Riyadh Saliheen
Part | 3

The Gardens of the Righteous”, is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith,
By: Imam Abu Zakaria Mohiuddin Yahya An-Nawawi

Decorative Lines

Contents of the Chapters

Chapter 41:       On the prohibition of disobeying parents and severing ties of kinship.
Chapter 42:       The excellence of dutifulness shown to the friends of one’s father and mother, relatives, wife, and others whom one should honour.
Chapter 43:       Honouring the people of the family of the Messenger of Allah and their clear excellence.
Chapter 44:       Respect for people of knowledge, the great and people of importance, and putting them ahead of others, raising where they sit and showing their rank.
Chapter 45:       On visiting the people of virtue, sitting with them, keeping their company, loving them, seeking visits and supplication  from them, and visiting places of virtue.
Chapter 46:       The excellence of love for the sake of Allah and encouraging it, and a man who loves another informing him of that and what he says to him when he informs him.
Chapter 47:       On the signs of Allah’s love for His slave and urging that it be taken on and that one should strive to obtain it.
Chapter 48:       On cautioning against causing injury to the righteous, the weak and the poor.
Chapter 49:       Judging people according to the outward while leaving their secrets to Allah Almighty.
Chapter 50:       On Fear.
Chapter 51:       On Hope.
Chapter 52:       On the Excellence of Hope
Chapter 53:       On combining Fear and Hope
Chapter 54:       On the Excellence of Weeping.
Chapter 55:       On the Excellence of making do with little of this world and the encouragement to have little of it and the excellence of poverty.
Chapter 56:       On the excellence of hunger, a simple live style, and confining oneself to little in food, drink, clothing and other things which are the portion of the self, and abandoning appetites.
Chapter 57:       On Contentment, self-restraint, moderation in life style and spending, and criticism of asking without necessity.
Chapter 58:       On the permission to take that which is not asked for nor sought after.
Chapter 59:       The encouragement to eat from the work of one’s own hand, and to refrain from asking and turning to giving.
Chapter 60:       On generosity, magnanimity and spending in good ways with trust in Allah Almighty.

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Chapter | 41

On the Prohibition of Disobeying
Parents and Severing Ties of Kinship.

Allah Almighty says, “Is it not likely that, if you did turn away, you would cause corruption in the earth and sever your ties of kinship? Such are the people Allah has cursed making them deaf and blinding their eyes.” (W47:23-24; 47:22-23) The Almighty says, “But as for those who break Allah’s contract after it has been agreed and sever what Allah has commanded to be joined, and cause corruption in the earth, the curse will be upon them.

They will have the Evil Abode.” (W13:26; H13:25) and the Almighty says, “Your Lord has decreed: that you should worship none but Him, and that you should show kindness to your parents, whether one or both of them reach old age with you. So do not say ‘Ugh!’ to them out of irritation and do not be harsh with them but speak to them with gentleness and generosity. Lower to them, out of mercy, the wing of humility and say: ‘Lord, show mercy to them as they did in looking after me when I was small.'” (17:23-24)

0336. Abu Bakr Nufay’ ibn al-Harith said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Shall I inform you about the greatest of the major sins?’ three times. We said, ‘Yes, Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘Associating others with Allah and disobedience to your parents.’ He was reclining and sat up and said, ‘And telling lies and giving false testimony.’ He kept repeating them until we said, ‘If only he would be quiet.'” [Agreed upon]

0337. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The major sins are associating others with Allah, disobeying your parents, killing someone and giving a false oath.” [al-Bukhari]

0338. Abu ‘Abdullah ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “One of the major wrong actions is for a man to abuse his parents.” They asked, “O Messenger of Allah, is it possible for a man to abuse his parents?” He replied, “Yes. He may curse a another man’s father who in turn curses his father, and curse his mother and he in turn curses his mother.” [Agreed upon]

In one variant, “One of the worst major wrong actions is for a man to curse his parents.” It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, how can a man curse his parents?” He said, “He may curse another man’s father who in turn curses his father, and curse his mother and he in turn curses his mother.”

0339. Abu Muhammad Jubayr ibn Mut’im reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Someone who severs (ties of kinship) will not enter the Garden.” [Agreed upon] Sufyan said in his variant, “Someone who severs ties of kinship…”

0340. Abu ‘Isa al-Mughira ibn Shu’ba reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah Almighty has forbidden you to disobey your mothers, to deny others what is rightfully theirs or demand what is not rightfully yours, and to bury your daughters alive and He dislikes you engaging in chit-chat, asking too many questions and wasting money.” [Agreed upon]

Chapter | 42

The excellence of dutifulness shown to the friends of one’s father and mother, relatives, wife, and others whom one should honour.

0341. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The highest dutifulness is that a man should give to those his father likes.”

0342. ‘Abdullah ibn Dinar reported about ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar is that one of the desert Arabs met him on the road to Makka and ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar greeted him and mounted him on a donkey which he used to ride and gave him a turban which he was wearing.

Ibn Dinar said, “We said to him, ‘May Allah put you right! They are desert Arabs and they are content with little!’ ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar said, ‘This one’s father had love for ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab and I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “The most devout form of devotion is to establish relations with a man who loved one’s father?”‘” In one variant from Ibn Dinar from Ibn ‘Umar is that when he went out to Makka, he had a donkey on which he would rest when he was weary of riding his camel and his turban was wrapped round his head.

When he was on that donkey one day, he passed by a desert Arab and said, “Are you not the son of so-and-so son of so-and-so?” He said, “Yes indeed.” So he gave him the donkey and said, “Ride this,” and he gave him the turban and said. “Wrap this round your head.” One of his companions said to him, “May Allah forgive you! You gave this desert Arab a donkey which you were resting on and a turban which you had wrapped around your head?” He said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘The most devout form of devotion is to establish relations with a man who loved one’s father after his death.’ His father was a friend of ‘Umar.” [Muslim]

0343. Abu Usayd Malik ibn Rabi’a as-Sa’idi said, “Once while we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a man from the Banu Salama came up and asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah, is there any devotion to my parents which I can show them after their death?’ He said, ‘Yes, praying for them, asking forgiveness for them, fulfilling their pledges after them, maintaining ties with relations which are only maintained through them, and honouring any friend of theirs.” [Abu Dawud]

0344. ‘A’isha said, “I was never jealous towards any of the other wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as I was jealous towards Khadija even though I never saw her. However, he used to mention her often. Often when he sacrificed a sheep, he would cut it into pieces and send them to Khadija’s friends.

I would often say to him, ‘It is as if there was only Khadija in the world!’ He would say, ‘She was as she was and I had children from her.'” [Agreed upon] In one variant, “If he sacrificed a sheep, he would give enough of it to her friends to suffice them.” In one variant, “When he sacrificed a sheep, he would say, ‘Send it to the friends of Khadija.'”

In one variant she said, “Hala bint Khuwaylid, the sister of Khadija, asked permission to come into the Messenger of Allah, and it reminded him of how Khadija had used to ask permission, and that made him very happy so that he said, ‘O Allah, Hala bint Khuwalid!'”

0345. Anas ibn Malik said, “I went out with Jarir ibn ‘Abdullah al-Bajali on a journey and he tried to serve me so I said to him, ‘Do not do that.’ He said, ‘I saw the Ansar do something for the Messenger of Allah and I promised myself that I would not keep the company of any of them without serving him.'” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter | 43

Honouring the people of the family of the Messenger of Allah and their clear excellence.

Allah Almighty said, “Allah wishes to remove all impurity from you, People of the House, and to purify you completely,” (33:33) and the Almighty said, “As for those who honour Allah’s sacred rites, that (honour) comes from the taqwa in their hearts.” (W22:30; H22:32)

0346. Yazid ibn Hayyan said, “Husayn ibn Sabura, ‘Amr ibn Muslim and I went to Zayd ibn Arqam . When we were sitting with him, Husayn said to him, ‘Zayd, you have received much good. You saw the Messenger of Allah, heard his words, raided with him and prayed behind him. You have received much good, Zayd. Zayd, tell us something you heard from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.’

He said, ‘Nephew, I have reached old age and have become old. I have forgotten some of what I used to remember from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. So accept what I relate to you and do not press me for what I do not.’ Then he said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up among us one day to address us at a watering-place called Khumma between Makka and Madina.

He praised and glorified Allah, admonished and reminded people and then said, “O people! I am a mortal and the messenger of my Lord will soon come to me and I will respond. I leave you two great things. The first is the Book of Allah which contains guidance and light. So take the Book of Allah and cling firmly to it.” He promoted the Book of Allah and stimulated our desire for it. Then he said, “And the people of my house. I remind you of Allah with respect to the people of my house. I remind you of Allah with respect to the people of my house.”‘

Husayn said to him, ‘Who are the people of his house, Zayd? Are not his wives the people of his house?’ He said, ‘His wives are among the people of his house, but the people of his house are those who were forbidden to take sadaqa after him.’ He said, ‘Who are they?’ He said, ‘They are the family of ‘Ali, the family of ‘Aqil, the family of Ja’far and the family of ‘Abbas.’ He said, ‘All of these were forbidden sadaqa?’ He said, ‘Yes.'” [Muslim] In one variant, “I leave among you two great things. One of them is the Book of Allah and it is the rope of Allah. All who follow it are guided. All who abandon it are misguided.”

0347. Ibn ‘Umar reported that Abu Bakr as-Siddiq said, “Respect Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the members of his family.” [al-Bukhari] 

Chapter | 44

Respect for people of knowledge, the great and people of importance, and putting them ahead of others, raising where they sit and showing their rank.

”Allah Almighty said, “Are they the same those who know and those who do not know? It is only people of intelligence who pay heed.” (W39:10; H39:9)

0348. Abu Mas’ud ‘Uqba ibn ‘Amr al-Badri al-Ansari said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘The people should take as Imam the one among them who knows the most of the Book of Allah. If they are equal in respect of recitation, then the one among them who has the most knowledge of the Sunna. If they are equal in respect of the Sunna, the one who made hijra earlier. If they they are equal in respect of hijra, then the oldest of them in respect of age. A man should not lead a man in the prayer in his own house nor sit in his house in his special place without his permission.'” [Muslim] In one variant of his, “The oldest of them in respect of Islam” instead of “age”.

In one variant, “The people should take as Imam the one of them who knows the most of the Book of Allah and the most experienced of them in respect of recitation. If their recitation is the same, then the oldest of them in respect of emigration. If they are equal in respect of emigration, then the oldest in respect of age should lead them in the prayer.”

0349. Abu Mas’ud ‘Uqba ibn ‘Amr al-Badari al-Ansari said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to touch our shoulders in the prayer and say, ‘Stand in line and do not be uneven causing your hearts to differ. The nearest of you to me should be those who have reached maturity and have intelligence, and then those who are next to them.” [Muslim]

0350. ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The nearest of you to me should be those who have reached maturity and have intelligence, and then those who are next to them,” three times. “Beware of the turmoil of the markets.” [Muslim]

0351. Abu Yahya, and it is said Abu Muhammad, Sahl ibn Hathma al-Ansari said, “‘Abdullah ibn Sahl and Muhayyisa ibn Mas’ud went to Khaybar at a time when there was a truce. They parted and then Muhayyisa came upon ‘Abdullah ibn Sahl, murdered and covered in blood. He buried him and then went to Madina.

Then ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Sahl, and Muhayyisa and Huwayyisa, the sons of Mas’ud, went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and ‘Abdu’r-Rahman began to speak. He said, ‘The eldest, the eldest.’ for he was the youngest of the people there. So he was silent, and the two of them spoke. He said, ‘Do you swear (to this) and demand your right from the murderer?'” and he completed the hadith. [Agreed upon]

0352. Jabir said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put together in one grave two men among those who were killed at Uhud and said, ‘Which of them knew more Qur’an?’ When one of them was pointed out, he put him in the grave first.” [al-Bukhari]

0353. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I was shown in a dream that I was using a siwak when two men came to me. One of them was older than the other. I handed the siwak to the younger and was told, ‘To the elder.’ So I gave it to the elder of the two.” [Muslim]

0354. Abu Musa said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Part of showing respect for the majesty of Allah Almighty is to honour Muslims with white hair and those who know the Qur’an by heart without either being excessive in respect of it or abandoning it, and to honour a just Sultan.” [Abu Dawud]

0355. ‘Amr ibn Shu’ayb’s grandfather said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Anyone who does not show mercy to our young people nor honour our old people is not one of us.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi] In the variant of Abu Dawud, “…respect the rights of our old.”

0356. Maymun ibn Abi Shabib reported that one day a beggar passed by ‘A’isha and she gave him a piece of bread, and then a man wearing a fine garment appeared and passed by her and she asked him to sit and he ate. She was asked about that and said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Give people their proper place.” [Abu Dawud] Muslim mentioned it at the beginning of his Sahih without any isnad, and said that it is mentioned that ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded us to give people their proper place.”

0357. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “‘Uyayna ibn Hisn came and stayed with al-Hurr ibn Qays, who was one of the group whom ‘Umar brought near to him. The reciters were the people of the assembly and council of ‘Umar, no matter whether they were mature men or young men. ‘Uyayna said to his nephew, ‘Nephew, you have access to this amir, so ask him for permission for me to see him.’ He asked permission and ‘Umar gave permission.

When he entered, he said, ‘O Ibn al-Khattab! By Allah, it is that you do not give enough to us and you do not judge justly between us.’ ‘Umar was so angry that he wanted to punish him. Al-Hurr said to him, ‘Amir al-Mu’minin, Allah Almighty said to His Prophet, “Make allowances for people, command what is right, and turn away from the ignorant.” (7:199) This is one of the ignorant.’ By Allah, ‘Umar did not do less than that when he recited it. He acted in accordance with the Book of Allah Almighty.” [al-Bukhari]

0358. Abu Sa’id Samura ibn Jundub said, “I was a boy in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to memorise things from him. I am only prevented from speaking because there are men who are older than me.” [Agreed upon]

0359. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “No young man honours an old man on account of his age without Allah decreeing for him one who will honour him in his old age.” [at-Tirmidhi] 

Chapter | 45

On visiting the people of virtue, sitting with them, keeping their company, loving them, seeking visits and supplication from them, and visiting places of virtue.

Allah says, “When Musa said to his servant, ‘I will not give up until I reach the meeting-place of the two seas, even if I must press on for many years.” to His words, ” Musa said to him, ‘May I follow you on condition that you teach me some of the right guidance which you have been taught?'” (W18:59-56; H18:60-66) Allah says, “Restrain yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, desiring His face.” (18:28)

0360. Anas said, “Abu Bakr said to ‘Umar after the death of the Messenger of Allah, ‘Let us go and visit Umm Ayman as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit her.’

When we got to her, she wept and they asked to her, ‘Why are you weeping? Do you not know that what is with Allah is better for the Messenger of Allah”?’ She replied, ‘I am not crying because I do not know that what is with Allah Almighty is better for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I am crying because the revelation from heaven has stopped.’ This moved them to weep as well and they began to weep with her.'” [Muslim]

0361. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A man visited a brother of his in another town and Allah appointed an angel to guard him on his way. When he came to him, the angel said, ‘Where are you going?’ He said, ‘I am going to a brother of mine in this town.’ He said, ‘Do you have some property with him that you want to check on?’ He said, ‘No, it is only that I love him for the sake of Allah Almighty.’ He said, ‘I am the messenger of Allah to you to tell you that Allah loves you as you love this man for His sake.'” [Muslim]

0362. Abu Hurayra narrated: “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Anyone who visits someone who is sick or visits a brother of his in Allah, a voice calls out to him, “May you be happy through it and your course good and may you have a house in the Garden.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0363. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The metaphor of the good companion and the bad companion is that of someone with musk and the bellows of the blacksmith. The person with musk either gives it to you, or you buy it or smell its scent while the bellows of the blacksmith burn your body or your clothes or you get from it a foul smell.” [Agreed upon]

0364. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A woman can be married for four reasons: her wealth, her lineage, her beauty, and her religion. Seek the one with religion. May your hands be in the dust!” [Agreed upon]

0365. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Jibril, ‘What prevents you from visiting us more often than you do?’ Then it was sent down, ‘We only descend at your Lord’s command. Everything in front of of us, and everything behind us, and everything in between belongs to Him.’ (19:64)” [al-Bukhari]

0366. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Only take a believer as a friend and only let someone godfearing eat your food.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

0367. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A man follows the religion of his close friend, so each of you should be very careful about whom he takes as a close friend.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

0368. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A man is with the one he loves.” [Agreed upon] In one variant he said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, ‘What about a man who loves some people but cannot be with them?’ He said, ‘A man is with the one he loves.'”

0369. Anas reported that a Bedouin said to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “When will the Hour come?” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “How have you prepared for it?” He said, “With love of Allah and His Messenger.” He said, “You will be with the one you love.” [Agreed upon. This is theversion of Muslim] In a variant they both have, “I have not prepared for it with a lot of fasting, prayer or sadaqa, but I love Allah and His Messenger.”

0370. Ibn Mas’ud said, “A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, what do you say about a man who loves a people but does not join them?’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘A man is with the one he loves.'” [Agreed upon]

0371. Abu Hurayra reported that Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “People are like mines of gold and silver. The best of them in the Jahiliyya is the best of them in Islam if they have understanding. The spirits are gathered in ranks like troops. Those which knew one another are in harmony. Those which did not know one another are discordant.” [Muslim] Al-Bukhari related the words, “The spirits…” etc is from the transmission of ‘A’isha.

0372. Usayr ibn ‘Amr, who is called Ibn Jabir, said, “When the reinforcements of the people of the Yemen came to him, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab asked them, ‘Is Uways ibn ‘Amir among you?’ until he reached Uways. He said to him, ‘Are you Uways ibn ‘Amir?’ ‘Yes,’ he replied. He said, ‘From Murad and then from Qaran?” He replied, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘You had leprosy and were cured of it except for a spot the size of a dirham?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He asked, ‘You have a mother?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “Uways ibn ‘Amir will come to you with the reinforcements of the people of Yemen from Murad and then from Qaran.

He will have had leprosy and have been cured of it except for a the spot the size of a dirham and he has a mother to whom he is devoted. If he were to take an oath by Allah, Allah would fulfill it. If you are able to ask him to ask forgiveness for you, do so.” So ask forgiveness for me.’ He asked forgiveness for him. ‘Umar said to him, ‘Where are you going?’ He said, ‘Kufa.’ He said, ‘Shall I write a letter for you to its governor?’ He said, ‘I prefer to be among the dusty people.’ When the following year came, one of their nobles made hajj and came to ‘Umar, who asked him about Uways.

He said, ‘I left him in a shabby house with few possesions.’ He said, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “Uways ibn ‘Amir will come to you with the reinforcements of the people of Yemen from Murad and then from Qaran. He will have had leprosy and have been cured of it except for a spot the size of a dirham and he has a mother to whom he is devoted. If he were to take an oath by Allah, Allah would fulfill it. If you are able to ask him to ask forgiveness for you, do so.”‘

He went to Uways and said, ‘Ask forgiveness for me.’ He said, ‘You have just come from a righteous journey, so ask forgiveness for me.’ He said, ‘You met ‘Umar?’ He said, ‘Yes,’ and he asked forgiveness for him. The people became aware of him and so he left.” [Muslim] In a variant of Muslim also from Usayr ibn Jabir is that the people of Kufa came to ‘Umar and they included a man whose name was Uways. ‘Umar said, “Is there here anyone from Qaran?” That man came and ‘Umar said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘A man will come to you from Yemen called Uways who has no one left in the Yemen but his mother.

He had white leprosy and prayed to Allah Almighty and He removed it except for a spot the size of a dinar or a dirham. If any of you meet him, you should ask him to ask forgiveness for you.'” In another variant of his is that ‘Umar said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘The best of the Tabi’un is a man called Uways who has a mother and who has had leprosy. So go to him and let him ask forgiveness for you.'”

0373. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “I asked the Prophet’s permission to make ‘umra and he gave me permission and said, ‘My brother, do not forget us in your supplication.’ He spoke a word which I would not be happy to exchange for the whole of this world.” In one variant, he said, “Give us a share in your supplication, my brother.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

0374. Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to go to Quba, both riding and walking, and would pray two rak’ats there.” [Agreed upon] In one variant, “The Prophet used to go every week to the mosque of Quba both riding and walking, and Ibn ‘Umar used to do that as well.” 

Chapter 46| The excellence of love for the sake of Allah and encouraging it, and a man who loves another informing him of that and what he says to him when he informs him:

Allah Almighty says, “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and those who are with him are fierce to the unbelievers, merciful to one another…” (48:29) to the end of the sura, and the Almighty says, “Those who were settled in the abode, and in belief, love those who have made hijra to them.” (59:9)

0375. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who possesses three attributes will experience the sweetness of belief: that he loves Allah and His Messenger more than anything else; that he loves someone for the sake of Allah alone; and that he hates the idea of reverting to disbelief as much as he would hate being thrown into a fire.” [Agreed upon]

0376. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There are seven whom Allah will shade with His shade on the day when there is no shade but His shade: a just Imam, a youth who grows up worshipping Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, a man whose heart is attached to the mosque, two men who love each other for the sake of Allah, meeting and parting for that reason alone, a man who refuses the advances of a noble and beautiful woman, saying, ‘I fear Allah’, a man who gives sadaqa and conceals it so that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives, and a man who remembers Allah when he is alone and his eyes overflow with tears.” [Agreed upon]

0377. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah Almighty will say on the Day of Rising, ‘Where are those who loved one another for the sake of My majesty? Today, on the day when there is no shade but My shade, I will shade them.'” [Muslim]

0378. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “By the one who has my soul in His hand, you will not enter the Garden until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I point out to you something which will make you love one another if you do it? Make the greeting widespread among you.” [Muslim]

0379. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A man visited a brother of his in another village and Allah positioned an angel to wait for him on his way.” He mentioned the hadith to his words, “Allah loves you just as you love him for His sake.” [Muslim]

0380. Al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said about the Ansar, “Only a believer loves them and only a hypocrite hates them. Allah loves anyone who loves them and Allah hates anyone who hates them.” [Agreed upon]

0381. Mu’adh said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, says, “Those who love one another for My majesty will have minbars of lights. The Prophets and martyrs will envy them.”‘” [at-Tirmidhi]

0382. Abu Idris al-Khawlani said, “I entered the mosque of Damascus and there was a young man with white teeth there with some other people. When they disagreed about something, they referred it to him and followed his opinion. I inquired about him and it was said, ‘That is Mu’adh ibn Jabal.’ The following day, I went early and I found that he had come earlier than me and I found him praying. I waited for him until he finished his prayer and then I approached him from the front.

I greeted him and then said, ‘By Allah, I love you for the sake of Allah.’ He said, ‘By Allah?’ I said, ‘By Allah.’ He said, ‘By Allah?’ I said, ‘By Allah.’ He took hold of the upper part of my cloak and pulled me to him.

He said, ‘Rejoice! I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “Allah Almighty says, ‘My love is mandatory for those who love one another in Me and sit together for My sake and who visit one another for My sake and who give generously to to one another for My sake.'”‘” [Muwatta’]

0383. Abu Karima al-Miqdad ibn Ma’dikarib reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If a man loves his brother, he should tell him that he loves him.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

0384. Mu’adh reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took him by the hand and said, “O Mu’adh! By Allah, I love you.and I advise you not to fail to say after every prayer, ‘O Allah, help me to remember You and thank You and worship You well.” [Abu Dawud and an-Nasa’i]

0385. Anas reported that a man was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when a man passed by him and said, “O Messenger of Allah, I love this man.” The Prophet said to him, “Have you informed him?” He said, “No.” He said, “Inform him,” and he caught up with him and said, “I love you for the sake of Allah.” He said, “The One for whom you love me has made me love you.” [Abu Dawud] 

Chapter 47| On the signs of Allah’s love for His slave and urging that it be taken on and that one should strive to obtain it.

Allah Almighty says, “Say: ‘If you love Allah, then follow me and Allah will love you and forgive you for your wrong actions, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (3:31) And the Almighty says, “O you who believe! If any of you renounce your deen, Allah will bring forward a people whom He loves and who love Him, humble to the believers, fierce to the rejectors, who fight to the utmost in the Way of Allah and do not fear the blame of any blamer. That is the unbounded favour of Allah which He gives to whoever He wills. Allah is Boundless, All-Knowing.” (W5:56;5:54)

0386. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah Almighty says, ‘I have declared war against anyone who shows enmity towards a friend of Mine. My slave does not draw near to Me with anything I love more than what I made obligatory for him. Then My slave continues to draw near to Me with superogatory actions until I love him. When I love him, I become his hearing with which he hears, his sight by which he sees, his hand with which he strikes and his foot with which he walks. If he asks of Me, I give to him. If he seeks refuge with Me, I give him refuge.'” [al-Bukhari]

0387. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When Allah Almighty loves a slave, He calls out to Jibril, ‘Allah Almighty loves so-and-so, so love him!’ and Jibril loves him. Then a call goes out among the people of heaven, ”Allah Almighty loves so-and-so, so love him!’ and the people of heaven love him. Then acceptance is placed in the earth for him.” [Agreed upon] In a variant of Muslim, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When Allah Almighty loves a slave, He calls out to Jibril, ‘Allah Almighty loves so-and-so, so love him!’ and Jibril loves him.

Then a call goes out among the people of heaven, ”Allah Almighty loves so-and-so, so love him!’ and the people of heaven love him. Then acceptance is placed in the earth for him. When He hates a slave, He calls out to Jibril, ‘Allah Almighty hates so-and-so, so hate him!’ and Jibril hates him. Then a call goes out among the people of heaven, ”Allah Almighty hates so-and-so, so hate him!’ and the people of heaven hate him. Then hatred is placed in the earth for him.”

0388. ‘A’isha reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a man on an expedition and he used to recite for his companions in the prayer, ending with “Say: He is Allah, One.” When they returned, they mentioned that to the Messenger of Allah and he said, “Ask him why he did it.” They asked him and he said, “Because it is the description of the All-Merciful. So I love to recite it.” The Messenger of Allah said, “Tell him that Allah Almighty loves him.” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter 48| On cautioning against causing injury to the righteous, the weak and the poor:

Allah Almighty says, “Those who abuse believing men and women, when they have not merited it, bear the weight of slander and a clear wrongdoing,” (33:58)

and the Almighty says, “So as for orphans, do not oppress them, and as for beggars, do not berate them.” (93:9-10)

0389. Jundub ibn ‘Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who prays the Subh prayer is in Allah’s keeping. Make sure Allah does not ask you for anything that is in His keeping. When He asks someone for something that is in His keeping, He will get hold of him and then throw him head first into Hellfire.” [Muslim]

Chapter 49| Judging people according to the outward while leaving their secrets to Allah Almighty.

Allah Almighty says, “If they repent and establish the prayer and pay zakat, let them go on their way.” (9:5)

0390. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah and establish the prayer and pay the zakat. If they do that, their lives and property are protected from me except for the right of Islam, and their reckoning is in the hands of Allah.” [Agreed upon]

0391. Abu ‘Abdullah Tariq ibn Ashyam said “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘If anyone says, “There is no god but Allah” and rejects everything that is worshipped other than Allah, his property and life are inviolate and his reckoning is in the hands of Allah Almighty.” [Muslim]

0392. Abu Ma’bad al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad said, “I asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ‘What do you think if I meet a man of the unbelievers and we fight and he strikes one of my hands with his sword and cuts it off and then takes shelter from me behind a tree and says, “I have surrendered to Allah.” Should I kill him, Messenger of Allah, after he has said that?’ He said, ‘Do not kill him.’ I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, he cut off one of my hands and then said it after he cut it off!’ He said, ‘Do not kill him. If you kill him, then he is in the position you were in before you killed him and you are in the position he was in before he said the words he said.'” [Agreed upon]

0393. Usama ibn Zayd said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent us to al-Huraqa, a sub-tribe of Juhayna, and we came upon the people in the morning at their springs. A man of the Ansar and I overtook one of their men. When we descended on him, he said, ‘There is no god but Allah.’ The Ansari held back from him, but I stabbed him with my spear until I had killed him. When we arrived in Madina, that reached the Prophet and he said, ‘O Usama, did you kill him after he had said, “There is no god but Allah”?’ I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, he was only trying to save himself.’

He said, ‘Did you kill him after he had said, “There is no god but Allah”?’ He continued to repeat it to me until I wished that I had not become Muslim until that day.” [Agreed upon] In one variant, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Did he say, “There is no god but Allah” and yet you still killed him?’ I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, he only said it out of fear of our weapons.’ He said, ‘Did you then split open his heart so that you know whether he truly meant it when he said it or not?’ He continued to repeat it until I wished that I had only become Muslim on that day.” [Agreed upom]

0394. Jundub ibn ‘Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent an expedition of the Muslims against some of the idolaters and they encountered them. There was one of the idolaters who, whenever he wanted to aim for one of the Muslims, went straight for him and killed him and then one of the Muslims went for him and killed him. We heard that it was Usama ibn Zayd. When he raised his sword, [the man] said, ‘There is no god but Allah,’ but he killed him anyway.

When the man bringing news of the victory came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he questioned him. He told him what had happened, even telling him the story of the man and what he had done. He summoned him, questioned him and said, ‘Why did you kill him?’ He said, ‘Messenger of Allah, he had hurt the Muslims and killed so-and-so and so-and-so,’ and he named a group. ‘I attacked him.

When he saw my sword, he said, “There is no god but Allah”‘ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Did you kill him?’ He said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘What will you do with ‘There is no god but Allah’ when it comes on the Day of Rising?’ He said, ‘Messenger of Allah, ask forgiveness for me.’ He said, ‘What will you do with ‘There is no god but Allah’ when it comes on the Day of Rising?’ He did not add anything to his words: ‘What will you do with ‘There is no god but Allah’ when it comes on the Day of Rising?'” [Muslim]

0395. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Utba ibn Mas’ud reported that he heard ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab say, “Some people were dealt with by the revelation in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The revelation has ceased. Now we deal with you according to what is clear to us from your actions. If anyone shows us good, we trust him and honour him. We know nothing of his inward. Allah will call him to reckoning in respect of his inward. If anyone shows us evil, we do not trust him and do not believe him, even if he says that his inward is good.” [al-Bukhari] 

Chapter 50| On Fear

Allah Almighty says, “Have taqwa of Me alone,” (2:40) and the Almighty says, “Your Lord’s assault is very fierce indeed.” (85:12) The Almighty says, “Such is the seizing of your Lord when He seizes the cities which do wrong. His seizing is painful, violent. There is certainly a Sign in that for anyone who fears the punishment of the Next World. That is a Day to which mankind will all be gathered. That is a Day which will be witnessed by everyone.

We will only postpone it to a predetermined time. On the day He comes, no self will speak except by His permission. Some of them will be wretched and others glad. As for those who are wretched, they will be in the Fire, where they will sigh and moan.” (11: 102-106) The Almighty says, “But Allah advises you to be afraid of Him,” (3:28) and the Almighty says, “The Day a man will flee from his brother and his mother and his father, and his wife and his children: that Day every man among them will have concerns enough of his own.” (80:34-37)

The Almighty says, “O mankind, show fear of your Lord! The quaking of the Hour is a terrible thing. On the day they see it, every nursing woman will be oblivious of the baby at her breast, and every pregnant woman will abort the contents of her womb, and you will think people drunk when they are not drunk; it is just that the punishment of Allah is so severe.” (22:1-2)

The Almighty says, “For him who fears the Station of his Lord there are two Gardens,” (W55:45; H55:46) etc. and the Almighty says, “Some of them will come up to others, questioning each other. They will say, ‘Beforehand we used live in fear among our families. But Allah was gracious to us and safeguarded us from the punishment of the searing wind. Beforehand we certainly used to call on Him because He is the All-Good, the Most Merciful.'” (W:52-23-26; H52:25-28) The ayats concerning this subject are numerous and well-known. The intention of pointing some of them out has been achieved.

0396. Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who is the truthful confirmed one, related, “The way that each of you is created is that you are gathered in your mother’s womb for forty days as a sperm-drop and then for a similar length of time as a blood-clot and then for a similar length of time as a lump of flesh.

Then an angel is sent and he breathes the spirit into you and is encharged with four commandments: to write down your provision, your life-span, your actions, and whether you will be wretched or happy. By Him, apart from Whom there is no god, one of you can do the actions of someone destined for the Garden until there is only an armspan between him and it, and then what is written will overtake him and he will do the actions of someone destined for the Fire and enter it.

And one of you can do the actions of someone destined for the Fire until there is only an armspan between him and it, and then what is written will overtake him and he will do the actions of someone destined for the Garden and enter it.” [Agreed upon]

0397. Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Jahannam will be brought forth on that day with seventy thousand thongs and each thong will have seventy thousand angels pulling it.” [Muslim]

0398. An-Nu’man ibn Bashir said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘The least punishment of the people of the Fire on the Day of Rising will be that a man has two embers placed on the soles of his feet which will make his brains boil. He will think himself the person with the worst punishment, even though he is the one with the least punishment.'” [Agreed upon]

0399. Samura ibn Jundub reported that the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The Fire will engulf some of them up to the ankles, and some of them up to the knees, and some of them up to the waist and some of them up to the neck.” [Muslim]

0400. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “People will stand before the Lord of the worlds until some of them are immersed in sweat up to the middle of their ears.” [Agreed upon]

0401. Anas said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, addressed us in a speech the like of which I have never heard. He said, ‘If you knew what I know, you would laugh little and weep much.’ The Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, covered their faces and sobbed.” [Agreed upon]

In one variant, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard something about his Companions and he addressed them, saying, “The Garden and the Fire were shown to me, and I have never seen the like of this day in respect of good and evil. If you knew what I know, you would laugh little and weep much.’ A harder day did not come upon the Companions of the Messenger of Allah than that and they covered their faces and sobbed.”

0402. Al-Miqdad said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘On the Day of Rising, the sun will draw near creatures until it is something like a mile from them. (Sulaym ibn ‘Amir ar-Rawi said from al-Miqdad, “By Allah, I do not know what he meant by a mile, whether it is the distance on the earth or the mile which the eye imagines?”) People will be immersed in sweat according to their actions. It will be up to the ankles of some of them, and up to the knees of some of them, and up to the waists of some of them, and sweat will completely muzzle some of them,’ and the Messenger of Allah, , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pointed with his hand to his mouth.” [Muslim]

0403. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “On the Day of Rising people will sweat until their sweat sinks seventy cubits into the earth and then it will muzzle them by reaching up to their ears.” [Agreed upon]

0404. Abu Hurayra said, “We were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he heard something fall. He said, ‘Do you know what it was?’ We said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘It was a stone which was thrown into the Fire seventy years ago and it has been falling in the Fire until now when it reached the bottom and you heard it fall.'” [Muslim]

0405. ‘Adi ibn Hatim reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There is none of you but that his Lord will speak to him without any interpreter between Himself and him. You will look to your right and only see what you sent forward and you will look to your left and only see what you sent forward. You will look in front of you and only see the Fire facing you. So shield yourselves from the Fire, even if only with half a date.” [Agreed upon]

0406. Abu Dharr reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I see what you do not see and I hear what you do not hear. Heaven moans and it has the right to moan. There is no place in it the width of four fingers without an angel placing his brow on it, prostrating to Allah Almighty. By Allah, if you knew what I know, you would laugh little and weep much and you would not enjoy women on beds and you would go out to the streets seeking the help of Allah Almighty.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0407. Abu Barza Nadla ibn ‘Ubayd al-Aslami reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A slave will remain standing until he is asked about his life and how he spent it, his knowledge and how he acted regarding it, his property and how he acquired it and spent it, and his body and how he wore it out.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0408. Abu Hurayra said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recited, ‘On that Day it will impart all its news.’ (99:4) Then he said, ‘Do you know what its news is?’ They said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘Its news is that it will testify against every slave of Allah, man or woman, regarding what he (or she) did on its back. It will say, “You did such-and-such and such-and-such on such-and-such a day?” That is its news.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

0409. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said. “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘How can there be enjoyment when the one with the trumpet has placed the trumpet to his mouth with his ear listening for the moment when is commanded to blow and then he will blow?.’ It seemed as if that was hard for the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and so he said to them ‘Say, “Allah is enough for us and the best guardian.”‘” [at-Tirmidhi]

0410. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Those who have fear, set off at the beginning of the night, and those who who set off at the beginning of the night reach the resting-place. The trading goods of Allah have a high price. The trading goods of Allah are the Garden.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0411. ‘A’isha said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘People will be gathered on the Day of Rising naked, barefoot, and uncircumcised.’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, men and women together, looking at one another?’ He said, ‘O ‘A’isha, the business will be too terrible for them to be concerned with that.'” In one variant, “The business will be too important for them to look at one another.” [Agreed upon]

Chapter 51| On Hope

Allah Almighty says, “Say: ‘My slaves, you who have transgressed against yourselves, do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Truly Allah forgives all wrong actions. He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful,” (W39:50; H39:53) and the Almighty says, “Are any but the ungrateful repaid like this?” (34:17) The Almighty says, “It has been revealed to us that punishment is for him who denies the truth and and turns away,” (W20:47; H20:48) and the Almighty says, “My Mercy extends to all things.” (7:156)

0412. ‘Ubada ibn as-Samit reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Whoever testifies that there is no god but Allah alone with no partner and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger and that ‘Isa is the slave of Allah and His Messenger and a word which He cast into Maryam and a spirit from Him and that the Garden is real and the Fire is real will enter the Garden whatever his actions.” [Agreed upom] In a variant of Muslim, “Allah will make Fire forbidden to anyone who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.”

0413. Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah the Mighty and Exalted, says, ‘Anyone who comes with a good action will have ten like it or more. If anyone comes with a wrong action, the repayment of a wrong action is a wrong action like it or I will forgive him. If anyone approaches Me by a hand-span, I come to him an arm-span. If anyone approaches Me by an arm-span, I come to him two arm spans. If anyone approaches Me walking, I come to him running. If anyone meets Me with mistakes equivalent in weight to the whole earth, having not associated anything with Me, I will meet him with the same amount of forgiveness.” [Muslim]

0414. Jabir said, “A bedouin came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, what things are obligatory?’ He said, ‘Anyone who dies without associating anything with Allah will enter the Garden and anyone who dies associating something else with Him will enter the Fire.'” [Muslim]

0415. Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was riding with Mu’adh behind him. He said, ‘Mu’adh!’ He replied, ‘At your service, Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘Mu’adh!’ He replied, ‘At your service, Messenger of Allah’ three times. Then the Prophet said, ‘There is no one who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, sincerely from his heart, without Allah making it unlawful for the Fire to touch him.’ Mu’adh said, ‘Messenger of Allah, shall I tell the people that so that they can rejoice?’ He said, ‘Then they will rely on it.’ Mu’adh related it when he was dying, fearing to commit a wrong action [by concealing the knowledge].” [Agreed upon]

0416. Abu Hurayra or Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (the transmitter is unsure, but doubt does not detract from the specific Companion since they are all completely sound) said, “On the Tabuk expedition, the people were suffering from hunger and said, ‘Messenger of Allah. if you were to permit us to do it, we would slaughter our camels and eat them and use their fat.’

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Do it.’ ‘Umar came and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, if you do this, there will be few backs to carry us. Rather ask them to bring what is left of their provisions and then pray to Allah over them for blessing for them. Perhaps Allah will put blessing into them.’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Yes.’ He called for a leather mat and spread it out and then he called for their left-over provisions.

One man would bring a handful of millet and another would bring a handful of dates and another would bring a piece of bread until a few things like that were gathered on the mat. Then the Messenger of Allah made supplication for blessing and said, ‘Put it in your containers.’ They put it in their containers until every container in the army was full. They ate until they were satisfied and there was still some left over. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘I testify that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah. No slave who meets Allah with these two, without doubting them, will be veiled from the Garden.'” [Muslim]

0417. ‘Itban ibn Malik, one of those who were present at Badr, said, “I used to lead my people, the Banu Salim, in the prayer, but when the rains came, a river used to come between me and them. It was hard for me to cross to their mosque, so I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said to him, ‘My eyesight is weak and when it rains, the water flows in the river bed between me and my people so that it is hard for me to cross it.

I would very much like you to come and pray in my house so that I can make it a prayer-place.” The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him “I will do that.’ The following day when the sun was well up, the Messenger of Allah and Abu Bakr came and the Messenger of Allah asked for permission to enter and I gave him permission. He did not sit down but said, “Where in your house would you like me to pray?” I indicated to him the place where I liked to prayer. The Messenger of Allah stood and said the takbir, and we formed rows behind him.

He prayed two rak’ats and then said the taslim. We said the taslim when he said it. I persuaded him to eat a dish of khazira which had been prepared for him. Quite a number of men from our clan had gathered in the house and one man said, ‘What has happened to Malik? I do not see him.’ Another man said, ‘That man is a hypocrite who does not love Allah and His Messenger.’

The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Do not say that. Do you not see that he has said, “There is no god but Allah,” desiring by that only the face of Allah?’ The man said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best. By Allah, we have only seen that his love and speech is for the hypocrites.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Allah has forbidden the Fire for anyone who says “There is no god but Allah” desiring by that the face of Allah.'” [Agreed upon] Khazira is flour cooked with fat.

0418. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some captives and there was a woman among them who was running about. When she found a child among the captives, she took it and brought it close to her and suckled it. The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Can you imagine this woman casting her child into the Fire?’ We said, ‘No, by Allah.’ He said, ‘Allah is more merciful to His slaves than this woman is to her child.'” [Agreed upon]

0419. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When Allah created creation, He wrote in a book which is with Him above the Throne, ‘My mercy predominates over My anger.'” In one variant, “Predominated over My anger,” and in one variant, “preceded My anger.” [Agreed upon]

0420. Abu Hurayra said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah say, ‘Allah divided mercy into a hundred parts and He kept back ninety-nine parts with Himself and left one part on the earth. It is from this part that creatures show mercy to one another so that an animal lifts its hoof from its young fearing to hurt them.'” In one variant, “Allah Almighty has a hundred mercies out of which He sent down one mercy among jinn, men, beasts and insects by which they show affection to one another and by which they show mercy to one another and by which wild animals show mercy to their young.

Allah Almighty has held back ninety-nine of the mercies and will show them to His slaves on the Day of Rising.” [Agreed upon] Muslim also related it from Salman al-Farisi who said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah Almighty has a hundred mercies. One of them is the mercy by which creatures show mercy to one another, and ninety-nine are for the Day of Rising.”

In one variant, “On the day He created the heavens and the earth, Allah Almighty created a hundred mercies, each mercy equal to what is between the heaven and the earth, and He put one mercy on the earth by which a mother has compassion for her child and wild animals and birds for each other. On the Day of Rising, He will perfect them with this mercy.

0421. Abu Hurayra reported from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in what he relates from his Lord, Blessed and Exalted, who said, “A slave did a wrong action and said, ‘O Allah, forgive me my wrong action!’ Allah, Blessed and Exalted, said, ‘My slave committed a wrong action and then acknowledged that he had a Lord who forgives wrong action and punishes wrong action.’

The slave again committed a wrong action and said, ‘O Lord, forgive me my wrong action.’ Allah, Blessed and Exalted, said, ‘My slave committed a wrong action and then acknowledged that he had a Lord who forgives wrong action and punishes wrong action.’ The slave again committed a wrong action and said, ‘O Lord, forgive me my wrong action.’ Allah, Blessed and Exalted, said, ‘My slave committed a wrong action and then acknowledged that he had a Lord who forgives wrong action and punishes wrong action.

I have forgiven My slave so let him do what he likes.'” [Agreed upon] “Let him do what he likes” means as long as he does this. He commits a wrong action and repents and I forgive him. Repentance wipes out what is before it.”

0422. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “By the One in whose hand my life is, if you had not sinned, Allah would have removed you and brought other people who did commit wrong actions and asked for the forgiveness of Allah Almighty so that He could forgive them.” [Muslim]

0423. Abu Ayyub Khalid ibn Zayd said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘If you had not sinned, Allah would have created other creatures who did sin and ask forgiveness so He could forgive them.'” [Muslim]

0424. Abu Hurayra said, “We were sitting waiting for the Messenger of Allah, and Abu Bakr and ‘Umar and some others were with us. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up from among us and then was slow in returning to us and we were afraid that something had happened to him while he was not with us. We were alarmed and got up.

I was the first to be alarmed and I went out to look for the Messenger of Allah and I came upon him in a garden belonging to the Ansar” and he mentioned the hadith in its entirety until he said “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Go and give the good news of the Garden to whoever you meet in front of this garden who testifies that “There is no god but Allah”, his heart being certain of it.'” [Muslim]

0425. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recited the words of Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, about Ibrahim, peace be upon him, “My Lord! They have misguided many of mankind. If anyone follows me, he is with me” (W14:38; H14:37) and the words of ‘Isa, peace be upon him, “If You punish them, they are Your slaves. If You forgive them, You are the Almighty, the All-Wise.” (W5:120; H5:119)

Then he raised his hands and said, “O Allah! My community! My community!” and he wept. Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, said, “Jibril! Go to Muhammad, and your Lord knows best, and ask him what is making him weep.” Jibril came to him and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him what he had said, and Allah knew it best. Allah Almighty said, “Jibril, Go to Muhammad and say, ‘We will make you happy in respect of your community and we will not make you sad.'” [Muslim]

0426. Mu’adh ibn Jabal said, “I was riding behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on a donkey. He asked, ‘Mu’adh, do you know what is Allah’s right on His slaves and the right of the slaves on Allah?’ I replied, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ He said, ‘Allah’s right on His slaves is that they should worship Him and not associate anything with Him. The slaves’ right on Allah is that He will not punish anyone who does not associate anything with Him.’ I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, shall I tell the people that so that they can rejoice?’ He said, ‘Then they will rely on it.'” [Agreed upon]

0427. Al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, aid, “When a Muslim is questioned in the grave, he should testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. That is by the words of the Almighty, ‘Allah makes those who believe, firm with the Firm Word in the life of this world and in the Hereafter.'” (W14:29; H14:28). [Agreed upon]

0428. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When an unbeliever does a good deed, he enjoys its fruits in this world. In the case of a believer, Allah Almighty will store up his good deeds for him in the Next world and will also reward him with provision in this world because of his obedience.”

In one variant, “Allah will not wrong a believer in respect of any good deed – he gives to him on account it in this world and he rewards him for it in the Next world. The unbeliever enjoys all the fruits of any good deeds he does for Allah Almighty in this world so that when he passes to the Next world, he had no good deeds left for which to be repaid.” [Muslim]

0429. Jabir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The metaphor of the five prayers is that of an sizeable flowing river at the door of one of you in which he washes five times every day.” [Muslim]

0430. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘If forty men, who do not associate anything with Allah, stand at the grave of any Muslim man who dies, He allows them to intercede on his behalf.” [Muslim]

0431. Ibn Mas’ud said, “There were about forty of us with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in a tent and he said, ‘Would you be content to be a quarter of the people of the Garden?’ We said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Would you be content to be a third of the people of the Garden?’ We said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘By the One who has the soul of Muhammad in His hand, I hope that you will be half of the people of the Garden. That is because only a submitting soul enters the Garden, and compared the people of idolatry, you are only like a white hair on the hide of a black ox, or like a black hair on the hide of a red ox.'” [Agreed upon]

0432. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “On the Day of Rising, Allah will hand over a Jew or a Christian to every Muslim and say, ‘Here is your redemption from the Fire.” [Muslim] In another variant from him is that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Some of the Muslims will be brought on the Day of Rising with sins the size of mountains and Allah will forgive them.”

0433. Ibn ‘Umar said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘On the Day of Rising, a believer will be brought near his Lord until His mercy descends on him and He will ask him to acknowledge his sins and say, ‘Do you confess to such-and-such a sin? Do you confess to such-and-such a sin?’ He will say, ‘Lord, I confess.’ He will say, ‘I veiled it for you in the world and I forgive you for it today,’ and he will be given the page of his good actions.” [Agreed upon]

0434. Ibn Mas’ud reported that a man received a kiss from a woman and went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him and then Allah Almighty sent down, “Establish the prayers at each end of the day and in the first part of the night. Good actions eradicate bad actions.” (11:114) The man said, “Is this for me, Messenger of Allah?” He said, “It is for all my community.” [Agreed upon]

0435. Anas said, “A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I have incurred a hadd-punishment, so carry it out on me.’ It was time for the prayer, so he prayed with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When the prayer was finished, he said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, I have incurred a hadd-punishment, so carry out the prescription of Allah on me.’ He said, “Were you present at the prayer with us?” He said, “Yes.” He said, “You have been forgiven.” [Agreed upon]

0436. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah is pleased with the slave who eats some food and then praises Him for it, or drinks a drink and then praises Him for it.” [Muslim]

0437. Abu Musa reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah Almighty will stretch out His hand during the night, turning towards the one who did wrong during the day, and stretch out His hand during the day, turning towards the one who did wrong during the night, until the day the sun rises from the place it set.” [Muslim]

0438. Abu Najih ‘Amr ibn ‘Abasa as-Salami said, “In the time of Jahiliyya, I used to think that people were astray and did not have anything, since they were worshipping idols. Then I heard of a man in Makka who was saying certain things. I seated myself on my mount and went to him. It was the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was keeping out of sight as his people were being insolent to him.

I proceeded in a friendly manner until I managed to visit him in Makka and said to him, ‘What are you?’ He said, ‘I am a Prophet.’ I said, ‘And what is a Prophet?’ He said, ‘Allah has sent me.’ I said, ‘And what has He sent you with?’ He said, ‘He has sent me with the task of maintaining ties of kinship, breaking idols and to say that Allah should be proclaimed one and that nothing should be associated with him.’ I said, ‘Who is with you in this?’ He said, ‘A free man and a slave.’ At that time, Abu Bakr and Bilal were with him. I said, ‘I will follow you.’ He said, ‘You will not be able to do that at this present time.

Do you not see my state and the state of the people? Rather return to your people. When you hear that I have prevailed, then come to me.'” He said, “I went to my people, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to Madina during the time that I was with them. I began to ask for news and question people when he reached Madina until a group of the people of Madina came. I said, ‘What has this man done who has come to Madina?’ They said, ‘People hasten to him. However his own people want to kill him, but they are unable to do so.’

So I went to Madina and went into him and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, do you recognise me?’ He said, ‘Yes, you are the one who met me in Makka.'” He said, “I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, tell me some of what Allah has told you and about which I am ignorant. Tell me about the prayer.’ He said, ‘Pray the Subh prayer and then refrain from prayer until the sun has risen the height of a spear-shaft. It rises between the horns of shaytan and it is at that time that the unbelievers prostrate to it.

Then pray, and that prayer is witnessed and attended, until the spear no longer has a shadow. Then refrain from prayer. It is at that time that Hellfire is stoked up. When the shade comes, then pray, and the prayer is witnessed and attended, until you have prayed the ‘Asr prayer. Then refrain from the prayer until the sun sets. It sets between the horns of shaytan and at that time the unbelievers prostrate to it.'” He said, ‘I said, ‘O Prophet of Allah, tell me about wudu’.’ He said, ‘There is no man among you who is brought his wudu’ water and rinses his mouth and sniffs up water and blows it out without the errors of his face and mouth and nose falling away.

Then when he washes his face as Allah has commanded the errors of his face fall away with the water from the end of his beard. Then when he washes his hands to the elbows the errors of his hands fall away from the ends of his fingers with the water. Then he wipes his head and the errors of his head fall away from the ends of his hair with the water. Then he washes his feet to the ankles and the errors of his feet fall away from his toes with the water. If he stands up and prays and praises Allah Almighty and lauds Him and glorifies Him in the way that He deserves and devotes his heart to Allah Almighty and he abandons his error he will be as he was on the day his mother bore him.'” ‘

Amr ibn ‘Abasa related this hadith to Abu Umama, the Companion of the Messenger of Allah and Abu Umama said to him, “‘Amr ibn ‘Abasa! Take care about saying at one time so much about what a man is given.” ‘Amr said, “Abu Umama, I am old and my bones are weak and my end is near and I have no need to ascribe a lie to Allah Almighty nor to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. If I had only heard it from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, once, twice, three times – until he counted seven times – I would never have related it. But I heard it from him more times than that.” [Muslim]

0439. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When Allah Almighty desires mercy for a nation, he takes its Prophet before it and makes him a predecessor of it and a forerunner before it, When he wants to destroy a nation, He punishes them while their Prophet is still alive. He destroys it while he is alive and looking on and his eye is delighted by its destruction because they denied him and disobeyed his command.” [Muslim]

Chapter 52| On the Excellence of Hope

Allah Almighty says, relating about the righteous slave, “‘I consign my affair completely to Allah. Truly Allah sees His slaves.’ So Allah safeguarded him from the evil things they plotted.” (40:44-45)

0440. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, said, ‘I am according to My slave’s opinion of Me, and I am with him wherever He mentions Me.’ Allah rejoices more in the repentance of His slave than one of you does when he finds his lost camel in the wasteland. ‘Anyone who approaches Me by a hand-span, I approach him by an arm-span. Anyone who approaches Me by an arm-span, I approach him by two armspans. If he comes to me walking, I come to him running.” [Agreed upon] These are the words of one of the variants of Muslim which was explained in the previous chapter.

0441. Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah reported that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say three days before his death, “None of you should die without having a good opinion of Allah, the Mighty and Exalted.” [Muslim]

0442. Anas said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Allah Almighty says, “O son of Adam! I will forgive you as long as you call on Me and have hope in Me, no matter what you do. Son of Adam, I do not care if your wrong actions reach to the clouds of heaven and then you ask Me for forgiveness, I will forgive you. Son of Adam, if you were to come with sins equivalent in weight to the whole earth and then meet Me having not associated anything with Me, I would come to you with the same amount of forgiveness.'” [at-Tirmidhi] 

Chapter 53| On combining Fear and Hope

Know that what is best for the slave in the state of health is for him to be fearful and hopeful, and that his fear and hope be equal. When he is ill, hope is purified. The bases of the Shari’a in the Book and the Sunna and elsewhere demonstrate that. Allah Almighty says, “No one feels secure against Allah’s devising except for those who are lost,” (W7:98; H7:99) and the Almighty says, “No one despairs of solace from Allah except for those who are unbelievers.” (12:87) The Almighty says, “On the Day when faces are whitened and some faces are blackened,” (3:106) and the Almighty says, “Your Lord is swift in retribution, and He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (7:167)

The Almighty says, “The truly good will be in perfect Bliss,. The dissolute will be in the Blazing Fire,” (82:13-14) and the Almighty says, “As for him whose balance is heavy, he will have a most pleasant life. But as for him whose balance is light, his motherland is Hawiya.” (W101:5-8; H101:6-9) There are many ayats with this meaning and fear and hope are joined together in two consecutive ayats, several ayats or one ayat.

0443. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If the believers knew the punishment which Allah has, none of them would have any hope of attaining His Garden. If the unbelievers knew the mercy which Allah has, none of them would despair of reaching His Garden.” [Muslim]

0444. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When a body is laid out and the men carry it on their shoulders, if it was righteous, it says, ‘Take me forward,’ and it was it not righteous, it says, ‘Woe to me, where are you taking it?” Everything except man hears its voice. If he were to hear it, he would faint.” [al-Bukhari] 445. Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The Garden is nearer to you than your own sandal strap and it is the same with the Fire.” [al-Bukhari] 

Chapter 54| On the Excellence of Weeping

Allah Almighty says, “Weeping, they fall on their faces in prostration, and it increases them in humility,” (W17:108; H17:109) and the Almighty says, “Are then amazed at this discourse and laugh and do not cry?” (W53;58-59; H53:59-60)

0446. Ibn Mas’ud said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘Recite the Qur’an to me.’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, shall I recite to you when it was sent down to you?’ He said, ‘I want to hear it from someone other than myself.’ So I recited Surat an-Nisa’ to him until I reached this ayat, ‘How will it be when We bring a witness from every nation and bring you as a witness against them?’ (4:41) He said, ‘That is enough now,’ and I turned to him and his eyes were flowing with tears.” [Agreed upon]

0447. Anas said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, addressed us with a speech whose like I have never heard. He said, ‘If you were to know what I know, you would laugh little and weep much.’ The Companions of the Messenger of Allah covered their faces and sobbed.” [Agreed upon]

0448. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “No man, who wept out of fear of Allah, will enter the Fire until the milk returns to the breast. Dust raised in the way of Allah and the smoke of Jahannam will never be joined together.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0449. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There are seven whom Allah will shade with His shade on the day when there is no shade but His shade: a just Imam, a youth who grows up worshipping Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, a man whose heart is attached to the mosque, two men who love each other for the sake of Allah, meeting and parting for that reason alone, a man who refuses the advances of a noble and beautiful woman, saying, ‘I fear Allah’, a man who gives sadaqa and conceals it so that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives, and a man who remembers Allah when he is alone and his eyes overflow with tears.” [Agreed upon]

0450. ‘Abdullah ibn ash-Shikhkhir said, “I came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was praying and his chest was heaving like a caldron from weeping.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

0451. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Ubayy ibn Ka’b, “Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, has commanded me to recite to you, ‘Those who reject…’ (98).” He said, “He mentioned me by name?” He said, “Yes,” and Ubayy wept. [Agreed upon] In one variant, “and Ubayy began to weep.”

0452. Anas said, “Abu Bakr said to ‘Umar after the death of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘Let us go to Umm Ayman and visit her as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit her.’ When they reached her, she wept and they said to her, ‘What has made you weep? Do you not know that what is with Allah Almighty is better for the Messenger of Allah?’ She said, ‘I am not weeping because I do not know that what is with Allah is better for the Messenger of Allah, but I am weeping because the revelation from heaven has been cut off.’ She moved them to tears and they began to weep with her.” [Muslim]

0453. Ibn ‘Umar said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, was very ill, he was asked about the prayer and said, ‘Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.’ ‘A’isha said, ‘Abu Bakr is a tender-hearted man. When he recites the Qur’an, he is overcome by weeping.’ He said, ‘Tell him to lead the prayer.'” In a variant from ‘A’isha, she said, “I said. ‘If Abu Bakr stands in your place, the people will not be able to hear him on account of his weeping.'” [Agreed upon]

0454. Ibrahim ibn ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn ‘Awf reported that ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn ‘Awf was brought some food while he was fasting and he said, “Mus’ab ibn ‘Umayr was killed and he was a better man than I. He was shrouded in a cloak. If his head was covered, his feet showed, and if his feet were covered, his head showed. Worldly goods have been opened up to us,” – or he said, “We have been given what we have been given of this world,” – “and we fear that our good deeds have been given to us in advance.” Then he started to weep to such an extent that he neglected his food. [al-Bukhari]

0455. Abu Umama Sudayy ibn ‘Ajlan al-Bahili reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, said, “There is nothing which Allah Almighty loves more than two drops and two steps: a drop of tears shed out of fear of Allah and a drop of blood shed in the way of Allah. And the two steps are a step in the way of Allah Almighty and a step towards one of the obligations of Allah Almighty.” [at-Tirmidhi] 456. The hadith of al-‘Irbad ibn Sariya has: “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave us a profound exhortation which made our hearts afraid and our eyes weep.” [see 157] 

Chapter 55| On the Excellence of making do with little of this world and the encouragement to have little of it and the excellence of poverty.

Allah Almighty says, “The likeness of the life of this world is that of water which We send down from the sky, which then mingles with the plants of the earth to provide food for both people and animals. Then, when the earth is at its loveliest and takes on its fairest guise and its people think they have it under their control, Our command comes upon it by night or day and We reduce it to dried-out stubble, as though it had not been flourishing just the day before! Thus do We make Our Signs plain for people who reflect.” (10:24)

The Almighty says, “Describe for them the likeness of the life of this world. It is like water which We send down from the sky and the plants of the earth combine with it but then become dry chaff scattered by the winds. Allah has complete power over everything. Wealth and sons are the embellishment of the life of this world. But, in your Lord’s sight, right actions which are lasting are better in reward and a better basis for hope.” (W18:44-45; H18:45-46)

Allah Almighty says, “Know that the life of this world is merely a game and a diversion and decoration and a cause of boasting among yourselves and trying to outdo one another in wealth and children: like the plant-growth after rain which delights the cultivators, but then it withers and you see it turning yellow, and then it becomes broken stubble. In the Next World there is terrible punishment but also forgiveness from Allah and His good pleasure. The life of this world is nothing but the enjoyment of delusion.” (W57:19; H57:20)

The Almighty says, “To mankind the love of worldly appetites is painted in glowing colours: women and children, and heaped-up mounds of gold and silver, and horses with fine markings, and livestock, and fertile farmland. All that is merely the enjoyment of the life of this world. The best destination is in the presence of Allah,” (3:14) and the Almighty says, “O mankind! Allah’s promise is true. Do not let the life of this world delude you and do not let the Deluder delude you about Allah.” (35:5)

The Almighty says, “Fierce competition for this world distracted you until you went down to the graves. No indeed, you will soon know! Again no indeed, you will soon know! No indeed, if you only knew with the Knowledge of Certainty.” (102:1-5) The Almighty says, “The life of this world is nothing but a game and a diversion. The Abode of the Next World that is truly Life if they only knew.” (W29:64; H29:63) The ayats concerning this subject are numerous and well-known.

0457. ‘Amr ibn ‘Awf al-Ansari reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent Abu ‘Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah to Bahrayn to bring its jizya. He arrived with the money from Bahrayn and the Ansar heard of the arrival of Abu ‘Ubayda and appeared at the Fajr prayer with the Messenger of Allah. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had prayed, he went to leave and they presented themselves before him.

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, smiled when he saw them and said, ‘I think you must have heard that Abu ‘Ubayda has arrived with something from Bahrayn?’ They said, ‘Yes, Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘Rejoice, and hope for what will gladden you. By Allah, it is not poverty that I fear for you, but I fear that this world will be spread out in front of you as it was spread out in front of those before you, and then you will vie for it as they vied for it, and it will destroy you as it destroyed them.'” [Agreed upon]

0458. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said, “One day the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sat on the minbar and we sat around him. He said, ‘Part of what I fear for you after I have gone is the beauty and attraction of this world which will be opened up to you.'” [Agreed upon]

0459. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “This world is sweet and green and Allah Almighty has appointed you vice-regents in it, so pay attention to what you do. Be fearful of this world and be fearful of women.” [Muslim]

0460. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O Allah, there is no life but the life of the Next World.” [Agreed upon]

0461. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Three things follow a dead person: his family, his property and his actions. Two of them go back and one remains. His family and property go back and his actions remain.” [Agreed upon]

0462. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “That one among the people of the Fire who was wealthiest person in this world will be brought on the Day of the Fire, dipped once into it and then asked, ‘Son of Adam! Did anything good ever happen to you? Did you ever experience any blessing?’ He will say, ‘By Allah, no, my Lord.’

That one among the people of the Garden who was the most wretched person in this world will be brought and dipped once into it and then asked, ‘Son of Adam! Did you ever experience any misery ? Did you ever undergo any hardship?’ He will say, ‘By Allah, no. I never experienced any misery and I never underwent any hardship.'” [Muslim]

0463. Al-Mustawrid ibn Shaddad reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “This world in in comparison with the Next World is like putting your finger in the sea and seeing what comes back on it.” [Muslim]

0464. Jabir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went through the market with people on both sides of him. He passed the dead body of a deformed sheep, took it by its ear and then said, “Which of you would like to have this for a dirham?” They said, “We would not like to have it for anything. What would we do with it?” He said, “Would you like to have it?” They said, “By Allah, even if it was alive, it would be defective since it is deformed, and now it is dead.” He said, “By Allah, this world has less value with Allah than this has with you.” [Muslim]

0465. Abu Dharr said, “I was walking with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the lava-bed at Madina and Uhud was looming there in front of us. He said, ‘Abu Dharr.’ I said, ‘At your service, Messenger of Allah!’ He said, ‘It would not give me any pleasure if I had this Uhud in gold and a dinar of it remained with me for more than three days except for a dinar I would keep for paying debts. Rather I would say that it is for so-and-so, so-and-so, and so-and-so among the slaves of Allah,’ indicating to his right and to his left and behind him.

Then he began to say, ‘Those who have a lot (in this world) will have little on the Day of Rising except for someone who spends his money here and there and there, (to his right and to his left and behind him) and they are few.’ Then he said to me, ‘Stay where you are until I come back.’ Then he went off into the darkness of the night until he disappeared. I heard a voice raised and I was afraid that someone meant to harm the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

I wanted to go, but then I remembered his words, ‘Do not go until I come back.’ So I did not go until he came back to me and then I said, ‘I heard a voice and was alarmed by it, but I remembered what you said.’ He said, ‘Did you hear it?’ I said, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘That was Jibril who came to me and said, “Anyone of your community who dies without associating anything with Allah will enter the Garden.”‘ I said, ‘Even he if fornicates and even if he steals?’ He said, ‘Even he if fornicates and even if he steals.'” [Agreed upon]

0466. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If I had the whole of Uhud in gold, it would not make me happy for three days to pass while I have any of it except something I have kept for a debt.” [Agreed upon]

0467. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Look at those who are lower than you and do not look at those who are higher than you. That is more likely to prevent you underestimating the blessing of Allah on you.” [Agreed upon] These are the words of Muslim. In one variant, “When one of you sees someone who has been given more bounty in respect of wealth or physical strength, he should then look at someone who has less than him.”

0468. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “May the slave of the dinar and the dirham, the qatifa (outer garment) and khamisa (cloak) perish! If he is given them he is pleased, and if he is not given them he is not pleased.” [al-Bukhari]

0469. Abu Hurayra said, “I saw seventy of the people of the Suffa and not a man among them had a cloak. They either had a waist wrapper or a sheet (kisa’) which they tied round their necks, some reaching to the middle of their legs and some reaching to the ankles. They would gather them in their hands, not wanting their private parts to be seen.” [al-Bukhari]

0470. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “This world is the prison of the believer and the paradise of the unbeliever.” [Muslim]

0471. Ibn ‘Umar said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took hold of my shoulders and said, ‘Be in this world as if you were a stranger or a traveller on the road.’ Ibn ‘Umar used to say, ‘In the evening, do not anticipate the morning, and in the morning do not anticipate the evening. Take from your health for your illness and from your life for your death.”[al-Bukhari]

They said in commentary on this hadith, that it means: do not rely on this world and do not take it as your homeland and do not persuade yourself that you are going to stay a long time in it nor be concerned with it nor attached to it except with the attachment of a stranger who desires to return to his people. Success is by Allah.

0472. Abu ‘Abbas Sahl ibn Sa’d as-Sa’idi said, “A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, show me an action for which Allah will love me and for which people will love me if I do it. He said, ‘Do with little of this world and Allah will love you, and do with little of what belongs to other people and people will love you.” [Ibn Majah]

0473. An-Nu’man ibn Bashir said, “‘Umar ibn al-Khattab mentioned the things of this world that the people had acquired and he said, ‘One day I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sifting through some bad dates he had found in order to fill his belly.” [Muslim]

0474. ‘A’isha said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, there was nothing in my house that could be eaten by a living creature except for half a barley loaf on a shelf. I ate from it until I seemed to have had it for a long time. Then I measured it and it finished.” [Agreed upon]

0475. ‘Amr ibn al-Harith, the brother of the Umm al-Mu’minin, Juwayriyya bint al-Harith, said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, he left neither dirham nor dinar nor slave nor slavegirl nor anything other than his white mule which he used to ride, his weapons, and some land that he made sadaqa for travellers.” [al-Bukhari]

0476. Khabbab ibn al-Aratt said, “We emigrated with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, seeking the face of Allah Almighty and our reward was in the hands of Allah. Some of us died without consuming any of their reward, and Mus’ab ibn ‘Umayr was one of them. He was killed on the Day of Uhud and left a cloak. When we covered his head, his feet showed, and when we covered his feet, his head showed. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded us to cover his head and to put some idhkhir-herb on his feet. Some of us have picked the fruit of the reward and some of us are still gathering it.” [Agreed upom]

0477. Sahl ibn Sa’d as-Sa’idi reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If this world had been worth as much as a gnat’s wing in the eyes of Allah, no unbeliever would have had a single drink of water from it.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0478. Abu Hurayra said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “This world is cursed and cursed is what is in it, except for the remembrance of Allah Almighty and what brings one near to Him and the teacher and the student.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0479. ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Do not take possession of estates or you will find yourselves seeking after this world.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0480. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by us when we were working on a hut we had. He said, ‘What is this?’ We said, ‘It has become weak and we are repairing it.’ He said, ‘I think that the matter is too urgent for that.’ [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

0481. Ka’b ibn ‘Iyad said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Every community has a trial, and the trial of my community is wealth.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

0482. Abu ‘Amr (and it is said Abu ‘Abdullah or Abu Layla) ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The son of Adam only has a right to these three things: a house in which to live, a garment with which to clothe his nakedness, and plain bread and water.” [at-Tirmidhi] At-Tirmidhi said, “I heard Abu Dawud Sulayman ibn Salim al-Balkhi say, ‘I heard an-Nadr ibn Shumayl say that jilf is bread which has no condiment with it. Someone else said that it is coarse bread. Al-Harawi said, “What is meant here is the bread basket, like jawaliq and khurj (saddle-bags). And Allah knows best.”

0483. ‘Abdullah ibn ash-Shikhir said, “I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he was reciting ‘Fierce competition for this world distracted you.'” (102:1) He said, ‘The son of Adam says, “My property! My property!” Son of Adam, have you any other property than what you eat and thus gets used up, wear and thus becomes worn out, and give in sadaqa and thus make effective?'” Muslim]

0484. ‘Abdullah ibn Mughaffal said, “A man said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ‘Messenger of Allah, by Allah, I love you.’ He said, ‘Be careful of what you say.’ He said, ‘By Allah, I love you,’ three times. He said, ‘If you love me, then prepare yourself for poverty. Poverty comes swifter to the one who loves me than a flood to its destination.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

0485. Ka’b ibn Malik reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Two hungry wolves loose among sheep do not cause as much damage as that caused to a man’s deen by his greed for money and reputation.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0486. ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slept on a straw mat and when he got up he had a mark on his side. We said, ‘Messenger of Allah, we could make a covering for you?’ He said, ‘What have I to do with this world? I am only in this world like a rider who seeks shade under a tree and then goes on.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

0487. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The poor will enter the Garden five hundred years before the rich.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0488. Ibn ‘Abbas and ‘Imran ibn al-Husayn reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I looked into the Garden and saw that the majority of its people were the poor. I looked into the Fire and saw that the majority of its people were women.” [Agreed upon]

0489. Usama ibn Zayd reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “I stood at the door of the Garden and most of those who entered it were the very poor while the people of wealth were held back. All the people of the Fire, however, were commanded to go straight to the Fire.” [Agreed upon]

0490. Abu Hurayra stated that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The most truthful phrase ever said by a poet is the words of Labid: ‘Everything except Allah is false.'” [Agreed upon]

Chapter 56| On the excellence of hunger, a simple live style, and confining oneself to little in food, drink, clothing and other things which are the portion of the self, and abandoning appetites.

Allah Almighty says, “An evil generation succeeded them who neglected the prayer and followed their appetites. They will plunge into the Valley of Evil except for those who turn in repentance and believe and act righteously. They will enter the Garden and they will not be wronged in any way.” (19:59-60) The Almighty says, “He went out among his people in his finery. Those who desired the life of this world said, ‘Oh! If only we had the same as Qarun has been given! What immense good fortune he possesses.’ But those who had been given knowledge said, ‘Woe to you! Allah’s reward is better for those who believe and act rightly.”

 (28:79-80) The Almighty says, “Then you will be asked that Day about the pleasures you enjoyed,” (102:8) and the Almighty says, “As for anyone who desires this fleeting existence, We hasten for him in it whatever We will to whoever We want. Then We will consign him to Hell where he will roast, reviled and driven out.” (17:18)

0491. ‘A’isha said, “The family of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, never had their fill of barley bread for two consecutive days until he died.” [Agreed upon]

In one variant, “From the time he came to Madina, the family of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, never had their fill of wheat bread for three consecutive nights until he died.”

0492. ‘Urwa reported that ‘A’isha used to say, “By Allah, nephew, we used to see three crescent moons in two months without a fire being lit in the houses of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.” I said. “Aunt, what did you live off?” She said, “The two black ones: dates and water. However, the Messenger of Allah had some neighbours among the Ansar, and they have milk camels, and they would send us some of their milk and we would drink it.” [Agreed upon]

0493. Abu Sa’id al-Maqburi said that Abu Hurayra passed by some people who had a roast sheep in front of them and they invited him to eat, but he refused to eat, saying, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left this world without having his fill of barley bread.” [al-Bukhari]

0494. Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not eat off a table up until the time he died, and he did not eat fine bread up until the time he died.” [al-Bukhari] In one variant of his, “He never ever saw a whole roast sheep.”

0495. An-Nu’man ibn Bashir said, “I saw your Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he did not have enough poor quality dates to fill his belly.” [Muslim]

0496. Sahl ibn Sa’d said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not see fine bread from the time that Allah Almighty sent him until the time He took him.” He was asked, “Did you not have sieves in the time of the Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, never saw a sieve from the time that Allah Almighty sent him until the time He took him.” He was asked, “How did you eat unsieved barley?” He said, “We used to rind it and blow on it and what blew away would blow away and we would knead what remained.” [al-Bukhari]

0497. Abu Hurayra said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out one day or night and came upon Abu Bakr and ‘Umar and said, ‘What has brought you out of your houses at this hour?’ They said, ‘Hunger, Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘Me too. By the One in whose hand my soul is, what brought you out brought me out, so get up.’ They got up with him and went to visit a man of the Ansar, but he was not at home.

When his wife saw him, she said, ‘Welcome! Welcome!’ The Messenger of Allah said to her, ‘Where is so-and-so?’ She said, ‘He has gone to get water for us.’ Then the Ansari came and saw the Messenger of Allah and his two companions and said, ‘Praise be to Allah. Today no one has more honoured guests than I!’ He went and brought them a branch with unripe and ripe fresh dates on it and said, ‘Eat.’ He took a knife and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, ‘Don’t slaughter one which yields milk.’

So he slaughtered for them and they ate from the sheep and from that branch and drank. When they were full and their thirst quenched, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, ‘By the One who has my soul in His hand, you will be asked about this blessing on the Day of Rising. Hunger brought you out of your houses and you did not return until you had received this blessing.'” [Muslim] The Ansari who they visited was Abu’l-Haytham ibn at-Tayyihan. This is clearly stated in the variant of at-Tirmidhi and others.

0498. Khalid ibn ‘Umayr al-‘Adawi said, “‘Utba ibn Ghazwan addressed us when he was governor of Basra. He praised and glorified Allah and then said, ‘This world has announced that it is vanishing, retreating swiftly and only a trace of it will be left like the small amount left in a vessel after its owner has drunk it. You are moving from it to an abode which will not vanish. So move to it with the best you have. It has been mentioned to us that a stone thrown from the brink of Hellfire will fall in it for forty years without reaching its bottom.

By Allah, it will be filled! Does that surprise you? It has been mentioned to us that between the two halves of the Garden is the distance of forty years, but a day will come when it will be blocked by the crowd of people there. I remember myself as one of seven who were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the only food we had was some leaves of a tree which cut the corners of our mouths.

I got a cloak and divided it between myself and Sa’d ibn Malik. I used half of it as a wrapper and Sa’d used half as a wrapper. Today there is not one of us who is not an amir over some city. I seek refuge with Allah from being great with myself and small with Allah.” [Muslim]

0499. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari said, “‘A’isha brought out for us a garment and thick wrapper and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died wearing these two.'” [Agreed upon]

0500. Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas said, “I was the first of the Arabs to shoot an arrow in the way of Allah. We used to raid with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and we had no food except acacia leaves so that when one of us went to relieve himself it was like sheep droppings.” [Agreed upon]

0501. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O Allah, make the provision of the family of Muhammad adequate!” [Agreed upon]

0502. Abu Hurayra said, “By Allah, there is no god but He. I used to lie with my stomach on the ground out of hunger and I used to tie a stone on my belly because of hunger. One day I sat on the path by which they used to go out and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by me. He smiled when he saw me and recognised what was in my face and in myself. Then he said, ‘Abu Hirr!’ I said, ‘At your service, Messenger of Allah!’ He said, ‘Come along’ and went and followed him.

He went inside and I asked permission to enter. He gave me permission and I went inside. He found some milk in a cup and asked, ‘Where is this milk from?’ They said, ‘So-and-so gave it to you.’ He said, ‘Abu Hirr.’ I said, ‘At your service, Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘Go along to the people of the Suffa and invite them here to me.'” He said, “The people of the Suffa were the guests of Islam. They did not have recourse to family, property or anyone. When sadaqa came to him, he used to send it to them and not take any of it himself.

When a gift came to him, he sent for them and had some of it himself and let them share in it. His saying that annoyed me and I said to myself, ‘What good will this milk be among the people of the Suffa? I have more need of drinking it to give me strength. When they come, he will tell me to give it to them.’ It was not likely that I would get any of the milk, but there was no escape from obeying Allah and obeying His Messenger so I went and invited them and they accepted and asked for permission to come in and he gave them permission.

They took their seats in the house. He said, ‘Abu Hirr!’ I said, ‘At your service, Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘Take it and give it to them.'” He said, “I took the cup and gave it to a man and he drank until his thirst was quenched. Then he returned the cup to me and I gave it to another man who drank until his thirst was quenched and he returned the cup to me. [Another] drank until his thirst was quenched and he returned the cup to me until I reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when all the people had had enough.

 He took the cup and placed it in his hand and looked at me and smiled. He said, ‘Abu Hirr.’ I said, ‘At your service, Messenger of Allah’ He said, ‘I and you remain.’ I said, ‘You have spoken the truth, Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘Sit and drink.’ I sat and drank. He said, ‘Drink.’ So I drank. He kept saying, ‘Drink’ until I said, ‘By the One who sent you with the truth, I cannot find any more room for it.’ He said, ‘Give it to me,’ so I gave him the cup and he praised Allah Almighty, said the name of Allah, and drank the rest.”. [al-Bukhari]

0503. Muhammad ibn Sirin reported that Abu Hurayra said, “I used to fall down in a faint between the minbar of the Messenger of Allah , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the room of ‘A’isha. A passer-by would come and put his foot on my neck and think that I was mad. I was not mad. I was only hungry.” [al-Bukhari]

0504. ‘A’isha said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died his armour was in pawn to a Jew for thirty sa’s of barley.” [Agreed upon]

0505. Anas said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pawned his armour for some barley. I took some barley bread and dissolved fat to the Prophet and I heard him say, ‘The family of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has never had more than a sa’ in the morning nor the evening,’ and they were nine households.” [al-Bukhari]

0506. Abu Hurayra said, “I saw seventy of the people of the Suffa and none of them was wearing a cloak, but only either a waist-wrapper or a shirt which they tied round their necks so that it only reached half way down their thighs or to their ankles. They would gather it together with their hands not wanting their nakedness to be seen.” [al-Bukhari]

0507. ‘A’isha said, “The bed of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as made of hide stuffed with palm-fibre.” [al-Bukhari]

0508. Ibn ‘Umar said, “We were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when a man of the Ansar came and greeted him. Then the Ansari turned away and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘O brother of the Ansar, how is Sa’d ibn ‘Ubada!’ He said, ‘Well.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Who among you wants to visit him?’ He got up and about ten of us got up with him without sandals or leather socks or head coverings or shirts.

We walked through those salt marshes until we reached him. His family moved back from around him so that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and His Companions who were with him could get near.” [Muslim]]

0509. ‘Imran ibn al-Husayn reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The best of you are my generation and then those who follow them and then those who follow them.” ‘Imran said, “I do not know whether the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said it twice or three times.” “Then after them will come a people who testify when they are not asked to testify, and who betray and are not trustworthy, who make a vow and do not fulfil it. Fleshiness will appear among them.” [Agreed upon]

0510. Abu Umama reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O son of Adam, it is better for you to spend what is in excess of your needs and worse for you to keep it. You will not be blamed for (keeping) enough to cover your needs. Begin with your immediate dependants.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0511. ‘Ubaydullah ibn Muhsan al-Ansari al-Khatmi said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Any of you who wakes up in the morning safe in himself, healthy in his body, with food for the day, it is as if he had the entire world.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

0512. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The successful one is he who becomes Muslim, has adequate provision and whom Allah makes satisfied with what He gives him.” [Muslim]

0513. Abu Muhammad Fadala ibn ‘Ubayd al-Ansari reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “O the delight of the one who is guided to Islam, has adequate livelihood, and is contented.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0514. Ibn ‘Abbas said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to go hungry for nights in a row at the time when his people could find no support. Most of their bread was barley bread.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0515. Fadala ibn ‘Ubayd reported that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to lead the people in prayer, some men who were there would fall over during the prayer owing to extreme hunger. They were the People of the Suffa. This reached such a point that the desert Arabs said, ‘Those people are mad.’ When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had prayed, he went to them and said, ‘If you only knew what you have with Allah Almighty, you would wish to be increased in poverty and need.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

0516. Abu Karima al-Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘A human being fills up no vessel worse than his belly. Enough for a son of Adam are some morsels which will kept his back straight. If it cannot be avoided, then a third is for his food, a third for his drink, and a third for himself.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0517. Abu Umama Iyas ibn Tha’laba al-Ansari al-Harithi said, “One day the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned this world, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘Do you not hear? Do you not hear? Raggedness is part of belief. Raggedness is part of belief,’ meaning doing without luxury.” [Abu Dawud]

0518. Abu ‘Abdullah Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent us on an expedition and he put Abu ‘Ubadya in command over us. We were to meet the caravan of Quraysh and we were provisioned with bags of dates which we was all that we could find. Abu ‘Ubadya would give each of us a date. It was asked, ‘What did you do with it?’ He said, ‘We would suck on it as a child sucks and then we would drink from water poured on it. It was enough for us for the day until night. We used to knock leaves off branches and then moisten them with water and eat them.'”

He said, “We proceeded along the coast and something on the sea coast looking like an immense heap became visible to us. We reached it and it was the creature called the sperm whale. Abu ‘Ubayda said, ‘Carrion.’ Then he said, ‘No, rather we are the messengers of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and we are travelling in the way of Allah and have been forced by need, so eat.’. We lived on it for a month – and there were three hundred of us – eating until we were full.

I remember us scooping out oil from its eye-socket with jugs, and from it we cut saddle-cloths the size of an ox – or similar to the size of an ox. Abu ‘Ubayda took thirteen of us and had us sit in its eye-socket, and he took one of its ribs and stood it upright and then the largest camel we had with us went under it. We took provision from its meat and strips of dried meat.

When we reached Madina, we went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and mentioned that to him. He said, ‘It was provision with which Allah provided you. Do you have any of its meat with you so that you can feed us?’ So we sent some of it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he ate it.” [Muslim]

0519. Asma’ bint Yazid said, “The sleeve of the shirt of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reached his wrist.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0520. Jabir said, “On the Day of the Ditch, we were digging and a hard bit of rock became exposed. They went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, “‘There is a hard bit of rock exposed in the Ditch.’ He said, ‘I am coming down.’ He got up and there was a stone tied to his belly. We had been three days without eating at all. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took a pick and struck it and it became like soft sand. I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, give me permission to go to my house.’ I said to my wife, ‘I see that the Prophet is in a condition I cannot bear.

Do you have anything?’ She said, ‘I have some barley and a lamb.’ So I sacrificed the lamb and she ground the barley and we put the meat in a cooking-pot. Then I went to the Messenger of Allah when the bread was kneaded and the pot was on the cooking stones and nearly cooked and said, ‘I have a little food, so, Messenger of Allah, come with one or two men.’ He asked, ‘How much is it?’ I told him and he said, ‘Many is good. Tell her not to remove the pot nor take the bread from the oven until I come.’ He said, ‘Get up,’ and the Muhajirun and Ansar got up.

I went to her and said, ‘Poor you! The Prophet, the Muhajirun, the Ansar and those with them have all come!’ She said, ‘Did he ask you?’ I said. ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘Enter, but do not crowd round.’ He began to break up the bread and put meat on it, covering the pot and oven after he took something from them. He gave it to his Companions who then withdrew. He continued to breaking up bread and ladling until they were full and there was still some left. He said, ‘Eat this and give some away, for hunger has afflicted the people.'” [Agreed upon]

In one variant, Jabir said, “When the ditch was dug, I saw that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was hungry, so I went back to my wife and said, ‘Do you have anything? I see that the Messenger of Allah is very hungry.’ She brought out a bag which contained a sa’ of barley. We had a lamb we had kept at home, so I slaughtered it and she ground the barley.

I finished and cut it up in her cooking-pot. Then I turned to go back to the Messenger of Allah. She said, ‘Do not disgrace me before the Messenger of Allah and those with him.’ I went to him and spoke confidentially to him, ‘Messenger of Allah, we have slaughtered a small lamb of ours and ground a sa’ of barley, so let you and a few people come.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shouted, ‘People of the Ditch! Jabir has prepared some food, so come along!’ The Prophet said, ‘Do not remove your pot nor bake your bread until I come.’

I came and the Prophet came leading the people. I went to my wife and she said, ‘It is all your fault!’ I said, ‘I did what you said.’ She brought out the dough and he spat in it and blessed it. Then he went to our pot and spat and blessed it. Then he said, ‘Call the woman who bakes and let her bake with you, and ladle from your pot and do not remove it.’ There were a thousand of them. I swear by Allah, they ate until they left the food and went away. Our pot was boiling as before and out dough was baking as before.”

0521. Anas said, “Abu Talha said to Umm Sulaym, ‘I heard the voice of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and it was weak and I recognised hunger in it. Do you have anything?’ She said, ‘Yes,’ and produced some barley loaves. She took a scarf of hers and wrapped up the bread in part of it and then she put it under my garment and tied the other end of it round me. Then she sent me to the Messenger of Allah and I took it with me.

I found the Messenger of Allah sitting in the mosque with some people. I stood over them and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, ‘Did Abu Talha send you?’ I answered, ‘Yes.’ He said, ‘For a meal?’ I replied, ‘Yes.’ The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered, ‘Get up.’ Then he set off and I went on ahead of them until I came to Abu Talha and informed him. Abu Talha said, ‘Umm Sulaym!

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has come with some people, and we do not have anything to feed them.’ She said, ‘Allah and His Messenger know best.’ Abu Talha went to meet the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Messenger of Allah went forward with him until they both entered and the Messenger of Allah said, ‘Bring what you have, Umm Sulaym.’ So she brought that bread and the Messenger of Allah commanded it to be broken up and then Umm Sulayman squeezed some ghee on it to flavour it.’

Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said what Allah willed over it and then he said, ‘Admit ten,’ and he admitted them. They ate until they were full and then went out. Then he said, ‘Admit ten’ and he admitted them. They ate until they were full and then went out. Then he said, ‘Admit ten’ and he admitted them and so on until all the people had eaten and were full, and there were seventy or eighty men.” [Agreed upon]

In one variant, “Ten continued to enter and ten leave until everyone of them had entered and eaten until he was full up, and then they gathered it up and there was the same amount as when they had begun to eat from it.” In one variant, “They ate ten by ten until eighty men had done that. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ate after that and the people of the house, and there was still some left over.” In one variant, “Then they still had enough left over to send to their neighbours.”

In one variant Anas said, “I came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, one day and I found him sitting with his Companions and he had tied a band around his stomach. I asked some of his Companions, ‘Why has the Messenger of Allah bound up his stomach.’ They said, ‘Out of hunger.’ So I went to Abu Talha, who was the husband of Umm Sulaym bint Milhan, and said, ‘O father, I have seen the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with his stomach tied with a band and I asked some of his Companions and they said, “It is from hunger.”

Abu Talha went in to my mother and asked, ‘Do you have anything?’ She replied, ‘Yes, I have some pieces of barley and some dates. If the Messenger of Allah comes to us alone, we can give him his fill. If someone else comes with him, it will be little for them,'” and he mentioned the whole hadith. 

Chapter 57| On Contentment, self-restraint, moderation in life style and spending, and criticism of asking without necessity:

Allah Almighty says, “There is no creature on the earth which is not dependent on Allah for its provision,” (11:6) and the Almighty says, “It is for the poor who are held back in the Way of Allah, unable to travel in the land. The ignorant consider them rich because of their reticence. You will know them by their mark. They do not ask people importunately.” (W2:272; H2:273)

The Almighty says, “Those who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor mean, but take a stance mid way between the two,” (25:68) and the Almighty says, “I did not create either jinn or man except to worship Me. I do not require any provision from them and I do not require them to nourish Me.” (51:56-57)

0522. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Wealth is not from a lot of money. Wealth is the independence of the self.” [Agreed upon]

0523. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The successful one is he who becomes Muslim, has adequate provision and whom Allah makes satisfied with what He gives him.” [Muslim]

0524. Hakim ibn Hizam said, “I asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he gave to me and then I asked him and he gave to me and then I asked him again and he gave to me. Then he said, ‘Hakim, wealth is verdant and sweet. Anyone who takes it in a generous spirit will be blessed in it but anyone who takes it in an avaricious way will not be blessed in it, like someone who eats and is not satisfied.

The upper hand is better than the lower hand.'” Hakim said, “I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, by the One who sent you with the Truth, I will never again ask anyone for anything until I leave this world.'” Abu Bakr called Hakim to take his share and he refused to take it from him. Then ‘Umar called him to give to him and he refused to accept anything from him either. ‘Umar said, “I call on you to testify, company of Muslims, that I offered Hakim his share of this booty and he refused to take it. Hakim did not take anything from any person after the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until he died. [Agreed upon]

0525. Abu Burda reported that Abu Musa al-Ash’ari said, “Once we went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on an expedition and six of us were sharing one camel which we took it in turns to ride. Our feet became pierced through and my feet were pierced through and my toe-nails came off.

We wrapped our feet in rags and so it became called the Expedition of Rags because of that.” Abu Burda said, “Abu Musa related this hadith to us and then disliked having done so and said, ‘I wish I had not mentioned it!'” He said, “It was as if he disliked any of his actions being disclosed.” [Agreed upon]

0526. ‘Amr ibn Taghlib said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some money or captives and shared them out. He gave to some men and left others out. He heard that those who had been left out had been critical about it. He praised Allah and glorified Him and then said, ‘As for what follows (amma ba’d), by Allah, I give to one man and leave out another and yet I love the one whom I leave out more than the one I give to.

But I give to some people because of the anxiety and unease I see in their hearts. I entrust some people to the wealth and good which Allah has placed in their hearts. One of those is ‘Amr ibn Taghlib.’ By Allah, what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said is dearer to me than red camels.” [al-Bukhari]

0527. Hakim ibn Hizam reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The upper hand is better than the lower hand. Begin with your dependants. The best sadaqa is that given by the wealthy. Anyone who refrains [from asking], Allah will spare him the need to and anyone who seeks to be independent, Allah will give him independence.” [Agreed upon]

0528. Abu Sufyan Sakhr ibn Harb reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Do not be importunate in asking. By Allah, none of you asks me for something but that his request brings him something from me, even if I dislike it, and he is blessed in whatever I give him.” [Muslim]

0529. Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Malik al-Ashja’i said, “We were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and there were seven or eight or nine of us. He said, ‘Will you not give allegiance to the Messenger of Allah?’ and we had only recently given allegiance. We said, ‘We have already given you our allegiance, Messenger of Allah.’

He said, ‘Will you not give allegiance to the Messenger of Allah?’ and we stretched out our hands and said, ‘We have already given you our allegiance, Messenger of Allah. On what basis should we give you our allegiance?’ He said, ‘That you worship Allah and do not associate anything with him, the five prayers and that you obey,’ and he said something softly, ‘and that you do not ask people for anything.’ I later saw one of those people drop his whip and he did not ask anyone to hand it to him.” [Muslim]

0530. Ibn ‘Umar reported the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A man will continue to ask from other people until on the Day of Rising he does not have a single piece of flesh on his face.” [Agreed upon]

0531. From Ibn ‘Umar is that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stated while he was on the minbar, “The upper hand is better than the lower hand. The upper hand is the one which spends and the lower is the beggar’s.” [Agreed upon]

0532. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who asks people for an increase over what he has, is asking for a hot ember. He can either seek to be independent or seek increase.” [Muslim]

0533. Samura ibn Jundub reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A man merely exhausts himself by asking except if he asks a Sultan or for something that he has no choice about.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0534. Ibn Mas’ud said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘If someone is afflicted by poverty and then goes to people with it, his poverty will not be alleviated. If someone goes to Allah with it, Allah will definitely bring him provision, sooner or later.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

0535. Thawban reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Is there anyone who will be a surety for me and not ask people for anything and then I will be a surety for him for the Garden?” I said, “I will be.” And indeed he never asked anyone for anything. [Abu Dawud]

0536. Abu Bishr Qabisa ibn al-Mukhariq said, “I had a debt which I had to discharge and I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and asked him about it. He said, ‘Wait until sadaqa comes to me and we will make sure you get it.’

Then he said, ‘O Qabisa, begging is only lawful for three men: a man who has an obligation to pay, and asking is lawful for him until he gets it and then he should refrain; a man who has needs which require money, and it is lawful for him to ask until he gets enough for his subsistence – or he said to cover his subsistence; and a man who is afflicted by poverty so that three people of intelligence among his people say, “Poverty has afflicted so-and so,” and it is lawful for him to ask until he gets enough for his subsistence – or he said to cover his subsistence. Any other instances of asking than these, Qabisa, are unlawful and anyone who does so consumes the unlawful.'” [Muslim]

0537. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The very poor man is not the one who goes around to people to ask for a bite or two to eat or a date or two, but the one who does not have enough for himself but is too shy to ask so that he is given sadaqa – or does not beg from people importunately.” [Agreed upon]

Chapter 58| On the permission to take that which is not asked for nor sought after.

0538. Salim ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar reported from his father, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar that ‘Umar said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to give me a gift and I would say, ‘Give it to someone who is poorer and more in need of it than I am.’ He said, ‘Take it. When some property comes to you without your being greedy for it nor asking for it, then take it. But if you are not given anything, do not run after it.'” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter 59| The encouragement to eat from the work of one’s own hand, and to refrain from asking and turning to giving:

Allah Almighty says, “Then when the prayer is finished, spread through the earth and seek Allah’s bounty.” (62:10)

0539. ‘Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr ibn al-‘Awwam reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “It is better for one of you to take a rope and bring a faggot of firewood on his back and sell it so that Allah gives him what he needs than for him to ask people who then give to him or refuse.” [al-Bukhari]

0540. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “It is better for one of you to take a rope and carry firewood on his back than for him to go to a man to beg from him who then gives to him or refuses to.” [Agreed upon]

0541. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Da’ud, peace be upon him, used to eat from the work of his own hands.” [al-Bukhari]

0542. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Zakariyya, peace be upon him, was a carpenter.” [Muslim]

0543. al-Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “None of you eats better food than that which he eats as a result of the work of his own hand. The Prophet Da’ud used to eat from the work of his own hand.” [al-Bukhari]

Chapter 60| On generosity, magnanimity and spending in good ways with trust in Allah Almighty.

Allah Almighty says, “Anything you expend will be replaced by Him.” (34:39) and the Almighty says, “Whatever good you give away is to your own benefit when you give desiring only the Face of Allah. Whatever good you give away will be repaid to you in full. You will not be wronged.” (W2:271; H2:272) The Almighty says, “Whatever good you give away, Allah knows it.” (W2:272; H2:273)

0544. Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “You can only have envy for two things: for a man to whom Allah has given wealth which he spends for the truth, and for a man to whom Allah has given wisdom and he acts by it and teaches it.” [Agreed upon]

0545. Ibn Mas’ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Which of you loves the property of his heir more than he loves his own property?” They said, “O Messenger of Allah, there is none of us who does not love his own property more.” He said, “His property is what he sends ahead, and the property of his heir is what he keeps back.” [al-Bukhari]

0546. ‘Adi ibn Hatim reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Protect yourselves from the Fire, even if only with half a date.” [Agreed upon]

0547. Jabir said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was not asked for anything at all to which he said, ‘No.'” [Agreed upon]

0548. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There is no day which dawns on the slaves Of Allah without two angels descending and one of them saying, ‘O Allah, refund those who give money’ and the other saying, ‘O Allah, ruin those who withhold it.'” [Agreed upon]

0549. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah Almighty says, ‘Son of Adam, spend and you will be spent on.'” [Agreed upon]

0550. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that a man asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, “Which aspect of Islam is best?” He said, “To give food and to give the greeting to those you know and those you do not know.” [Agreed upon]

0551. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There are forty good qualities, the highest of which is giving away all of an animal’s milk. If anyone acts with any one of these qualities hoping for its reward and affirming what is promised by it, on account of it Allah will admit him to the Garden.” [al-Bukhari]

0552. Abu Umama Suda ibn ‘Ajlan reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “O son of Adam! It is better for you to spend what is in excess of your needs and worse for you to keep it. You will not be blamed for (keeping) enough to cover your needs. Begin with your immediate dependants. The upper hand is better than the lower hand.” [Muslim]

0553. Anas said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was not asked in Islam for anything without giving it. A man came to him and he gave him sheep filling the space between two mountains and he returned to his people saying, ‘O people! Become Muslim! Muhammad gives a gift without any fear of poverty.’ Even if a man becomes Muslim only out of desire for this world, it is not long before Islam becomes dearer to him than this world and everything in it.” [Muslim]

0554. ‘Umar said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made a distribution and I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, other people are more entitled to it than these.’ He said, ‘They gave me no option. Either they would have asked me in a very coarse way or they would have considered me miserly, and I am not miserly.'” [Muslim]

0555. Jubayr ibn Mut’im said that while he was travelling with the Prophet, returning from Hunayn, some desert Arabs began to grab hold of him, when asking of him, until they forced him back against an acacia tree and his cloak was pulled right off. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, topped and said, “Give me my cloak. If I had had as many camels as the number of these trees, I would have divided them between you. You will not find me to be a miser, a liar nor a coward.” [al-Bukhari]

0556. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Sadaqa does not decrease wealth in any way, and for pardoning someone Allah only increases a slave in might, and no one is humble without Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, elevating him.” [Muslim]

0557. Abu Kabsha ‘Umar ibn Sa’d al-Anmari heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “Three things I can swear to you and I will tell you something you should remember. The property of a slave is not decreased by sadaqa. There is no slave who is inflicted by an injustice and is steadfast in it, without Allah increasing him in might. No slave opens the door of begging without Allah opening for him the door of poverty.” – or words to that effect. “The something which you should remember,” he said, “Is that this world consists of four types of people.

There is a slave whom Allah provides with money and knowledge and he is fearful of his Lord in respect of it and maintains ties of kinship with it and acknowledges the right of Allah over it. This one is in the best position. There is a slave whom Allah provides with knowledge but does not provide with money. He has a sincere intention and says, ‘If I had money, I would have acted as so-and-so acted.’ He has according to his intention, so the reward of both of them is the same.

There is a slave whom Allah provides with money but does not provide with knowledge, so he proceeds haphazardly with his money without any knowledge. He is not fearful of his Lord in respect of it nor does he maintain ties of kinship with it nor acknowledge the right of Allah over it. This person is in the worst position. There is a slave whom Allah does not provide with either money nor knowledge, so he says, ‘If I had money, I would have acted as so-and-so acted. He has according to his intention, so the burden of sin of both of them is the same.”

0558. ‘A’isha reported that they sacrificed a sheep and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “How much of it is left?” She said, “All that remains of it is its shoulder.” He said, “On the contrary, all of it remains except its shoulder.” [at-Tirmidhi]

0559. Asma’ bint Abi Bakr as-Siddiq said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘Do not withhold or it will be withheld from you.'” [Agreed upon] In one variant, “Spend, (or give out or expend) and do not hold back, or Allah will hold back from you. Do not refuse to spend your surplus or Allah will deny you His.”

0560. Abu Hurayra reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “The likeness of the miser and the one who gives is like two men wearing shirts of chain-mail from their breasts to their collar bones. When the giver of sadaqa spends, his shirt expands over his body until it covers his fingertips and obliterates his footsteps. When the miser wants to spend anything, every link remains in its place. He tries to make it looser but it will not get looser.” [Agreed upon]

0561. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If anyone gives in sadaqa as much as a date from honest earnings – and Allah only accepts what is good – Allah will accept it in His right hand and will then increase it in size for the giver, just like one of you might rear a foal, until it is the size of a mountain.” [Agreed upon]

0562. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Once while a man was walking in the desert, he heard a voice in a cloud saying, ‘Water the garden of so-and-so.’ And that cloud went and poured out its water into a rocky area. There was a certain water channel which held all the water and he followed it and found a man standing in his garden directing the water with his spade. He said to him. ‘Slave of Allah, what is your name?’ He said, ‘So-and-so’ giving the same name he had heard from the cloud.

The man then said to him, ‘O slave of Allah, why did you ask me my name?’ He said, ‘I heard a voice in the cloud from which this water came say, “Water the garden of so-and-so” giving your name. What are you doing with it?’ He said, ‘Since you have said this, I will [say]. I wait and see what it produces and give a third of it away as sadaqa, and my family and I eat from a third, and I reinvest a third back into it.” [Muslim]