Easy and Fast Way
To Memorize Quran
By our dear Shaykh:
Abdul-Muhsin bin Muhammad al-Qaasim.
Imaam and Khateeb of Masjid An-Nabawiyy ash-Shareef.
Easiest Way to
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
السلام عليكن ورحمة الله
All praise is due to Allah and may blessings and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and companions, all together. This way is excellent for strengthening memorization and its firmness (in the memory), quick memorization and completing the Quraan with speed. And this way, with a demonstration with one section (wajh- which is about eight ayaat) from Surah al-Jumu`ah, is what follows:
1: Read the first ayah twenty times
( يُسَبِّحُ ِللهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ الْمَلِكِ الْقُدُّوسِ الْعَزِيزِ الْحَكِيمِ)
2: Read the second ayah twenty times
( هُوَ الَّذِي بَعَثَ فِي الْأُمِّيِّينَ رَسُولًا مِنْهُمْ يَتْلُو عَلَيْهِمْ آَيَاتِهِ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ الْكِتَابَ وَالْحِكْمَةَ وَإِنْ كَانُوا مِنْ قَبْلُ لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُبِينٍ)
3: Read the third ayah twenty times
( وَآَخَرِينَ مِنْهُمْ لَمَّا يَلْحَقُوا بِهِمْ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ )
4: Read the fourth ayah twenty times
( ذَلِكَ فَضْلُ اللهِ يُؤْتِيهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ وَاللهُ ذُو الْفَضْلِ الْعَظِيمِ )
5: Read these four (ayaat), from the first of them to the last of them, to link between them, twenty times.
6: Read the fifth ayah twenty times
( مَثَلُ الَّذِينَ حُمِّلُوا التَّوْرَاةَ ثُمَّ لَمْ يَحْمِلُوهَا كَمَثَلِ الْحِمَارِ يَحْمِلُ أَسْفَارًا بِئْسَ مَثَلُ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآَيَاتِ اللهِ وَاللهُ لَا يَهْدِي الْقَوْمَ الظَّالِمِينَ )
7: Read the sixth ayah twenty times
( قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ هَادُوا إِنْ زَعَمْتُمْ أَنَّكُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ لِلهِ مِنْ دُونِ النَّاسِ فَتَمَنَّوُا الْمَوْتَ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ صَادِقِينَ )
8: Read the seventh ayah twenty times
( وَلَا يَتَمَنَّوْنَهُ أَبَدًا بِمَا قَدَّمَتْ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَاللهُ عَلِيمٌ بِالظَّالِمِينَ )
9: Read the eighth ayah twenty times
( قُلْ إِنَّ الْمَوْتَ الَّذِي تَفِرُّونَ مِنْهُ فَإِنَّهُ مُلَاقِيكُمْ ثُمَّ تُرَدُّونَ إِلَى عَالِمِ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ فَيُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ )
10: Read from ayah the fifth ayah to the eighth ayah twenty times to connect them.
11: Read from the first ayah to the eighth ayah: twenty times to perfect this wajh
And like this, stick to this way in each wajh for the whole Quraan and do not increase in a single day more than eight (ayaat) so that you do not increase over you what you have already memorized, then the memorization changes and leaves your memory
V. If I wanted to memorize a new wajh the next day, how do I do so?
– When you want to memorize the next wajh the next day, then before you memorize the new wajh by the way I mentioned to you, read from the first wajh (from the beginning) to the end of it twenty times so that what you have already memorized becomes firm in your memory, then go over to the new wajh on the way that I pointed to.
V. How do I bring together memorization and review?
– Do not memorize Al-Quraan without review because if you memorized al-Quraan one wajh at a time until you complete the Quraan and then you want to return to what you memorized, you would find yourself haven forgotten what you memorized. And the ideal way of bringing together memorization and review, and you divide the Quraan into three parts; every ten ajza’ (plural of juz’) is a part. So when you have memorized ten ajza’ then pause (memorization) for a complete month for review and everyday review 8 awjah (pl. of wajh)
– After a month of review begin with the memorization, memorizing one or two wajh, according to your ability, and review eight awjah, until you have memorized twenty juz’. When you have memorized twenty juz’, pause the memorization for a period of two months for reviewing the twenty juz’, each day reviewing eight awjah.
When two months have passed on reviewing, begin memorization again every day one or two wajh, according to your ability and review eight awjah, until you end the memorization of al-Quraan completely.
– When you have completed the memorization of al-Quraan, review the first ten ajza’ only, over a period of one month, each day half of a juz’, then go ‘ on to the twenty juz’ over a period of one month, each day half a juz’ and read eight awjah from the first ten ajza’, then go to reviewing the last ten ajza’ of al-Quraan over a period of one month, each day half a juz’ with eight awjah from the first ten ajza’, and eight awjah from the twenty juz’.
V. How do I review the whole Quraan when I have completed this review?
– Begin reviewing the whole Quraan, everyday two juz’, repeating it three times each day, and (like this) you will complete the whole Quraan in two weeks. And by this way, you will have, in the course of a year, perfected the Quraan completely. And follow this way for the whole year.
V. What do I do a year after memorizing al-Quraan?
– A year after perfecting al-Quraan and reviewing it, let your daily portion of al-Quraan till your death be the portion of Allah’s Messenger Sallallau `alayhi wa Sallam, for he used to portion the Quraan into seven, meaning every seven days he would complete the Quraan. Aws in Hudhaifah rahimahuLlah said: I asked the Companions of the Messenger of Allah Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam, “How did you divide the Quraan?” They said” Three suwar (pl. of surah) , five suwar, seven suwar, nine suwar, eleven suwar, and the Mufassil, from surah Qaaf until the end.” Ahmad reported it
– This means from the first day he reads from Surah al-Faatihah to the end of Surah an-Nisaa. On the second day he reads from Surah al-Maaidah to the end of Surah at-Tawbah. On the third day he reads from Surah Yunus to the end of Surah an-Nahl. On the fourth day he reads from Surah al-Israa to the end of Surah al-Furqaan. On the fifth day he reads from Surah ash-Shu`araa to the end of Surah Yaaseen. On the sixth day he reads from Surah as-Saaffaat to Surah al-Hujuraat. And on the seventh day, he reads from Surah Qaaf to the end of Surah an-Naas.
– And the Ulamaa’ have summarized the portions of Rasulillah Sallallau `alayhi wa Sallam into their words “Famee bi shawq” “فمي بشوق” which can be roughly translated as “My mouth is longing” or “My mouth eagerly”
– So each letter in these two words is the beginning of one of the everyday portions Rasulillah Sallallahu `alayhi wa Sallam . The letter ‘Faa’ in the word “Famee” is a symbol for Surah al-Faatihah that shows that it is his hizb (portion) for the day that he begins with Surah al-Faatihah.
The letter ‘Meem’ in their word “Famee” is for the beginning of his hizb on the second day, beginning with Surah al-Maaidah.
The letter ‘Yaa’ in their word “Famee” is for the beginning of his hizb for the third day, beginning with Surah Yunus.
The letter ‘Baa’ in their word “Bi shawq” is for the beginning of his hizb on the fourth day, beginning with Surah Banee Israa-eel, which is also called Surah al-Israa.
The letter ‘Sheen’ in their word “bi shawq” is for the beginning of his hizb on the fifth day, which will begin with Surah ash-Shu`araa.
The letter ‘Waa’ in their word “bi shawq” is for the beginning of his hizb on the sixth day, which begins with Surah was-Saaffaat (as-Saaffaat) .
The letter ‘Qaaf’ in their word “bi shawq” is for the beginning of his hizb for the seventh day, which begins with Surah Qaaf to the end of Surah an-Naas.
As for the current way that the Quraan was divided into ahzaab (pl. of hizb), then this is from al-Hajjaaj bin Yusuf.
V. How do I distinguish between similar ayaat in al-Quraan?
It is best to, when you come across two similar ayat, to open the mushaf to these two ayaat, see the difference between then, and contemplate it, and put yourself to a test, and during your review the part that difference repeatedly until you master the similarity between them.
V. Rules and regulations in memorization
1: Your memorization must be with a shaykh for correction recitation
2: Memorize everyday two wajh, a wajh after Fajr and a wajh after `Asr or Maghrib, and with this way, you will memorize the complete Quraan perfectly (bi idhniLlah) in one year and you memorization will be perfect, unless you increase in the memorization, for if you did, what you memorized will weaken
3: Your memorization should be from Suran an-Naas to Surah Al-Baqarah because it is easier. And after you memorize al-Quraan your review will be from Surah al-Baqarah to Surah an-Naas
4: The memorization should be from a mushaf with the one print to be certain about the strength of the memorization and quicker studying the places of the ayaat and the ends and beginnings of the pages.
5: Everyone who memorizes (the Quraan) in the first two years loses some of what he memorized. This is called the “Marhalatut- Tajmee`”, roughly translated as the “Gathering Stage”. So do not worry about the Quraan leaving you or making many mistakes. This is a difficult stage of affliction which shaytaan has a portion of to make you stop memorizing al-Quraan. So do not pay attention to his whispers and continue memorizing it, for it is a treasure that is not given to just anyone…
والسلام عليكم ورحمة الله
It’s important to understand that this process is broken into 3 categories:
- new lesson,
- new memorization,
- old memorization.
I’ll give a brief intro to each category and then show you how to properly memorize within each fold. It’s important to understand that memorizing Qur’an for the long-term is a process which takes close to a month. Once you memorize an āyah, it won’t be solid until you repeat it a number of times until it enters the deeper part of your brain.
This is where you will be memorizing from scratch. If you are serious about memorizing, you’ll need to follow these tips exactly as they are written below.
1): Read the page 10 times while looking in from the top.
2): Read the first āyah on the page 10 times while looking in.
3): Now read the same verse 10 times without looking at it, until you can recite it without any mistakes.
4): Begin connecting the ayahs. Recite the first and second āyah together without looking in and without mistakes.
5): Keep connecting the ayaat on the page. Each time you connect a new āyah, go back to the top of the page and read till the āyah you’ve memorized.
6): When you reach the last āyah, you should recite the whole page from the top without looking and without any mistakes.
7): Recite the page from memory to someone. You should have zero mistakes.
8:) You can repeat the above steps as needed to have a perfect page memorized.
This is the amount of Qur’an which you’ve memorized in the last 30 days. Take this part seriously, it’ll determine if the ayaat you memorized will be solid for your life or not. (Retaining/reviewing Qurʾān is a 25 day process. After those 25 days, reviewing once a month will suffice. This will lead to the ‘old memorization’ which we’ll speak about).
1): Whatever you review in this section, you MUST recite it to someone who has either memorized the ayaat or is well-versed in reading the Qur’an.
2): If you’ve memorized five pages in the last five days, you must recite them to yourself until you don’t make any errors. Then go recite it to a teacher.
3): From this point on, whatever you memorize, it MUST be read daily. When I say read, it means reviewed to yourself without mistakes AND recited to someone else.
4): If for some reason you didn’t review your ‘new memorization’ for the day, then don’t memorize new ayaat. You’re pouring water into a cup w/ a hole. Each day you don’t review the ‘new memorization,’ you’re making the hole in your cup bigger and bigger until you won’t remember anything! (If you did not review a page for seven days consecutively, go back to the ‘new lesson’ and re-memorize the page).
5): I sound somewhat redundant here, because I can’t lay anymore importance on how much you need to review the ‘new memorization.’ It’ll make/break your hifdh.
6): If you memorize a page a day, you’ll finish a juz in 20 days. After these twenty days, take five extra days to review the whole juz with someone proficient.
7): The juz you’ve memorized will now be considered part of your ‘old memorization.’
This is anything you’ve reviewed for at least twenty-five days consecutively. The amount you review depends on how much Qur’an you’ve memorized. Once you’ve memorized the Qur’an (which I pray is soon for all of you seeking to memorize it), new lessons and new memorizations will come to a halt, and you’ll be left with the old memorization. This will continue for the left of our lives till death does us part.
1): Daily review
- Between 1-3 juz, you should review five pages daily.
- Between 4-7 juz you should review 10 pages (which equals half the juz) daily.
- Between 7-15 juz, you should review 20 pages (which equals one juz) daily.
- Between 15-20 juz, you should review 30 pages(which equals 1.5 juz) daily.
- Between 20-30 juz, you should review 60 pages (which equals 2 juz) daily.
2): Read the juz to yourself then recite to a teacher/hafidh.
This process will continue for the rest of your life.
3): In the ‘old memorization,’ you should not get more than four mistakes, or four stutters in a juz.
A mistake classifies as reading something incorrectly and not being able to correct it. A stutter classifies reading something incorrectly, being sent back a few ayahs to correct it, and finally reading it correctly. At the same time, you should be make more than one mistake or one stutter for every five pages you read.
When I found a verse to be hard, I would look into the mus’haf and write it somewhere. At times I would also listen to recitations to ease the memorization for me (I recommend Sh. Husary). Sometimes looking in and repeating it won’t make the verse stick, so do whatever it takes to memorize it!
- If you falter somewhat in the old memorization, it’s ok. Just don’t miss two to three days at once. Reading Qur’an is a lifetime endeavor.
- Reviewing is more important than memorizing.
- Focus on perfecting your ‘new lesson’ and ‘new memorization.’
- If you feel some part isn’t strong, give preference to reviewing that part rather than memorizing something new.
- Read something EVERYDAY. Not only should we do this as students of hifdh, but it should be our habit as Muslims. I’m saying, don’t say “I’ve memorized an x amount of Qur’an today, so no need to read and reflect.” Take out some time to read and reflect on a few verses daily.
This is the optimal method which I found easy for myself to memorize. It was formulated in my fourteen-year-old mind as a Qur’an student who found it hard to memorize Allāh’s book. I asked Allāh’s help, and I feel this method was his answer.
I hope Allāh facilitates the memorization of His book for you all, and blesses you with a positively unforgettable Ramadan where you achieve all the goals of your lives.