Learn All Sunnah Prayers:
Sunnah Prayers Associated
With Fardh Prayers

Article: Sunnah Prayers Explained
By Sheikh: Bin Baz (rahimahullaah)

Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz


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Learn All Sunnah and
Nawafil Prayers
صلاة السنة والنوافل

Question:

What are the Rawatib (Sunnah Prayers associated with Obligatory Prayers) which can be made up if the person misses them?

Sheikh Bin Baz: The Rawatib which the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to preserve are twelve Rakats, these are the Rawatib; for the resident not the traveler.

Twelve Rakats

  • Four before Thur prayer with two tasleems, and two after Thur prayer; this is six.
  • Two after Magrib prayer
  • Two after Isha prayer; this is ten.
  • Two before the morning (Fajr) prayer; this is twelve.

The Prophet, peace be upon him, used to practice these consistently while present at his residence. And he, peace be upon him, said:

“Whoever preserves four Rakats before Thur and four after it, Allah will make him forbidden for the Fire.”

If the person prays four after Thur, thus adding two Rakat then this is better, but it is not Rawatib. The Rawatib is two Rakats. If he prays four after Thur prayer then this has in it virtue and a tremendous amount of good.

In a similar fashion before Asr prayer it is recommended for the person to pray four Rakats, but these are not Rawatib, rather they are recommended. This is based upon the statement of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him:

“May Allah have mercy upon the person who prays four Rakats before Asr prayer”.

Likewise if he prays two Rakats before Magrib prayer and two Rakats before Isha prayer, between the Athan and the Iqamah, this is recommended; but these are not Rawatib. Rather it is recommended after the Athan to pray two Rakats, after the Athan for Maghrib and after the Athan for Isha the person prays two Rakats; two Rakats which are different than the two Rakats to greet the Masjid.

As for greeting the Masjid, if the person enters the Masjid even before the Athan then he greets the Masjid with two Rakats of prayer. And if he enters after the Athan, the Athan of Maghrib or after the Athan of Isha, then he greets the Masjid with two Rakats of prayer and this will suffice him from the two Rakats between the Athan and the Iqamah.

As for travel – then it is only prescribed to pray the Sunnah prayers of Fajr and the Witr prayer. During travel the person only prays the Witr and Tahajjud prayers during the night, and he prays the Sunnah prayers of Fajr. As for the Sunnah prayers of Thur, Maghrib, and Isha, then it is better to leave them during travel. But as it relates to the Sunnah prayers of Fajr, then the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to preserve then during travel and while he was a resident.

And if the person misses the Sunnah prayer for Fajr he prays them after the Fajr prayer or after the sun has risen. As for the other Rawatib, for Thur, Maghrib, and Isha, then they are not made up after the time has passed; if the time passed they are not made up.

Therefore one would not make up the Sunnah prayers for Thur after Asr, nor the Sunnah prayers for Maghrib after Isha, nor the Sunnah prayers for Isha after Fajr. These prayers are not made up. As for the Sunnah prayer for Fajr then it is made up. If he prays it after the Fajr prayer then there is no problem with this. And if he prays it after the sun has risen and reached its height then this is better.

As for the Sunnah prayer of Duha and Tahajjud prayers at night then they are prescribed for the travel and the resident. Likewise is the Sunnah prayer after completing Wudu; after the person completes Wudu it is recommended (for him to pray) whether he is on a journey or a resident.

Likewise if a person enters a Masjid while upon a journey he also prays two Rakats of prayer, even if he is travelling. May Allah reward you with good.

Therefore We Will Summarize
The Answer Once Again

”If you will allow me; the Sunnah prayers which are recommended to make up. First the summary of the answer”

The twelve Rawatib which are specific to the resident are:

  • Four Rakats before Thur with two tasleems, two Rakats after Thur with one tasleem;
  • Two Rakats after Maghrib with one tasleem;
  • Two Rakats after Isha with one tasleem, and
  • Two Rakats before the morning prayer after the rising of the Fajr.

These are the Rawatib that the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to preserve.

As for those that are made up then it is only the Sunnah prayer for Fajr, if it is missed then it is made up after Fajr or after the rising of the sun. Likewise the Sunnah prayers that come before Thur can be made up after Thur. If the four Sunnah prayer that come before Thur are missed they are prayed after Thur, then he prays the two Rakats after Thur; thus praying six Rakats. The four that come before Thur, and the two Rawatib that come after Thur. May Allah reward you with good.

Iqamah

Iqamah is another call to prayer that is said just before the actual start of Salah.  Iqamah is exactly like the Adhan, except that after “Hayya alal Falah” the following is added:

“Qad qamatis Salah      This means: قد قامت الصلاة

(The prayer has begun)

Qad qamatis Salah”      This means: قد قامت الصلاة

(The prayer has begun)

Iqamah is said in a lower voice and much faster than the Adhan. It is also directed to the group that is already present for the prayer.

Fard (compulsory) Salah

A Muslim must pray five times a day. 

The compulsory prayers are called Fard in Arabic. Each unit of a prayer is called a Rak’ah.

The Fard prayers are:

  • Fajr 2 Rak’ahs
  • Dhuhr 4 Rak’ahs
  • Asr 4 Rak’ahs
  • Maghrib 3 Rak’ahs
  • Isha’ 4 Rak’ahs
  • *Jumu’ah 2 Rak’ahs (in place of Dhuhr on Fridays)

Shortening Prayers:

If you are traveling, then you should shorten the 4 Rak’ah prayer to a 2 Rak’ah prayer (Dhuhr, Asr, and Isha’).  Also Dhuhr and Asr can be prayed right after each other, as well as, Maghrib and Isha’.

Sunnah (optional) Salah

Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) performed extra prayers voluntarily in addition to Fard prayers.  These prayers are called Sunnah prayers.  Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) always prayed two Rak’ahs before the Fard of Fajr and three Rak’ahs after the Fard of Isha even when on a journey.  The one, three, five, seven, or nine Rak’ahs after Isha are called Witr (odd number).

The Sunnah prayers are as follows:

  • Fajr 2 Rak’ahs before Fard.
  • Dhuhr 4 Rak’ahs before Fard and 2 Rak’ahs after.
  • Asr 4 Rak’ahs (less recommended) before Fard.
  • Maghrib 2 Rak’ahs after Fard.
  • Isha’ 4 Rak’ahs (less recommended) before Fard
    2 Rak’ahs after Fard.
    1, 3,5,7, or 9 Rak’ahs of Witr.

The Sunnah prayers are normally offered individually and no Adhan or Iqamah is needed for those extra prayers.

Fard & Sunnah Prayers,
Tasbih & Dua’
What’s the Difference..?

Prayers in islam Are you feeling overwhelmed and confused about all these different types of prayers, and when to pray them?  We’ve broken it down into a simple format to understand, with each one described.

Obligatory (Fard) Prayers:

(Fard is referred to indicate those that are Obligatory to worship Allah, and to not pray the fard prayers is a sin.)

Chart for the Obligatory (Fard)Prayers (Prayer names for specified times, and number of unit/rakats):

Fard Prayers; of Rakat (unit); Time (Description) Specific times vary;

  1. Fajr 2 From dawn before sunrise
  2. Dhur/Zhur 4 Between the declining of the sun & Asr prayer.
  3. Asr 4 (Late Afternoon) Immediately after the last time of Dhur until just before the sunset.
  4. Maghrib 3 (Evening) Soon after the sunset until the disappearance of the twilight.
  5. Isha 4 After the disappearance of the twilight until midnight.

Optional (Sunnah) Prayers

(Sunnah is referred to indicate those that were common practices of the Prophet PBUH that he did, said and approved. Sunnah is not obligatory, but highly recommended.)

Chart for Optional Prayers (Sunnah) (Prayer names for specified times, and number of unit/rakats):

Sunnah Prayers of Rakat (unit)

Time (Description) Specific times vary:

  • Fajr: 2 Pray them before the Obligatory (Fard) Prayer
  • Dhuhr: 4/2 You have options: Pray 4 rakats before Obligatory (Fard) Prayer, or 2 after , or both
  • Asr: 4 Pray them before the Obligatory (Fard) Prayer
  • Maghrib: 2 Pray them after the Obligatory (Fard) Prayer
  • Isha: 4/2 You have options: Pray 4 rakats before the Obligatory (Fard) Prayers, or 2 after, or both

Muslim reported that the Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

“Hasn’t Allah made for you Salat Al-`Ishaa’ in congregation equal to Hajj, and the Fajr prayer in congregation equal to `Umrah.” “Whoever walks to an obligatory prayer in congregation, it is like Hajj, and whoever walks to a voluntary prayer, it is like a voluntary `Umrah.” (Saheeh Al Jaami`, 6432)

* * *

“Whoever prays Fajr in congregation, then sits remembering Allah until the Sun rises, then prays two units of prayer, he will receive the reward of Hajj, and `Umrah – complete, complete, complete.” (Saheeh Al Jaami`, 6222)

Tasbih (Glorifying Allah)

After each prayer it is recommended that you glorify Allah by saying the ‘tasbih’ (words glorifying Allah). It is Sunnah to count the tasbih on the right has as they are said in sets of:

  • 33 times saying “Alhamdulilah”,
  • 33 times saying “Subhan Allah”, and then
  • 34 times saying “Allahu Akar”:

It is authentically reported that people said,

“O Messenger of Allah! The rich took the reward of akhirah, they do Hajj and we do not; they engage in jihaad, and we do not. So the Prophet, sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, said, “Shall I not guide you to something that, if you stick to it, you will come with what is better than what one of them will come with: that you say Allahu Akbar 34 times, and Subhan Allah 33 times, and Alhamdulillah 33 times, at the end of every prayer.”

Supplicational Prayers (Dua)

Dua is the best weapon for a believer after the obligatory prayers . It is indeed a tool that, when used correctly, and often, can enhance our inner spirituality, drawing us nearer to Allah s.w.t, and providing us with a greater appreciation for the blessings and mercy granted to us.

Dua is a form of worship. It is a method of communicating with Allah s.w.t that can be performed in any place and at any time. Dua should be made by the individual for their family and friends, and the entire Muslim ummah, as well as themselves. When making dua, ask Allah to grant you and others the good in this world as well as in the Hereafter.

The Prophet said: “The dua of a Muslim for his brother (in Islam) in his absence is readily accepted. An angel is appointed to his side. Whenever he makes a beneficial dua for his brother the appointed angel says, ‘Aameen. And may you also be blessed with the same.'” (Sahih Muslim).

Some people neglect dua because they feel that their dua is not answered. Allah s.w.t knows best why certain dua remain unanswered. We at times believe that we alone know what is ultimately best for our affairs. However, Allah s.w.t grants our dua according to His plan for us. Also, dua may not be accepted if it is not sincerely made, or is made by an individual who involves themselves in forbidden acts and does not repent for their sins.

Another important thing to keep in mind is that Allah may not grand the dua when we “want” it, but rather will grant it to us when we decides we “need” it. We should not think that Allah does not hear us, because Allah is all knowing. He has a plan for us and we do not know what it is. It is written in our book of decrees, and if he wants us to have it, he will give it to us, and if we don’t need it, he may keep it from us. He knows all our needs and will give it to us at the times he has decreed.

List of Sunnah Prayers

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Thanks for your answer about Taubah Prayers which is not a sunnah of Rasulllah (SAW). Please give me all the sunnah prayers which was done by Rasullah (SAW). I really like to follow every step in my life all what Rasullah (SAW) did. Insha Allah.

Actually I like to know about solat sunnah after and before the 5 prayers. Which is advisible to follow first. The tahjud and tasbih or solat sunnah befor and after the 5 prayers. Please help me.

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

Answer:

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person,  no grave, no prophet,  no imam,  no dai,  nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzab verse 21:

‘’There is indeed the best example for you to follow in the Messenger of Allah, for every such person looks forward to Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.’’

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 3 Surah Ale Imran verse 31-32:

‘’O Prophet,  tell the people, “If you sincerely love Allah,  follow me. Then Allah will love you and forgive you your sins,  for He is All Forgiving,  All Merciful.”  Also say to them, “Obey Allah and His Messenger.”  And if,  in spite of this,  they do not accept your invitation,  warn them that Allah does not love those,  who refuse to obey Him and His Messenger.’’

Dear and beloved brother in Islam, it should be the intention of every believer who sincerely believes in Allah and the Last Day to follow the example of the Messenger of Allah (saws) in every aspect of their life; for that alone is the straight path which leads to the Mercy, Grace and Forgiveness of Allah Subhanah.

Your Question:

Please give me all the sunnah prayers which was done by Rasullah (SAW).

Firstly, please allow us to clarify the difference between Fard (obligatory), Sunnah (voluntary prayers performed by the Prophet (saws)) and Nafl (voluntary) prayers.

Fard prayers: 

These are the five obligatory prayers at their appointed times of the day.  If one prays them,  he will earn a huge reward from Allah Subhanah;  and if one does not pray them,  there will be a severe accounting and punishment.

Nafl prayers: 

These are the voluntary prayers.  If one prays them,  he will earn a huge reward from Allah Subhanah;  and if one does not pray them,  there is no sin.

Sunnah prayers:  

These are the Nafl or voluntary prayers which were prayed by the Messenger of Allah (saws),  and thus they become his (saw’s) Sunnah for us. If one prays them, he will earn a huge reward from Allah Subhanah; and if one does not pray them,  there is no sin. The most that can be said of one who does not pray the Sunnah prayers is that he lost a great opportunity to earn huge rewards from Allah Subhanah.

Any ‘Nafl’ or voluntary prayer offered by the Prophet (saws) are known as Sunnah prayers. The Prophet (saws) offered these ‘nafl’ prayers on a regular basis:

  • Two rakahs before the obligatory Fajr prayers
  • Four rakahs before the obligatory Dhuhr prayers
  • Two rakahs after the obligatory Dhuhr prayers
  • Two rakahs after the obligatory Magrib prayers
  • Two rakahs after the obligatory Isha prayers
  • The tahajjud or late night prayers ending with the ‘witr’ prayer.
  • The ‘Ishraaq’ prayers after the sun has risen completely.
  • The ‘Duha’ prayers which are prayed an hour or two after the ‘Ishraaq’ prayers.

The above are only the list of Sunnah prayers the Prophet (saws) used to offer on a regular basis. There are many other prayers which the Prophet (saws) offered on specific occasions like the eclipse prayer, or prayer for rain, or prayer upon entering the mosque (tahiyatul-masjid), etc. which are all considered amongst his Sunnah.

Apart from these Sunnah prayers, one may offer as many ‘nafl’ or supererogatory prayers as one wishes or is easy for them; for there is absolutely no limit on how many ‘nafl’ prayers one may offer in Islam.

Your Question: Which is advisible to follow first.

The tahjud and tasbih or salat sunnah befor and after the 5 prayers

Although every ‘nafl’ or voluntary prayer offered by the Prophet (saws) is absolutely recommended for the believers, the Prophet (saws) was especially observant of some voluntary prayers like the twelve rakahs before and/or after the five obligatory prayers and the witr prayer; thus at a minimum the believers are strongly advised to at least offer these Sunnah prayers.

It is Best to Delay the Tahajjud Prayers to the Last Third Portion of the Night.

Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said:

“Our Lord descends to the lowest heaven during the last third of the night, inquiring: ‘Who will call on Me so that I may respond to him?  Who is asking something of Me so I may give it to him?  Who is asking for My forgiveness so I may forgive him?”‘ Related by Bukhari and Muslim. .

Amr ibn Abasah reports that he heard the Prophet (saws) say:

The closest that a slave comes to his Lord is during the middle of the latter portion of the night. If you can be among those who remember Allah, the Exalted One, at that time then do so.” [Related by al-Hakim, AnNasa’I, and Ibn Khuzaimah]

Because of his special status and rank in the Sight of Allah Subhanah, the ‘Tahajjud’ or late night prayers were obligatory upon the Prophet (saws) in addition to the five obligatory prayers; but for the believers the ‘Tahajjud’ prayers are voluntary.

‘Ikrimah reports from Ibn ‘Abbas that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said to ‘Abbas ibn ‘Abdal-Mutalib:

“O ‘Abbas, O Uncle, shall I not give you, shall I not present to you, shall I not donate to you, shall I not tell you ten things which, if you do, Allah will forgive your first and last sins, past and present sins, intentional and unintentional sins, private and public sins..?

The ten actions are:

Pray four rak’at, reciting in every rak’ah al-Fatihah and a surah.  And when you finish the Qur’anic recitation of the first rak’ah,  say, while standing,

‘Subhanallah, al-hamdulillah, wa la ilaha illallah, wa Allahu Akbar’

[‘Glory be to Allah. All praise is due to Allah. There is no God except Allah. Allah is the greatest.’] fifteen times.

Then make ruku’, and while you are in ruku’, say the same ten times;  then stand, and say the same ten times.  Then go down and make sajdah, and while you’re in sajdah, say the same ten times.  Then sit after the sajdah, and say the same ten times.  Then make sajdah, and say the same ten times.

Then sit after the second sajdah, and say the same another ten times.  That is seventy-five [repetitions of the phrases] in each rak’ah.  Do that in each of the four rak’at.  If you can pray it once a day, do so.  If you cannot, then once every Friday.  If you cannot do that, then once a year.  And if you cannot do that then once in your life.”  Related by Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah,  Ibn Khuzaimah, and at-Tabarani.

The above narration by Ikrimah is quoted as ‘sahih’ or authentic by many recorders of ahaadiths.   Some scholars however have a difference of opinion and say that the above narration is not authentic, and there is no mention of the Prayer of Tasbih or ‘Salaat ul Tasbih’ in any of the four major schools of thought in Islam.

The prayer of ‘tasbih’ is voluntary and optional, and if one prays the prayer and his intention is to follow the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws), he will have his due reward from Allah Subhanah, Insha Allah; and if one does not pray them, there is absolutely no obligation or sin upon him.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone.  Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

Your brother and well wisher in Islam.

Al Sunnan Al Rawatib
(Sunnah Prayers associated with Fardh Prayers)

Question:

What is the structure of the obligatory prayers..?

  • For example for: Fajr prayers, are there two Farz rakats and two sunnat.
  • Similarly for: Zuhr, are there 4 farz and 2 sunnat.
  • For Ashr, are there 4 farz and 2 sunnat.
  • For Magribh are there 3 farz rakat and 2 sunnat.
  • Lastly, for Isha are there 4 farz and 2 sunnat..?

Am I correct in my assumption and if not would you kindly let me know to the correct structure..?

Praise be to Allah;

Answer:

The answer to your question is a Hadith by the Prophet (May peace and blessings be upon him) in which he said:

“Allah will build a house in Heaven for whoever is diligent in observing 12 Sunnah Rak’aat (as follows):

  • 4 Rak’aat before and 2 after the Dhuhr (Midday) Prayer,
  • 2 after the Maghrib (Sunset Prayer),
  • 2 after the ‘Ishaa’ (Evening) Prayer and
  • 2 before the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer.”
  • Hadith sahih narrated by at-Tirmidhi No. 379 and by others. Hadith No. 6183 in Sahih al-Jaami’.

‘Anbasah ibn Abi Sufyan quoted Umm Habibah as saying “Allah’s Messenger (May peace and blessings be upon him) said:

“A house will be built in Heaven for one who prays 12 Rak’aat in a day and evening as follows:

  • 4 Rak’aat before and 2 after the Dhuhr Prayer,
  • 2 after the Maghrib Prayer,
  • 2 after the ‘Ishaa’ Prayer and
  • 2 before the Fajr Prayer.”

Narrated by at-Tirmizi under No. 380. He said: The Hadith narrated by ‘Anbasah quoting Umm Habibah in this chapter is a hassan and sahih hadith. It is under No. 6362 in Sahih al-Jaami’.

The ‘Asr (Late-Afternoon) Prayer has no routine Sunnah (basic recommended voluntary prayer).

However, it is mustahab (preferable and recommended) that one prays 4 Rak’aat before the ‘Asr Prayer.

The 4 Rak’ahs are of less reward and significance in importance of adhering to them compared to the “sunnan al-rawaatib” described above.

The 4 Rak’ahs are the ones intended by the Prophet (May peace and blessings be upon him) in saying:

“May Allah have mercy on one who prays 4 raka’aat before the ‘Asr Prayer.” Narrated by at-Tirmidhi no. 395 and he declared it a hassan and ghareeb Hadith. Al-Albany rated the Hadith as hassan in Sahih al-Jami’ No. 3493.

All the foregoing 4-Rak’ah voluntary prayers are to be prayed two at a time according to Imam ash-Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad.

Allah, the Exalted, knows best.

Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib 
Fatwas of Ibn Baz

All praise is due to Allah, and may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family, his Companions, and those who follow his guidance.

This is an important piece of advice regarding Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib (supererogatory Prayers that were stressed and regularly performed by the Prophet) and other supererogatory Salahs (Prayers). I advise my Muslim brothers to observe them and all that Allah has ordained, and to fulfill the Faridahs (obligatory acts of worship) and abstain from forbidden things.

The Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) indicates the legality of offering Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib after obligatory Salahs. They contain many benefits for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who prays twelve (supererogatory) Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) in a day and a night will have by them a house built in Jannah (Paradise).

Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib consist of twelve Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer). Some scholars are of the opinion that they consist of ten Rak‘ahs, yet the Hadiths authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) indicate that they are twelve and that the Sunnah Qabliyyah (supererogatory Prayer performed before an obligatory Prayer) to be performed before Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer is four Rak‘ahs. `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: The Prophet (peace be upon him) never abandoned four (Rak‘ahs) before Zhuhr Prayer.

(Part No. 11; Page No. 281)

Ibn ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with them both), on the other hand, is proven to have stated that they are ten Rak‘ahs and that the Sunnah Qabliyyah of Zhuhr Prayer is two Rak‘ahs. But both `Aishah and Um Habibah (may Allah be pleased with them both) memorized a Hadith proving that it consists of four Rak‘ahs and the rule is that the one who memorizes something is a proof against the one who is unaware of it. Accordingly, it is established that the Rak‘ahs of Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib are twelve: Four Rak‘ahs before Zhuhr Prayer and two after it; two after Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer; two after ‘Isha’ (Night) Prayer; and two before Fajr (Dawn) Prayer.

These established Sunnah (supererogatory) Salahs hold great benefit and observing them regularly is one of the reasons for entering Jannah and being saved from Hellfire, provided one performs the Faridahs and abstains from forbidden things. They are supererogatory and not obligatory; however, as stated in the Hadith, they complete any lack in the obligatory Salahs and are means of attaining the Love of Allah.

Observing them means copying the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Hence, a believer should be as keen to observe them as the Prophet (peace be upon him) was, along with observing Salat-ul-Duha (supererogatory Prayer before noon), Tahajjud (optional late night Prayer), and Witr (Prayer with an odd number of units).

Therefore, a Muslim should strive to perform all these supererogatory Salahs. Should one miss the Sunnah Prayer to be performed with Zhuhr Prayer, the correct opinion is that it is not to be made up for after its time is overdue, because when the Prophet (peace be upon him) missed Sunnah Ba‘diyyah (supererogatory Prayer performed after an obligatory Prayer) of Zhuhr and then made up for it after ‘Asr (Afternoon) Prayer, he was asked by Um Salamah whether

(Part No. 11; Page No. 382)

(… it should be made up for if it is missed. The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied in the negative.

Therefore, it is one of the practices exclusive to the Prophet (peace be upon him) i.e., making up for it after ‘Asr Prayer. As for Sunnah (supererogatory) Prayer to be performed with Fajr Prayer, it can be made up for after Fajr Prayer or even after sunrise if one misses to offer it before Fajr Prayer. This is based on the reported Hadiths which indicate that the Prophet (peace be upon him) made up for it after the sun had risen high in the sky.

As for the opinion of some scholars that abandoning Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib is Fisq (flagrant violation of Islamic law), this is not a sound opinion; rather, it is incorrect because they are Nafilahs (supererogatory acts of worship). Therefore, any Muslim who regularly performs the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers and avoids committing sins is not to be labeled a Fasiq (someone flagrantly violating Islamic law). On the contrary, such a person is a good, upright believer.

The same applies to the opinion of some Fuqaha’ (Muslim jurists) who said that it is one of the prerequisite conditions of uprightness for giving testimony. This is a weak opinion which bears no weight against the preponderant view.

Any believer observing the obligations and abandoning things forbidden is to be looked upon as upright and trustworthy. Yet, it is characteristic of the believer who has complete Iman (Faith) to compete in offering Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib as well as hastening to all that is good.

Thus, the believer will become of those who are close to Allah. Believers are of three kinds in acts of worship: Those who wrong themselves; those following a middle course; and those who are foremost in good deeds. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says in Surah Fatir: Then We gave the Book (the Qur’ân) as inheritance to such of Our slaves whom We chose (the followers of Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم). Then of them are some who wrong their ownselves… meaning those committing sins;

(Part No. 11; Page No. 383)

(…and of them are some who follow a middle course meaning the pious who observe the obligations and abstain from prohibitions; …and of them are some who are, by Allâh’s Leave, foremost in good deeds. Meaning those who exert themselves in performing Nafilahs (supererogatory acts of worship) along with Faridahs.

Those are of the highest rank; those who follow a moderate course are in a middle rank, whereas those who wrong themselves are of the lowest rank. Those who commit sins are left to the Will of Allah. If one dies wronging oneself by committing sins, then they are left to the Will of Allah. He may either forgive or punish them, as He wills.

However, such sinners will not abide in Hellfire forever; rather, they will be punished according to the sins committed and then they will be brought out, because only the Kafirs (disbelievers) will abide there forever, we implore Allah to grant us safety.

The point is that Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib and other supererogatory acts of worship are signs of perfect Iman and are characteristic of those who are ahead in good deeds.

It is for this reason that when asked about Islam, the Prophet (peace be upon him) defined it to be the Two Shahadahs (Testimonies of Faith), Salah (Prayer), Zakah (obligatory charity), Sawm (Fasting) and Hajj.

The questioner further asked, ‘Am I obliged to perform any other (duties) besides these..?’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘No, except that which you offer voluntarily.’

This proves that Al-Sunan Al-Rawatib and other Nafilahs are all optional and not obligatory. This is why the Prophet (peace be upon him) commented on the words of the questioner who said when leaving, ‘I will not do more or less than that,’ saying, ‘He will be successful if

(Part No. 11; Page No. 384)

He proves truthful.’ It becomes clear from this that supererogatory acts of worship are not a condition for being righteous or for being a believer. Rather, they are of the things that make one’s faith perfect and result in great good and the doubling of reward. They are means for entering Jannah with the close Slaves of Allah. We ask Allah to grant us and all Muslims success, guidance and a good end.

Your Position in Paradise
Is Determined by the amount of
Qur’aan you memorize in this life

‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr ibn Al-‘Aas heard the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) saying:

“It will be said to the companion of the Qur’aan: Read and elevate (up through the levels of the Paradise) and beautify your voice as you used to do when you were in the dunyaa! For verily, your position in the Paradise will be at the last verse you recite!”

Sunan At-Tirmithee #2914;
Al-Albaanee authenticated it in Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee (3/164-165)]