Sura Al-Fatiha
سورة الفاتحة

Asbab Nuzul: Al-Quranul Kareem
Tafsir and Asbab Al-Nuzul

Decorative Lines

Tafsir and Asbab Al-Nuzul

In Islam, sura Al-Fatiha (Arabic: سورة الفاتحة‎), (Sūratul-Fātihah, “The Opener”) is the first chapter of the Quran. Its seven ayat (verses) are a prayer for God’s guidance, and stress His Lordship and Mercy. This chapter has an essential role in Salaat (daily prayer); according to some, Muslims should recite the sura Al-Fatiha 17 times a day in Fard (compulsory) Salaat, at the start of each unit of prayer. In Islam, the place of the Al-Fatiha in the heart of Muslims is akin to the place of the “Lord’s Prayer” in the heart of Christians: both have the same intent in connecting with God, and address similar themes of sincerity, respect, love, guidance, forgiveness and adoration of God.

  • Sura Name: Al-Fātiḥah The Opening
  • Classification: Meccan
  • Position: Juz’ 1
  • Structure: 7 verses, 29 words, 139 letters

Commentary |Surat Al-Fatiha

Muslims believe in the Quran as a revelation given in Arabic from God.

Verses in Arabic:

  1. بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمـَنِ الرَّحِيم
  2. الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِين
  3. الرَّحمـنِ الرَّحِيم
  4. مَـالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّين
  5. إِيَّاك نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِين
  6. اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيم
  7. صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّين

Transliteration and Pronouncation:

  • Bismillāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm
  • Al ḥamdu lillāhi rabbi l-ʿālamīn
  • Ar raḥmāni r-raḥīm
  • Māliki yawmi d-dīn
  • Iyyāka naʿbudu wa iyyāka nastaʿīn
  • Ihdinā ṣ-ṣirāṭa al-mustaqīm
  • Ṣirāṭa al-laḏīna anʿamta ʿalayhim ġayri l-maġḍūbi ʿalayhim walā ḍ-ḍāllīn

Translation in English:

  1. In the name of God, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
  2. All praise and thanks is for to God, [The] Creator, Owner, Sustainer of the Worlds.
  3. The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful.
  4. Owner of the Day of Recompense.
  5. You alone do we worship and You alone we seek for help.
  6. Guide us to the Straight Path.
  7. The path of those whom Your blessings are upon, not of those who You have cursed nor of those who have gone astray.

The first verse, transliterated as “Bismillāhir Rahmānir Rahīm”, may be familiar to non-Arabic speakers and non-Muslims because of its ubiquity in Arabic and Muslim societies. This verse appears at the start of every chapter in the Quran with the exception of the ninth chapter. The verse is normally said before reciting a chapter or part of a chapter during daily prayer, and also before public proclamations and indeed before many personal and everyday activities in many Arabic and Muslim societies as a way to invoke God’s blessing and proclaim one’s motives before an undertaking.

The two words “ar Rahmān” and “ar Rahīm” are often translated in English as “the Beneficent” and “the Merciful” or “the Generous.” They are often also translated as superlatives, for example, “the Most Generous” and “the Most Merciful”. Grammatically the two words “Rahmaan” and “Raheem” are different linguistic forms of the triconsonantal root R-H-M, connoting “mercy”. (For more information, see the section on root forms in Semitic languages). The form “Rahmaan” denotes degree or extent, i.e., “Most Merciful,” while “Raheem” denotes time permanence, i.e., “Ever Merciful”.

The second verse’s “الحمد الله” ranks as one of the most popular phrases in all of Arabic, being used to express one’s well-being, general happiness, or even consolation in a disaster (see Alhamdulillah). The verse is also significant in that it includes a relationship between the two most common names for God in Arabic “الله” and “رب”. The first word is a ubiquitous name for God, and the second roughly translates to “Lord.” It shares the same root with the Hebrew “Rabbi”. In some printings of the Quran, both words appear in red everywhere in the Quran.

The first word of the fourth verse varies as between variant recitation versions of the Qur’an. The most widely preferred of those differ on whether it is “Maliki” with a short “a,” which means “king” (Warsh, from Abu Suhail an-Nafi; Ibn Kathir; Ibn Amir; Abu ‘Amr; Hamza), or rather “Māliki” with a long “a,” meaning “master” or “owner” (Hafs, from Asim, and Kisa’i). “Maliki” and “Māliki” are distinct words of inconsistent precise meaning deriving from the same triconsonantal root in Arabic, M-L-K.

Benefits and virtues of sura Al-Fatiha

The majority of these supposed benefits were written several hundred years after the Quran. Many are no more than superstitions brought by the new converts from their original cultures and then associated with the Quran. The Quran itself does not claim to have such benefits.

Some suras are assigned special significance by adherents of Islam, because of their virtues and benefits (Arabic: فضائل‎ fadaʾil) described in the hadiths. Acceptance of the different hadith stories varies between Sunni and Shia Muslims and there is a variety of terms to classify the different levels of confirmed authenticity of a hadith.

Sunni benefits

Authentic or sahih merits

A 14th- or 15th-century manuscript of the chapter

One of the greatest suras

Ahmad ibn Hanbal recorded in his Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal (hadith collection) that Abu Sa`id bin Al-Mu`alla had said:

“I was praying when the Prophet called me, so I did not answer him until I finished the prayer. I then went to him and he said, What prevented you from coming?

I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah! I was praying.’

He said, Didn’t Allah say,

‘O you who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) Messenger when he calls you to that which gives you life.

He then said,

“I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the Masjid (Mosque).”

He held my hand and when he was about to leave the Masjid, I said, `O Messenger of Allah! You said: I will teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an.’

He said, Yes.

Al-Hamdu lillahi Rabbil-`Alamin,

It is the seven repeated (verses) and the Glorious Qur’an that I was given.

  • Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Muhammad al-Bukhari, Abu Dawood, Al-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah also recorded this hadith.

Al-fatiha used for cure

Muhammad al-Bukhari recorded in his collection:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

While we were on one of our journeys, we dismounted at a place where a slave girl came and said, “The chief of this tribe has been stung by a scorpion and our men are not present; is there anybody among you who can treat him (by reciting something)?” Then one of our men went along with her though we did not think that he knew any such treatment. But he treated the chief by reciting something, and the sick man recovered whereupon he gave him thirty sheep and gave us milk to drink (as a reward). When he returned, we asked our friend, “Did you know how to treat with the recitation of something?”

He said, “No, but I treated him only with the recitation of the Mother of the Book (i.e., Al-Fatiha).” We said, “Do not say anything (about it) till we reach or ask the Prophet so when we reached Medina, we mentioned that to the Prophet (in order to know whether the sheep which we had taken were lawful to take or not). The Prophet said, “How did he come to know that it (Al-Fatiha) could be used for treatment? Distribute your reward and assign for me one share thereof as well.”

  • Muhammad al-Bukhari, Sahih al-Bukhari

Similar versions are found in: Al-Bukhari: 007.071.645 – medicine; Al-Bukhari: 007.071.633 – medicine; Al-Bukhari: 007.071.632 – medicine

Necessity in salat

Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj recorded that Abu Hurairah had told that Muhammad had said:

If anyone observes prayer in which he does not recite Umm al-Qur’an, it is deficient [he said this three times] and not complete.

  • Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, Sahih Muslim

A similar story is found in Al-Bukhari: 001.012.723 – characteristics of prayer, One of the two lights

Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj Nishapuri recorded:

Ibn ‘Abbas reported that while Gabriel was sitting with the Apostle (may peace be upon him) he heard a creaking sound above him. He lifted his head and said: This As a gate opened in heaven today which had never been opened before. Then when an angel descended through it, he said: This is an angel who came down to the earth who had-never come down before. He greeted and said: Rejoice in two lights given to you which have not been given to any prophet before you: Fatihat al-Kitab and the concluding verses of Suarah al-Baqara. You will never recite a letter from them for which you will not be given (a reward).

  • Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, Sahih Muslim

Unauthentic, weak or Ḍaʻīf merits

When you lie your side on your bed [getting ready to sleep] and you recited {The Opening chapter of The Book} and {Qul Huwallaahu [Suratul al-Ikhlaas]}, then you have been secured from everything, except death…

  • Weak. Dhaif at-Targheeb wa tarheeb: 347

The Faatiha (Opening chapter) of The Book and the Ayaat ul Kursi; no slave will ever recite them in a house; except that no evil eye -from a Jinn or human – will ever affect them in that day…

  • Dhaif al Jam i as-Sagheer: 3952; weak according to Scholar Albaanee

The Faatiha (Opening chapter) of The Book is equal to a third of the Qur’an…

  • Weak. Dhaif al Jam i as-Sagheer: 3949

Shia Benefits
Uncategorized collection

These are stories for which the editors have not yet decided whether they are authentic or weak. One of the companions of Muhammad narrates that he once recited this sura in the presence of Muhammad, who said, By Him in whose hand is my soul, a similar revelation to this has not been included in the Taurat (Torah), Injeel (Bible), Zabur (Psalms) or even the Qur’an itself.

Muhammad once asked Jabir ibn Abd-Allah,

“Should I teach you a surah that has no other comparison to it in the whole Qur’an ?” Jabir replied, “Yes, and may my parents be ransom upon you O prophet of Allah.” So Muhammad taught him surah al-Fatihah. Then Muhammad asked, “Jabir, should I tell you something about this surah ?” Jabir answered, “Yes, and may my parents be ransom upon you O prophet of Allah.” Muhammad said, “It (surah al-Fatihah) is a cure for every ailment except death.”

AbuAbdillah Ja’far as-Sadiq said that whoever cannot be cured by sura al-Fatihah, then there is no cure for that person. In the same narration he wrote that if this sura is recited 70 times on any part of the body that is in pain, the pain will surely go away. In fact, the power of this sura is thought to be so great that it is said that if one were to recite it 70 times over a dead body, you should not become surprised if that body starts moving (i.e. comes back to life). Sura al-Fatihah is a cure for physical and also spiritual ailments.

An experienced way of warding off Jinn or jadu (magic)

This amal (practise) is known as the amal of Ayaat ul Kursi. After fajr (dawn prayer), maghrib (evening prayer) and before retiring to bed, read sura Al-Fatiha three times, including Bismillah, Aayatul Kursi, sura Al-Falaq (chapter 113) and sura Al-Nas (chapter 114). Read any durood three times in the beginning as well as at the end.

If the affected one recites it himself it is better, otherwise someone else should recite and blow in such a manner that some part of his lips touch the affected person. Also keep a bottle of water and whenever you read, blow in the water at the end and make the affected one drink from that water each morning before doing anything else.

When the bottle is halved, fill it up with fresh water. And if some signs of affect are seen within the house, then a portion of that water should be sprinkled in the four corners of the house in such a manner that the water does not fall on the floor.

Ta’wiz used or approved by Muhammad Zakariyya Muhajir Madani.

The devil lamented on four occasions

Ambari in his ‘Kitaabur-Rad’ through his own chain of narrators has mentioned from Mujahid ibn Jabr that Iblees (the Devil) lamented on four occasions: first when he was cursed; secondly when he was cast out of Heaven to the Earth; thirdly when Muhammad was given the prophethood; fourthly when sura Al-Fatiha was revealed and it was revealed in Medina.


Islamic scholarly tradition is concerned, amongst other things, with when and where verses and chapters of the Quran were revealed to Muhammad – for example, whether a verse was revealed while Muhammad was in Mecca or Medina. According to `Abd Allah ibn `Abbas and others, sura Al-Fatiha is a Meccan sura; while according to others it is a Medinan sura. The former view is more widely accepted, although some believe that it was revealed in both Mecca and Medina.


This sura contains 7 verses, 29 words and 139 letters (or 25 and 120, not counting the first verse), although Ibn Kathir says “The scholars say that Al-Fatiha consists of 25 words, and that it contains 113 letters.” This is due to different methods of counting letters. Also, since the Quran came as an orally recited revelation rather than one written down, there were slightly different methods of spelling, similar to the differences between American English spelling and British English spelling (center vs. centre). It falls in the first hizb, and hence the first juz’, which are sections of the Quran.

Translations, interpretations and commentaries

Because of a hadith which states that “whoever does not recite surah Al-fatihah in his prayer his prayer is invalid”, many Islamic scholars emphasise the importance of this chapter in their commentaries. In practice, this means that Muslims who perform daily prayers according to traditional rules will recite sura Al-Fatiha at least 17 times a day.

  • The first four verses praise God and uses his God’s personal name, Al-Rahman.
  • The fifth verse affirms the oneness of God in Islam and asks for his aid.

There are differing interpretations for verses 6 and 7. The phrase “the Path journeyed by those upon whom You showered blessings” is usually seen as referring to Muslims. The phrase “those who made themselves liable to criminal cognizance/arrest” (more clearly translated as “those who have incurred Your wrath”) is usually seen as referring to the Jews and the phrase “those who are the neglectful wanderers” (more clearly translated as “those who have gone astray”) seen as referring to the Christians. Other commentators suggest that these verses do not refer to any particular religious community.

Virtues of Surah al Fatihah

A man came to the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam), embraced Islam then returned to his people. On his way there were a group of men who had with them a mad man in iron manacles. The group said, that they heard that the travelers friend (i.e. Prophet Muhammad) had something good with him and so he exorcised the mad man with Surah al Fatiha, and he was cured. As reward they gave the traveler 100 sheep. He then returned to the Prophet and narrated the story.

The Prophet asked if he did anything other than recite al-Fatiha, he said no. So the Prophet said that while these people make their livelihoods out of false incantations (i.e. worshipping false idols) the traveler earned the 100 sheep through something lawful; so he could keep the sheep. [Abu Dawud 3398/a]Abu Sa’id Ar-Rafi’ bin Al-Mu`alla (radiAllahu anhu) reported: The Messenger of Allah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said, “Shall I teach you the greatest Surah in the Qur’an before you leave the mosque?” Then he (salAllahu alayhi wasalam), took me by the hand, and when we were about to step out, I reminded him of his promise to teach me the greatest Surah in the Qur’an.

He (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said, “It is `Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil Alamin (i.e., Surat Al-Fatihah) which is As-Sab` Al-Mathani (i.e., the seven oftrepeated Ayat) and the Great Qur’an which is given to me.” [Sahih-Al-Bukhari]

Abu Hurairah (radiAllahu anhu) reported that when Allah’s Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) asked Ubayy ibn Ka’ab (radiAllahu anhu), “Do you want me to teach you a Surah the like of which has not been revealed in the Torah, the Injeel, the Zabur, nor the Qur’an?”, and also asked what he recited in his prayers. He replied Umm-ul Qur’an (Surah Fatihah) the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) proclaimed, ‘By Him in whose dominion my soul is, nothing like it has been revealed in the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalms, or the Qur’an and it is seven of the oft-repeated verses in the Mighty Qur’an which I have been given’ [at-Tirmidhi, Al-Hakim says that this hadith is Sahih on the conditions established by Imam Muslim (Tafseer-Mazhari-1:30)]

Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas (radiAllahu anhu) reported that Allah’s Messenger (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said ‘Rejoice in the two lights brought to you which have not been brought to any prophet before you’: al-Fatihah and the last verses of Surah al- Baqarah (2: 2854), (said an angel to the Prophet, blessings and peace be on him) [Muslim].

Ambari in his ‘Kitabur-Rad’ through his own chain of narrators has mentioned from Mujahid ibn Jabr (rahmatullahi alaih) that Iblees the accursed of Allah Ta’ala lamented on four occasions: first when he was cursed; secondly when he was cast out of Heaven to the Earth; thirdly when Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) was given the Prophethood; fourthly when Surah Fatihah was revealed and it was revealed in Madinah. Once the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) was traveling when he disembarked and began walking alongside a companion. He asked him, ‘Shouldn’t I tell you the best part of the Qur’an?’ then he recited ‘Alhamdu lilahi rabil alameen’ (Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds). [Hakim 1/560; Dhahabi]

Abu Saeed al-Khudr’i narrates that while on a journey we halted at a place. A girl came to us and said: “The chief of this tribe has been stung by a scorpion and our men are not present, is there anybody amongst you who can recite something upon him to treat him?” Then, one of our men went along with her although we did not think that he knew any such treatment. However, our friend went to the chief and recited something upon him and the chief was cured. Thereupon, the chief gave him thirty sheep and gave us all milk to drink.

When he returned, we asked our friend: “Did you know anything to recite upon him to cure him?” He said: “No, I only recited Umm al-Kitab (i.e. Surah al-Fatihah) upon him.” We said that do not do anything until we reach Madinah and ask the Prophet regarding this (practice and reward-whether the sheep were lawful or not for us).

Upon reaching Madinah, we narrated this to the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam), whereupon he remarked: “How did he come to know that Al-Fatihah can be used as a cure? (Rasulullah said this in astonishment) Distribute your reward amongst yourselves and allot a share for me as well. [Sahih-al-Bukhari]

Ibn ‘Abbas said, “While Jibril (alayhis salam) was sitting with the Prophet, he heard a sound above him and raised his head. He said, ‘This is a door of heaven which has been opened today and which has never been opened before today. An angel descended from it.’ He said, ‘This is an angel who has descended to earth who has never descended before today.’ He gave the greeting and said;

‘Give the good news of two lights which you have been given and which no Prophet before you was given: the Fatiha of the Book and the end of Surah al-Baqarah (2).

You will not recite a letter of them without being given it.” [Muslim, Riyad as-Salihin by Imam-an-Nawawi]

Abu Sulaiman says that once a group of Companions were in an expedition (ghazwa) when they happened to come across an epileptic person, who was unconscious. One of the Companions recited Surah Al-Fatiha and blew in his ear. The epileptic person immediately cured. When Sayyidana Muhammad (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) was informed of this, he said: “It (Surah Al-Fatiha) is “The Mother of the Qur’an” (Umm al-Qur’an) and is a cure for every disease.” [This narration has been recorded by Ath-Thua’lbi from Abu Sulaiman, who narrated it from Muawiya bin Saleh (radhi Allah anhu), Tafseer Mazhari 1:31]

Sa’ib (radhi Allah anhu) bin Yazeed says that Rasulullah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) recited Surah Al-Fatihah and blew it on me. To safeguard me against calamities, Rasulullah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) recited this Surah and put his blessed saliva in my mouth. [At-Tabraani narrated this tradition in ‘Al-Awsat’, Tafseer Mazhari 1:31] Anas (radhi Allah anhu) said: “When you recite Surah Al-Fatihah and Surah Al-Ikhlas upon lying on your bed, you will be safeguarded and should become fearless of every thing except death.”[Narrated by Baraa’, Tafseer Mazhari 1:31]

The Prophet said, ‘Whoever mastered the first seven (chapters or verses) from the Qur’an is a pontiff’. [Hakim-1/564; Dhahabi] The Prophet said, ‘The mother of the Qur’an are the seven oft repeated verses’ [Bukhari-4704] It is narrated from Jabir (radhi Allah anhu) that Rasulullah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said: “O Jabir, shall I inform you about the best Surah revealed in the Qur’an?” Jabir said: “O Messenger of Allah, please inform me.” Rasulullah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said: “It is Fatiha tul Kitab.” Jabir adds: “And I think that Rasulullah (salAllahu alayhi wasalam) said that Al-Fatiha is a cure for every diseases.” Jabir is also reported to have said:

“Fatiha tul Kitab is a medicine for every disease except death.”[Recorded by Al-Khal’i in his Fawa’id, Tafseer Mazhari 1:30]

The Prophet said, ‘In the Fatiha of the Qur’an, there is a cure for all maladies(illnesses)’ [Darimi 3236, also narrated by Ad-Darmi in his Al-Masnad and Al-Bayhaqi in Shu’bul Imaan, Tafseer Mazhari 1:30]

Surah Al-Fatihah is equivalent to two thirds of the Qur’an[Al-Bayhaqi and Al-Haakim, Tafseer Mazhari 1:31]

Asbāb al-Nuzūl 

By: Alī ibn Ahmad al-Wāhidī
Surat | Al-Fâtihah
Aayah: [1:1-7]

There is some scholarly disagreement concerning this Surah [i.e. concerning where it was revealed]; the majority is however of the opinion that it was revealed in Mecca, one among the first Surahs of the Qur’an to be revealed. Abu ‘Uthman Sa’id ibn Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Zahid informed us> his grandfather>Abu ‘Amr al-Hiri> Ibrahim ibn al-Harith and ‘Ali ibn Sahl ibn al-Mughirah who said:

Yahya ibn Abi Bukayr informed us> Isra’il> Abu Ishaq> Abu Maysarah [‘Amr ibn Shurahbil] who said:

“The Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, whenever he went out, used to hear someone calling him ‘O Muhammad!’ And whenever he heard this, he used to flee. Waraqah ibn Nawfal advised the Prophet to remain in his place when the caller calls him so that he hears what he has to tell him. And so when he went out, he heard the calling: ‘O Muhammad!’ He said: ‘Here I am! At your service!’ The caller said: Say: I bear witness that there is no god but Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah’.

Then he said: ‘Say (Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Owner of the Day of Judgement…)’ and he read until the end of the Opening of the Book”. This is also the opinion of ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib. Abu Ishaq Ahmad ibn Muhammad, the Qur’anic commentator, informed us>al-Hasan ibn Ja’far, the commentator who said: Abu’l-Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn Mahmud al-Marwazi> ‘Abd Allah ibn Mahmud al-Sa’di> Abu Yahya al-Qasri> Marwan ibn Mu’awiyah> al-‘Ala’ ibn al-Musayyab> al-Fudayl ibn ‘Amr> ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib who said:

“The Opening of the Book was revealed in Mecca from a treasure beneath the divine Throne”. And through the same chain of transmission> al-Sa’di who said: ‘Amr ibn Salih informed us> his father> al-Kalbi> Abu Salih> ibn ‘Abbas who said: “The Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace, stood up once in Mecca and said: ‘In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the Worlds’. The people of Quraysh said: ‘May Allah strike your mouth’ or something to this effect”.

This was related by al-Hasan and Qatadah. But according to Mujahid, the Opening of the Book was revealed in Medina. About this opinion al-Husayn ibn al-Fadl said: “Every scholar has a lapse, and this is one lapse from Mujahid, since he is the only scholar who holds this opinion while all the other scholars disagree with him”. What makes the Opening of the Book categorically a Meccan Surah is the saying of Allah, exalted is He:

(We have given thee seven of the oft-repeated (verses) and the great Qur’an), i.e. the Opening of the Book. Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Nahwi informed us> Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn ‘Ali al-Hiri> Ahmad ibn ‘Ali ibn al-Muthanna> Yahya ibn Ayyub> Isma’il ibn Ja’far> al-‘Ala’> his father> Abu Hurayrah who said:

“When Ubayy ibn Ka’b finished reading the Opening of the Book to him, the Messenger of Allah, Allah bless him and give him peace, said: ‘By Him in Whose Hand is my soul, Allah has not revealed the like of it in the Torah, the Gospel, the Psalm or in the Qur’an.

Verily, I was given the seven oft-repeated [i.e. al-Fatihah] and the great Qur’an’ ”. Furthermore, there is no disagreement that Surah al-Hijr was revealed in Mecca. It follows therefore that Allah would not mention His bounty on the Prophet for giving him the Opening of the Book while in Mecca and then reveal this to him in Medina. Again, one cannot possibly say that Allah’s Messenger, Allah bless him and give him peace, stayed over ten years in Mecca and prayed during this time without the Opening of the Book. This is inconceivable.