The 30 Juz of Al-Quran
In How Many Days
Should Qur’an be Read
A juzʼ (Arabic: جزء, plural اجزاء ajzāʼ, literally meaning “part”) is one of thirty parts of equal length into which the Quran is sometimes divided. Of note, division into juz has no relevance to the meaning of the Quran and anyone can start reading from anywhere in the Quran.
During medieval times, when it was too costly for most Muslims to purchase a manuscript, copies of the Quran were held in mosques in order to make them accessible to people; these copies frequently took the form of a series of thirty parts (‘juz’).
Some use these divisions to facilitate recitation of the Quran in a month – especially during Ramadan, when the entire Quran is recited in the Tarawih prayers, reciting approximately one juz a night. A juz is further divided into two ahzab (groups), and each hizb (group) is in turn subdivided into four quarters, making eight quarters per juz, called maqra.
There are 240 of these quarters (of hizb) in the Quran.
These maqra are often used as sections for revision when memorizing the Quran. The most commonly memorized juz is juzʾ amma, which is the 30th juz and contains chapters (sura) 78 through 114, most of the shortest chapters of the Quran. Juzʾ amma is named after the 1st word of the 1st chapter (chapter 78) in that juz. Muslims from South Asia also refer to a juz as a para or paaro.
Ibn Mas’ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (May Allah exalt his mention and protect him from imperfection) said: “Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah, he will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets ten-fold reward. I do not say that Alif-Lam-Mim is one letter, but Alif is a letter, Lam is a letter and Mim is a letter.” (At-Tirmidhi)
Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (May Allah exalt his mention and protect him from imperfection) said: “The one who was devoted to the Quran will be told on the Day of Resurrection: ‘Recite and ascend (in ranks) as you used to recite when you were in the world. Your rank will be at the last Ayah you recite.’” (Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi)
No one can ignore the benefits of Quranic reading. To simplify the division of this reading and ensure that everyone can complete the Quran in its entirety by the end of Ramadan, a timetable has been crafted for men and women*.
The 30 Juz’
متى جُزِّأَ القرآن
|البسملة أو (الحمد لله) من بداية الكتاب – الفاتحة.||1||(1:1) – (2:74)|
|2||(2:75) – (2:141)|
|جزء (سيقول السفهاء)- البقرة.||3||(2:142) – (2:202)|
|4||(2:203) – (2:252)|
|جزء (تلك الرسل)- البقرة.||5||(2:253) – (3:14)|
|6||(3:15) – (3:91)|
|جزء (لن تنالوا البر)/ (كل الطعام)- آل عمران.||7||(3:92) – (3:170)|
|8||(3:171) – (4:23)|
|جزء (والمحصنات)- النساء.||9||(4:24) – (4:87)|
|10||(4:88) – (4:147)|
|جزء (لا يحب الله)- النساء.||11||(4:148) – (5:26)|
|12||(5:27) – (5:81)|
|جزء (لتجدن)/ (وإذا سمعوا)- المائدة.||13||(5:82) – (6:35)|
|14||(6:36) – (6:110)|
|جزء (ولو أننا نزلنا)- الأنعام.||15||(6:111) – (6:165)|
|16||(7:1) – (7:87)|
|جزء (قال الملأ)- الأعراف.||17||(7:88) – (7:170)|
|18||(7:171) – (8:40)|
|جزء (واعلموا)- الأنفال.||19||(8:41) – (9:33)|
|20||(9:34) – (9:92)|
|جزء (يعتذرون) – التوبة.||21||(9:93) – (10:25)|
|22||(10:26) – (11:5)|
|جزء (ومامن دابة)- هود.||23||(11:6) – (11:83)|
|24||(11:84) – (12:52)|
|جزء (وما أبرئ نفسي)- يوسف.||25||(12:53) – (13:18)|
|26||(13:19) – (14:52)|
|جزء (الـر)- الحجر.||27||(15:1) – (16:50)|
|28||(16:51) – (16:128)|
|جزء (سبحان)- الإسراء.||29||(17:1) – (17:98)|
|30||(17:99) – (18:74)|
|جزء (قال ألم)/ (أما السفينة) – الكهف.||31||(18:75) – (19:98)|
|32||(20:1) – (20:135)|
|جزء (اقترب للناس)- الأنبياء.||33||(21:1) – (21:112)|
|34||(22:1) – (22:78)|
|جزء (قد أفلح)- المؤمنون.||35||(23:1) – (24:20)|
|36||(24:21) – (25:21)|
|جزء (وقال الذين لا يرجون)- الفرقان.||37||(25:22) – (26:110)|
|38||(26:111) – (27:55)|
|جزء (فما كان جواب قومه)- النمل.||39||(27:56) – (28:50)|
|40||(28:51) – (29:45)|
|جزء (ولا تجادلوا)- العنكبوت.||41||(29:46) – (31:21)|
|42||(31:22) – (33:30)|
|جزء (ومن يقنت)- الأحزاب.||43||(33:31) – (34:23)|
|44||(34:24) – (36:27)|
|جزء (وما أنزلنا)- يـس ويسمى أيضا بجزء يس.||45||(36:28) – (37:144)|
|46||(37:145) – (39:31)|
|جزء (فمن أظلم)- الزمر.||47||(39:32) – (40:40)|
|48||(40:41) – (41:46)|
|جزء (إليه يرد)- فصلت.||49||(41:47) – (43:23)|
|50||(43:24) – (45:37)|
|جزء (حـم)- الأحقاف ويسمى أيضا بجزء الأحقاف.||51||(46:1) – (48:17)|
|52||(48:18) – (51:30)|
|جزء (قال فما خطبكم)- الذاريات ويسمى أيضا بجزء الذاريات.||53||(51:31) – (54:55)|
|54||(55:1) – (57:29)|
|جزء (قد سمع)- المجادلة.||55||(58:1) – (61:14)|
|56||(62:1) – (66:12)|
|جزء (تبارك)- المـلك.||57||(67:1) – (71:28)|
|58||(72:1) – (77:50)|
|جزء (عمّ)- النبأ.||59||(78:1) – (86:17)|
|60||(87:1) – (114:6)|
In How Many Days
Should Qur’an be Read?
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
رَبِّ اشْرَحْ لِي صَدْرِي ; وَيَسِّرْ لِي أَمْرِي ; وَاحْلُلْ عُقْدَةً مِنْ لِسَانِي ; يَفْقَهُوا قَوْلِي
Insha’Allah we shall be seeking the answer to the question posed in the subject title of the article. The question is about no. of days in which we should complete the recitation of whole Qur’an. There are many views prevalent about this subject. There are view points about the maximum no. of days also that one should take care of while reciting and completing the Holy Qur’an. However, our discussion and emphasis shall only be about minimum no. of days in which recitation of Qur’an should be completed.
I shall start with a hadith reported by Imam Abu Dawud in his Sunan.
It was reported from Abu Salamah, from Abdullah bin Amr (RA) that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Recite the Qur’an in one month.” He responded, “I find myself (more) energetic.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Recite it in twenty (days).” He responded, “I find myself (more) energetic.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Recite it in fifteen.” He responded, “I find myself (more) energetic.” The Prophet (PBUH) said, “Recite it in ten.” He responded, “I find myself (more) energetic.” So he (the Prophet, PBUH) said, “Recite it in seven and do not do more than that.”
(Hadith No. 1388, Chapters pertaining to the Month of Ramadan, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 2).
Having read the narration mentioned above, we can infer that the Prophet (PBUH) has instructed us to complete the recitation of whole Qur’an in not less than seven days I.e. a week.
Is that all?
No, that’s not all. Let us refer to another hadith in order to shed some more light on the subject:
It was reported from Yazid bin Abdullah, from Abdullah bin Amr (RA), that he said, “O Allah’s Messenger (PBUH)! In how many days should I recite Qur’an?” He (the Prophet, PBUH) replied, “In one month.” I said, “I am capable of more!” – and he made it less, until he said, “Recite it in seven.” So he (Abdullah bin Amr, RA) said, “I am capable of more!” But he (the Prophet, PBUH) said, “He who recites it in less than three (days) will not understand it.”
(Hadith No. 1390, Chapters pertaining to the Month of Ramadan, Sunan Abu Dawud, Vol. 2).
This narration brings forward the minimum period of three days. The allowance for minimum period of three days is also mentioned in another hadith reported by Imam Ibn Majah in his Sunan:
It was narrated from Abdullah bin Amr (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “No one properly understands who reads the Qur’an in less than three days.”
(Hadith No. 1347, Chapters of Establishing Prayer & Sunnah regarding them, Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 2).
Therefore, the ruling on this subject is summarized as follows:
- It is recommended that recitation of whole Qur’an should be completed in a period not less than seven days (i.e. a week). This is Mustahab (i.e. recommended).
- It is allowed to complete the recitation of whole Qur’an in a period as less as up to three days, though not recommended. This ruling is Mubaha (i.e. allowed, though not recommended).
- No one should complete the recitation of whole Qur’an in less than three days. Doing so is Makrooh.
I want to highlight a practice of completing recitation of whole Qur’an in one single night. This practice is more prevalent in countries like India, Pakistan etc. Such practice is adopted by some memorizers of Qur’an to organize what they call ‘Shabinah‘; it refers to reciting whole Qur’an in one single night in nawafil prayers, mostly in Tarawih during Ramadan. I appeal to all such brothers (both, those who recite whole Qur’an in one night during ‘Shabinah’ in the month of Ramadan and those who attend it): Please give up this practice. This practice was disliked by our Prophet (PBUH), and hence falls under the category of Makrooh.
Further, when we read the ahadith mentioned in this discussion carefully, we see that our beloved Prophet (PBUH) has said that if someone recites the whole Qur’an in less than three days, then he/she will not be able to understand it. I wish to emphasize the phrase ‘understand it‘.
My dear brothers and sisters, Qur’an should not just be recited or read. It should be understood as well. Understanding and adopting the teachings of Qur’an in one’s life is what Allah wants us to do. That is the only thing that shall keep us on the right path.
We should get inspiration from how Syedna Umar bin Al-Khattab (RA) learned Qur’an. It would have been an easy task for him to memorize whole Qur’an in a short span of time, given the intensity of faith in his heart, his devotion to Islam and Arabic being his native language. But instead, he took almost five years to completely memorize the Qur’an. He would read some verses, then stop, understand the verses, then adopt the teachings of those verses in his personal life. Then he would move ahead to learn the next set of verses. This is the way he learned, understood and memorized Qur’an.
Nowadays people keep on memorizing Qur’an in abundance, Masha’Allah; but what about understanding? I won’t talk about the understanding abilities of scholars of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh etc. (except a few); the lesser talked about this aspect, the better it is.
And Allah knows best.
May Allah forgive me if I am wrong and guide us to the right path…Ameen.
سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُون َ ; وَسَلامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ ; وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ.