Sura Yunus (Arabic: سورة يونس, Suratu Yunus, Jonah) is the 10th chapter of the Qur’an with 109 verses. It is a Makkan sura. It is named after the prophet Jonah.
Yunus – يونس
- Classification: Makkan
- Meaning of the name: Jonah
- Sura number: 10
- Number of verses: 109
- Juz’ number: 11
- Hizb number: 21 to 22
- Number of Sajdahs: none
- Previous Sura: At-Tawba
- Next Sura: Hud
إِنَّ رَبَّكُمُ اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ فِي سِتَّةِ أَيَّامٍ ثُمَّ اسْتَوَىٰ عَلَى الْعَرْشِ ۖ يُدَبِّرُ الْأَمْرَ ۖ مَا مِنْ شَفِيعٍ إِلَّا مِنْ بَعْدِ إِذْنِهِ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمُ اللَّهُ رَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوهُ ۚ أَفَلَا تَذَكَّرُونَ
“Indeed, your Lord is Allah , who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then established Himself above the Throne, arranging the matter [of His creation]. There is no intercessor except after His permission. That is Allah, your Lord, so worship Him. Then will you not remember..?”
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءَنَا وَرَضُوا بِالْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَاطْمَأَنُّوا بِهَا وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنْ آيَاتِنَا غَافِلُونَ ﴿٧﴾ أُولَٰئِكَ مَأْوَاهُمُ النَّارُ بِمَا كَانُوا يَكْسِبُونَ
“Indeed, those who do not expect the meeting with Us and are satisfied with the life of this world and feel secure therein and those who are heedless of Our signs (7) For those their refuge will be the Fire because of what they used to earn.”
Asbab An-Nuzul – Surah Yunus
By: Alī ibn Ahmad al-Wāhidī
10:2.| Is it a wonder for mankind that We have inspired a man among them, saying: Warn mankind and bring unto those who believe the good tidings…!
[10:2]. Said Ibn ‘Abbas: “When Allah, exalted is He, sent Muhammad, Allah bless him and give him peace, as a messenger, the unbelievers criticised him, saying:
‘Allah is too great to have a human like Muhammad as His messenger’, and so Allah, exalted is He, revealedthis verse”.
10:15.| And when Our clear revelations are recited unto them, they who look not for the meeting with Us say…!
[10:15]. Mujahid said: “This verse was revealed about the idolaters of Mecca”. Muqatil said: “It is a question of five people:
- ‘Abd Allah ibn Umayyah al-Makhzumi,
- al-Walid ibn al-Mughirah,
- Mukraz ibn Hafs,
- ‘Amr ibn ‘Abd Allah ibn Abi Qays al-‘Amiri and
- al-‘Asi ibn ‘Amir.
These people said to the Prophet, Allah bless him and give him peace: ‘Bring a Qur’an which does not enjoin leaving the worship of al-Lat and al-‘Uzza’ ”.
Al-Kalbi said: “This verse was revealed about the scoffers who said: ‘O Muhammad, bring another Qur’an which contains the questions we will put to you’ ”.