Riyadh Saliheen
Part | 2

The Gardens of the Righteous”, is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith,
By: Imam Abu Zakaria Mohiuddin Yahya An-Nawawi

Decorative Lines

Contents of the Chapters

  • Chapter 21: Helping one another to goodness and fear of Allah.
  • Chapter 22: On Good Counsel.
  • Chapter 23: On commanding the right and forbidding the wrong.
  • Chapter 24: On the harsh punishment of someone who commands right or forbids wrong while his own actions contradict what he says.
  • Chapter 25: On the command to deliver trusts.
  • Chapter 26: On injustice and the command to make restitution in cases of injustice.
  • Chapter 27: On respecting the sacred things of the Muslims, clarification of their rights and having compassion and mercy for them.
  • Chapter 28: Veiling the faults of Muslims and the prohibition against divulging them without necessity.
  • Chapter 29: Taking care of the needs of the Muslims.
  • Chapter 30: Intercession.
  • Chapter 31:  On Putting things right between people.
  • Chapter 32: On the excellence of the weak, poor and obscure Muslims.
  • Chapter 33: Kindness to orphans, girls, the weak, the very poor, and the downtrodden. Treating them well, compassion towards them, humility with them, and gentleness towards them.
  • Chapter 34: Treating women well.
  • Chapter 35: On the rights of a husband from his wife.
  • Chapter 36: Spending on one’s family.
  • Chapter 37: Spending out of what one loves and spending what is excellent.
  • Chapter 38: On the obligation to command one’s family and children and whoever is in one’s care to obey Allah, and to forbid them ‘to oppose Him, teaching them proper behaviour and preventing them from committing what is prohibited.
  • Chapter 39: The right of the neighbour and treating him well.
  • Chapter 40: On dutifulness to parents and maintaining ties of kinship. 

________________________________________________

Chapter | 21

Helping One Another to
Goodness and Fear of Allah

Allah Almighty says, “Help each other to goodness and taqwa,” (5:2) and the Almighty says, “By the Late Afternoon, truly man is in loss. Except for those who believe and do right actions and encourage each other to the truth and encourage each other to steadfastness.” (103:1-4)

0177. Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who equips a fighter in the way of Allah fights as well and anyone who looks after a fighter’s family during his absence fights as well.” [Agreed upon]

0178. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent an expedition to the Banu Lihyan of Hudhayl. He said, “Let every two men send one more man, and the reward will be for both of them.” [Muslim]

0179. Ibn ‘Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, encountered a caravan at ar-Rawha’ and said, “Who are you?” They said, “Muslims.” They said, “Who are you? He said, “The Messenger of Allah.” A woman presented a child to him and said, “Can this one make hajj?” He said, “Yes, and you will have a reward.” [Muslim]

0180. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A trustworthy Muslim agent who carries out what he is instructed to do fully, generously and cheerfully, and pays it to the person to whom he was ordered to pay it, is one of those who give sadaqa.” [Agreed upon]

Chapter | 22

On Good Counsel

Allah says, “The believers are brothers,” (49:10), and the Almighty said, reporting about Nuh, “I am giving you good counsel,” (7:62) and about Hud, “I am a faithful counsellor to you.” (7:68)

0181. Abu Ruqayya Tamim ibn Aws ad-Dari reported the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The deen is good counsel.” We said, “For whom?” He said, “For Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the Imams of the Muslims and their common people.”

0182. Jarir ibn ‘Abdullah said, “I gave allegiance to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the basis of performing the prayer, paying the zakat and giving good counsel to every Muslim.”

0183. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “None of you can truly be said to believe until he wants for his brother what he wants for himself.”

Chapter | 23

On Commanding the Right
And Forbidding the Wrong

Allah Almighty says, “Let there be a community among you who call to the good, and enjoin the right, and forbid the wrong. They are the ones who have success.” (3:104) The Almighty says, “You are the best nation ever to be produced before mankind. You enjoin the is right, forbid the wrong.” (3:110). The Almighty says, “Make allowances for people, command what is right, and turn away from the ignorant,” (7:199) and the Almighty says, “The believers, men and women, are friends of one another.

They command what is right and forbid what is wrong.” (9:71) The Almighty says, “Those among the Tribe of Israel who rejected were cursed on the tongue of Dawud and that of ‘Isa, son of Maryam. That is because they rebelled and overstepped the limits. They would not restrain one another from any of the wrong things that they did.

How evil were the things they used to do!” (5:78-79) and the Almighty says, “Say: ‘It is the truth from your Lord; so let whoever wishes believe and whoever wishes reject.'” (18:29) The Almighty says, “Proclaim what you have been ordered to,” (15:94) and the Almighty says, “We rescued those who forbidden the evil and seized those who did wrong with a harsh punishment because they were deviators.” (7:165)

0184. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Whoever of you sees something wrong should change it with his hand; if he cannot, then with his tongue; if he cannot, then with his heart, and that is the weakest form of belief.'” [Muslim]

0185. Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said, “There is no Prophet sent by Allah to a community before me who did not have disciples in his community and companions, who took on his sunna and obeyed his command. Then after them successors followed who said things they did not do and did things they were not ordered to do. All who fought against them with their hands were believers, all who fought against them with their tongues were believers and all who fought against them in their hearts were believers. There is not a mustard-seed’s worth of belief beyond that.'” [Muslim]

0186. Abu’l-Walid ‘Ubada ibn as-Samit said, “We gave allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to hear and obey in hardship and ease, in things we liked and things we disliked, to prefer others to ourselves and not to go against those in command unless we saw open disbelief for which there was definite proof from Allah.” [Agreed upon]

0187. An-Nu’man ibn Bashir reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The metaphor of someone who stops at the limits of Allah and someone who transgresses them is that of some people who draw lots on a boat. Some of them get the upper deck and some of them the lower. When those in the lower deck want to get water, they have to pass by those above them. Then they say, ‘If we were to make a hole in our deck, we would not have to bother those above us.’ If they were to let them do what they wanted, all of them would perish. If they seize hold of their hands and stop them, they will be saved and all of them will be saved.” [al-Bukhari]

0188. Umm al-Mu’minin, Umm Salama Hind bint Abi Umayya Hudhayfa reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Amirs will be placed over you and you will acknowledge and object to (some of what they do). Anyone who shows dislike is innocent and anyone who objects is safe. However, there will be those who are content and follow them.” They said, “Messenger of Allah, should we not fight them?”

He said, “No, not as long as they establish the prayer among you.” [Muslim] It means that whoever feels dislike in his heart but is unable to object with his hand or tongue is free of wrong action and has fulfilled his duty. Whoever objects according to his ability, is safe from any disobedience. Whoever is content with what they do and follows them is at fault.

0189. Umm al-Mu’minin, Umm al-Hakim Zaynab bint Jahsh reported that once the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became upset and said, “There is no god but Allah. Woe to the Arabs from an evil which is drawing near! An opening has been made in the wall of Ya’juj and Ma’juj like this,” and he made a circle with his thumb and forefinger. I said, “O Messenger of Allah, will we be destroyed when the righteous are among us?” He said, “Yes, if there is a lot of wickedness.” [Agreed upon]

0190. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Beware of sitting in the roadways.” They said, “Messenger of Allah. we must have places where we can sit and talk together.” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If you must sit there, then give the roadway its rights.” They asked, “What are the rights of the roadway, Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Lowering the eye, refraining from causing annoyance, returning the greeting, commanding the right and forbidding the wrong.” [Agreed upon]

0191. Ibn ‘Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a gold ring on the hand of a man and removed it and threw it away saying, “Would one of you go and get a coal from the Fire and put it in his hand!” After the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had left, the man was told, “Take your ring and turn it into profit!” He said, “No, by Prophet, I will never take something that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, threw away!” [Muslim]

0192. Abu Sa’id al-Hasan al-Basri reported that ‘A’idh ibn ‘Amr visited ‘Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad and he said, “My boy, I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘The worst of shepherds is the harsh one. Beware lest you be one of them.’ He said to him, ‘Sit down. You are one of the remainder of the Companions of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.” He said, “Do they have a remainder? The remainder comes after them and refers to other than them!”

0193. Hudhayfa reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “By the One in whose hand my self is, you should command the right and forbid the wrong, or else Allah is very likely to send down on you retribution from Him. Then you will call on Him and He will not answer you.” [Muslim]

0194. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The best jihad is a just word in the presence of a tyrannical ruler.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

0195. Abu ‘Abdullah Tariq ibn Shihab al-Bajali al-Ahmasi reported that a man asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, after he had put his feet in his stirrups, “What jihad is the best?” He said, “A true word in the presence of a tyrannical ruler.” [an-Nasa’i]

0196. Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The first failing to enter the Children of Isra’il was that a man would meet another man and say, ‘O so and so! Fear Allah and stop what you are doing. It is not lawful for you,’ Then he would meet him again the following day and find him still doing the same thing but that would not prevent him from eating, drinking and sitting with him. When they did this, Allah caused the hearts of some of them to be tainted by others. Then He said, “Those among the Tribe of Israel who rejected were cursed on the tongue of Dawud and that of ‘Isa, son of Maryam.

That is because they rebelled and overstepped the limits. They would not restrain one another from any of the wrong things that they did. How evil were the things they used to do! You see many of them taking the unbelievers as their friends. What their lower selves have advanced for them is evil indeed” to “deviators” (5:78-81) Then he said, “No, by Allah, you should command the right and forbid the wrong and you should restrain the unjust and bend them to the truth and confine them to the truth or Allah will cause the hearts of some of you to be tainted by others. And then He will curse you as He cursed them.'” (Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi] These are the words in Abu Dawud, and the words in at-Tirmidhi are:

“The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘When the Children of Israel fell into acts of disobedience, their men of knowledge forbade them, but they did not stop. Then they sat with them in their assemblies and ate and drank with them, so Allah caused the hearts of some of them to be tainted by others. Allah cursed them on the tongue of Da’ud and ‘Isa ibn Maryam. That was for their disobedience and overstepping the limits.” The Messenger of Allah, who had been reclining, sat up. Then he said, “No, by the One who has my soul in His hand, until they bend them to the truth completely!”

0197. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq said, “O people! You recite this verse, ‘O you who believe! You are only responsible for yourselves. The misguided cannot harm you as long as you are guided.’ (W5:105; H5:104) I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘If people see an unjust person, and do not restrain him, Allah is very likely to seize them with retribution from Him.'” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi] 

Chapter 24| On the harsh punishment of someone who commands right or forbids wrong while his own actions contradict what he says:

Allah Almighty says, “Do you order people to devoutness and forget yourselves, when you recite the Book? Will you not use your intellect?” (W2:43; W2:44) and the Almighty says, “O you who believe! Why do you say that what you do not do? It is deeply abhorrent to Allah that you should say what you do not do.” (61:2-3) The Almighty says, “I would clearly not want to go behind your backs and do something I have forbidden you to do.” (11:88)

0198. Abu Zayd Usama ibn Zayd ibn Haritha said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘A man will be brought on the Day of Rising and thrown into the Fire and the intestines of his belly will come out and he will be dragged round by them as the donkey goes round the mill. The people of the Fire will gather round him and say, “So-and-so! What has happened to you? Did you not command the right and forbid the wrong?” He will say, “Yes. I used to command the right and forbid the wrong and then do it.”‘” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter 25| On the command to deliver trusts.

Allah Almighty says,

Allah commands you to return to their owners the things you hold on trust,” [4:57; 4:58] and…

The Almighty says,

We offered the Trust to the heavens, the earth and the mountains, but they refused to take it on and shrank from it. But man took it on. He is indeed wrongdoing and ignorant.” (33:72)

0199. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There are three signs of a hypocrite: whenever he speaks, he lies; whenever he makes a promise, he breaks it; and whenever he is trusted, he betrays his trust.” [Agreed upon] In one variant, “Even if he fasts and prays and claims that he is a Muslim.”

0200. Hudhayfa ibn al-Yaman said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, related two hadiths to us. I have seen one of them come about and am still waiting for the other. He related to us that trustworthiness had descended into the hearts of men. Then the Qur’an descended and they knew it from the Qur’an and they knew it from the Sunna. Then he related that trustworthiness would be removed, and he said, ‘A man will go to sleep and trustworthiness will be taken from his heart and its trace will remain like a small mark.

Then he will go to sleep and trustworthiness will be taken from his heart and its trace will remain like a weal, as when an ember rolls onto his foot and it blisters up and you see it raised up with nothing in it.’ Then he took some pebbles and rolled them onto his foot. ‘And people will continue to trade but practically no one will fulfill his trust, to such a point that it will be said, “There is a trustworthy man among the Banu so-and-so!” and until it will be said of a man, “How tough he is! How elegant! How intelligent!” when he does not have a mustard-grain of belief in his heart.’

There was a time when I did not care who I did business with. If he was a Muslim, his deen was sufficient assurance for me, and if he was a Christian or a Jew, his guardian was sufficient assurance for me. Today I only do business with so-and-so and so-and-so among you.” [Agreed upon]

0201. Hudhayfa and Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, will gather the people together, and the believers will stand until the Garden is brought near to them and then they will go to Adam, may the blessings of Allah be upon him, and say, ‘O our father, open up the Garden for us!’ He will say, ‘Were you brought out of the Garden by anything but the error of your father! That is not in my power. Go to Ibrahim, the Friend of Allah.

He said, “They will go to Ibrahim and Ibrahim will say, ‘That is not in my power. I was only a friend. That degree is far beyond me. Go to Musa to whom Allah spoke directly.’ They will go to Musa and he will say, ‘That is not in my power. Go to ‘Isa, the Word of Allah and His Spirit.’ ‘Isa will say, ‘That is not in my power.’ They will go to Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he will stand and will be granted permission. Trust and kinship will be released and will stand on either side of the Sirat, right and left.

The first of them will pass over like lightning.” I said, “May my father and mother be your ransom, what is passing like lightning?” He said, “Haven’t you seen how it comes and goes in the blink of an eye? Then they will pass like the wind, then pass like birds. The strongest of men will be carried by their actions while their Prophet will be on the Sirat, saying, ‘O Lord, grant safety, grant safety,’ until the actions of the slaves are no longer sufficient and a man is brought who can only cross crawling.

On the sides of the Sirat there are hooks hanging which are commanded to catch hold of particular people. Anyone who is scratched is safe but anyone who is hooked is in the Fire.’ By the One in whose hand is the soul of Abu Hurayra, the bottom of Jahannam is seventy years deep.” [Muslim]

0202. Abu Khubayb ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr said, “When az-Zubayr stood awaiting the Battle of the Camel, he called me over and I went to his side. He said, ‘O my son, no one will be killed today except someone wronging or someone wronged. I think that I will be killed today as one of the wronged. One of my greatest concerns is my debts. Do you think that any of our property will remain after out debts are settled?’ He said, ‘O my son! Sell our property and pay my debts!.’ Then he willed a third, and a third of it was for his sons, i.e. the sons of ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr. He said, ‘A third of the third.

If anything is left over of our property after paying the debts, then a third of it is for your children.’ (Hisham said, “Some of the sons of ‘Abdullah were the same age as the sons of az-Zubayr: Khubayb and ‘Abbad. At that time he had nine sons and nine daughters.”)” ‘Abdullah said, “My father began to order me concerning his debt and say, ‘O my son, if you are unable to settle any of it, then ask my Master for help in doing it.” He said, “By Allah, I did not know what he meant so I said, ‘O my father, who is your Master?’ He said, ‘Allah.'” He said, “Whenever I ran into a difficulty regarding his debt I said, ‘O Master of az-Zubayr! Pay his debt for him!’ and He would settle it.

Az-Zubayr, may Allah be pleased with him, was killed without leaving a dinar or a dirham, but only two pieces of land, one of which was al-Ghaba, and eleven houses in Madina, two in Basra, one in Kufa, and one in Egypt.” He said, “The debt that he owed resulted from people bringing him money to leave in his keeping. Az-Zubayr would say, ‘No, let it rather be a loan, for otherwise I fear that it might get lost.’ He was never appointed to a government post of any kind nor to the collection of land-tax (kharaj) nor anything else. What he had came only from expeditions with the Prophet, or with Abu Bakr, ‘Umar and ‘Uthman.”

 ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr said, “When I worked out the debt he owed, I found it to be two million and two hundred thousand.” Hakim ibn Hizam met ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr and said, “Nephew, how large a debt does my brother have?” I concealed it and said, “A hundred thousand.” Hakim said, “By Allah, I do not think that your property will cover this amount.” ‘Abdullah said, “What would you think if it were two million and two hundred thousand?” He said, “I do not think you will be able to pay this.

If you are unable to cover any of it, then ask me for help.” He said, “Az-Zubayr had purchased al-Ghaba for one hundred and seventy thousand, and ‘Abdullah sold it for one million and six hundred thousand. Then he stood up and said, ‘Anyone who is owed anything by az-Zubayr should come to us at al-Ghaba.’ ‘Abdullah ibn Ja’far came to him, and az-Zubayr owed him four hundred thousand. He said to ‘Abdullah. ‘If you like, I will forgo it.’ ‘Abdullah said, ‘No.’ He said, ‘If you like, you can delay payment if you want to.’ ‘Abdullah said, ‘No.'” He said, “He said, ‘So allocate me a piece of land.’ ‘Abdullah said, ‘You can have from here to there.’ ‘Abdullah sold some of it and paid his debts in full and there remained four and a half shares of the land.

He went to Mu’awiya while ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman, al-Mundhir ibn az-Zubayr and Ibn Zam’a were with him. Mu’awiya said, ‘How much have you valued al-Ghaba at?’ He said, ‘Each share at a hundred thousand.’ He said, ‘How much remains?’ He said, ‘Four and half shares.’ Al-Mundhir ibn az-Zubayr said, ‘I will take a share for a hundred thousand.’ ‘Amr ibn ‘Uthman said, ‘I will take a share for a hundred thousand.’ Ibn Zam’a said, ‘I will take a share for a hundred thousad.’ Mu’awiya said, ‘How much remains?’ He said, ‘A share and a half.’ He said, ‘I will take them for one hundred and fifty thousand.'” He said, “‘Abdullah ibn Ja’far later sold his share to Mu’awiya for sixty thousand.

When Ibn az-Zubayr finishing settling his debts, the sons of az-Zubayr said, ‘Distribute our inheritance between us.’ He said, ‘No, by Allah, I will not distribute it until I have made this announcement for four years during the hajj festival: ‘Anyone who has a debt owed him by az-Zubayr should come to us and we will settle it.'” He said, “He announced that every year at the festival and when the four years were up, he distributed it between them. Az-Zubayr had four wives and after the prescribed third was removed, each wife got a million and two hundred thousand. So the total amount of his property was fifty million and two hundred thousand.” [al-Bukhari] 

Chapter 26| On injustice and the command to make restitution in cases of injustice.

Allah Almighty says, “Nor intercessor will the wrongdoers have, who could be listened to,” (40:18) and the Almighty says, “For those that do wrong there is no helper.” (22:71)

0203. Jabir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Beware of injustice. Injustice will be darkness on the Day of Rising. Beware of avarice. Avarice destroyed those before you and prompted them to shed each other’s blood and make lawful what was unlawful.” [Muslim]

0204. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Rights will be given to those to whom they are owed on the Day of Rising until even the hornless sheep will have retaliation from the horned sheep.” [Muslim]

0205. Ibn ‘Umar said, “We used to talk about the Farewell Hajj while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was still among us and we did not know what the Farewell Hajj was. The Messenger of Allah praised and lauded Allah and then mentioned the Dajjal, talking of him at length. He said, ‘There has been no Prophet sent who did not warn his people about him. Nuh warned his people about him, and so did all the Prophets after him.

If he emerges among you, he will not be hidden from you. It is not hidden from you that your Lord is not one-eyed, but the Dajjal is one-eyed, his right eye looking like a swollen black grape. Allah has made your blood and your property sacred between you like the sacredness of this day of yours in this land of yours in this month of yours. Have I not conveyed it? ‘ They said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘O Allah, bear witness!’ three times. ‘Woe to you! (or ‘Bother you!) Look and do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, striking one another’s necks.'” [al-Bukhari. Muslim related part of it.]

0206. ‘A’isha reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If anyone wrongs someone else even to the extent of a piece of land measuring a hand’s width, his neck will be encircled with it from the the seven earths.” [Agreed upon]

0207. Abu Musa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah prolongs the life of the unjust but when He takes them, He will not let them escape. Then he recited, ‘Such is the iron grip of your Lord when He seizes cities which do wrong. His grip is painful, violent.’ (11:102)” [Agreed upon]

0208. Mu’adh said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me and said, ‘You are going to a people who have a Book. Call on them to testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. If they obey you in respect of that, then tell them that Allah has made the five prayers obligatory for them every day.

If they obey you in respect of that, inform them that Allah has made it obligatory for zakat to be taken from their wealthy and given to their poor. If they obey you in respect of that, beware of taking the things people value highly and beware of the supplication of the wronged man. There is no screen between him and Allah.'” [Agreed upon]

0209. Abu Humayd ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Sa’d as-Sa’idi said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed a man from al-Azd, called Ibn Al-Lutiyya to collect the zakat. When he arrived back, he said, ‘This is for you and this was given as a gift to me.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood on the minbar, praised and glorified Allah and then said, ‘I appointed one of your men to be in charge of an activity for which Allah has made me responsible, and then he came and said, “This is for you and this was given as a gift to me.”

Why did he not sit in the house of his father or mother until his gift came to him if he is speaking the truth. By Allah, none of you will take anything without right but that he will meet Allah Almighty carrying it on the Day of Rising. I do not know if any of you will meet Allah carrying a camel which is grumbling, or a cow which is mooing, or a sheep which is bleating.’ Then he raised his hands until the whites of his armpits could be seen, and said, ‘O Allah! Have I conveyed it?’ three times.” [Agreed upon]

0210. Abu Hurayra, reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Whoever has done an injustice to his brother with regard to his honour or anything else should seek to be absolved by him before the day when there will be neither dinar nor dirham. If he has right actions, they will be taken from him to counterbalance the injustice he did, and if he does not have any good actions, some of the bad actions of his friend will be taken and he will be made to carry them.” [al-Bukhari]

0211. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A Muslim is someone from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe. An emigrant (muhajir) is someone who leaves behind what Allah has forbidden.” [Agreed upon]

0212. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said, “There was a man called Kirkara who used to look after the family and goods of the Prophet. He died and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘He is in the Fire.’ They went to look and found a cloak that he had stolen.” [al-Bukhari]

0213. Abu Bakr Nufay’ ibn al-Harith reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Time has continued cyclically in the same way since the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year is twelve months, four of which are sacred. Three are consecutive: Dhu’l-Qa’da, Dhu’l-Hijja and al-Muharram, and there is Rajab of Mudar which is between Jumada and Sha’ban. He said, “What month is this?” We were silent, thinking that he might change its name.

He said, “Is this not Dhu’l-Hijja?” We said, “Yes.” Then he said, “And what land is this?” and we were silent, thinking that he might change its name. He said, “Is this not the sacred land?” We said, “Yes.’ “What day is this?” We were silent, thinking that he might change its name. He said, “Is this not the Day of Sacrifice?” We said, “Indeed.” He said, “Your blood, your property and your honour are sacred to you, like the sacredness of this day in this month in this city.

You will meet your Lord and He will ask you about your actions. So do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, striking one another’s necks. Let the one who is present convey to the one who is absent. Perhaps the one to whom it is conveyed will retain it better those who are present.” Then he said, “Have I not conveyed it? Have I not conveyed it?” We said, “Yes.” He said, “O Allah, bear witness.” [Agreed upon]

0214. Abu Umama Iyas ibn Tha’laba al-Harithi reported the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah has made the Fire mandatory for anyone who usurps the right of another Muslim by an oath and has forbidden him the Garden.” A man said, “Even if it is only something little, Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Even if it is only a stick of arak.” [Muslim]

0215. ‘Adi ibn ‘Umayra said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Anyone among you we put in charge of something who then conceals a needle, or anything larger, from us, that is misappropriation which he will have to account for on the Day of Rising.’ A black man of the Ansar stood up and went to him – it is as if I could still see him – and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, take back your appointment from me.’ He said, ‘What is up?’ He said, ‘I heard you saying such-and-such.’ He said, ‘I say it again: anyone we put in charge of something, should bring all of it, whether small or large. He should take what is given him and leave what is forbidden him.'” [Muslim]

0216. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “On the day of Khaybar, a group of the Companions of the Prophet came forward and said, ‘So-and-so has been martyred and so-and-so has been martyred,’ until they passed by a man and said of him, ‘So-and-so has been martyred.’ The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘No, I have seen him in the Fire in a cloak – or a mantle – which he misappropriated from the booty.'” [Muslim]

0217. Abu Qatada al-Harith ibn Rib’i reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up among them and mentioned to them that that jihad in the way of Allah and belief in Allah are the best of actions. A man stood up and said, “Messenger of Allah, tell me, if I am killed in the way of Allah, will my sins be absolved?” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Yes, if you are killed in the way of Allah and you are steadfast, expecting the reward, advancing and not retreating.”

Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “What did you say?” He said, “Tell me, if I am killed in the way of Allah, will my sins be absolved?” He said, “Yes, if you are killed in the way of Allah and you are steadfast, expecting the reward, advancing and not retreating – except for the debt. Jibril just said that to me.” [Muslim]

0218. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Do you know who is really destitute?” They said, “The destitute among us are those who have no money or property.” He said, “The truly destitute person among my community is someone who comes on the Day of Rising with prayer, fasting and zakat, but having insulted this person and slandered that person and consumed the property of this person and shed the blood of that person and beaten that person.

He will give this person some of his good deeds and that one some of his good deeds. If his good deeds are wiped out before he has paid what he owes, some of their wrong actions are taken and thrown on him and then he is thrown into the Fire.” [Muslim]

0219. Umm Salama reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I am a human being and you bring your disputes to me. It may be that one of you is more eloquent in stating his case than another and so I give judgement in his favour according to what I hear. If I award him judgement at the expense of the right of his brother, I am cutting out a piece of the Fire for him.” [Agreed upon]

0220. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A believer will remain within the bounds of his religion as long as he does not spill blood unlawfully.” [al-Bukhari]

0221. Khawla bint ‘Amir al-Ansariyya, the wife of Hamza, said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Men who spend out the property of Allah without due right will go to the Fire on the Day of Rising.”[al-Bukhari] 

Chapter 27| On respecting the sacred things of the Muslims, clarification of their rights and having compassion and mercy for them.

Allah Almighty says, “If someone honours Allah’s sacred things, that is better for him his Lord’s sight,” (22:30) and the Almighty says, “As for those who honour Allah’s sacred rites, that comes from taqwa in their hearts.” (22:32) The Almighty says, “And take the believers under your wing,” (15:88) and the Almighty says, “If someone kills another person – unless it is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption in the earth – it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to another person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind.” (5:32)

0222. Abu Musa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A believer in respect of another believer is like a building whose parts support one another.” and he intertwined his fingers. [Agreed upon]

0223. He also reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone passing through any of our mosques or markets carrying arrows should hold or grasp them by their heads so that no Muslim will be injured by them.” [Agreed upon]

0224. An-Nu’man ibn Bashir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The metaphor of the believers in their mutual love, mercy and affection is that of the body. When one limb of it complains, the rest of the body collapses with sleeplessness and fever.” [Agreed upon]

0225. Abu Hurayra said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, kissed al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali while al-Aqra’ ibn Habis was with him. Al-Aqra’ said, ‘I have ten children and have never kissed any of them.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at him and said, ‘Anyone who does not show mercy will not be shown mercy.” [Agreed upon]

0226. ‘A’isha said, “Some of the Bedouins came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Do you really kiss your children?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ They said, ‘But, by Allah, we do not!’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘There is nothing I can do if Allah has removed mercy from your hearts!'” [Agreed upon]

0227. Jarir ibn ‘Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “If someone does not show mercy to people, Allah will not show mercy to him.” [Agreed upon]

0228. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When any of you lead other people in prayer, you should make it short, for among you are there are weak, sick and old people. When you pray by yourself, you can make it as long as you wish.” [Agreed upon] One version has, “And those who have a need to attend to.”

0229. ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to sometimes stop doing an action, in spite of it being something he loved to do, out of the fear that other people might do it and it would become obligatory for them.” [Agreed upon]

0230. ‘A’isha said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade continuous fasting as a mercy to people. They said, ‘But you fast continously.’ He said, ‘My state is not like yours. My Lord feeds me and gives me to drink.'” [Agreed upon] It means, “He gave me the strength of one who eats and drinks.”

0231. Abu Qatada al-Harith ibn Rib’i reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I stand in prayer and would like to make it long but I hear the crying of a child and shorten my prayer not wanting to make things difficult for its mother.” [al-Bukhari]

0232. Jundub ibn ‘Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who prays the Subh prayer is in Allah’s keeping. Make sure Allah does not ask you for anything that is in His keeping. When He asks someone for something that is in His keeping, He will get hold of him and then throw him head first into the Fire of Jahannam.” [Muslim]

0233. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He should not wrong him nor surrender him to his enemy. Allah will take care of the needs of anyone who takes care of the needs of his brother. On the Day of Rising Allah will dispel the anxiety of anyone who dispels the anxiety of another Muslim. On the Day of Rising Allah will veil anyone who veils another Muslim.” [Agreed upon]

0234. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He should not alarm him nor lie to him, nor disappoint him. The honour, property and blood of every Muslim is unlawful to another Muslim. Great care should be taken on this point for it is enough evil for a man merely to scorn his Muslim brother.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0235. He reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Do not envy one another, do not bid against on another, bidding in order to raise the price, do not hate one another, do not turn your backs on one another, and none of you should sell against the sale of anyone else. Be slaves of Allah, brothers. A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim: he should not wrong him nor scorn him nor disappoint him. Godfearing is here,” and he pointed to his breast three times. “It is enough evil for man to scorn his Muslim brother. The blood, property and honour of a Muslim is unlawful to another Muslim.” [Muslim]

0236. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “None of you can truly be said to believe until he wants for his brother what he wants for himself.” [Agreed upon]

0237. He also reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Help your brother, wronging or wronged.” A man said, “Messenger of Allah, I can help him if he is wronged but tell me how I can help him if he is wronging?” He said, “You can restrain him – or prevent him – from injustice. That is helping him.” [al-Bukhari]

0238. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The rights one Muslim has over another Muslim are five: returning the greeting, visiting the sick, joining funeral processions, accepting invitations and blessing those who sneeze.” [Agreed upon] In the variant of Muslim, “The Muslim has six rights. When you meet him, you should greet him. When he invites you, you should accept his invitation. When he asks you for counsel, you should counsel him. When he sneezes and praises Allah, you should bless him. When he is ill, you should visit him. When he dies, you should follow him.”

0239. Abu ‘Umara al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, instructed us to do seven things and forbade us seven. He instructed us to visit the sick, to join funeral processions, to bless people who sneeze, to fulfil our oaths, to help the wronged, to accept invitations, and to return the greeting. He forbade us gold rings, drinking from silver vessels, red silk, fine silk, mixed silk and cotton, and wearing silk and istibraq silk, and brocade.” [Agreed upon] One variant has “declaring stray animals” among the first seven. 

Chapter 28| Veiling the faults of Muslims and the prohibition against divulging them without necessity.

Allah Almighty says, “People who love to see filth being spread abour concerning the believers will have a painful punishment both in this life and in the Next World.” (24:19)

0240. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “No slave veils another slave in this world without Allah veiling him on the Day of Rising.” [Muslim]

0241. Abu Hurayra said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘All of my community will be given safety except for those who flaunt themselves. An aspect of flaunting yourself is to do an action by night and then in the morning, when Allah has veiled you, to say, “O so-and-so! I did such-and-such yesterday,” removing Allah’s veil in the morning after your Lord has veiled you in the night.'” [Agreed upon}

0242. Abu Hurayra said, “When a female slave commits fornication and her fornication is proven, then a man should flog her and not blame her. If she commits fornication again, he should flog her and not blame her. If she commits fornication a third time, he should sell her, even for a rope made of hair.”[Agreed upon]

0243. Abu Hurayra said, “A man who had drunk wine was brought before the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. ‘Beat him,’ he ordered.” Abu Hurayra continued, “Some of us beat with our hands, some with our sandals and some with our garments. When he left, one of the people said, ‘May Allah disgrace you!’ He said, ‘Do not say that. Do not help shaytan against him.'” [al-Bukhari] 

Chapter 29| Taking care of the needs of the Muslims.

Allah Almighty says, “Do good so that hopefully you will be successful.” (W22:76; H22:77)

0244. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The Muslim is the brother of the Muslim. He should not wrong him nor surrender him to his enemy. Allah will take care of the needs of anyone who takes care of the needs of his brother. On the Day of Rising Allah will dispel the anxiety of anyone who dispels the anxiety of another Muslim. On the Day of Rising Allah will veil anyone who veils another Muslim.” [Agreed upon]

0245. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah will relieve anyone who relieves a believer of one of the afflictions of this world, of one of the afflictions of the Day of Rising. Allah will give ease in this world and the Next to anyone who eases the hardship of another. Allah will veil anyone who veils another Muslim in this world and the Next. Allah will help His slave as long as His slave is helping his brother.” [Muslim] 

Chapter 30| Intercession

Allah Almighty says, “Those who join forces for good will receive a reward for it.” (W4:84; H4:85)

0246. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari said, “When someone with a need came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he turned to those sitting with him and said, ‘Intercede on behalf of others and you will get the reward. Allah achieves what He likes on the tongue of His Prophet.'” [Agreed upon] One variant has “what He will”

0247. Ibn ‘Abbas said in the story of Barira and her husband, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked her, ‘Will you take him back?’ She said, ‘Do you command me to, Messenger of Allah?’ He replied, ‘I am interceding.’ She said, ‘I have no need of him.'” [al-Bukhari]

Chapter 31| On Putting things right between people.

Allah Almighty says, “There is no good in much of their secret talk, except in the case of those who enjoin sadaqa, or what is right, or putting things right between people,” (W4:113; H4:114) and the Almighty says, “Reconciliation is better.” (W4:127l H4:128) The Almighty says, “So have taqwa of Allah and put things right between you,” (8:1) and the Almighty says, “The believers are brothers, so make peace between your brothers.” (49:10)

0248. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There is sadaqa owed by every joint people have every day on which the sun rises. Putting things right between two people is sadaqa. Helping a man with his mount and helping him up onto it or lifting up his baggage onto it is sadaqa. A good word is sadaqa. Every step you take to the prayer is sadaqa. Removing an obstruction from the road is sadaqa.” [Agreed upon]

0249. Umm Kulthum bint ‘Uqba ibn Abi Mu’ayt said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Someone who puts things right between people and promotes good or says good cannot be called a liar.'” [Agreed upon] It adds in the variant of Muslim, she said, “I did not hear him make an allowance regarding anything that people said except for three things: war, putting things right between people, and a man speaking to his wife and a wife speaking to her husband.”

0250. ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard the sound of people quarrelling at the door with raised voices. One of them was asking the other to reduce his debt and to show him a little leniency. He said, ‘By Allah, I will not do it.’ The Messenger of Allah went out to them and said, ‘Where is the one who swore by Allah that he would not do what is good?’ He said, “It was I, Messenger of Allah. He can have whatever he likes.'” [Agreed upon]

0251. Abu’l-‘Abbas Sahl ibn Sa’d as-Sa’idi said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard that there was some disagreement among the Banu ‘Amr ibn ‘Awf at Quba’. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out with some of the people to make peace between them. The Messenger of Allah was delayed and it became time for the prayer.

Bilal went to Abu Bakr and said, ‘Abu Bakr, the Messenger of Allah is delayed and it is time for the prayer. Can you lead the people?’ He said, ‘Yes, if you wish.’ Bilal called the iqama for the prayer and Abu Bakr went forward and said the takbir for the people. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came walking through the rows until he was standing in the first row and the people started to clap.

Abu Bakr was not someone who used to look around in the prayer but when the people increased their clapping, he did turn around and there was the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, indicated to him to carry on praying but Abu Bakr raised his hands and praised Allah and then stepped backwards so that he was standing in the row and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went forward and led the people in prayer.

When he finished the prayer, he faced the people and said, ‘O people, why, when something happened to you in the prayer, did you begin to clap? Clapping is for women. When something happens to you in the prayer, you should say, “Glory be to Allah!” There is no one who will not turn round when they hear the words “Glory be to Allah”. Abu Bakr, what kept you from continuing to lead the people in prayer when I indicated to you to do it?’ Abu Bakr said, ‘It is not correct that Ibn Abi Quhafa should lead the people in prayer in front of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'” [Agreed upon]

Chapter 32| On the excellence of the weak, poor and obscure Muslims.

Allah Almighty says, “Restrain yourself with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His Face, and let not thine eyes pass beyond them.” (18:28)

0252. Haritha ibn Wahb said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “Shall I inform you about the people of the Garden? All who are weak and thought to be weak. If they were to take an oath by Allah, Allah would carry it out Shall I tell you about the people of the Fire? All those who are coarse, domineering, and arrogant.'” [Agreed upon]

0253. Abu’l-‘Abbas Sahl ibn Sa’d as-Sa’idi said, “A man passed by the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said to the man who was sitting with him, ‘What do you think of this one?’ He replied, ‘A man who is one of our nobles. This man, by Allah, if he proposes marriage, his proposal is accepting, and if he intercedes his intercession would be granted.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was silent.

Then another man passed by and the Messenger of Allah asked him, ‘What do you think of this one?’ He answered, ‘O Messenger of Allah, this is just one of the poor Muslims. If he were to propose marriage, his proposal would not be worth accepting, and if he were to intercede, his intercession would not be granted, and if he were to speak, his words would not be listened to.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘This one is better than the whole earth full of the first one.” [Agreed upon]

0254. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The Garden and the Fire had an argument. The Fire said, ‘I contain the arrogant and the proud,’ and the Garden said, ‘I contain the weak and the poor.’ So Allah decided between them, ‘You, the Garden, are My mercy. I show mercy through you to whomever I wish. You, the Fire, are My punishment. I punish by you whomever I wish. Both of you will be filled by Me.'” [Muslim]

0255. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “On the Day of Rising, a great, hefty man will be brought forward who is not worth the weight of a gnat’s wing in the sight of Allah.” [Agreed upon]

0256. Abu Hurayra also reported that a black woman or youth used to sweep the mosque. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, missed her and asked after her or him. They said, “She died.” He said, “Why did you not inform me?” It was as if they thought little of her or him. He said, “Show me the grave.” They directed him to it and he prayed over it. Then he said, “These graves are filled with darkness surrounding their inhabitants. Allah Almighty illuminates them for them by my praying over them.” [Agreed upon]

0257. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There is many an unkempt person, driven away from doors, but if he were to swear an oath by Allah, He would fulfil it.” [Muslim]

0258. Usama reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I stood at the entrance to the Garden and most of the people who entered it were the poor whereas the people of wealth were held back. The people of the Fire were ordered to the Fire, and I stood at the entrance to the Fire and most of those who entered it were women.” [Agreed upon]

0259. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Only three people talked in their cradles: ‘Isa son of Maryam and the companion of Jurayj. Jurayj was a man of assiduous worship who went to live in a hermitage. While he was there, his mother came while he was praying and said, ‘Jurayj!’ He said, ‘O Lord, my mother or my prayer!’ He continued in his prayer and she went away. The next day she came while he was praying and she said, ‘Jurayj!’ He again said, ‘O Lord, my mother or my prayer!’ He continued in his prayer and she went away.

The next day she came while he was praying and she said, ‘Jurayj!’ He said, ‘O Lord, my mother or my prayer!’ He continued in his prayer.She said, ‘O Allah, do not let him die without having looked into the face of a prostitute!’ Jurayj and his worship became a subject of discussion among the Children of Israel and among them was a wanton woman whose beauty was proverbial.

She said, ‘If you like, I will seduce him.’ She displayed herself to him, but he did not look at her. She went to a shepherd who had taken shelter in his hermitage and offered herself to him. He had intercourse with her and she became pregnant. When she gave birth, she said, ‘It is from Jurayj.’ They went to him and forced him down from his hermitage, demolished it, and began to beat him. He said, ‘What is wrong with you?’ They said, ‘You committed fornication with this prostitute and she has given birth to your child.’ He said, ‘Where is the child?’ They brought him and he said, ‘Let me pray first.’

He prayed and when he had finished, the child was brought and put in his lap. He said, ‘Boy, who is your father?’ The boy said, ‘So-and-so the shepherd.’ They began to kiss Jurayj and stroke him. They said, ‘We will build you a hermitage of gold.’ He said, ‘No, rebuild it from clay as it was before.’ They did this. “While a child was feeding from its mother, a man of good appearance passed by riding a fast mount. She said, ‘O Allah, make my son like this man.’ He left the breast and turned to look at him and said, ‘O Allah, do not make me like him.’ Then he turned back to the breast and began to feed.”

It is as if I could see the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, describing his feeding by putting his forefinger in his house and sucking it. He said, “Then they brought along a slavegirl and were beating her, saying, ‘You committed fornication and stole.’ She was saying, ‘Allah is enough for me and the best guardian!’ His mother said, ‘O Allah, do not make my son like her!’ He stopped feeding and looked at her and said, ‘O Allah, make me like her.’

They began to talk together and she said, ‘A man of handsome appearance passed by and I said, ‘”O Allah, make my son like him!” and you said, “O Allah, do not make me like him.” Then they brought this slavegirl whom they were beating, saying, “You committed fornication and stole.” I said, “O Allah, do not make my son like her!” and you said, “O Allah, make me like her.”‘ He said, ‘That man was a tyrant, so I said, “O Allah, do not make me like him!” They said to this woman, “You committed adultery” when she had not, and “you stole” when she had not stolen, so I said, “O Allah, make me like her.”‘” [Agreed upon]

Chapter 33| Kindness to orphans, girls, the weak, the very poor, and the downtrodden. Treating them well, compassion towards them, humility with them, and gentleness towards them.

Allah Almighty says, “And take the believers under your wing,” (15:88) and the Almighty says, “Restrain yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, desiring His Face. Do not turn your eyes from them.” (18:28) The Almighty says, “So as for the orphans, do not oppress them, and as for beggars, do not berate them,” (93:9-10) and the Almighty says, “Have you seen him who denies the deen? He is the one who harshly rebuffs the orphan and does not urge the feeding of the poor.” (107:1-3)

0260. Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas said, “We were once with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in a group of six. The idolaters told to the Prophet, ‘Send these men away so that they do not become impudent towards us.’ There was me, Ibn Mas’ud, a man of Hudhayl, Bilal and two other men I will not name. There occurred within the soul of the Messenger of Allah whatever Allah wished to occur and he spoke to himself. So Allah Almighty sent down, ‘Do not chase away those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His Face.’ (W6:53; H6:52)” [Muslim]

0261. Abu Hubayra ‘A’idh ibn ‘Amr al-Muzani, one of the people present at the Bay’at ar-Ridwan, reported that Abu Sufyan came to Salman, Suhayb and Bilal in a group and they said, “The swords of Allah have not finished off the enemy of Allah!” Abu Bakr said, “Do you say this to a shaykh and master of Quraysh?” He went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him. He said, “Abu Bakr, perhaps you have made them angry? If you were to make them angry, then you would make your Lord angry.” He went to them and said, “Brothers, have I made you angry?” They said, “No, may Allah forgive you, brother.” [Muslim]

0262. Sahl ibn Sa’d reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I and those who care for orphans will be in the Garden like this,” and he pointed with his forefinger and middle finger and made an opening between them.” [al-Bukhari]

0263. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I and an orphan’s guardian, whether he is a relative or a non-relative, will be like these two in the Garden,” and the transmitter, Malik ibn Anas, indicated the index and middle fingers. [Muslim]

0264. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The very poor man is not the one who is turned away by a date or two, or for a bite or two, but the very poor is the one who does not ask.”. [Agreed upon] In a variant in the two Sahih collections, “The very poor man is not the one who goes around to people to ask for a bite or two to eat or a date or two, but the one who does not have enough for himself but is too shy to ask so that he is given sadaqa – or does not beg from people importunately.”

0265. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “‘Someone who strives on behalf of widows and the poor is like someone who fights in the way of Allah.’ I think that he also said, ‘And like someone who continually stands at night in prayer and like someone who continually fasts.'” [Agreed upon]

0266. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The worst food is the food of a wedding feast which is denied to those who come to it and which those who are invited to it refuse to attend. Anyone who does not respond to an invitation has rebelled against Allah and His Messenger.” [Muslim] In a variant in the two Sahih collections from Abu Hurayra are the words, “The worst food is the food of a wedding feast to which the rich are invited and from which the poor are left out.”

0267. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I and anyone who brings up two girls until they come of age will be like these two on the Day of Rising,” and he put his fingers together. [Muslim]

0268. ‘A’isha said, “A woman came to me with her two daughters to beg but I had nothing but a date which I gave to her. She divided it between her two daughters, not eating any of it herself. Then she got up and left. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in to us and I told him about this and he said, ‘Anyone who is tried in any way on account of his daughters will find them to be a shield for him from the Fire.'” [Agreed upon]

0269. ‘A’isha said, “A poor woman came carrying two of her daughters and I gave her three dates. She gave each of them a date and lifted the other date to her mouth to eat it and then her daughters asked to eat it, so she divided between them the date which she was going to eat. I was astonished at what she did and I mentioned what she had done to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, ‘Allah has made the Garden mandatory for her because of it – or freed her from the Fire because of it.'” [Muslim]

0270. Abu Shurayh Khuwaylid ibn ‘Amr al-Khuza’i said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘O Allah! I consider it a wrong action that the rights of two weak ones be violated: orphans and women.” [an-Nasa’i]

0271. Mus’ab ibn Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas said, “Sa’d thought that he had preference over those below him and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Are you given victory and provision except on account of the weak among you?'” [al-Bukhari]

0272. Abu’d-Darda’ ‘Umaymir said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Help me in seeking out the weak. They are supported. You are provided for on account of the weak among you.” [Abu Dawud]

Chapter 34| Treating women well.

Allah Almighty says, “Live together with them correctly and courteously,” (4:19) and the Almighty says, “You will not be able to be completely fair between your wives, however hard you try. But do not be completely partial so as to leave a wife, as it were, suspended in mid-air. And if you make amends and have taqwa, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (W4:128; H4:129)

0273. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Treat women well. Woman was created from a rib. The most crooked part of the rib is the top part. If you try to straighten it, you will break it. If you leave it, it remains crooked. So treat women well.” [Agreed upon] In a variant in the two Sahih collections, “A woman is like a rib. If you straighten it, you break it.

If you wish to benefit from her, you can benefit from her in spite of her crookedness.” In a variant in Muslim, “Woman was created from a rib, and you will never find any means to straighten her. If you wish to benefit from her, you can benefit from her in spite of her crookedness. If you try to straighten her, you will break her, and breaking her means divorcing her.”

0274. ‘Abdullah ibn Zam’a reported that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, giving a speech in which mentioned the She-camel and the one who hamstrung her. The Messenger of Allah said, “‘The worst of them rushed ahead,’ (91:12) means that a mighty, malicious, powerful man in his party leapt to do it.”

Then he mentioned women and gave an admonishment regarding them, saying, “Some of you go and flog their wives as a slave is flogged and then sleep with them at the end of the day.” Then he admonished them about their laughing at people breaking wind and said, “Why does one of you laugh at something he himself does?” [Agreed upon]

0275. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A believing man should not hate a believing woman. If he dislikes something in her character, he should be pleased with some other or anothertrait of hers.” [Muslim]

0276. ‘Amr ibn al-Ahwas al-Jushami reported that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say during the Farewell Hajj after praising and glorifying Allah, and reminding and admonishing, “Treat your women well. They are as captives in your possession. You have no rights over them except that [i.e. physical enjoyment and that they protect their husband’s interest in respect of themselves and his property].

If they act licentiously in an open way, then leave them alone in their beds and beat them but not severely. If they obey you, you have no way against them. You have rights over your women and your women have rights over you. Your right over them is that they do not allow into your bed those you dislike and do not permit those you dislike to enter your house. Their right over you is that you are good to them in respect of their clothes and food.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0277. Mu’awiya ibn Hayda said, “I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, what is the right of someone’s wife over him?’ He said, ‘That you feed her when you eat and clothe her when you clothe yourself and do not strike her face. Do not malign her and do not keep apart from her, except in the house.'” [Abu Dawud]

0278. Abu Hurayra stated, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘The most perfect of believers in belief is the best of them in character. The best of you are those who are the best to their women.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

0279. Iyas ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Dhubab reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Do not beat the female slaves of Allah.” Then ‘Umar came to the Prophet and said, “The women have become bold towards their husbands,” and so he made an allowance to beat them.

Then many women surrounded the family of the Messenger of Allah to complain about their husbands. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The people of the household of Muhammad have surrounded by many women who are complaining about their husbands. Those men are not among the best of you.”

0280. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “This world is enjoyment, and the best of its enjoyment is a righteous woman.”

Chapter 35| On the rights of a husband from his wife.

Allah Almighty says, “Men have charge of women because Allah has preferred the one above the other and because they spend their wealth on them. Right-acting women are obedient, safeguarding their husband’s interests in his absence as Allah has guarded them.” (4:34)

0281. Abu Hurayra said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘When a man calls his wife to bed and she does not come and he spends the night angry with her, the angels curse her until morning.'” In a variant they both have, “When a woman spends the night spurning her husband’s bed, the angels curse her until morning.” [Agreed upon] In one variant, the Messenger of Allah said, “By the One in whose hand my soul is, there is no man who calls his wife to his bed and she refuses to come without the One in the heaven being angry with her until until her husband is pleased with her again.”

0282. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “It is not lawful for a woman to fast while her husband is present, except with his permission, nor to give someone permission to enter his house without his permission.” [Agreed upon. This is the version in al-Bukhari]

0283. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “All of you are shepherds. Each of you is responsible for his flock. An amir is a shepherd. A man is a shepherd in respect of his family. The woman is a shepherd in respect of her husband’s house and children. All of you are shepherds and each of you is reponsible for his flock.” [Agreed upon]

0284. Abu ‘Ali Talq ibn ‘Ali reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When a man calls his wife to attend to his need, she should come to him, even if she is at the oven.” [at-Tirmidhi and an-Nasa’i]

0285. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If I were to command anyone to prostrate to anyone else, I would have commanded women to prostrate to their husbands.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0286. Umm Salama reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Any woman who dies at a time when her husband is pleased with her will enter the Garden.””

0287. Mu’adh ibn Jabal reported is that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A woman does not injure her husband in this world without his wife among the houris saying, ‘Do not injure him, may Allah fight you! He is a guest with you who is about to leave you for us.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0288. Usama ibn Zayd reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I have not left after me any temptation more harmful to men than women.” [Agreed upon]

Chapter 36| Spending on one’s family.

Allah says, “It is the duty of the fathers to feed and clothe them with correctness and courtesy,” (W2:230; H2:233) and the Almighty says, “He who has plenty should spend out from his plenty, but he whose provision is restricted should spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not demand from any self more than He has given it,” (65:7) and the Almighty says, “But anything you expend will be replaced by Him.” (34:39)

0289. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Out of a dinar which you spend in the way of Allah and a dinar which you spend on freeing a slave and a dinar which you give to a poor person and a dinar which you spend on your family, the one with the greatest reward is the one which you spend on your family.” [Muslim]

0290. Abu ‘Abdullah, called Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman Thawban ibn Bujdad, the client of the Messenger of Allah reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Is not the best dinar a man spends the dinar which he spends on his family and the dinar which he spends on his mount in the way of Allah and the dinar which he spends on his companions in the way of Allah?” [Muslim]

0291. Umm Salama said, “I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, will I have a reward if I maintain the sons of Abu Salama when they are my sons? I cannot leave them to go here and there in search of a livelihood’ He said, ‘Yes, you will have a reward for what you spend on them.'” [Agreed upon]

0292. Sa’id ibn Abi Waqqas reported in his long hadith which we put at the beginning of the book in the chapter on intention, is that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, “You will be rewarded for whatever you spend on your family desiring by it the Face of Allah, even for the morsel you put in your wife’s mouth.” [Agreed upon]

0293. Abu Mas’ud al-Badri reported is that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When a man spends on his family and sincerely hopes to be rewarded for it, it is sadaqa for him.” [Agreed upon]

0294. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “It is sin enough for a man that he neglects someone whom he is supposed to feed.” [Abu Dawud and others] Muslim has something of a similar meaning in his Sahih Collection, “It is sin enough for a man to withhold the food of someone he owns.” 

Chapter 37| Spending out of what one loves and spending what is excellent.

Allah Almighty says, “You will not attain true goodness until you give of what you love” (W3:91; H3:92) and the Almighty says, “O you who believe! Give away some of the good things you have earned and some of what We produce for you from the earth. Do not have recourse to bad things when you give, things you would only take with your eyes shut tight.” (W2:266; H2:267)

0295. Abu Hurayra reported the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There is no day which dawns on the slaves of Allah without two angels descending and one of them saying, ‘O Allah, refund those who give money’ and the other saying, ‘O Allah, ruin those who withhold it.'” [Agreed upon]

0296. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The upper hand is better than the lower hand. Begin with your dependants. The best sadaqa is that given by the wealthy. Anyone who refrains [from asking], Allah will spare him the need to and anyone who seeks to be independent, Allah will give him independence.” [al-Bukhari] 

0297. Anas said, “Abu Talha had more property in palm trees than any of the Ansar in Madina. His favourite property was Bayruha’ which was opposite the mosque. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to enter it and drink its sweet water.”

Anas said, “When this ayat was sent down: ‘You will not attain true goodness until you give of what you love,'(W3:91; H3:92) Abu Talha went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, Allah, Almighty says, “You will not attain true goodness until you give of what you love” The property I love the best is Bayruha’. It is sadaqa for Allah whose goodness I hope for and I hope that it will be stored up for me with Allah Almighty.

Messenger of Allah, dispose of it in whatever way Allah shows you is best.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Excellent! That is a profitable property. That is is a profitable property. I have heard what you have said and I think that you should give it to your relatives.’ Abu Talha said, ‘I will do that, Messenger of Allah!’ So Abu Talha divided it among his relatives and cousins.” [Agreed upon]

Chapter 38| On the obligation to command one’s family and children and whoever is in one’s care to obey Allah, and to forbid them to oppose Him, teaching them proper behaviour and preventing them from committing what is prohibited.

Allah Almighty says, “Instruct your family to do the prayer and be constant in it,” (W20:131; H20:132) and the Almighty says, “O you who believe, safeguard yourselves and your families from a Fire.” (66:6)

0298. Abu Hurayra said, “Al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali took a date from the sadaqa dates and put it in his mouth. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘No, no! Spit it out’. He said, ‘Are you not aware that we do not eat sadaqa?'” [Agreed upon] In one variant, “Sadaqa is not lawful for us.”

0299. Abu Hafs ‘Umar ibn Abi Salama ‘Abdu’l-Asad, the stepson of the Messenger of Allah, said, “I was a child under the guardianship of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and my hand would go around in the dish. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘Boy, say the name of Allah Almighty and eat with your right hand and eat what is in front of you.’ That became the way I ate ever afterwards.” [Agreed upon]

0300. Ibn ‘Umar said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘All of you are shepherds and each of you is responsible for his flock. An Imam is a shepherd and he is responsible for those in his care. A man is a shepherd in respect of his family and is responsible for those in his care. The woman is a shepherd in respect of her husband’s house and is responsible for those in her care. The servant is a shepherd in respect of his master’s property and is responsible for what is in his care. All of you are shepherds and each of you is responsible for his flock.'” [Agreed upon]

0301. The grandfather of ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Command your children to pray when they are seven. Beat them to make them do it when they are ten and separate them in their beds.” [Abu Dawud]

0302. Abu Thurayya Sabra ibn Ma’bad al-Juhani reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Teach a child the prayer at the age of seven and beat him to make him do it when he is ten.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi] Abu Dawud has, “Command a child to pray when he reaches the age of seven.”

Chapter 39| The right of the neighbour and treating him well.

Allah Almighty says, “Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be good to your parents and relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to neighbours who are related to you and neighbours who are not related to you, and to companions and travellers and your slaves.” (4:36)

0303. Ibn ‘Umar and ‘A’isha reported: “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Jibril continued to advise me to be good to my neighbour until I thought that he would have me make him my heir.'” [Agreed upon]

0304. Abu Dharr reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O Abu Dharr, if you cook a stew put a lot of water in it, keeping your neighbours in mind.” [Muslim] In one variant, Abu Dharr said, “My friend, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, advised me, ‘When you cook a stew, put a lot of water in it and then go and see the people of a neighbouring house and give them a reasonable amount of it.”

0305. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe!” It was asked, “Who is that, Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Someone whose neighbour is not safe from his mischief!” [Agreed upon] In Muslim’s variant, “No one will enter the Garden whose neighbour is not safe from his mischief.”

0306. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O Muslim women! No one should look down on a gift from her neighbour, even if it is only a sheep’s trotter.” [Agreed upon]

0307. Abu Hurayra reported the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “No neighbour should prevent his neighbour from inserting a piece of wood in his wall.” Then Abu Hurayra said, “Why do I see that you are averse to this? By Allah, I will hurl it at you between your shoulders!” [Agreed upon]

0308. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should not harm his neighbour. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or be silent.” [Agreed upon]

0309. Abu Shurayh al-Khuza’i reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should be good to his neighbour. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or be silent.” [Muslim. Al-Bukhari has part of it.]

0310. ‘A’isha said, “I asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, I have two neighbours. To which of them should I give?’ He replied, ‘To the one whose door is nearer to you.'” [al-Bukhari]

0311. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The best of companions in the sight of Allah Almighty is the one who acts best towards his companion. The best of neighbours in the sight of Allah Almighty is the one who acts best towards his neighbour.” [at-Tirmidhi] 

Chapter 40| On dutifulness to parents and maintaining ties of kinship.

Allah Almighty says, “Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him. Be good to your parents and relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to neighbours who are related to you and neighbours who are not related to you, and to companions and travellers and your slaves.” (4:36)

The Almighty says, “Have taqwa of Allah in whose name you make demands on one another and also in respect of your families,” (4:1) and the Almighty says, “Those who join what Allah has commanded to be joined.” (W13:23; H13:21)

The Almighty says, “We have instructed man to honour his parents,” (W29:7; H29:8) and the Almighty says, “Your Lord has decreed: that you should worship none but Him, and that you should show kindness to your parents, whether one or both of them reach old age with you.

So do not say ‘Ugh!’ to them out of irritation and do not be harsh with them but speak to them with gentleness and generosity. Lower to them, out of mercy, the wing of humility and say: ‘Lord, show mercy to them as they did in looking after me when I was small.'” (17:23-24) The Almighty says, “We have instructed man concerning his parents. Bearing him caused his mother great debility and the period of his weaning was two years: ‘Give thanks to Me and to your parents.'” (W31:13; H31:14)

0312. Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said, “I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “Which action does Allah Almighty love the most?” He said, “The prayer in its time.” I said, “Then what?” He said, “Devotedness to parents.” I said, “Then what?” He said, “Jihad in the way of Allah.” [Agreed upon]

0313. Abu Hurayra reported: “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “No child can repay his father unless he finds him enslaved and then buys him and sets him free.” [Muslim]

0314. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah said, “Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should maintain his ties of kinship. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or remain silent.” [Agreed upon]

0315. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah Almighty created creation and when he finished creating, kinship stood up and said, ‘Is this the place of him who seeks refuge with You from being cut off?’ He said, ‘Yes. Would you be pleased if I joined anyone who joined you and cut off anyone who cut you off?’ It said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Then that is the case.'”

Then the Messenger of Allah said, “If you wish, then recite, ‘Is it not likely that, if you did turn away, you would cause corruption in the earth and sever your ties of kinship? Such are the people Allah has cursed making them deaf and blinding their eyes.’ (W47:23-24; 47:22-23)” [Agreed upon]

0316. Abu Hurayra said, “A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, and asked, ‘Messenger of Allah, what person is the most entitled to the best of my company?’ He replied, ‘Your mother.’ He said, ‘Then whom?’ He replied, ‘Your mother.’ He said, ‘Then whom?’ He replied, ‘Your mother.

He said, ‘Then whom?’ He answered, ‘Your father.'” [Agreed upon] In one variant, “‘O Messenger of Allah, who is the most entitled to good companionship?’ He replied, ‘Your mother, then your mother, then your mother, then your father, then the nearest relative and the next nearest.'”

0317. Abu Hurayra said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘May his nose be in the dust! Then may his nose be in the dust! Then may his nose be in the dust someone whose parents are old, or one of them is old, and he does not enter the Garden!'” [Muslim]

0318. Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported that a man said, “Messenger of Allah, I have some relatives with whom I maintain relations but they cut me off. I am good to them and they are bad to me. I am forbearing to them and they are impatient towards me.” He said, “If you are as you have said, then it is as if you are giving them hot embers to drink. You will continue to have a helper from Allah against them as long as you remain doing that.” [Muslim]

0319. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who desires the expansion of his provision or to have the best of his life prolonged, should maintain ties of kinship.'” [Agreed upon]

0320. Anas said, “Abu Talha had more property in palm trees than any of the Ansar in Madina. His favourite property was Bayruha’ which was opposite the mosque. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to enter it and drink its sweet water.”

Anas said, “When this ayat was sent down: ‘You will not attain true goodness until you give of what you love’ (W3:91; H3:92) Abu Talha went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, Allah, Almighty says, “You will not attain true goodness until you give of what you love.”

The property I love the best is Bayruha’. It is sadaqa for Allah whose goodness I hope for and I hope that it will be stored up for me with Allah Almighty. Messenger of Allah, dispose of it in whatever way Allah shows you is best.’

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Excellent! That is a profitable property. That is is a profitable property. I have heard what you have said and I think that you should give it to your relatives.’ Abu Talha said, ‘I will do that, Messenger of Allah!’ So Abu Talha divided it among his relatives and cousins.” [Agreed upon]

0321. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said, “A man came to the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Shall I give you my oath of allegiance based on emigration and jihad, seeking a reward from Allah Almighty?’ He asked, ‘Are either of your parents living?’ He replied, ‘Yes, both of them.’ He said, ‘Do you desire a reward from Allah Almighty?’ He replied, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Go back to your parents and keep good company with them.'” [Agreed upon.

This is the version of Muslim] In one of their variants, “A man came and asked permission to go on jihad. He said, ‘Are your parents alive?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘So expend your effort on them.'”

0322. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr reported: “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘A person who maintains ties of kinship is not someone who only does so with those who maintain ties with him. A person who maintains ties of kinship is someone who restores them when they have been cut off.'” [al-Bukhari]

0323. ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Kinship is suspended from the Throne and says, “Allah will connect with all who maintain my ties. Allah will sever his connection with all who sever them.'” [Agreed upon]

0324. Umm al-Mu’minin Maymuna bint al-Harith reported that she set a slave-girl free without asking the permission of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. On her day when he came around to her, she said, “Are you aware, Messenger of Allah, that I have freed my slavegirl?” He said, “Did you do so?” She said, “Yes.’ He said, “If you had given her to your maternal uncles, you would have had a greater reward.” [Agreed upon]

0325. Asma’ bint Abi Bakr as-Siddiq said, “My mother came to me during the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while she was still an idolater and I asked the Messenger of Allah, ‘My mother has come to me, wanting something. Shall I give it to her?’ He said, ‘Yes. Give to your mother.'” [Agreed upon]

0326. Zaynab ath-Thaqafiyya, the wife of ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Give alms, O congregation of women, even from your jewellery.'” She said, “I went back to ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud and said to him, ‘You are a man of little wealth and the Messenger of Allah has commanded us to give sadaqa. So go to him and ask him if [my supporting you] will be enough for me. If not, I will pay it to someone other than you.’ He said, ‘Rather you should go to him yourself.’ So I went and there was one of the women of the Ansar at the door of the Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, whose situation was similar to mine.

The Messenger of Allah inspired awe and Bilal came out to us, so we said to him, ‘Go to the Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and tell him that there are two women at the door who are asking him whether sadaqa to their husbands and the orphans in their care will be enough for them. Do not tell him who we are.’ So Bilal went in to the Messenger of Allah and asked him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Who are they?’ He said, ‘A woman of the Ansar and Zaynab.’ The Messenger of Allah asked, ‘Which Zaynab is it?’ He said, ‘The wife of ‘Abdullah.” He said, ‘They will both have two rewards: the reward of kinship and the reward of sadaqa.'” [Agreed upon]

0327. Abu Sufyan Sakhr ibn Harb said in a long hadith concerning what happened with Heraclius is that he said, “Heraclius asked, ‘What does he order you to do?’ meaning the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.” He said, “I said, ‘He says, “Worship Allah alone and do not associate anything with Him and abandon what our ancestors said.” He commands us to pray, to speak the truth, to be chaste, and to maintain ties of kinship.'” [Agreed upon]

0328. Abu Dharr reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “You will conquer a land in which the qirat will be mentioned.” In one variant, “You will conquer Egypt which is a land in which the qirat is used, so command its people to good.

They have right to security and ties of kinship.” In one variant, “When you conquer it, be good to its people. They have right to security and ties of kinship,” or he said, “right to security and ties of marriage.” The scholars say, “The ties of kinship come from the fact that Hajar, the mother of Isma’il, was one of them, and the ties of marriage come from the fact that Maria the mother of Ibrahim, the son of the Messenger of Allah, , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was one of them.”

0329. Abu Hurayra said, “When this verse was sent down, ‘Warn your near relatives,’ (26:214), the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned Quraysh and they gathered, both the common people and the elite.

He said, ‘O Banu ‘Abdu Shams! O Banu Ka’b ibn Lu’ayy! Save yourselves from the Fire! O Banu Murra ibn Ka’b! Save yourselves from the Fire! O Banu ‘Abdu Manaf! Save yourselves from the Fire! O Banu Hashim! Save yourselves from the Fire! O Banu ‘Abdu’l-Muttalib! Save yourselves from the Fire! O Fatima! Save yourself from the Fire! I do not possess anything to help you against Allah other than the fact of your kinship which I will maintain.” [Muslim]

0330. Abu ‘Abdullah ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, speaking openly and not in secret, and he said, ‘The people of the Banu so-and-so are not my friends. My friends are Allah and the righteous believers, but they have kinship with me which I keep up.” [Agreed upon. This is the version in al-Bukhari.]

0331. Abu Ayyub Khalid ibn Zayd al-Ansari reported that a man said, “Messenger of Allah, tell me about an action that will bring me into the Garden and keep me far from the Fire?” The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him, perform the prayer and pay the zakat and maintain ties of kinship.” [Agreed upon]

0332. Salman ibn ‘Amir reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When one of you breaks the fast, he should break it with dates. They are a blessing. If he cannot find any dates, then water. It is pure.” He said, “Sadaqa given to a poor person is sadaqa but to a relative it is both sadaqa and maintaining ties of kinship.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0333. Ibn ‘Umar said, “I had a wife whom I loved but whom ‘Umar disliked. He said to me, ‘Divorce her,’ and I refused. ‘Umar went to the Prophet and mentioned that to him and the Prophet said, ‘Divorce her.'” [Abu Dawud]

0334. Abu’d-Darda’ reported that a man came to him and said, “I have a wife whom my mother has told me to divorce.” He said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Your parents are the main door of the Garden. If you wish, you can remove that door or preserve it.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

0335. Al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A maternal aunt has the same status as a mother.” [at-Tirmidhi] There are many famous hadiths regarding this in the Sound Collections.