Riyadh Saliheen
Part | 5

The Gardens of the Righteous”, is a compilation of verses from the Qur’an and hadith,
By: Imam Abu Zakaria Mohiuddin Yahya An-Nawawi

Decorative Lines

Contents of the Chapters

  • Chapter 81: On the prohibition against seeking authority and the option of not accepting it if it is not specific to him or if he is not required.
  • Chapter 82: On encouraging the Sultan, qadi and others in authority to adopt a righteous counsellor and warning them against bad company and accepting their advice.
  • Chapter 83: On the Prohibition against granting appointment as amirs and judges and positions of authority to those who asked for it or indirectly express desire for that.
  • Chapter 84: On modesty and its excellence, and encouraging people to affect it.
  • Chapter 85: On keeping secrets.
  • Chapter 86: On fulfilling contracts and keeping promises.
  • Chapter 87: On the command to continue to perform good actions which are one’s habit.
  • Chapter 88: On the recommendation to speak good words and display a cheerful face when you meet someone .
  • Chapter 89: On the recommendation to speak plainly and clearly and on repeating things so that the one who did not understood them will understand.
  • Chapter 90: On listening to one’s companion as long as it is not unlawful, and listening carefully to scholars and admonishers.
  • Chapter 91: On Admonition and moderation in it.
  • Chapter 92: On Dignity and calmness.
  • Chapter 93: On the Recommendation of going to the prayer and to knowledge and other forms of worship with calmness and dignity.
  • Chapter 94: On Honouring the guest.
  • Chapter 95: On the recommendation to convey good news and congratulate people.
  • Chapter 96: On someone saying farewell and his advice when he departs on a journey and supplication for him and by him.
  • Chapter 97: On the Istikhara and consultation.
  • Chapter 98: On the Recommendation on going to the ‘Id, visiting the sick, going on hajj, expeditions, funerals, etc, by one route, and returning by a different route in increase the number of places of worship.
  • Chapter 99: The recommendation to use the right first in things that entail honour, like wudu’, ghusl, and tayammum, putting on clothes, shoes, leather socks and trousers, entering the mosque, using the siwak stick, using kohl, cutting nails, trimming the moustache, plucking the armpit and shaving the head, giving the salam in the prayer, eating and drinking, shaking hands, greeting the Black Stone, leaving the lavatory, taking the gift, and other such things. The recommendation to use the left in the opposite of that, like blowing the nose, spitting, entering the lavatory and leaving the mosque, removing leather socks, sandals, trousers and clothes, cleaning oneself in the lavatory, doing unclean things, and the like.
  • Chapter 100: On saying the basmala when starting to eat and praising Allah afterwards.

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Chapter | 81

On the prohibition against seeking authority and the option of not accepting it if it is not specific to him or if he is not required

Allah Almighty says,

“That Abode of the Next World: We grant it to those who do not seek to exalt themselves in the earth or to cause corruption in it. The successful outcome is for the godfearing.” (28:83)

674. Abu Sa’id ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Samura said,

“The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘O ‘Abdu’r-Rahman ibn Samura. Do not ask for leadership. If you are given it without asking for it, you will be helped in it. If you are given it through asking for it, it will be up to you. If you make a vow and then see something other than it which is better than it, then do that which is better and expiate your oath.'” [Agreed upon]

675. Abu Dharr said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘O Abu Dharr! I see that you are weak and I want for you what I want for myself. You will never be put in charge of even two men nor be put in charge of the property of an orphan.'” [Muslim]

676. Abu Dharr said, “I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, why do you not appoint me?’ He clapped me on the shoulder with his hand and then said, ‘Abu Dharr, you are weak. It is a trust, and on the Day of Rising it will be disgrace and regret except for the man who takes it as it should be taken and fulfils what is demanded of him in respect of it.'” [Muslim]

677. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “You will covet leadership, but it will be a source of regret on the Day of Rising.” [al-Bukhari]

Chapter | 82

On encouraging the Sultan, qadi and others in authority to adopt a righteous counsellor and warning them against bad company and accepting their advice

Allah Almighty says,

“On that Day the closest friends will be enemies to another – except for the godfearing.” (43:67)

678. Abu Sa’id and Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah did not send a Prophet nor appoint a khalif without him having two counsellors, one counsellor commanding the right and encouraging it, and one counsellor commanding the wrong and encouraging it. The one protected is the one that Allah protects.” [al-Bukhari]

679. ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘When Allah desires good for the amir, He gives him a truthful wazir. If he forgets, he reminds him. If he remembers, he helps him. If He desires other than that for him, He gives him a bad wazir. If he forgets, he does not remind him, and if he remembers, he does not help him.'” [Abu Dawud] 

Chapter | 83

On the Prohibition against granting appointment as amirs and judges and positions of authority to those who asked for it or indirectly express desire for that

680. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari said, “I visited the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with two of my cousins. One of them said, ‘Messenger of Allah, give us authority over some of what Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, has appointed you over.’ The other said something similar. He said, ‘By Allah, we will not appoint anyone over this matter who asks for it nor anyone who is eager for it.” [Agreed upon]

Chapter | 84

On modesty and its excellence,
And encouraging people to affect it

681. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by one of the men of the Ansar who was admonishing his brother for being too modest. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Let him be. Modesty is part of belief.” [Agreed upon]

682. ‘Imran ibn Husayn reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Modesty only brings good.” [Agreed upon] In a variant of Muslim, “Modesty is all good.”

683. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Belief has over seventy – or over sixty – branches. The best of which is the words, ‘There is no god but Allah,’ and the least of which is removing an obstruction from the road. Modesty is a branch of belief.” [Agreed upon]

684. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was more modest than a virgin in her tent. When he saw something he disliked, we could see it in his face.” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter | 85

On keeping secrets

Allah Almighty says,

“Fulfil your contracts. Contracts will be asked about.” (17:34)

685. Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The worst of people in the sight of Allah on the Day of Rising is a man who goes to his wife or his wife goes to him and then he discloses her secret.” [Muslim]

686. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar reported that when ‘Umar’s daughter Hafsa became a widow, ‘Umar said, “I met ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan and offered him Hafsa. I said, ‘Would you like to marry Hafsa bint ‘Umar?’ He said, ‘I will think about it.’ I waited some days and then he met me and said, ‘I do not think that I should marry at this time. Then I met Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and said, ‘Would you like to marry Hafsa bint ‘Umar?’ Abu Bakr was silent and did not reply to me at all! I felt that more than what had happened to me with ‘Uthman. I remained some days and then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked to marry her and so I married her to him.

Abu Bakr met me and said, ‘Perhaps you were upset at me when you proposed Hafsa to me and I did not answer you at all?’ I said, ‘Yes I was.’ He said, ‘All that prevented me from answering you regarding what you proposed to me was that I knew that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had mentioned her and I would not divulge the secret of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. If the Prophet had relinquished her, I would have accepted her.'” [al-Bukhari]

687. ‘A’isha said, “The wives of the Prophet were with him when Fatima arrived on foot. Her gait was exactly like the gait of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he saw her, he welcomed her and said, ‘Welcome, my daughter.’ Then he sat her down on his right or his left. Then he whispered to her and she wept bitterly. When he saw her grief, he whispered to her a second time and she smiled. I said to her, ‘The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, singled you out before his wives and spoke to you secretly and then you wept.’

When the Messenger of Allah got up, I asked her, ‘What did the Messenger of Allah say to you?’ She said, ‘I would not disclose the Messenger of Allah’s secret.’ When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, I said, ‘I adjure you by the right I have over you, tell me what the Messenger of Allah said to you.’ She said, ‘Now I will.

When he whispered to me the first time, he told me that Jibril had recited the Qur’an to him once or twice every year and that now he had made him recite it twice. (He said), “I think that my term is near, so be fearful of Allah and be steadfast. I am the best forerunner for you.” So I wept as you saw. When he saw my grief, he whispered to me a second time and said, “Fatima, are you not pleased to be the leader of the women of the believers or the leader of the women of this community?” So I smiled as you saw.'” [Agreed upon. This is the variant in Muslim]

688. Thabit mentioned that Anas said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came up to me while I was playing with the other boys and greeted us. He sent me on an errand and I was late coming back to my mother. When I came, she said, ‘What kept you?’ I said, ‘The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me on an errand.’ She said, ‘What errand?’ I said, ‘It is a secret.’ She said, ‘Do not tell anyone the secret of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'” Anas said, “By Allah, if I were to tell it to anyone, I would tell it to you, Thabit.” [Muslim] 

Chapter: 86

On fulfilling contracts and keeping promises

Allah says, “Fulfil your contracts. Contracts will be asked about,” (17:34) and the Almighty says, “Be true to Allah’s contract when you have agreed to it.” (16:91) The Almighty says, “O you who believe! Fulfil your contracts,” (5:1) and the Almighty says, “O you who believe! Why do you say what you do not do? It is deeply abhorrent to Allah that you say what you do not do.” (61:2-3)

689. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There are three signs of a hypocrite: whenever he speaks, he lies; whenever he makes a promise, he breaks it; and whenever he is trusted, he betrays his trust.” [Agreed upon] It is added in a variant of Muslim, “Even if he fasts and prays and claims that he is a Muslim.”

690. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “If anyone has four characteristics, he is a pure hypocrite, and if anyone has one of them, he has an aspect of hypocrisy until he gives it up: whenever he is trusted, he betrays his trust; whenever he speaks, he lies; whenever he makes an agreement, he breaks it; and whenever he quarrels, he deviates from the truth speaks falsely.” [Agreed upon]

691. Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said, “The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘If the money from Bahrayn comes, I will give you such-and-such.’ The money from Bahrayn did not come until after the Prophet had died. When the money of Bahrayn arrived, Abu Bakr commanded that it be announced, ‘Whoever has a promise from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, or a debt should come to us.’ I came to him and said, ‘The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told me such-and-such.’ He gave me a double handful and I counted them and there were five hundred. He said, ‘Take twice as much again.'” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter: 87

On the command to continue to perform good actions which are one’s habit

Allah Almighty says, “Allah never changes a people’s state unless they change what is in themselves,” (W13:12; H13:11) and the Almighty says, “Do not be like a woman who breaks her thread after it is strong, thereby unravelling it.” (16:92) Allah Almighty says, “And not to be like those who were given the Book before for whom the time seemed over long so that their hearts became hard,” (W57:15; H57:16) and the Almighty says, “They did not observe it as it should have been observed.” (W57:26;57:27)

692. ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-‘As said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, “‘Abdullah, do not be like so-and-so who used to pray at night and then stopped doing it.'” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter: 88

On the recommendation to speak good words and display a cheerful face when you meet someone.

Allah Almighty says, “And take the believers under your wing,” (15:88) and the Almighty says, “If you had been rough or hard of heart, they would have scattered from around you.” (3:159)

693. ‘Adi ibn Hatim reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Protect yourselves from the Fire, even if with only half a date. If you cannot manage even that, then with a good word.” [Agreed upon]

694. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “A good word is sadaqa.” [Agreed upon]

695. Abu Dharr said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, “Do not think little of anything which is right, even just showing your brother a cheerful face. [Muslim]

Chapter: 89

On the recommendation to speak plainly and clearly and on repeating things so that the one who did not understood them will understand

696. Anas reported that when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say something, he would repeat it three times so that it would be understood. When he came to a people, he would greet them three times.” [al-Bukhari]

697. ‘A’isha said, “The words of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, were clear words which could be understood by all who heard them.” [Abu Dawud] 

Chapter: 90

On listening to one’s companion as long as it is not unlawful, and listening carefully to scholars and admonishers

698. Jarir ibn ‘Abdullah reported that during the Farewell Hajj, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, “Ask the people to keep silent.” Then he said, “Do not revert to unbelief after me by cutting one anothers’ throats.” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter: 91

On Admonition and moderation in it

Allah Almighty says, “Call to the way of your Lord with wisdom and fair admonition.” (16:125)

699. From Abu Wa’il Shaqiq ibn Salama said, “Ibn Mas’ud used to teach us every Thursday. A man said to him, ‘Abu ‘Abdu’r-Rahman, I wish that you would teach us every day.’ He said, ‘I am prevented from doing that because I do not want to bore you and I admonish you again and again, as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, admonished us again and again, out of fear of boring you.” [Agreed upon]

700. Abu’l-Yaqathan ‘Ammar ibn Yasir said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, “The length of a man’s prayer and the shortness of his oration are a sign of his understanding. So make the prayer long and the oration short.” [Muslim]

701. Mu’awiya ibn al-Hakam as-Sulami said, “While I was praying with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a man among the people sneezed and I said, ‘May Allah show you mercy.’ The people looked hard at me and I said, ‘May your parents be bereaved! Why are you looking at me?’ They began to hit their hands on their thighs. Then I saw that they were trying to make me be silent so I was silent. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had finished praying – may my father and mother be his ransom, I have never seen a better teacher before or after him – by Allah, he did not rebuke me or hit me or abuse me.

He merely said, ‘It is not fitting to have any speech from people in the prayer. It is only glorification and proclaiming Allah great and reciting the Qur’an.’ Or as the Messenger of Allah said. I said, ‘Messenger of Allah, I was until recently in a state of pre-Islamic ignorance but Islam has now come to us. There are still men among us who go to the soothsayers.’ He said, ‘Do not go to them.’ I said, ‘Among us there are still men who follow omens.’ He said, ‘That is something which they find in their breasts. They should not be influenced by them.'” [Muslim]

702. Al-‘Irbad ibn Sariya said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, admonished us with an admonishment which made the hearts fearful and the eyes weep.” [at-Tirmidhi] He mentioned the hadith and it was already given in full in the chapter on preservation of the Sunna. (Hadith 157) 

Chapter: 92

On Dignity and calmness

Allah Almighty says, “The slaves of the All Merciful are those who walk lightly on the earth and, who, when the ignorant speak to them, say, ‘Peace.'” (25:63)

703. ‘A’isha said, “I never saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, laugh so much that the inside of his mouth showed. He used only to smile.” [Agreed upon] 

Chapter: 93

On the Recommendation of going to the prayer and to knowledge and other forms of worship with calmness and dignity

Allah Almighty says, “As for those who honour Allah’s sacred rites, that comes from taqwa in their hearts.” (22:32)

704. Abu Hurayra reported: “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘When the prayer is done, do not come to it running. Come to it walking. You must be tranquil. Pray what you catch and complete what you miss.'” [Agreed upon] Muslim added in a variant of his, “When one of you makes for the prayer, he is in the prayer.”

705. Ibn ‘Abbas said that he was close to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of ‘Arafat and the Prophet heard behind him a harsh rebuke and a blow and the cry of a camel. He pointed at them with his whip and said, ‘O people! You must be calm. Piety is not a matter of speed.'” [Muslim]

Chapter: 94

On Honouring the guest.

Allah says, “Has the story reached you of the honoured guests of Ibrahim? When they entered his dwelling and said, ‘Peace! ‘He said, ‘Peace! O people unknown to us.’ So he slipped off to his household and brought a fattened calf. He offered it to them. He exclaimed, ‘Do you not then eat?'” (51:24-27) Allah says, “His people came running to him excitedly. They were long used to committing evil acts. He said, ‘O my people! Here are my daughters. They are purer for you. So fear Allah and do not shame me with my guests. Is there not one rightly-guided man among you?'” (W11:77; H11:78)

706. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day, should maintain ties of kinship. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day, should speak well or be silent.” [Agreed upon]

707. Abu Shurayh Khuwaylid ibn ‘Amr al-Khuza’i said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest as his due.’ They said, ‘What is his due, Messenger of Allah?’ He said, ‘A day and a night. Hospitality is for three days, and what is beyond that is sadaqa for him.'” [Agreed upon] In a variant of Muslim, “It is not lawful for a Muslim to stay with his brother so long that he makes him fall into sin.” They said, “Messenger of Allah, how can he make him fall into sin?” He said, “By staying with him when he has nothing to offer him.” 

Chapter: 95

On the recommendation to convey good news and congratulate people.

Allah Almighty says, “So give good news to My slaves. Those who listen well to what is said and follow the best of it,” (W39:16-17; H39:17-18) and the Almighty says, “Their Lord gives them the good news of His mercy and good pleasure and Gardens where they will enjoy everlasting delight” (9:21) The Almighty says, “Rejoice in the Garden you have been promised,” (W41:29; H41:30) and the Almighty says, “We gave him the good news of a forbearing boy.” (37:101) The Almighty says, “Our messengers brought the good news to Ibrahim,” (W11:68; H11:69) and the Almighty says, “His wife was standing there and laughed.

So We gave her the good news of Ishaq, and beyond Ishaq, Ya’qub.” (W11:70; H11:71) The Almighty says, “The angels called out to him while he was standing in prayer in the Upper Room: ‘Allah gives you the good news of Yahya’,” (W3:38; H3:39) and the Almighty says, “When the angels said, ‘Maryam, Your Lord gives you the good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, ‘Isa, son of Maryam.'” (3:45)

708. Abu Ibrahim, and it is said Abu Muhammad or Abu Mu’awiya, ‘Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave Khadija the good news of a house of pearls in the Garden, in which there is no shouting and no fatigue.” [Agreed upon]

709. Abu Musa al-Ash’ari did wudu’ in his house and then went out and said, “I will stay close to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and be with him on this day.” He went to the mosque and asked where the Prophet was and they said, “He went there.” He said, “I followed after him asking about him until he entered the Well of Aris. I sat at the gate until the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had finished and was doing wudu’. I went up to him and he was sitting at the Well of Aris on the middle of the rim with his legs dangling into the well. I greeted him and then went and sat at the gate. I said, ‘I will be the doorkeeper of the Messenger of Allah today.’

Abu Bakr came and knocked at the door. I said, ‘Who is it?’ He said, ‘Abu Bakr.’ I said, ‘Hold on!’ I went and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, it is Abu Bakr asking permission to come in.’ He said, ‘Let him in and give him the good news of the Garden.’ I went and said to Abu Bakr, ‘Enter and the Messenger of Allah gives you the good news of the Garden.’ Abu Bakr went in and sat at the right side of the Prophet on the rim and dangled his feet in the well as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had done, uncovering his legs.

Then I went back and sat down. I had left my brother at home doing wudu’ intending to join me. I said, ‘If Allah desires good for someone’ – meaning his brother – ‘He will bring him.’ Then a man moved the gate and I said, ‘Who is it?’ He said, ”Umar ibn al-Khattab.’ I said, ‘Hold on!’

Then I went to the Messenger of Allah and greeted him and said, ‘It is ‘Umar asking permission to come in.’ He said, ‘Let him in and give him the good news of the Garden.’ I went to ‘Umar and said, ‘Enter and the Messenger of Allah gives you the good news of the Garden.’ ‘Umar went in and sat at the left side of the Prophet on the rim and dangled his feet in the well like the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Then I went back and sat down. I said, ‘If Allah desires good for someone’ – meaning his brother – ‘He will bring him.’ Then a man moved the gate and I said, ‘Who is it?’ He said, ”Uthman ibn ‘Affan.’ I said, ‘Hold on!’ Then I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him. He said, ‘Let him in and give him the good news of the Garden as well as an affliction which will befall him.’

I came and said, ‘Enter and the Messenger of Allah gives you the good news of the Garden as well as an affliction which will befall you.’ He entered and found the rim fully occupied, so he sat opposite them on the other side.” Sa’id ibn al-Musayyab said, “I interpreted it as their graves.” [Agreed upon] There is an addition in a variant, “The Messenger of Allah commanded me to guard the door.” Also, “When ‘Uthman was given the good news, he praised Allah Almighty and then said, ‘Allah is the One who is asked for help.'”

710. Abu Hurayra said, “We were sitting around the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr and ‘Umar were among us in a group and the Messenger of Allah rose up from among us and was slow in coming back to us and we were afraid that something had happened to him while he was not with us.

We were alarmed and got up. I was the first to be alarmed and I went out to look for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I came upon him in a garden belonging to the Ansar belonging to the Banu’n-Najjar. I walked round it to see if I could find its door but I did not find it.

There was a brook which flowed into the garden from a well outside it. A brook is a small stream and I crawled along it and got inside to where the Messenger of Allah was. He said, ‘Abu Hurayra?’ I said, ‘Yes, Messenger of Allah.’ He said, ‘What are you doing?’ I said, ‘You were among us and then you got up and were slow coming back to us and we were afraid that something had happened to you and became alarmed.

I was the first to be alarmed and I came to this garden and crawled along like a fox does. The others are behind me.’ He said, ‘Abu Hurayra!’ and he gave me his sandals. He said, ‘Take these two sandals of mine and give the good news of the Garden to whoever you meet in front of this garden who testifies that “There is no god but Allah”, his heart being certain of it.'” He mentioned the full hadith. [Muslim]

711. Shamasa said, “We were with ‘Amr ibn al-‘As when he was near to death. He wept for a long time and turned his face to the wall. His son began to say, ‘Father, did not the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, give you the good news of that? Did not the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, give you the good news of that?’ He turned his face and said, ‘The best we can prepare is the testimony of “There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” I have been through three stages.

I remember when there was no one with greater enmity for the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, than I and I wanted nothing more than to have power over him so I could kill him. If I had died in that state, I would have been one of the people of the Fire. When Allah put Islam into my heart, I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Extend your right hand so that I can offer you allegiance.’ He stretched out his right hand and I withdrew my hand. He said, ‘What is wrong, ‘Amr?’ I said, ‘I want to make a condition.’ He said, ‘What is your condition?’ I said, ‘That I be forgiven.’

He said, ‘Do you not know that Islam wipes out everything before it and that emigration wipes out everything before it and that the pilgrimage wipes out everything before it?’ There was no one I loved more than the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and no one was more esteemed in my eyes than him. I could not look him full in the face out of respect for him. If I were to be asked to describe him, I would not be able to because I could not look him full in the face. If I had died in that state, I hope that I would have been one of the people of the Garden.

Then we were put in charge of things and I do not know what my state is in respect of them. When I die, no female mourner nor fire should accompany me. When you bury me, then throw the earth over me gently. Then stand around my grave for as long as it takes to slaughter a camel and divide its meat so that I can be comforted by you and see what answer I should make to the messengers of my Lord.” [Muslim] 

Chapter: 96

On someone saying farewell and his advice when he departs on a journey and supplication for him and by him

Allah Almighty says, “Ibrahim directed his sons to this, as did Ya’qub: ‘My sons! Allah has chosen this deen for you so do not die except as Muslims.’ Or were you present when death came to Ya’qub and he said to his sons, ‘What will you worship when I have gone?’ They said, ‘We will worship your God, the God of your forefathers, Ibrahim and Isma’il and Ishaq – one God. We are Muslims submitting to Him.'” (W2:131-132; H2:132-133)

712. There is the hadith of Zayd ibn Arqam which was already included in the chapter of honouring the people of the House of the Messenger of Allah. He said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up to speak to us. He praised and glorified Allah and warned and reminded. Then he said, ‘O people, I am a mortal to whom the messenger of my Lord is about to come and I will answer. I am leaving two great things among you.

The first of them is the Book of Allah which contains guidance and light. So take the Book of Allah and cling firmly to it.’ He promoted the Book of Allah and stimulated our desire for it. Then he said, ‘The people of my House. I remind you of Allah in respect of the people of my House.'” [Muslim]

713. Abu Sulayman Malik ibn al-Huwayrith said, “We went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and we were a group of young men. We stayed with him for twenty days and the Prophet was kind and merciful. He thought that we were missing our families and asked about those we had left behind.

He said, ‘Return to your country and stay among them, teach them and instruct them. They should pray such-and-such at such-and-such a time and such-and-such a prayer at such-and-such a time. When it is time for prayer, one of you should give the adhan and the oldest of you should be the Imam ” [Agreed upon]

714. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab said, “I asked the Prophet’s permission to make ‘umra and he gave me permission and said, ‘My brother, do not forget us in your supplication.’ He spoke a word which I would not be happy to exchange for the whole of this world.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi] In one variant, he said, “Give us a share in your supplication, my brother.”

715. Salim ibn ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar reported that ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar used to say to a man when he was about to travel, “Come near to me so that I can say farewell to you as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say farewell to us, saying, ‘I commend to Allah your deen and your trust and your final actions.” [at-Tirmidhi]

716. ‘Abdullah ibn Yazid al-Khatmi the Companion said, “When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to say farewell to the army, he said, ‘I commend to Allah your deen and your trust and your final actions.'” [Abu Dawud]

717. Anas said, “A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, ‘Messenger of Allah, I want to travel, so provision me.’ He said, ‘May Allah provision you with taqwa.’ He said, ‘Give me more.’ He said, ‘And forgive your wrong actions.’ He said, ‘Give me more.’ He said, ‘And may He make good easy for you wherever you are.'” [at-Tirmidhi] 

Chapter: 97

On the Istikhara and consultation

Allah says, “consult with them about the matter,” (3:159) and the Almighty says, “who manage their affairs by mutual consultation.” (W42:35; H42:38)

718. Jabir said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to teach us the istikhara, asking for the good in all matters, as he would teach us a sura of the Qur’an. He said, ‘When one of you is intending to do something, he should pray two rak’ats outside the obligatory prayer and then say, ‘O Allah, I ask You for the best by Your knowledge and I ask You for strength by Your power and I ask You for some of Your immense bounty. You have power and I do not. You know and I do not.

You are the Knower of the Unseen worlds. O Allah, if You know that this matter is good for me in my deen and my livelihood and the end of my affair (or he said, ‘my affair sooner and later’), then ordain it for me and make it easy for me and then bless me in it. If You know that this matter is bad for me in my deen and my livelihood and the end of my affair (or he said, ‘my affair sooner and later’), then avert it from me and avert me from it and ordain something better for me wherever it may lie and make me content with it.’ He added, ‘Then he should name the thing he wants to do.'” [al-Bukhari] 

Chapter: 98

On the Recommendation on going to the ‘Id, visiting the sick, going on hajj, expeditions, funerals, etc, by one route, and returning by a different route in increase the number of places of worship

719. Jabir said, “When it was the day of the ‘Id, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to return by a different route.” [al-Bukhari]

720. Ibn ‘Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to go out by the ash-Shajara road and enter by the al-Mu’arras road. When he entered Makka, he entered from ath-Thaniya al-‘Ula and left by ath-Thaniya as-Sufla. [Agreed upon]

Chapter: 99

The recommendation to use the right first in things that entail honour, like wudu’, ghusl, and tayammum, putting on clothes, shoes, leather socks and trousers, entering the mosque, using the siwak stick, using kohl, cutting nails, trimming the moustache, plucking the armpit and shaving the head, giving the salam in the prayer, eating and drinking, shaking hands, greeting the Black Stone, leaving the lavatory, taking the gift, and other such things. The recommendation to use the left in the opposite of that, like blowing the nose, spitting, entering the lavatory and leaving the mosque, removing leather socks, sandals, trousers and clothes, cleaning oneself in the lavatory, doing unclean things, and the like.

Allah Almighty says, “As for him who is given his Book in his right hand, he will say, ‘Here, come and read my Book!'” (W69:18; H69:19) and the Almighty says, “The Companions of the Right. What of the Companions of the Right? The Companions of the Left. What of the Companions of the Left?” (W56:8-11; H56:8-9)

721. ‘A’isha reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, liked to begin with the right in all things – in purification, combing his hair and putting on his shoes. [Agreed upon]

722. ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used his right hand for purification and eating, and his left for the lavatory and whatever was offensive.” [Abu Dawud]

723. Umm ‘Atiya reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told the women when they were washing his daughter Zaynab, “Begin with her right hand side and the places which are washed in wudu’.” [Agreed upon]

724. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When one of you puts on sandals, he should start with the right foot and when he removes them, he should start with the left foot so that the first sandal he puts on and the last he takes off is the right one.” [Agreed upon]

725. Hafsa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to use his right hand for food, drink and clothes, and he would use his left hand for other things. [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

726. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When you dress and when you do wudu’, begin with your right.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

727. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived in Mina and went to the Jamra and stoned it. Then he went to his place in Mina and sacrificed. Then he said to the barber, ‘Take it off,’ indicating his right side and then his left. Then he began to give it [his hair] to the people.” [Agreed upon] In one variant, “When he had stoned the Jamra and completed his sacrifice and wanted to shave his head, he indicated his right side to the barber and had it shaved. Then he called Abu Talha al-Ansari and gave it [his hair] to him. Then he indicated the left side and said, ‘Shave.’ He had it shaved and gave it [his hair] to Abu Talha and said, ‘Divide it between the people.'”

Chapter: 100

On saying the basmala when starting to eat and praising Allah afterwards.

728. ‘Umar ibn Abu Salama said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, ‘Say the name of Allah and eat with your right hand and eat what is in front of you.” [Agreed upon]

729. ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘When one of you eats, he should mention the name of Allah Almighty. If he forgets to mention the name of Allah Almighty at the beginning, he should say, “In the name of Allah, the first of it and the last of it.”‘” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

730. Jabir said, “I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ‘When a man enters his house and mentions the name of Allah Almighty both when he enters and when he eats, Shaytan says to his companions, “You have no lodging and no meal.” When he enters and does not mention Allah Almighty when he enters, Shaytan says, “You have lodging.” When he does not mention Allah Almighty when he eats, he says, “You have lodging and a meal.”‘” [Muslim]

731. Hudhayfa said, “When we went to eat with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, we did not put our hands in until the Messenger of Allah had first put in his hand. Once we went for food with him and a slavegirl came as if driven [by hunger] and began to put her hand in the food. the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took hold of her hand. then a bedouin came as if driven [by hunger] and he also took hold of his hand.

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Shaytan tries to make food lawful for himself by not having the name of Allah Almighty mentioned over it. He brought this slavegirl to make it lawful for himself and so I took hold of her hand. Then he brought this bedouin to make it lawful for himself and I took hold of his hand. By the One in whose name my soul is, his hand is in my hand with their hands.” Then he mentioned the name of Allah Almighty and ate.'” [Muslim]

732. Umayya ibn Makhshi said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sitting with a man while he was eating. He did not say ‘In the name of Allah’ until one morsel of his food remained. When he lifted it to his mouth, he said, ‘In the name of Allah, the first of it and the last of it.’ The Messenger of Allah laughed and then said, ‘Shaytan continued to eat with him. When he mentioned the name of Allah, he vomited what was in his stomach.'” [Abu Dawud and an-Nasa’i]

733. ‘A’isha said, “The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was eating some food along with six of his Companions when a desert Arab came and ate it up in two mouthfuls. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘If he had said the name of Allah, it would have been enough for all of you.'” [at-Tirmidhi]

734. Abu Umama reported that when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished his meal, he would say, ‘Much praise be to Allah, pure [free of self seeking] and blessed praise, for food which is not final or conclusive and of which our Lord has no need.'” [al-Bukhari]

735. Mu’adh ibn Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Whoever eats food and says, ‘Praise be to Allah who gave me this and provided me with it without any strength or power on my part,’ will be forgiven his previous wrong actions.” [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]