khalil Allah (Friend of Allah) and his name and his sacrifice is remembered till this day. Five times a day, Muslims send their blessings on Ibrahim (as) along with Muhammad (saw)
Allah Subhanahu Wa-Ta’ala expects the same obedience and sacrifice from His slaves. In front of the command of Allah, there should be no excuses. In remembrance of this sacrifice of Ibrahim (as), Muslims all over the world make a commitment that Oh Lord of the Worlds; We are your obedient slaves. Everything we possess belongs to you. If you command us, we will sacrifice our lives for the sake of Islam.
Thus sunnat of Sacrifice offered every year is actually the expression of a salve’s love for his Creator. The word Qurbani is derived from the word “Qurb”- nearness. Sacrifice is thus a form of worship through which love and nearness of Allah can be attained.
Allah Subhanahu Wa-Ta’ala says in (Surah Al-Anam 162):
“Say (O Prophet Muhammad saw) Indeed my prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death are all for the sake of Allah.”
While sacrificing, if this state and if these feelings of love and total obedience to Allah are not there, then merely shedding the blood of animals and distributing meat are all activities without any spirit.
Allah Subhanahu Wa-Ta’ala does not need blood of animals nor meat from animals. All that He requires from His slaves is the Taqwa, obedience and the feelings of self sacrifice for their Lord.
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’àla says in Surah Hajj:
“It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allâh, but it is piety from you that reaches Him” (Surah: Al-Hajj 37.)
Thus the real spirit of sacrifice is that a man should leave his bad habits, stop following his wishes and desires and stop following traditions. Man should leave and sacrifice all those things in this world which stop him from attaining nearness to Allah.
- What to do in the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah?
- Recite the masnoon dua when sighting the moon of Dhul-Hijjah.
- Recite the Takbiraat as much as possible from the 1st ZulHajjah to the 13th of Dhul-Hijjah.
- After sighting the moon of Dhul-Hijjah, do not cut or trim your hair and nails until you have offered the sacrifice. Allah’s Prophet (peace be upon him) has ordered:
- “When any one of you intending to sacrifice the animal enters in the month (of Dhul-Hijjah) he should not get his hair or nails touched (cut)” (Muslim 22: 4870)
- Perform good deeds: (Fasting, charity, voluntary prayers, zikr, etc) as much as possible.
Observe the fast of 9th Dhul-Hijjah as it leads to expiation of sins of the previous year and the coming year.
What to do on Eid Day..?
- Do not eat anything on Eid ul Adha until after the Eid Prayer and the sacrifice; as this was the sunnah of Allah’s Prophet (peace be upon him).
- While on the way for Eid Prayer, recite the Takbiraat loudly.
The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) ordered all Muslim women, young girls and even women in monthly impurity to come out for Eid prayers. If they don’t have a veil, they should borrow it from someone while women in monthly impurity should stay away from the Musallah. (Bukhari 15:96)