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Abu-Dawud

General Behavior: Kitab Al-Adab

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 41

Sunan Abu-Dawud |Book 41

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
The Book of  |General Behavior | Kitab Al-Adab
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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General Behavior |Kitab Al-Adab

4756: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
I served the Prophet (pbuh) at Medina for ten years. I was a boy. Every work that I did was not according to the desire of my master, but he never said to me: Fie, nor did he say to me: Why did you do this? or Why did you not do this?

4757: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to sit with us in meetings and talk to us. When he stood up we also used to stand up and see him entering the house of one of his wives. One day he talked to us and we stood up as he stood up and we saw that an Arabi (a nomadic Arab) caught hold of him and gave his cloak a violent tug making his neck red. AbuHurayrah said: The cloak was coarse. He turned to him and the Arabi said to him: Load these two camels of mine, for you do not give me anything from your property or from your father’s property.

The Prophet (pbuh) said to him: No, I ask Allah’s forgiveness; no, I ask Allah’s forgiveness; no, I ask Allah’s forgiveness. I shall not give you the camel−load until you make amends for the way in which you tugged at me. Each time the Arabi said to him: I swear by Allah, I shall not do so. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition. He (the Prophet), then called a man and said to him: Load these two camels of his: one camel with barley and the other with dates. He then turned to us and said: Go on your way with the blessing of Allah.

4758: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Good way, dignified good bearing and moderation are the twenty−fifth part of Prophecy.

4759: Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: if anyone suppresses anger when he is in a position to give vent to it, Allah, the Exalted, will call him on the Day of Resurrection over the heads of all creatures, and ask him to choose any of the bright and large eyed maidens he wishes.

4760: Narrated Son of a Companion:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: He then mentioned a similar tradition described above. This version has: Allah will fill his heart with security and faith. He did not mention the words “Allah will call him”. This version further adds: He who gives up wearing beautiful garments when he is able to do so (out of humility, as Bishr’s version has) will be clothed by Allah with the robe of honour, and he who marries for Allah’s sake will be crowned by Allah with the crown of Kingdom.

4762: Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:
Two men reviled each other in the presence of the Prophet (pbuh) and one of them became excessively angry so much so that I thought that his nose will break up on account of excess of anger. The Prophet (pbuh) said: I know a phrase which, if he repeated, he could get rid of this angry feeling. They asked: What is it, Apostle of Allah? He replied: He should say: I seek refuge in Thee from the accursed devil. Mu’adh then began to ask him to do so, but he refused and persisted in quarrelling, and began to enhance his anger.

4764: Narrated AbuDharr:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to us: When one of you becomes angry while standing, he should sit down. If the anger leaves him, well and good; otherwise he should lie down. 

4766: Narrated Atiyyah asSa’di:
AbuWa’il al−Qass said: We entered upon Urwah ibn Muhammad ibn as−Sa’di. A man spoke to him and made him angry. So he stood and performed ablution; he then returned and performed ablution, and said: My father told me on the authority of my grandfather Atiyyah who reported the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) as saying: Anger comes from the devil, the devil was created of fire, and fire is extinguished only with water; so when one of you becomes angry, he should perform ablution.

4770: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
When the Prophet (pbuh) was informed of anything of a certain man, he would not say: What is the matter with so and so that he says? But he would say: What is the matter with the people that they say such and such?

4771: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:

A man who had the mark of yellowness on him came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). The apostle of Allah (pbuh) rarely mentioned anything of a man which he disliked before him. When he went out, he said: Would that you asked him to wash it from him.

4772: Narrated AbuSalamah; AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: The believer is simple and generous, but the profligate is deceitful and ignoble.

4774: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
A man asked permission to see the Prophet (pbuh), and the Prophet (pbuh) said: He is a bad member of the tribe. When he entered, the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) treated in a frank and friendly way and spoke to him. When he departed , I said: Apostle of Allah! When he asked permission, you said: He is a bad member of the tribe, but when he entered, you treated him in a frank and friendly way. The Apostle of Allah replied: Aisha! Allah does not like the one who is unseemly and lewd in his language.

4776: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
I never said that when any man brought his mouth to the ear of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and he withdrew his head until the man himself withdrew his head, and I never saw that when any man took him by his hand and he withdrew his hand, until the man himself withdrew his hand. 

4780: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: By his good character a believer will attain the degree of one who prays during the night and fasts during the day.

4781: Narrated AbudDarda’:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: There is nothing heavier than good character put in the scaleof a believer on the Day of Resurrection.

4782: Narrated AbuUmamah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: I guarantee a house in the surroundings of Paradise for a man who avoids quarrelling even if he were in the right, a house in the middle of Paradise for a man who avoids lying even if he were joking, and a house in the upper part of Paradise for a man who made his character good.

4788: Narrated Abdullah ibn ashShikhkhir:
I went with a deputation of Banu Amir to the apostle of Allah (pbuh), and we said: You are our lord (sayyid). To this he replied: The lord is Allah, the Blessed and Exalted. Then we said: And the one of us most endowed with excellence and superiority. To this he replied: Say what you have to say, or part of what you have to say, and do not let the devil make you his agents.

4790: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Al−Miqdam ibn Shurayh, quoting his father, said: I asked Aisha about living in the desert. She said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to go to the desert to these rivulets. Once he intended to go to the desert and he sent to me a she−camel from the camel of sadaqah which had not been used for riding so far. He said to me: Aisha! show gentleness, for if gentleness is found in anything, it beautifies it and when it is taken out from anything it damages it.

4791: Narrated Jarir: The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who is deprived of gentleness is deprived of good.

4792: Narrated Sa’d: The Prophet (pbuh) said: There is hesitation in everything except in the actions of the next world.

4793: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who does not thank Allah does not thank people.

4794: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Immigrants (Muhajirun) said: Apostle of Allah! the Helpers (Ansar) got the entire reward. He said: no, so long as you pray to Allah for them and praise them.

4795: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If someone is given something, he should give a return for it provided he can afford; if he cannot afford, he should praise him. He who praises him for it, thanks him, and he who conceals it is ungrateful to him.

4796: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If someone is donated something, and he mentions it, he thanks for it, and if he conceals it, he is ungrateful for it 

4799: Narrated Umar ibn alKhattab:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: the same occasion: Help the oppressed (sorrowful) and guide those who have lost their way.

4800: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
A woman came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah: I have some need with you. He said to her: Mother of so and so, sit in the corner of any street you wish and I shall sit with you. So she sat and the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) also sat with her till she fulfilled her need.

4802: Narrated AbuSa’id al−Khudri: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) as saying: The best places to sit are those which provide most room.

4803: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
AbulQasim (pbuh) said: When one of you is in the sun (Shams)−−Makhlad’s version has “fay'”−−and the shadow withdraws from him so that he is partly in sun and partly in shade, he should get up.

4804: Narrated AbuHazim alBajali:
AbuHazim came when the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was addressing. He stood in the sun. He ordered him (to shift) and he shifted to the shade.

4807: Narrated Jabir ibn Samurah: When we came to the Prophet (pbuh), each one would sit down where there was room.

4808: Narrated Hudhayfah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) cursed the one who sat in the middle of a circle.

4809: Narrated AbuBakrah:
Sa’id ibn AbulHasan said: When AbuBakrah came to us to give some evidence, a man got up from his place, but he refused to sit in it saying: The Prophet (pbuh) forbade this, and the Prophet (pbuh) forbade anyone to wipe his hand on the garment of anyone whose clothing he had not himself provided. 

4810: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
A man came to the Prophet (pbuh), another man got up from his place for him, and when he went to sit in it, the Prophet (pbuh) forbade him.

4811: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: A believer who recites the Qur’an is like a citron whose fragrance is sweet and whose taste is sweet, a believer who does not recite the Qur’an is like a date which has no fragrance but has sweet taste, a profligate who recites the Qur’an is like basil whose fragrance is sweet but whose taste is bitter, and the profligate who does not recite the Qur’an is like the colocynth which has a bitter taste and has not fragrance. A good companion is like a man who has musk; if nothing of it goes to you, its fragrance will (certainly) go to you; and a bad companion is like a man who has bellows; if its (black) root does not go to you, its smoke will (certainly) go to you.

4814: Narrated AbuSa’id al−Khudri: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Associate only with a believer, and let only a God−fearing man eat your meals.

4815: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: A man follows the religion of his friend; so each one should consider whom he makes his friend

4818: Narrated AsSa’ib:
I came to the Prophet (pbuh). The people began to praise me and make a mention of me. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: I know you, that is, he knew him. I said: My father and mother be sacrificed for you! you were my partner and how good a partner ; you neither disputed nor quarrelled.

4819: Narrated Abdullah ibn Salam: When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) sat talking (to the people), he would often raise his eyes to the sky.

4820: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) spoke in a distinct and leisurely manner.

4821: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) spoke in a distinct manner so that anyone who listened to him could understand it.

4822: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Every important matter which is not begun by an expression of praise to Allah is maimed.

4823: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Every sermon which does not contain a tashahhud is like a hand cut off.

4824: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Maymun ibn AbuShabib said: A beggar passed by Aisha and gave him a piece of bread. Another man who wore clothes and had good appearance passed by her, and she made her seated and he ate (with her). When she was asked about that, she replied: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: treat the people according to their ranks.

4825: Narrated AbuMusa alAsh’ari:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Glorifying Allah involves showing honour to a grey−haired Muslim and to one who can expound the Qur’an, but not to one who acts extravagantly regarding it, or turns away from it, and showing honour to a just ruler. 

4826: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: One should not sit between two men except with their permission. 

4827: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: It is not lawful for a man to separate two persons except with their permission.

4828: Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) sat, he had his knees drawn up supported by his hands.

4829: Narrated Qaylah daughter of Makhramah:
She saw the Prophet (pbuh) sitting with his arms round his legs. She said: When I saw the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) in such humble condition in the sitting position (according to Musa’s version), I trembled with fear.

4830: Narrated AshSharid ibn Suwayd:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came upon me when I was sitting thus: having my left hand behind my back and leaning on the fleshy part of it, and said: Are you sitting in the manner of those with whom Allah is angry.

4836: Narrated AbudDarda’:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) would sit and we would also sit around him. If he got up intending to return, he would take off his sandals or something he was wearing, and his Companions recognising his purpose (that he would return) would stay where they were.

4837:Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: People who get up from an assembly in which they did not remember Allah will be just as if they had got up from an ass’s corpse, and it will be a cause of grief to them. 

4838: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone sits at a place where he does not remember Allah, deprivation will descend on him from Allah; and if he lies at a place where he does not remember Allah, deprivation will descend on him from Allah.

4839: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
There are some expressions which a man utters three times when he gets up from an assembly he will be forgiven for what happened in the assembly; and no one utters them in an assembly held for a noble cause or for remembrance of Allah but that is stamped with them just as a document is stamped with a signet−ring. These expressions are: Glory be to Thee, O Allah, and I begin with praise of Thee, there is no god but thou; I ask Thy pardon, and return to Thee in repentance.

4841: Narrated AbuBarzah alAslami:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) intended to get up from the assembly he used to say in the last. Glory be to Thee. O Allah, and I begin with praise of Thee, I testify that there is no god but Thou; I ask Thy pardon, and return to Thee in repentance. The man asked: Apostle of Allah! you utter the words now which you did not do in the past? He replied: (This is an) atonement for what takes place in the assembly.

4842: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: None of my Companions must tell me anything about anyone, for I like to come out to you with no ill−feelings.

4843: Narrated Amr ibn alFaghwa’ alKhuza’i:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) called me. He intended to send me with some goods to AbuSufyan to distribute among the Quraysh at Mecca after the conquest. He said: Search for a companion. Then Amr ibn Umayyah ad−Damri came to me and said: I have been told that you are intending to make a journey and are seeking a companion. I said: Yes. He said: I am your companion. I then went to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and said: I have found a companion. He asked: Who is he? I replied: Amr ibn Umayyah ad−Damri. He said: When you come down to the territory of his people, be careful of him, for a maxim says: If one is your real brother, do not feel safe with him.

So we proceeded, and when I reached al−Abwa’, he said to me: I have some work with my people at Waddan, so stay here till I come back. I said: Do not lose your way. When he turned his back, I recalled the words of the Prophet (pbuh). So I rode my camel and galloped without stopping. When I reached al−Asafir, he was pursuing me with a group of men. So I galloped and forged ahead of him. When he saw me that I had outstripped him, they returned and he came to me. He said to me: I had some work with my people. I said: Yes. We then went on until we reached Mecca, and I gave the goods to AbuSufyan.

4850: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: When a man tells something and then departs, it is a trust.

4851: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Meetings are confidential except three: those for the purpose of shedding blood unlawfully, or committing fornication, or acquiring property unjustly.

4855: Narrated Ammar:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who is two−faced in this world will have two tongues of fire on the Day of Resurrection. 

4857: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
I said to the Prophet (pbuh): It is enough for you in Safiyyah that she is such and such (the other version than Musaddad’s has:) meaning that she was short−statured. He replied; You have said a word which would change the sea if it were mixed in it. She said: I imitated a man before him (out of disgrace). He said: I do not like that I imitate anyone even if I should get such and such.

4858: Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The most prevalent kind of usury is going to lengths in talking unjustly against a Muslim’s honour.

4859: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: The gravest sin is going to lengths in talking unjustly against a Muslim’s honour, and it is a major sin to abuse twice for abusing once.

4860: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: When I was taken up to heaven I passed by people who had nails of copper and were scratching their faces and their breasts. I said: Who are these people, Gabriel? He replied: They are those who were given to back biting and who aspersed people’s honour.

4862: Narrated AbuBarzah alAslami:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: O community of people, who believed by their tongue, and belief did not enter their hearts, do not back−bite Muslims, and do not search for their faults, for if anyone searches for their faults, Allah will search for his fault, and if Allah searches for the fault of anyone, He disgraces him in his house.

4863: Narrated AlMustawrid:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone eats once at the cost of a Muslim’s honour, Allah will give him a like amount of Jahannam to eat; if anyone clothes himself with a garment at the cost of a Muslim’s honour, Allah will clothe him with like amount of Jahannam; and if anyone puts himself in a position of reputation and show Allah will disgrace him with a place of reputation and show on the Day of Resurrection. 

4865: Narrated Mu’adh ibn Anas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone guards a believer from a hypocrite, Allah will send an angel who will guard his flesh on the Day of Resurrection from the fire of Jahannam; but if anyone attacks a Muslim saying something by which he wishes to disgrace him, he will be restrained by Allah on the bridge over Jahannam till he is acquitted of what he said.

4866: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah;
AbuTalhah ibn Sahl al−Ansari: The Prophet (pbuh) said: No (Muslim) man will desert a man who is a Muslim in a place where his respect may be violated and his honour aspersed without Allah deserting him in a place here he wishes his help; and no (Muslim) man who will help a Muslim in a place where his honour may be aspersed and his respect violated without Allah helping him in a place where he wishes his help.

4867: Narrated Jundub:
A desert Arab came and making his camel kneel and tethering it, entered the mosque and prayed behind the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). When The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) had given the salutation, he went to his riding beast and, after untethering and riding it, he called out: O Allah, show mercy to me and to Muhammad and associate no one else in Thy mercy to us. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then said: Do you think that he or his camel is farther astray? Did you not listen to what he said? They replied: Certainly.

4868: Narrated Qatadah:
Is one of you helpless to be like AbuDaygham or Damdam (Ibn Ubayd is doubtful) who would say when morning came: O Allah, I gave my honour as alms to Thy servants?

4870: Narrated Mu’awiyah:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: If you search for the faults of the people, you will corrupt them, or will nearly corrupt them. AbudDarda’ said: These are the words which Mu’awiyah himself from the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), and Allah benefited him by them.

4871: Narrated Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib ; AbuUmamah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When a ruler seeks to make imputations against the people, he corrupts them.

4872: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
Zayd ibn Wahb said: A man was brought to Ibn Mas’ud. He was told: This is so and so, and wine was dropping from his beard. Abdullah thereupon said: We have been prohibited to seek out (faults). If anything becomes manifest to us, we shall seize it.

4873: Narrated Uqbah ibn Amir:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who sees something which should be kept hidden and conceals it will be like one who has brought to life a girl buried alive. 

4874: Narrated Uqbah ibn Amir:
AbulHaytham quoted Dukhayn, the scribe of Uqbah ibn Amir, saying: We had some neighbours who used to drink wine. I for them, but they did not stop. I then said to Uqbah ibn Amir: These neighbours of ours drink wine, and I tried to prevent them but they did not stop, and I am going to call the police about them. He said: Leave them. I again came to Uqbah ibn Amir and said: Our neighbours have refused to refrain from drinking wine, and I am going to call the police for them. He said: Woe to thee! Leave them alone. I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: he then mentioned the tradition to the same effect as recorded above on the authority of the narrator Muslim.

4877: Narrated Iyad ibn Himar (alMujashi’i):
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Allah has revealed to me that you must be humble, so that no one oppresses another and boasts over another. 

4878: Narrated Sa’id ibn alMusayyab:
While the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was sitting with some of his companions, a man reviled AbuBakr and insulted him. But AbuBakr remained silent. He insulted him twice, but AbuBakr controlled himself. He insulted him thrice and AbuBakr took revenge on him. Then the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) got up when AbuBakr took revenge. AbuBakr said: Were you angry with me, Apostle of Allah? The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) replied: An angel came down from Heaven and he was rejecting what he had said to you. When you took revenge, a devil came down. I was not going to sit when the devil came down.

4880: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Ibn Awn said: I asked about the meaning of intisar (revenge) in the Qur’anic verse: “But indeed if any do help and defend themselves (intasara) after a wrong (done) to them, against them there is no cause of blame.” Then Ali ibn Zayd ibn Jad’an told me on the authority of Umm Muhammad, the wife of his father. Ibn Awn said: It was believed that she used to go to the Mother of the Faithful (i.e. Aisha). She said: The Mother of the Faithful said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came upon me while Zaynab, daughter of Jahsh, was with us.

He began to do something with his hand. I signalled to him until I made him understand about her. So he stopped. Zaynab came on and began to abuse Aisha. She tried to prevent her but she did not stop. So he (the Prophet) said to Aisha: Abuse her. So she abused her and dominated her. Zaynab then went to Ali and said: Aisha abused you and did (such and such). Then Fatimah came (to the Prophet) and he said to her: She is the favourite of your father, by the Lord of the Ka’bah! She then returned and said to them: I said to him such and such, and he said to me such and such. Then Ali came to the Prophet (pbuh) and spoke to him about that.

4882: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Make a mention of the virtues of your dead, and refrain from (mentioning) their evils.

4883: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: There were two men among Banu Isra’il, who were striving for the same goal. One of them would commit sin and the other would strive to do his best in the world. The man who exerted himself in worship continued to see the other in sin. He would say: Refrain from it. One day he found him in sin and said to him: Refrain from it.

He said: Leave me alone with my Lord. Have you been sent as a watchman over me? He said: I swear by Allah, Allah will not forgive you, nor will he admit you to Paradise. Then their souls were taken back (by Allah), and they met together with the Lord of the worlds. He (Allah) said to this man who had striven hard in worship; Had you knowledge about Me or had you power over that which I had in My hand? He said to the man who sinned: Go and enter Paradise by My mercy. He said about the other: Take him to Hell. AbuHurayrah said: By Him in Whose hand my soul is, he spoke a word by which this world and the next world of his were destroyed.

4884: Narrated AbuBakrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: There is no sin more fitted to have punishment meted out by Allah to its perpetrator in advance in this world along with what He stores up for him in the next world than oppression and severing ties of relationship.

4885: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Avoid envy, for envy devours good deeds just as fire devours fuel or (he said) “grass.”

4886: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
Sahl ibn AbuUmamah said that he and his father (AbuUmamah) visited Anas ibn Malik at Medina during the time (rule) of Umar ibn AbdulAziz when he (Anas ibn Malik) was the governor of Medina. He was praying a very short prayer as if it were the prayer of a traveller or near it. When he gave a greeting, my father said: May Allah have mercy on you! Tell me about this prayer: Is it obligatory or supererogatory? He said: It is obligatory; it is the prayer performed by the Apostle of Allah (pbuh).

I did not make a mistake except in one thing that I forgot. He said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to say: Do not impose austerities on yourselves so that austerities will be imposed on you, for people have imposed austerities on themselves and Allah imposed austerities on them. Their survivors are to be found in cells and monasteries. (Then he quoted:) “Monasticism, they invented it; we did not prescribe it for them.” Next day he went out in the morning and said: will you not go out for a ride, so that you may see something and take a lesson from it? He said: Yes.

Then all of them rode away and reached a land whose inhabitants had perished, passed away and died. The roofs of the town had fallen in. He asked: Do you know this land? I said: Who acquainted me with it and its inhabitants? (Anas said:) This is the land of the people whom oppression and envy destroyed. Envy extinguishes the light of good deeds, and oppression confirms or falsifies it. The eye commits fornication, and the palm of the hand, the foot, body, tongue and private part of the body confirm it or deny it.

4888: Narrated Samurah ibn Jundub: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Do not invoke Allah’s curse, Allah’s anger, or Hell.

4890: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
A man cursed the wind. The narrator Muslim’s version has: The wind snatched away a man’s cloak during the time of the Prophet (pbuh) and he cursed it. The Prophet (pbuh) said: Do not curse it, for it is under command, and if anyone curses a thing undeservedly, the curse returns upon him.

4891: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: Something of her was stolen, and she began to curse him (i.e. the thief). The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to her: Do not lessen his sin.

4894: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: It is not allowable for a believer to keep from a believer for more than three days. If three days pass, he should meet him and give him a salutation, and if he replies to it they will both have shared in the reward; but if he does not reply he will bear his sin (according to Ahmad’s version) and the one who gives the salutation will have come forth from the sin of keeping apart.

4895: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: It is not right for a Muslim to keep apart from another Muslim for more than three days. Then when he meets him and gives three salutations, receiving during that time no response, the other bears his sin.

4896: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: It is not allowable for a Muslim to keep apart from his brother for more than three days, for one who does so and dies will enter Hell.

4897: Narrated AbuKhirash asSulami:
AbuKhirash heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: If one keeps apart from his brother for a year, it is like shedding his blood.

4900: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: The believer is the believer’s mirror, and the believer is the believer’s brother who guards him against loss and protects him when he is absent.

4901: Narrated AbudDarda’: The Prophet (pbuh) said:
Shall I not inform you of something more excellent in degree than fasting, prayer and almsgiving (sadaqah)? The people replied: Yes, Prophet of Allah! He said: It is putting things right between people, spoiling them is the shaver (destructive).

4902: Narrated Umm Kulthum bint Uqbah alUmawiyyah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who forged in order to put things right between two persons did not lie. The version by Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Musaddad has: The liar is not the one who puts things right between people, saying what is good and increasing good. 

4905: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came to Medina, the Abyssinians played for his coming out of joy; they played with spears.

4906: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: Nafi’ said:
Ibn Umar heard a pipe, put his fingers in his ears and went away from the road. He said to me: Are you hearing anything? I said: No. He said: He then took his fingers out of his ears and said: I was with the Prophet (pbuh), and he heard like this and he did like this. AbuAli al−Lu’lu said: I heard AbuDawud say: This is a rejected tradition.

4909: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
Salam ibn Miskin, quoting an old man who witnessed AbuWa’il in a wedding feast, said: They began to play, amuse and sing. He united the support of his hand round his knees that were drawn up, and said: I heard Abdullah (ibn Mas’ud) say: I heard the apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: Singing produces hypocrisy in the heart.

4910: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
A hermaphrodite (mukhannath) who had dyed his hands and feet with henna was brought to the Prophet (pbuh). He asked: What is the matter with this man? He was told: Apostle of Allah! he affects women’s get−up. So he ordered regarding him and he was banished to an−Naqi’. The people said: Apostle of Allah! should we not kill him? He said: I have been prohibited from killing people who pray. AbuUsamah said: Naqi’ is a region near Medina and not a Baqi’. 

4914: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) arrived after the expedition to Tabuk or Khaybar (the narrator is doubtful), the draught raised an end of a curtain which was hung in front of her store−room, revealing some dolls which belonged to her. He asked: What is this? She replied: My dolls. Among them he saw a horse with wings made of rags, and asked: What is this I see among them? She replied: A horse. He asked: What is this that it has on it? She replied: Two wings. He asked: A horse with two wings? She replied: Have you not heard that Solomon had horses with wings? She said: Thereupon the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) laughed so heartily that I could see his molar teeth.

4915: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) married me when I was seven or six. When we came to Medina, some women came. according to Bishr’s version: Umm Ruman came to me when I was swinging. They took me, made me prepared and decorated me. I was then brought to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), and he took up cohabitation with me when I was nine. She halted me at the door, and I burst into laughter. 

4916: Narrated AbuUsamah:
The tradition mentioned above (No. 4915) has also been transmitted by AbuUsamah in a similar manner through a different chain of narrators. This version has: “With good fortune. ” She (Umm Ruman) entrusted me to them. They washed my head and redressed me. No one came to me suddenly except the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) in the forenoon. So they entrusted me to him.

4917: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
When we came to Medina, the women came to me when I was playing on the swing, and my hair were up to my ears. They brought me, prepared me, and decorated me. Then they brought me to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and he took up cohabitation with me, when I was nine.

4920: Narrated AbuMusa al−Ash’ari: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: He who plays backgammon disobeys Allah and His Apostle.

4922: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) saw a man pursuing a pigeon. He said: A devil is pursuing a female devil.

4923: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: The Compassionate One has mercy on those who are merciful. If you show mercy to those who are on the earth, He Who is in the heaven will show mercy to you.

4924: Narrated AbuHurayrah: I heard AbulQasim (pbuh) who spoke the truth and whose word was verified say: Mercy is taken away only from him who is miserable.

4925: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Those who do not show mercy to our young ones and do not realise the right of our elders are not from us.

4927: Narrated Jarir:
I swore allegiance to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) promising to hear and obey, and behave sincerely towards every Muslim. AbuZur’ah said: Whenever he sold and bought anything, he would say: What we took from you is dearer to us than what we gave you. So choose (as you like).

4930: Narrated AbudDarda’:

The Prophet (pbuh) said: On the Day of Resurrection you will be called by your names and by your father’s names, so give yourselves good names.

4932: Narrated AbuWahb alJushami:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Call yourselves by the names of the Prophets. The names dearest to Allah are Abdullah and AbdurRahman, the truest are Harith and Hammam, and the worst are Harb and Murrah.

Narrated Usamah ibn Akhdari:
A man called Asram was among those who came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: What is your name? He replied: Asram. He said: No, you are Zur’ah. 

4937: Narrated Hani ibn Yazid:
When Hani went with his people in a deputation to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), he heard them calling him by his kunyah (surname), AbulHakam. So the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) called him and said: Allah is the judge (al−Hakam), and to Him judgment belongs. Why are you given the kunyah AbulHakam? He replied: When my people disagree about a matter, they come to me, and I decide between them, and both parties are satisfied with my decision. He said: How good this is! What children have you? He replied: I have Shurayh, Muslim and Abdullah. He asked; Who is the oldest of them? I replied: Shurayh. He said: Then you are AbuShurayh.

4938: Narrated AbuWahb, Hazn ibn AbuWahb:
The Prophet (pbuh) asked: What is your name? He replied: Hazn (rugged). He said: You are Sahl (smooth). He said: No, smooth is trodden upon and disgraced. Sa’id said: I then thought that ruggedness would remain among us after it. AbuDawud said: The Prophet (pbuh) changed the names al−’As, Aziz, Atalah, Shaytan, al−Hakam, Ghurab, Hubab, and Shihab and called him Hisham. He changed the name Harb (war) and called him Silm (peace). He changed the name al−Munba’ith (one who lies) and called him al−Mudtaji’ (one who stands up).

He changed the name of a land Afrah (barren) and called it Khadrah (green). He changed the name Shi’b ad−Dalalah (the mountain path of a stray), the name of a mountain path and called it Shi’b al−Huda (mountain path of guidance). He changed the name Banu az−Zinyah (children of fornication) and called them Banu ar−Rushdah (children of those who are on the right path), and changed the name Banu Mughwiyah (children of a woman who allures and goes astray), and called them Banu Rushdah (children of a woman who is on the right path). AbuDawud said: I omitted the chains of these for the sake of brevity.

4939: Narrated Umar ibn alKhattab:
Masruq said: I met Umar ibn al−Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) who said: Who are you? I replied: Masruq ibn al−Ajda’. Umar then said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: al−Ajda’ (mutilated) is a devil. 

4942: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If I survive (God willing), I shall forbid my people to give the names Nafi’ (beneficial), Aflah (successful) and Barakah (blessing). Al−A’mash said: I do not know whether he mentioned Nafi’ or not. When a man comes and asks: Is there Barakah (blessing)? The people say: No. 

4944: Narrated AbuJubayrah ibn adDahhak:
This verse was revealed about us, the Banu Salimah: “Nor call each other by (offensive) nicknames: ill−seeming is a name connoting wickedness (to be used of one) after he has believed.” He said: When the apostle of Allah (pbuh) came to us, every one of us had two or three names. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) began to say: O so and so! But they would say: Keep silence, Apostle of Allah! He becomes angry by this name. So this verse was revealed: “Nor call each other by (offensive nicknames.”

4945: Narrated Umar ibn alKhattab:
Zayd ibn Aslam quoted his father as saying: Umar ibn al−Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) struck one of his sons who was given the kunyah AbuIsa, and al−Mughirah ibn Shu’bah had the kunyah AbuIsa. Umar said to him: Is it not sufficient for you that you are called by the kunyah AbuAbdullah? He replied: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave me this kunyah. Thereupon he said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was forgiven all his sins, past and those followed. But we are among the people similar to us. Henceforth he was called by the kunyah AbuAbdullah until he died.

4945a: Narrated AbuMas’ud or Hudhayfah:
AbuMas’ud asked Abdullah, or AbuAbdullah asked AbuMas’ud: What did you hear the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say about za’amu (they alleged, asserted, or it is said). He replied: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: It is a bad riding−beast for a man (to say) za’amu (they asserted).

Book 41, Number 4946: Narrated A man:
AbulMalih reported on the authority of a man: I was riding on a mount behind the Prophet (pbuh). It stumbled. Thereupon I said: May the devil parish! He said: Do not say: May the devil perish! For if you say that , he will swell so much so that he will be like a house, and say: By my power. But say: In the name of Allah; for when you say that, he will diminish so much so that he will be like a fly.

4948: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone is called by my name, he must not be given my kunyah (surname), and if anyone uses my kunyah (surname), he must not be called by my name.

4949: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
I said: Apostle of Allah! tell me if a son is born to me after your death, may I give him your name and your kunyah? He replied: Yes.

4950: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
A woman came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah! I have given birth to a boy, and call him Muhammad and AbulQasim as kunyah (surname), but I have been told that you disapproved of that. He replied: What is it which has made my name lawful and my kunyah unlawful, or what is it which has made my kunyah unlawful and my name lawful?

4952: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Aisha said: Apostle of Allah! All my fellow−wives have kunyahs? He said: Give yourself the kunyah by Abdullah, your son − that is to say, her nephew (her sister’s son). Musaddad said: Abdullah ibn az−Zubayr. She was called by the kunyah Umm Abdullah. 

4953: Narrated Sufyan ibn Asid alHadrami:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: It is great treachery that you should tell your brother something and have him believe you when you are lying.

4957: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said:
None of you must say: “My slave” (abdi) and “My slave−woman” (amati), and a slave must not say: “My lord” (rabbi or rabbati). The master (of a slave) should say: “My young man” (fataya) and “My young woman” (fatati), and a slave should say “My master” (sayyidi) and “My mistress” (sayyidati), for you are all (Allah’s slave and the Lord is Allah, Most High.

4959: Narrated Buraydah ibn al−Hasib: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Do not call a hypocrite sayyid (master), for if he is a sayyid, you will displease your Lord, Most High.

4962: Narrated Hudhayfah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Do not say: “What Allah wills and so and so wills,” but say: “What Allah wills and afterwards so and so wills.

4965: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When you hear….(Musa’s version has): When a man says people have perished, he is the one who has suffered that fate most.

4967: Narrated A man: Salim ibn AbulJa’dah said:
A man said: (Mis’ar said: I think he was from the tribe of Khuza’ah): would that I had prayed, and got comfort. The people objected to him for it. Thereupon he said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) as saying: O Bilal, call iqamah for prayer: give us comfort by it.

4968: Narrated Abdullah ibn Muhammad ibn alHanafiyyah:
I and my father went to the house of my father−in−law from the Ansar to pay a sick visit to him. The time of prayer came. He said to someone of his relatives: O girl! bring me water for ablution so that I pray and get comfort. We objected to him for it. He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: Get up, Bilal, and give us comfort by the prayer.

4969: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: I never heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) attributing anyone to anything except to religion.

4972: Narrated Mu’awiyah ibn Jaydah al−Qushayri: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Woe to him who tells things, speaking falsely, to make people laugh thereby. Woe to him! Woe to him!.

4973: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amir:
My mother called me one day when the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was sitting in our house. She said: Come here and I shall give you something. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) asked her: What did you intend to give him? She replied: I intended to give him some dates. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: If you were not to give him anything, a lie would be recorded against you.

4974: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: It is enough falsehood for a man to relate everything he hears.

4975: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: To harbour good thoughts is a part of well−conducted worship. (This is according to Nasr’s version).

4977: Narrated Zayd ibn Arqam:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: When a man makes a promise to his brother with the intention of fulfilling it and does not do so, and does not come at the appointed time, he is guilty of no sin. 

4978: Narrated Abdullah ibn AbulHamsa’:
I bought something from the Prophet (pbuh) before he received his Prophetic commission, and as there was something still due to him I promised him that I would bring it to him at his place, but I forgot. When I remembered three days later, I went to that place and found him there. He said: You have vexed me, young man. I have been here for three days waiting for you.

4980: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
A man came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah! give me a mount. The Prophet (pbuh) said: We shall give you a she−camel’s child to ride on. He said: What shall I do with a she−camel’s child? The Prophet (pbuh) replied: Do any others than she−camels give birth to camels?

4981: Narrated AnNu’man ibn Bashir:
When AbuBakr asked the permission of the Prophet (pbuh) to come in, he heard Aisha speaking in a loud voice. So when he entered, he caught hold of her in order to slap her, and said: Do I see you raising your voice to the Apostle of Allah? The Prophet (pbuh) began to prevent him and AbuBakr went out angry.

The Prophet (pbuh) said when AbuBakr went out: You see I rescued you from the man. AbuBakr waited for some days, then asked permission of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) to enter, and found that they had made peace with each other. He said to them: Bring me into your peace as you brought me into your war. The Prophet (pbuh) said: We have done so: we have done so.

4984: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: The Prophet (pbuh) addressed me as: O you with the two ears.

4985: Narrated Abdullah ibn asSa’ib ibn Yazid:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: None of you should take the property of his brother in amusement (i.e. jest), nor in earnest. The narrator Sulayman said: Out of amusement and out of earnest. If anyone takes the staff of his brother, he should return it. The transmitter Ibn Bashshar did not say “Ibn Yazid, and he said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said.

4986: Narrated AbdurRahman ibn AbuLayla:
The Companions of the Prophet (pbuh) told us that they were travelling with the Prophet (pbuh). A man of them slept, and one of them went to the rope which he had with him. He took it, by which he was frightened. The Prophet (pbuh) said: It is not lawful for a Muslim that he frightens a Muslim. 

4987: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Allah , the Exalted, hates the eloquent one among men who moves his tongue round (among his teeth), as cattle do. 

4988: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: On the Day of resurrection Allah will not accept repentance or ransom from him who learns excellence of speech to captivate thereby the hearts of men, or of people. 

4990: Narrated Amr ibn al‘As:
One day when a man got up and spoke at length Amr ibn al−’As said If he had been moderate in what he said: It would have been better for him. I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: I think (or, I have been commanded) that I should be brief in what I say, for brevity is better.

4993: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
A desert Arab came to the Prophet (pbuh) and began to speak. Thereupon the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: In eloquence there is magic and in poetry there is wisdom. 

4994: Narrated Buraydah ibn alHasib:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: In eloquence there is magic, in knowledge ignorance, in poetry wisdom, and in speech heaviness. Sa’sa’ah ibn Suhan said: The Prophet of Allah (pbuh) spoke the truth. His statement “In eloquence there is magic” means: (For example), there is a right due from a man who is more eloquent in reasoning than the man who is demanding his right.

He (the defendant) charms the people by his speech and takes away his right. His statement “In knowledge there is ignorance” means: A scholar brings to his knowledge what he does not know, and thus he becomes ignorant of that. His statement “In poetry there is wisdom” means: These are the sermons and examples by which people receive admonition. His statement “In speech there is heaviness” means: That you present your speech and your talk to a man who is not capable of understanding it, and who does not want it.

4995: Narrated Hasan: Sa’id said:
Umar passed by Hassan when he was reciting verses in the mosque. He looked at him. Thereupon he said: I used to recite verses when there was present in it the one who was better than you (i.e. the Prophet).

4997: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to setup a pulpit in the mosque for Hassan who would stand on it and satirise those who spoke against the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) would say: The spirit of holiness (i.e. Gabriel) is with Hassan so long as he speaks in defence of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh).

4999: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) finished the dawn prayer, he would ask: Did any of you have a dream last night? And he said: All that is left of Prophecy after me is a good vision.

5002: Narrated AbuRazin:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: The vision flutters over a man as long as it is not interpreted , but when it is interpreted, it settles. And I think he said: Tell it only to one who loves (i.e. friend) or one who has judgment.

5007: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: One night it seemed to me in a dream that we were in the house of Uqbah ibn Rafi’ and were brought some of the fresh dates of Ibn tab. I interpreted it as meaning that to us is granted eminence (rif’ah) in this world, a blessed hereafter (‘aqibah), and that our religion has been good (tabah).

5011: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) sneezed, he placed his hand or a garment on his mouth, and lessened the noise. The transmitter Yahya is doubtful about the exact words khafada or ghadda (lessened). 

5013: Narrated Salim ibn Ubayd:
Hilal ibn Yasar said: We were with Salim ibn Ubayd when a man from among the people sneezed and said: Peace be upon you. Salim said: And upon you and your mother. Later he said: Perhaps you found something (annoying) in what I said to you. He said: I wished you would not mention my mother with good or evil. He said: I have just said to you what the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said.

We were in the presence of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) when a man from among the people sneezed, saying: Peace be upon you! The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: And upon you and your mother. He then said: When one of you sneezes, he should praise Allah. He further mentioned some attributes (of Allah), saying: The one who is with him should say to him: Allah have mercy on you, and he should reply to them: Allah forgive us and you.

5014: Narrated Salim ibn Ubayd alAshja’i:
The tradition mentioned above (No. 5013) has also been mentioned by Salim ibn Ubayd al−Ashja’i to the same effect from the Prophet (pbuh) through a different chain of narrators.

5016: Narrated AbuHurayrah: Respond three times to your brother when he sneezes, and if he sneezes more often, he has a cold in his head.

5018: Narrated Ubayd ibn Rifa’ah azZuraqi:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Invoke a blessing on one who sneezes three times; (and if he sneezes more often), then if you wish to invoke a blessing on him, you may invoke, and if you wish (to stop), then stop.

5020: Narrated AbuBurdah:
The Jews used to try to sneezes in the presence of the Prophet (pbuh) hoping that he would say to them: “Allah have mercy on you!” but he would say: May Allah guide you and grant you well−being!

5022: Narrated Tikhfat alGhifari:
Ya’ish ibn Tikhfat al−Ghifari said: My father was one of the people in the Suffah. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Come with us to the house of Aisha. So we went and he said: Give us food, Aisha. She brought hashishah and we ate. He then said: Give us food, Aisha. She then brought haysah as small in quantity as a pigeon and we ate. He then said: Give us something to drink, Aisha. So she brought a bowl of milk, and we drank. Again he said: Give us something to drink, Aisha.

She then brought a small cup and we drank. He then said: If you wish, you may spend the night (here), or if you wish, you may go to the mosque. He said: While I was lying on my stomach because of pain in the lung, a man began to shake me with his foot and then said: This is a method of lying which Allah hates. I looked and saw that he was the Apostle of Allah (pbuh).

5023: Narrated Ali ibn Shayban: The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone spends the night on the roof of a house with no stone palisade, Allah’s responsibility to guard him no longer applies.

5024: Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If a Muslim sleeps while remembering Allah, in the state of purification, is alarmed while asleep at night, and asks Allah for good in this world and in the Hereafter. He surely gives it to him. Thabit al−Bunani said: AbuZabyah came to visit us and he transmitted this tradition to us from Mu’adh ibn Jabal from the Prophet (pbuh). Thabit said: So and so said: I tried my best to utter these (prayers) when I got up, but I could not do.

5026: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
Some relative of Umm Salamah said: The bed of the Prophet (pbuh) was set as a man is laid in his grave; the mosque was towards his head.

5027: Narrated Hafsah, Ummul Mu’minin:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) wanted to go to sleep, he put his right hand under his cheek and would then say three times: O Allah, guard me from Thy punishment on the day when Thou raisest up Thy servants.

5034: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to say when he lay down: O Allah, I seek refuge in Thy noble Person and in Thy perfect Words from the evil of what Thou seizest by its forelock; O Allah! Thou removest debt and sin; O Allah! thy troop’s not routed, Thy promise is not broken and the riches of the rich do not avail against Thee. Glory and praise be unto Thee!.

5036: Narrated AbulAzhar alAnmari:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) went to his bed at night, he would say: in the name of Allah, I have laid down my side for Allah. O Allah! forgive me my sin, drive away my devil, free me from my responsibility, and place me in the highest assembly.

5037: Narrated Nawfal: The Prophet (pbuh) said to Nawfal: Say , O infidels! and then sleep at its end, for it is a declaration of freedom from polytheism.

5039: Narrated Irbad ibn Sariyah:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to recite al−Musabbihat before going to sleep, and say: They contain a verse which is better than a thousand verses.

5040: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) went to his bed, he would say: Praise be to Allah Who has given me sufficiency, has guarded me, given me food and drink, been most gracious to me, and given to me most lavishly. Praise be to Allah in every circumstance. O Allah! Lord and King of everything, God of everything, I seek refuge in Thee from Hell.

5041: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone lies on his side where he does not remember Allah, deprivation will descend on him on the Day of Resurrection; and if anyone sits in a place where he does not remember Allah, deprivation will descend on him on the Day of Resurrection.

5043: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) awake at night, he said: There is no god but thou, glory be to Thee, O Allah, I ask Thy pardon for my sin and I ask Thee for Thy mercy. O Allah! advance me in knowledge: do not cause my heart to deviate (from guidance) after Thou hast guided me, and grant me mercy from thyself; verily thou art the grantor.

5046: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The tradition (No 5045, about Tasbih Fatimah) has been transmitted by Ali to the same effect through a different chain of narrators. This version adds: Ali said: I did not leave them (Tasbih Fatimah) since I heard them from the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) except on the night of Siffin, for I remembered them towards the end of the night and then I uttered them.

5047: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: There are two qualities or characteristics which will not be returned by any Muslim without his entering Paradise. While they are easy, those who act upon them are few. One should say: “Glory be to Allah” ten times after every prayer, “Praise be to Allah” ten times and “Allah is Most Great” ten times. That is a hundred and fifty on the tongue, but one thousand and five hundred on the scale.

When he goes to bed, he should say: “Allah is Most Great” thirty−four times, “Praise be to Allah” thirty−three times, and Glory be to Allah thirty−three times, for that is a hundred on the tongue and a thousand on the scale. (He said:) I saw the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) counting them on his hand. The people asked: Apostle of Allah! How is it that while they are easy, those who act upon them are few? He replied: The Devil comes to one of you when he goes to bed and he makes him sleep, before he utters them, and he comes to him while he is engaged in prayer and calls a need to his mind before he utters them.

5049: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
AbuBakr as−Siddiq said: Apostle of Allah! command me something to say in the morning and in the evening. He said: Say “O Allah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, Who knowest the unseen and the seen, Lord and Possessor of everything. I testify that there is no god but Thee; I seek refuge in Thee from the evil within myself, from the evil of the devil, and his (incitement to) attributing partners (to Allah).” He said: Say this in the morning.

5050: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) used to say in the morning: “O Allah, by Thee we come to the morning, by Thee we come to the evening, by Thee are we resurrected.” In the evening he would say: “O Allah, by Thee we come to the evening, by Thee we die, and to Thee are we resurrected.”

5051: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone says in the morning or in the evening: “O Allah! In the morning we call Thee, the bearers of Thy Throne, Thy angels and all Thy creatures to witness that thou art Allah (God) than Whom alone there is no god, and that Muhammad is Thy Servant and Apostle,” Allah will emancipate his fourth from Hell; if anyone says twice, Allah will emancipate his half; if anyone says it thrice, Allah will emancipate three−fourth; and if he says four times, Allah will emancipate him from Hell.

5052: Narrated Buraydah ibn alHasib:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone says in the morning or in the evening: “O Allah! Thou art my Lord; there is no god but Thee, Thou hast created me, and I am Thy servant and hold to Thy covenant and promise as much as I can; I seek refuge in Thee from the evil of what I have done: I acknowledge Thy favour to me, and I acknowledge my sin; pardon me, for none but Thee pardons sins, and dies during the daytime or during the night.” he will go to Paradise.

5054: Narrated A man:
AbuSallam told that he was in the mosque of Hims. A man passed him and the people said about him that he served the Prophet (pbuh). He (AbuSallam) went to him and said: Tell me any tradition which you heard from the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and there were no man between him and you. He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: If anyone says in the morning and in the evening: “I am pleased with Allah as Lord, with Islam as religion, with Muhammad as Prophet,” Allah will certainly please him.

5055: Narrated Abdullah ibn Ghannam:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone says in the morning: “O Allah! whatever favour has come to me, it comes from Thee alone Who has no partner; to Thee praise is due and thanksgiving,’! he will have expressed full thanksgiving for the day; and if anyone says the same in the evening, he will have expressed full thanksgiving for the night.

5056: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) never failed to utter these supplications in the evening and in the morning: O Allah, I ask Thee for security in this world and in the Hereafter: O Allah! I ask Thee for forgiveness and security in my religion and my worldly affairs, in my family and my property; O Allah! conceal my fault or faults (according to Uthman’s version), and keep me safe from the things which I fear; O Allah! Guard me in front of me and behind me, on my right hand and on my left, and from above me: and I seek in Thy greatness from receiving unexpected harm from below me.” AbuDawud said: Waki’ said: That is to say, swallowing by the earth.

5057: Narrated Daughter of the Prophet:
AbdulHamid, a client of Banu Hashim, said that his mother who served some of the daughters of the Prophet (pbuh) told him that one of the daughters of the Prophet (pbuh) said that the Prophet (pbuh) used to teach her saying: Say in the morning: Glory be to Allah, and I begin with praise of Him; there is no power but in Allah ; what Allah wills comes to pass and what He does not will does not come to pass; I know that Allah is Omnipotent and that Allah has comprehended everything in knowledge” ; for whoever says it in the morning will be guarded till the evening, and whoever says it in the evening will be guarded till the morning.

5058: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone repeats in the morning: “So glory be to Allah in the evening and in the morning; to Him is the praise in the heavens and the earth, and in the late evening and at noon….thus shall you be brought forth, ” he will get that day what he has missed; and if anyone repeats these words in the evening he will get that night what he has missed. Ar−Rabi’ transmitted it from al−Layth.

5059: Narrated AbuAyyash:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: If anyone says in the morning: “There is no god but Allah alone Who has no partner; to Him belong the dominions, to Him praise is due, and He is Omnipotent,” he will have a reward equivalent to that for setting free a slave from among the descendants of Isma’il. He will have ten good deeds recorded for him, ten evil deeds deducted from him, he will be advanced ten degrees, and will be guarded from the Devil till the evening. If he says them in the evening, he will have a similar recompense till the morning. The version of Hammad says: A man saw the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) in a dream and said: Apostle of Allah! AbuAyyash is relating such and such on your authority. He said: AbuAyyash has spoken the truth.

5060: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone says in the morning: “O Allah! in the morning we call Thee, the bearers of Thy Throne, Thy angels, and all Thy creatures to witness that Thou art Allah than Whom there is no god, Thou being alone and without a partner, and that Muhammad is Thy servant and Thy Apostle,” Allah will forgive him any sins that he commits that day; and if he repeats them in the evening. Allah will forgive him any sins he commits that night.

5061: Narrated Muslim atTamimi:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) told him secretly: When you finish the sunset prayer, say: ‘O Allah, protect me from Hell” seven times; for if you say that and die that night, protection from it would be recorded for you; and when you finish the dawn prayer, say it in a similar way, for if you die that day, protection from it would be recorded for you. AbuSa’id told me that al−Harith said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said this to us secretly, so we confine it to our brethren.

5062: Narrated Muslim ibn alHarith ibn Muslim atTamimi:
A similar tradition (to No. 5061) has been transmitted by Muslim ibn al−Harith ibn Muslim at−Tamimi on the authority of his father from the Prophet (pbuh) through a different chain of narrators, up to “protection from it”. But this version says: “before speaking to anyone”. In this version Ali ibn Sahl said that his father told him. Ali and Ibn al−Musaffa said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) sent us on an expedition.

When we reached the place of attack, I galloped my horse and outstripped my companions, and the people of that locality received me with a great noise. I said to them: Say “There is no god but Allah,” and you will be protected. They said this. My companions blamed me, saying: You deprived us of the booty. When we came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), they told him what I had done. So he called me, appreciating what I had done, and said: Allah has recorded for you so and so (a reward) for every man of them.

AbdurRahman said: I forgot the reward. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then said: I shall write a will for you after me. He did this and stamped it, and gave it to me, saying….He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect. Ibn al−Musaffa said: I heard al−Harith ibn Muslim ibn al−Harith at−Tamimi transmitting it from his father.

5064: Narrated Abdullah ibn Khubayb:
We went out one rainy and intensely dark night to look for the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) to lead us in prayer, and when we found him, he asked: Have you prayed?, but I did not say anything. So he said: Say, but I did not say anything. He again said: Say, but I did not say anything. He then said: Say. So I said: What am I to say? He said: Say: “Say, He is Allah, One,” and al−Mu’awwadhatan thirty three times in the morning and evening; they will serve you for every purpose.

5065: Narrated AbuMalik:
The people asked: Tell us a word which we repeat in the morning, evening and when we rise. So he commanded us to say: “O Allah! Creator of Heavens and Earth; Knower of all that is hidden and open; Thou art the Lord of everything; the angels testify that there is no god but Thee, for we seek refuge in Thee from the evil within ourselves, from the evil of the Devil accused and from the evil of his suggestion about partnership with Allah, and that we earn sin for ourselves or drag it to a Muslim.”

AbuDawud said: And through the same chain of transmitters the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: When one rises in the morning, one should say: “We have reached the morning, and in the morning the dominion belongs to Allah, the Lord of the universe. O Allah! I ask Thee for the good this day contains, for conquest, victory, light, blessing and guidance during it; and I seek refuge in Thee from the evil it contains and the evil contained in what comes after it.” In the evening he should say the equivalent.

5066: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Shariq al−Hawzani and I came to Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) and asked her: By which (prayer) the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) began when he woke up at night? She replied: You asked me about a thing which no one asked me before. When he woke up at night, he uttered: “Allah is Most Great” ten times, and uttered “Praise be to Allah” ten times, and said “Glory be to Allah and I begin with His praise” ten times, and said: “Glory be to the King, the Most Holy” ten times, and asked Allah’s pardon ten times, and said: “There is no god but Allah” ten times, and then said: “O Allah! I seek refuge in Thee from the strait of the Day of resurrection,” ten times. He then began the prayer.

5068: Narrated AbuDharr:
If anyone says in the morning: “O Allah! whatever oath I take, whatever word I speak, and whatever vow I take, Thine will precedes all that: whatever Thou willeth, occurs, and whatever Thou dost not will, dost not occur. O Allah! pardon me and disregard me for it. O Allah! Whomsoever Thou sendest thine blessing, to him my blessing is due, and whomsoever thou cursest, to him my curse is due, ” exemption from it will be granted to him that day.

5069: Narrated Uthman ibn Affan:
Aban ibn Uthman said: I heard Uthman ibn Affan (his father) say: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: If anyone says three times: “In the name of Allah, when Whose name is mentioned nothing on Earth or in Heaven can cause harm, and He is the Hearer, the Knower” he will not suffer sudden affliction till the morning, and if anyone says this in the morning, he will not suffer sudden affliction till the evening. Aban was afflicted by some paralysis and when a man who heard the tradition began to look at him, he said to him: Why are you looking at me? I swear by Allah, I did not tell a lie about Uthman, nor did Uthman tell a lie about the Prophet (pbuh), but that day when I was afflicted by it, I became angry and forgot to say them.

5071: Narrated AbuBakrah:
AbdurRahman ibn AbuBakrah said that he told his father: O my father! I hear you supplicating every morning: “O Allah! Grant me health in my body. O Allah! Grant me good hearing. O Allah! Grant me good eyesight. There is no god but Thou.” You repeat them three times in the morning and three times in the evening. He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) using these words as a supplication and I like to follow his practice.

The transmitter, Abbas, said in this version: And you say: “O Allah! I seek refuge in Thee from infidelity and poverty. O Allah! I seek refuge in Thee from punishment in the grave. There is no god but Thee”. You repeat them three times in the morning and three times in the evening, and use them as a supplication. I like to follow his practice. He said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: The supplications to be used by one who is distressed are: “O Allah! Thy mercy is what I hope for. Do not abandon me to myself for an instant, but put all my affairs in good order for me. There is no god but Thou.” Some transmitters added more than others.

5073: Narrated Qatadah:
When the Prophet of Allah (pbuh) saw the new moon, he said: “a new moon of good and right guidance; a new moon of good and right guidance; a new moon of good and right guidance. I believe in Him Who created you” three times. He would then say: “Praise be to Allah Who has made such and such a month to pass and has brought such and such a month.”

5074: Narrated Qatadah: When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) saw the new moon, he turned away his face from it.

5075: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:

The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) never went out of my house without raising his eye to the sky and saying: “O Allah! I seek refuge in Thee lest I stray or be led astray, or slip or made to slip, or cause injustice, or suffer injustice, or do wrong, or have wrong done to me.”

5076: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: When a man goes out of his house and says: “In the name of Allah, I trust in Allah; there is no might and no power but in Allah,” the following will be said to him at that time: “You are guided, defended and protected.” The devils will go far from him and another devil will say: How can you deal with a man who has been guided, defended and protected?

5077: Narrated AbuMalik AlAsh’ari:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: When a man goes into his house, he should say: “O Allah! I ask Thee for good both when entering and when going out; in the name of Allah we have entered, and in the name of Allah we have gone out, and in Allah or Lord do we trust.” He should then greet his family.

5078: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: The wind comes from Allah’s mercy. Salamah’s version has: It is Allah’s mercy; it (sometimes) brings blessing and (sometimes) brings punishment. So when you see it, do not revile it, but ask Allah for some of its good, and seek refuge in Allah from its evil.

5080: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
When the Prophet (pbuh) saw a cloud formation in the sky, he left work, even if he were at prayer, and then would say: “O Allah! I seek refuge in Thee from its evil. ” If it rained, he would say: “O Allah! send a beneficial downpour.”

5082: Narrated Zayd ibn Khalid: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Do not curse the cock, for it awakens for prayer.

5084: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When you hear the barking of dogs and the braying of asses at night, seek refuge in Allah, for they see which you do not see.

5085: Narrated Ali ibn Umar ibn Husayn ibn Ali:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) as saying: Do not go out much when there are few people about , for Allah the Exalted scatters abroad of His beasts in that hour (according to Ibn Marwan’s version). Ibn Marwan’s version has: For Allah has creatures. He then mentioned the barking of dogs and braying of asses in a similar manner. He added in his version: Ibn al−Had said: Shurahbil ibn al−Hajib told me on the authority of Jabir ibn Abdullah from the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) similar to it.

5086: Narrated AbuRafi’: I saw the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) uttering the call to prayer (Adhan) in the ear of al−Hasan ibn Ali when Fatimah gave birth to him.

5087: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Boys used to be brought to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), and he would invoke blessings on them. Yusuf added: “and soften some dates and rub their palates with them”. He did not mention “blessings”.

5088: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to me: Have the mugharribun been seen (or some other word) among you? I asked: What do the mugharribun mean? He replied: They are those in whom is a strain of the jinn.

5089: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone asks (you) for refuge for the sake of Allah, give him refuge; and if anyone asks you (for something) for the pleasure of Allah, give him. Ubaydullah said: If anyone asks you for the sake of Allah.

5091: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
AbuZumayl said: I asked Ibn Abbas, saying: What is that I find in my breast? He asked: What is it? I replied: I swear by Allah, I cannot speak about it. He asked me: Is it something doubtful? and he laughed. He then said: No one could escape that, until Allah, the exalted, revealed: “If thou went in doubt as to what we have revealed unto thee, and ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee.” He said: If you find something in your heart, say: He is the first and the Last, the Evident and the Immanent, and He has full knowledge of all things.

5093: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
A man came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah! one of us has thoughts of such nature that he would rather be reduced to charcoal than speak about them. He said: Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great, Allah is Most Great. Praise be to Allah Who has reduced the guile of the devil to evil prompting. Ibn Qudamah said “reduced his matter” instead of  reduced his guile”.

5097: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Allah, Most High, has removed from you the pride of the pre−Islamic period and its boasting in ancestors. One is only a pious believer or a miserable sinner. You are sons of Adam, and Adam came from dust. Let the people cease to boast about their ancestors. They are merely fuel in Jahannam; or they will certainly be of less account with Allah than the beetle which rolls dung with its nose.

5098: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: If anyone helps his people in an unrighteous cause, he is like a camel which falls into a well and is pulled out by its tail.

5100: Narrated Wathilah ibn al−Asqa’: I asked: Apostle of Allah! what is party spirit? He replied: That you should help your people in wrongdoing.

5101: Narrated Suraqah ibn Malik ibn Ju’sham al−Mudlaji: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave us an address and said: The best of you is the one who defends his tribe, so long as he commits no sin.

5104: Narrated AbuUqbah:
AbdurRahman ibn AbuUqbah quoted his father AbuUqbah who was a client from the people of Persia as saying: I was present at Uhud along with the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), and on smiting one of the polytheists I said: Take this from me who is the young Persian. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then turned to me and said: Why did you not say: Take this from me who is the young Ansari?

5105: Narrated Al−Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When a man loves his brother, he should tell him that he loves him.

Book 41, Number 5106: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
A man was with the Prophet (pbuh) and a man passed by him and said: Apostle of Allah! I love this man. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then asked: Have you informed him? He replied: No. He said: Inform him. He then went to him and said: I love you for Allah’s sake. He replied: May He for Whose sake you love me love you!

5109: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who is consulted is trustworthy.

5111: Narrated AbudDarda’: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Your love for a thing causes blindness and deafness.

5113: Narrated Mu’awiyah:
Make intercession, you will be rewarded, for I purposely delay a matter so that you intercede and then you are rewarded. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: If you make intercession, you will be rewarded.

5115: Narrated alAla’ ibn alHadrami:
Some of the children of al−Ala’ ibn al−Hadrami said: Al−Ala’ ibn al−Hadrami was the governor of the Prophet (pbuh) at al−Bahrayn, and when he wrote to him he began with his won name.

5117: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) wrote a letter to Heraclius: “From Muhammad, the Apostle of Allah, to Hiraql (Heraclius), Chief of the Byzantines. Peace be to those who follow the guidance.” Ibn Yahya reported on the authority of Ibn Abbas that AbuSufyan said to him: We then came to see Hiraql (Heraclius) who seated us before him. He then called for the letter from the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). Its contents were: “In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful, from Muhammad the Apostle of Allah, to Hiraql, chief of Byzantines. Peace be to those who follow the guidance. To proceed.”

5119: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
A woman was my wife and I loved her, but Umar hated her. He said to me: Divorce her, but I refused. Umar then went to the Prophet (pbuh) and mentioned that to him. The Prophet (pbuh) said: Divorce her.

5120: Narrated Mu’awiyah ibn Hayadah: I said:
Apostle of Allah! To whom should I show kindness? He replied: Your mother, next your mother, next your mother, and then comes your father, and then your relatives in order of relationship. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: If a man asks his slave whom he freed for giving him property which is surplus with him and he refuses to give it to him, the surplus property which he refused to give will be called on the Day of resurrection as a large bald snake.

5121: Narrated Bakr ibn alHarith alAnmari:
Bakr went to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah! To whom should I show kindness? He said: Your mother, your sister, your brother and the slave whom you set free and who is your relative, a due binding (on you), and a tie of relationship which should be joined.

5123: Narrated AbuUsayd Malik ibn Rabi’ah asSa’idi:
While we were with the Apostle of Allah! (pbuh) a man of Banu Salmah came to Him and said: Apostle of Allah is there any kindness left that I can do to my parents after their death? He replied: Yes, you can invoke blessings on them, forgiveness for them, carry out their final instructions after their death, join ties of relationship which are dependent on them, and honour their friends.

5125: Narrated AbutTufayl:
I saw the Prophet (pbuh) distributing flesh at Ji’irranah, and I was a boy in those days bearing the bone of the camel, and when a woman who came forward approach the Prophet (pbuh), he spreadout his cloak for her, and she sat on it. I asked: Who is she? The people said: She is his foster−mother.

5126: Narrated Umar ibn asSa’ib:
One day when the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was sitting, his foster−father came forward. He spread out of a part of his garment and he sit on it. Then his mother came forward to him and he spread out the other side of his garment and she sat on it. Again , his foster−brother came forward. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) stood for him and seated him before himself.

5127: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone has a female child, and does not bury her alive, or slight her, or prefer his children (i.e. the male ones) to her, Allah will bring him into Paradise. Uthman did not mention “male children”.

5128: Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone cares for three daughters, disciplines them, marries them, and does good to them, he will go to Paradise.

5130: Narrated Awf ibn Malik alAshja’i’:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: I and a woman whose cheeks have become black shall on the Day of Resurrection be like these two (pointing to the middle and forefinger), i.e. a woman of rank and beauty who has been bereft of her husband and devotes herself to her fatherless children till they go their separate ways or die.

5133: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
Mujahid said that Abdullah ibn Amr slaughtered a sheep and said: Have you presented a gift from it to my neighbour, the Jew, for I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: Gabriel kept on commending the neighbour to me so that I thought he would make an heir?

5137: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The last words which the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) spoke were: Prayer, prayer; fear Allah about those whom your right hands possess.

5142: Narrated AbuDharr:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Feed those of your slaves who please you from what you eat and clothe them with what you clothe yourselves, but sell those who do not please you and do not punish Allah’s creatures.

5143: Narrated Rafi’ ibn Makith: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Treating those under one’s authority will produce prosperity, but an evil nature produces evil fortune.

5144: Narrated Rafi’ ibn Makith: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Treating those under one’s authority well produces prosperity, but an evil nature produces evil fortune.

5145: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
A man came to the Prophet (pbuh) and asked: Apostle of Allah! how often shall I forgive a servant? He gave no reply, so the man repeated what he had said, but he still kept silence. When he asked a third time, he replied: Forgive him seventy times daily.

5148: Narrated Mu’awiyah ibn Suwayd ibn Muqarrin:
I slapped a freed slave of ours. My father called him and me and said: Take retaliation on him. We, the people of Banu Muqarrin, were seven during the time of the Prophet (pbuh),and we had only a female servant. A man of us slapped her. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Set her free. They said: We have no other servant than her. He said: She must serve them till they become well off. When they become well off, they should set her free.

5151: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone corrupts (instigates) the wife of a man or his slave (against him), he is not from us.

5153: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone peeps into the house of a people without their permission and he knocks out his eye, no responsibility is incurred for his eye.

5154: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When one has a look into the house, then there is no (need of) permission.

5155: Narrated Huzayl:
A man came. Uthman’s version has: Sa’d ibn AbuWaqqas came. He stood at the door. Uthman’s version has: (He stood) facing the door. The Prophet (pbuh) said to him: Away from it, (stand) this side or that side. Asking permission is meant to escape from the look of an eye.

5157: Narrated Kaladah ibn Hanbal:
Safwan ibn Umayyah sent him with some milk, a young gazelle and some small cucumbers to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) when he was in the upper part of Mecca. I entered but I did not give a salutation. He said: Go back and say: “Peace be upon you”! This happened after Safwan ibn Umayyah and embraced Islam. Amr said: Ibn Safwan told me all this on the authority of Kaladah ibn Hanbal, and he did not say: I heard it from him.

5158: Narrated Rib’i:
A man of Banu Amir told that he asked the Prophet (pbuh) for permission (to enter the house) when he was in the house, saying: May I enter ? The Prophet (pbuh) said to his servant: Go out to this (man) and teach him how to ask permission to enter the house, and say to him: “Say : Peace be upon you. May I enter?” The man heard it and said: Peace be upon you! May I enter ? The Prophet (pbuh) permitted him and he entered.

5166: Narrated Qays ibn Sa’d: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came to visit us in our house, and said: “Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon him you!

5166a: Narrated Qays ibn Sa’d:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came to visit us in our house, and said: Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you! Sa’d returned the greeting in a lower tone. Qays said: I said: Do you not grant permission to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) to enter? He said: Leave him, he will give us many greetings. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then said: Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you! Sa’d again responded in a lower tone. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) again said: Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you! So the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) went away.

Sa’d went after him and said: Apostle of Allah! I heard your greetings and responded in a lower tone so that you might give us many greetings. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) returned with him. Sa’d then offered to prepare bath−water for him, and he took a bath. He then gave him a long wrapper dyed with saffron or wars and he wrapped himself in it. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then raised his hands and said: O Allah, bestow Thy blessings and mercy on the family of Sa’d ibn Ubadah! The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then shared their meals.

When he intended to return, Sa’d brought near him an ass which was covered with a blanket. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) mounted it. Sa’d said: O Qays, accompany the Apostle of Allah. Qays said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to me: Ride. But I refused. He again said: Either ride or go away. He said: So I went away. Hisham said: Abu Marwan (transmitted) from Muhammad ibn AbdurRahman ibn As’ad ibn Zurarah.

5167: Narrated Abdullah ibn Busr:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came to some people’s door, he did not face it squarely, but faced the right or left corner, and said: Peace be upon you! peace be upon you! That was because there were no curtains on the doors of the house at that time.

5169: Narrated Nafi’ ibn AbdulHarith:
I went out with the (Apostle of Allah (pbuh) until I entered a garden, he said: Keep on closing the door. The door was then closed. I then said: Who is there ? He then narrated the rest of the tradition.

5170: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: A man’s messenger sent to another indicates his permission to enter.

5171: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When one of you is invited to take meals and comes along with the messenger, that serves as permission for him to enter.

5173: Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:
Ikrimah said: A group of people from Iraq said: Ibn Abbas, what is your opinion about the verse in which we have been commanded whatever we have been commanded, but no one acts upon it? The word of Allah, Most High, reads: “O ye who believe! Let those whom your right hands possess, and the (children) among you, who have not come of age, ask your permission (before) they enter your presence on three occasions: before morning prayer, while you are undressing for the noonday heat, and after late−night prayer.

These are your three times of undress; outside those times it is not wrong for you or for them to move about.” Al−Qa’nabi recited the verse up to “full of knowledge and wisdom”. Ibn Abbas said: Allah is Most Clement and Most Merciful to the believers. He loves concealment. The people had neither curtains nor curtained canopies in their houses. Sometimes a servant, a child or a female orphan of a man entered while the man was having sexual intercourse with his wife. So Allah commanded them to ask permission in those times of undress. Then Allah brought them curtains and all good things. But I did not see anyone following it after that.

5176: Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:
A man came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: Peace be upon you! He responded to his salutation. He then sat down. The Prophet (pbuh) said: Ten. Another man came and said: Peace and Allah’s mercy be upon you! He responded to his salutation when he sat down. He said: Twenty. Another man came and said: Peace and Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon you! He responded to him and said when he sat down: and blessings be upon you! He responded to him and said when he sat down: Thirty.

5177: Narrated Mu’adh ibn Anas:
(This version is same as previous No 5176 from the Prophet (pbuh), adding that): Afterwards another man came and said: Peace and Allah’s mercy, blessings and forgiveness be upon you! whereupon he said: Forty. adding: Thus are excellent qualities rewarded. 

5178: Narrated AbuUmamah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Those who are nearest to Allah are they who are first to give a salutation.

5181: Narrated AbuHurayrah: When one of you meets his brother, he should salute him, then if he meets him again after a tree, wall or stone has come between them, he should also salute him.

5182: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: Umar came to the Prophet (pbuh) when he was in his wooden oriel, and said to him: Peace be upon you. Apostle of Allah, peace be upon you! May Umar enter ?

5183: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came to some children who were playing: He saluted them.

5184: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came to us when I was a boy among the boys. He saluted us and took me by my hand. He then sent me with some message. He himself sat in the shadow of a wall, or he said: near a wall until I returned to him. 

5186: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
Suhayl ibn AbuSalih said: I went out with my father to Syria. The people passed by the cloisters in which there were Christians and began to salute them. My father said: Do not give them salutation first, for AbuHurayrah reported the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) as saying: Do not salute them (Jews and Christians) first, and when you meet them on the road, force them to go to the narrowest part of it.

5187: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When one of the Jews greets you saying: Death may come upon you, reply: The same to you.

5189: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When one of you comes to an assembly, he should give a salutation and if he feels inclined to get up, he should give a salutation, for the former is not more of a duty than the latter.

5190: Narrated AbuJurayy al−Hujaymi: I came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: Upon you be peace, Apostle of Allah! He said: Do not say: Upon you be peace, for “Upon you be peace” is the salutation to the dead.

5191: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib: AbuDawud said: Al−Hasan ibn Ali traced this tradition back to the Prophet (pbuh): When people are passing by, it is enough if one of them gives a salutation on their behalf, and that it is enough for those who are sitting if one of them replies.

5192: Narrated Al−Bara’ ibn Azib: The Prophet (pbuh) said: If two Muslims meet, shake hands, praise Allah, and ask Him for forgiveness, they will be forgiven.

5193: Narrated Al−Bara’ ibn Azib: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Two Muslims will not meet and shake hands having their sins forgiven them before they separate.

5194: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: When the people of the Yemen came, the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: The people of the Yemen have come to you and they are first to shake hands.

5195: Narrated AbuDharr:
Ayyub ibn Bushayr ibn Ka’b al−Adawi quoted a man of Anazah who said that he asked AbuDharr when he left Syria: I wish to ask you about a tradition of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). He said: I shall tell you except that it is something secret. Did the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) shake hands with you when you met him? He replied: I never met him without his shaking hands with me. One day he sent for me when I was not at home. When I came I was informed that he had sent for me. I came to him and found him on a couch. He embraced me and that was better and better.

5198: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
I never saw anyone more like the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) in respect of gravity, calm deportment, pleasant disposition − according to al−Hasan’s version: in respect of talk and speech. Al−Hasan did not mention gravity, calm deportment, pleasant disposition − than Fatimah, may Allah honour her face. When she came to visit him (the Prophet) he got up to (welcome) her, took her by the hand, kissed her and made her sit where he was sitting; and when he went to visit her, she got up to (welcome) him, took him by the hand, kissed him, and made him sit where she was sitting.

5201: Narrated Ash−Sha’bi: The Prophet (pbuh) received Ja’far ibn AbuTalib, embraced him and kissed him between both of his eyes (forehead).

5202: Narrated AbuNadrah: Ilyas ibn Dighfal said: I saw AbuNadrah kissing on the cheek of al−Hasan.

5203: Narrated AlBara’ ibn Azib:
I went in with AbuBakr when he had newly come to Medina and he found his daughter Aisha lying down afflicted with fever. AbuBakr went to her, and saying: How are you, girlie? kissed her on the cheek.

5204: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: Ibn Umar told a story and said: We then came near the Prophet (pbuh) and kissed his hand.

5205: Narrated Usayd ibn Hudayr,:
AbdurRahman ibn AbuLayla, quoting Usayd ibn Hudayr, a man of the Ansar, said that while he was given to jesting and was talking to the people and making them laugh, the Prophet (pbuh) poked him under the ribs with a stick. He said: Let me take retaliation. He said: Take retaliation. He said: You are wearing a shirt but I am not. The Prophet (pbuh) then raised his shirt and the man embraced him and began to kiss his side. Then he said: This is what I wanted, Apostle of Allah!

5206: Narrated alWazi’ ibn Zari’:
Umm Aban, daughter of al−Wazi’ ibn Zari’, quoting his grandfather, who was a member of the deputation of AbdulQays, said: When we came to Medina, we raced to be first to dismount and kiss the hand and foot of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). But al−Mundhir al−Ashajj waited until he came to the bundle of his clothes. He put on his two garments and then he went to the Prophet (pbuh). He said to him: You have two characteristics which Allah likes: gentleness and deliberation. He asked: Have I acquired them or has Allah has created (them) my nature? He replied: No, Allah has created (them) in your nature. He then said: Praise be to Allah Who has created in my nature two characteristics which Allah and His Apostle like.

5207: Narrated AbuDharr: The Prophet (pbuh) addressed me, saying: O AbuDharr! I replied: At thy service and at thy pleasure, Apostle of Allah! may I be ransom for thee.

5208: Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:
In the pre−Islamic period we used to say: “May Allah make the eye happy for you,” and “Good morning” but when Islam came, we were forbidden to say that. AbdurRazzaq said on the authority of Ma’mar: It is disapproved that a man should say: “May Allah make the eye happy for you,” but there is no harm in saying: “May Allah make your eye happy.

5210: Narrated Mu’awiyah:
AbuMijlaz said: Mu’awiyah went out to Ibn az−Zubayr and Ibn Amir. Ibn Amir got up and Ibn az−Zubayr remained sitting. Mu’awiyah said to Ibn Amir: Sit down, for I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: Let him who likes people to stand up before him prepare his place in Hell.

5211: Narrated AbuUmamah:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came out to us leaning on a stick. We stood up to show respect to him. He said: Do not stand up as foreigners do for showing respect to one another.

5212: Narrated A man: Ghalib said:
When we were sitting at al−Hasan’s door, a man came along. He said: My father told me on the authority of my grandfather, saying: My father sent me to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and said: Go to him and give him a greeting. So I went to him and said: My father sends you a greeting. He said: Upon you and upon your father be peace.

5214: Narrated AbuAbdurRahman alFihri:
I was present with the Apostle of Allah at the battle of Hunayn. We travelled on a hot day when the heat was extreme. We halted under the shade of a tree. When the sun passed the meridian, I put on my coat of mail and rode on my horse. I came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) who was in a tent. I said: Peace, Allah’s mercy and His blessings be upon you! The time of departure has come.

He said: Yes. He then said: Rise, Bilal. He jumped out from beneath a gum−acacia tree and its shade was like that of a bird. He said: I am at your service and at your pleasure, and I make myself a sacrifice for you. He said: Put the saddle on the horse for me. He then took out a saddle, both sides of which were stuffed with palm−leaves; it showed no arrogance and pride. So he rode and we also rode. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition.

5215: Narrated Abbas ibn Mirdas: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) laughed AbuBakr or Umar said to him: May Allah make your teeth laugh! He then mentioned the tradition.

5216: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came upon us when my mother and I were plastering a wall of mine. He asked: What is this, Abdullah ? I replied: It is something I am repairing. He said! The matter is quicker for you than that.

5218: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came out, and on seeing a high−domed building, he said: What is it? His companions replied to him: It belongs to so and so, one of the Ansar. He said: he said nothing but kept the matter in mind. When its owner came and gave him a greeting among the people, he turned away from him. When he had done this several times, the man realised that he was the cause of the anger and the rebuff. So he complained about it to his companions, saying: I swear by Allah that I cannot understand the Apostle of Allah (pbuh).

They said: He went out and saw your domed building. So the man returned to it and demolished it, levelling it to the ground. One day the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) came out and did not see it. He asked: What has happened to the domed building? They replied: Its owner complained to us about your rebuff, and when we informed him about it, he demolished it. He said: Every building is a misfortune for its owner, except what cannot, except what cannot, meaning except that which is essential.

5219: Narrated Dukayn ibn Sa’id alMuzani:
We came to the Prophet (pbuh) and asked him for some corn. He said: Go, Umar, and give them. He ascended with us a room upstairs, took a key from his apartment and opened it.

5220: Narrated Abdullah ibn Habashi: The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone cuts the lote−tree, Allah brings him headlong into Hell.

5221: Narrated Hassan ibn Ibrahim:
I asked Hisham ibn Urwah about the cutting of a lote−tree when he was leaning against the house of Urwah. He said: Do you not see these doors and leaves? These were made of the lote−tree of Urwah which Urwah used to cut from his hand? He said: There is no harm in it. Humayd’s version adds: You have brought an innovation, O Iraqi! He said: The innovation is from you. I heard someone say at Mecca: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) cursed him who cuts a lote−tree. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect.

5222: Narrated Buraydah ibn alHasib:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: A human being has three hundred and sixty joints for each of which he must give alms. The people asked him: Who is capable of doing this ? He replied: It may be mucus in the mosque which you bury, and something which you remove from the road; but if you do not find such, two rak’ahs in the forenoon will be sufficient for you.

5223: Narrated AbuDharr:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: In the morning alms are due from every bone in man’s fingers and toes. Salutation to everyone he meets is alms; enjoining good is alms; forbidding what is disreputable is alms; removing what is harmful from the road is alms; having sexual intercourse with his wife is alms. The people asked: He fulfils his desire, Apostle of Allah; is it alms? He replied: Tell me if he fulfilled his desire where he had no right, would he commit a sin ? He then said: Two rak’ahs which one prays in the forenoon serve instead of all that.

5225: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: A man never did a good deed but removed a thorny branch from the road; it was either in the tree and someone cut it and threw it on the road, or it was lying in it, he removed it. Allah accepted this good deed of his and brought him into Paradise.

5228: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: We have not made peace with them since we fought with them, so he who leaves any of them alone through fear does not belong to us.

5229: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Kill all the snakes, and he who fears their revenge does not belong to me.

5230: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who leaves the snakes along through fear of their pursuit, does not belong to us. We have not made peace with them since we have fought with them.

5231: Narrated AlAbbas ibn AbdulMuttalib:
Al−Abbas said to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh): We wish to sweep out Zamzam, but in it there are some of these Jinnan, meaning small snakes; so the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) ordered that they should be killed.

5236: Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
Muhammad ibn AbuYahya said that his father told that he and his companion went to AbuSa’id al−Khudri to pay a sick visit to him. He said: Then we came out from him and met a companion of ours who wanted to go to him. We went ahead and sat in the mosque. He then came back and told us that he heard AbuSa’id al−Khudri say: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Some snakes are jinn; so when anyone sees one of them in his house, he should give it awarning three times. If it return (after that), he should kill it, for it is a devil.

5240: Narrated AbdurRahman Ibn AbuLayla:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was asked about the house−snakes. He said: When you see one of them in your dwelling, say: I adjure you by the covenant which Noah made with you, and I adjure you by the covenant which Solomon made with you not to harm us. Then if they come back, kill them.

5241: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: Kill all the snakes except the little white one which looks like a silver wand.

5243: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone kills a gecko with the first blow, such and such number of good deeds will be recorded for him, if he kills it with the second blow, such and such number of good deeds will be recorded for him less than the former; and if he kills it with the third blow, such and such number of good deeds will be recorded for him, less than the former.

5244: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: For the first blow seventy good deeds will be recorded.

5247: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet (pbuh) prohibited to kill four creatures: ants, bees, hoopoes, and sparrow−hawks.

5249: Narrated AbdurRahman ibn Uthman: When a physician consulted the Prophet (pbuh) about putting frogs in medicine, he forbade him to kill them.

5251: Narrated Umm Atiyyah alAnsariyyah:
A woman used to perform circumcision in Medina. The Prophet (pbuh) said to her: Do not cut severely as that is better for a woman and more desirable for a husband.

5252: Narrated AbuUsayd alAnsari:
AbuUsayd heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say when he was coming out of the mosque, and men and women were mingled in the road: Draw back, for you must not walk in the middle of the road; keep to the sides of the road. Then women were keeping so close to the wall that their garments were rubbing against it.

5253: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (pbuh) prohibited that one, i.e. man, should walk between two women.

Model Behavior of the Prophet – Kitab Al−Sunnah

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 40

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 40

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
The Book of  | Model Behavior of the Prophet – Kitab Al−Sunnah
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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Model Behavior of the Prophet |Kitab Al−Sunnah

4579: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The Jews were split up into seventy−one or seventy−two sects; and the Christians were split up into seventy one or seventy−two sects; and my community will be split up into seventy−three sects.

4582: Narrated Abu Dharr: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The best of the actions is to love for the sake of Allah and to hate for the sake of Allah.

4586: Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Controverting about the Qur’an is disbelief.

4587: Narrated AlMiqdam ibn Ma’dikarib: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Beware! I have been given the Qur’an and something like it, yet the time is coming when a man replete on his couch will say: Keep to the Qur’an; what you find in it to be permissible treat as permissible, and what you find in it to be prohibited treat as prohibited. Beware!

The domestic ass, beasts of prey with fangs, a find belonging to confederate, unless its owner does not want it, are not permissible to you If anyone comes to some people, they must entertain him, but if they do not, he has a right to mulct them to an amount equivalent to his entertainment.

4588: Narrated AbuRafi’: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Let me not find one of you reclining on his couch when he hears something regarding me which I have commanded or forbidden and saying: We do not know. What we found in Allah’s Book we have followed.

4590: Narrated Irbad ibn Sariyah: Abdur-Rahman ibn Amr as−Sulami and Hujr ibn Hujr said: We came to Irbad ibn Sariyah who was among those about whom the following verse was revealed: “Nor (is there blame) on those who come to thee to be provided with mounts, and when thou saidst: “I can find no mounts for you.”

We greeted him and said: We have come to see you to give healing and obtain benefit from you. Al−Irbad said: One day the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) led us in prayer, then faced us and gave us a lengthy exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts were afraid.

A man said: Apostle of Allah! It seems as if it were a farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us? He then said: I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it be an Abyssinian slave, for those of you who live after me will see great disagreement.

You must then follow my sunnah and that of the rightly−guided caliphs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, for every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation is an error.

4615: Narrated Abu Hurayrah: A man came to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and said: I saw (in my dream) a piece of cloud from which ghee and honey were dropping. I saw the people spreading their hands. Some of them took much and some a little.

I also saw a rope hanging from Heaven to Earth. I saw, Apostle of Allah, that you caught hold of it and ascended by it. Then another man caught hold of it and ascended it. Then another man caught hold of it and ascended it.

Then another man caught hold of it, but it broke, and then it was joined and he ascended it. AbuBakr said: May my parents be sacrificed for you, if you allow, I shall interpret it. He said: Interpret it. He said: The piece of cloud is the cloud of Islam; the ghee and honey that were dropping from it are the Qur’an, which contains softness and sweetness. Those who received much or little of it are those who learn much or little of the Qur’an.

The rope hanging from Heaven to Earth is the truth which you are following. You catch hold of it and then Allah will raise you to Him. Then another man will catch hold of it and ascend it, Then another man will catch hold of it and it will break.

But it will be joined and he will ascend it. Tell me. Apostle of Allah, whether I am right or wrong. He said: You are partly right and partly wrong. He said: I adjure you by Allah, you should tell me where I am wrong. The Prophet (pbuh) said: Do not take an oath.

4617: Narrated AbuBakrah: One day the Prophet (pbuh) said: Which of you had dream? A man said: It is I. I saw as though a scale descended from the sky. You and AbuBakr were weighed and you were heavier; AbuBakr and Umar were weighed and AbuBakr was heavier: Umar and Uthman were weighed and Umar was heavier; than the scale was taken up. we saw signs of  dislike on the face of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh).

4629: Narrated Safinah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The Caliphate of Prophecy will last thirty years; then Allah will give the Kingdom of His Kingdom to anyone He wills.

4631: Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl: Abdullah ibn Zalim al−Mazini said: I heard Sa’id ibn Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl say: When so and so came to Kufah, and made so and so stand to address the people, Sa’id ibn Zayd caught hold of my hand and said: Are you seeing this tyrant? I bear witness to the nine people that they will go to Paradise. If I testify to the tenth too, I shall not be sinful.

I asked: Who are the nine? He said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said when he was on Hira’: Be still, Hira’, for only a Prophet, or an ever−truthful, or a martyr is on you. I asked: Who are those nine? He said: The Apostle of Allah, AbuBakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Talhah, az−Zubayr, Sa’d ibn AbuWaqqas and AbdurRahman ibn Awf. I asked: Who is the tenth? He paused a moment and said: it is I.

4632: Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd: AbdurRahman ibn al−Akhnas said that when he was in the mosque, a man mentioned Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). So Sa’id ibn Zayd got up and said: I bear witness to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) that I heard him say:

Ten persons will go to Paradise:

  1. The Prophet (pbuh) will go to Paradise,
  2. Abu Bakr will go to Paradise,
  3. Umar will go to Paradise,
  4. Uthman will go to Paradise,
  5. Ali will go to Paradise,
  6. Talhah will go to Paradise:
  7. az−Zubayr ibn al−Awwam will go to paradise,
  8. Sa’d ibn Malik will go to Paradise, and
  9. AbdurRahman ibn Awf will go to Paradise.

If I wish, I can mention the tenth. The People asked: Who is he: So he kept silence. The again asked: Who is he: He replied:

He is Sa’id ibn Zayd.

4633: Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl: Rabah ibn al−Harith said: I was sitting with someone in the mosque of Kufah while the people of Kufah were with him. Then Sa’id ibn Zayd ibn Amr ibn Nufayl came and he welcomed him, greeted him, and seated him near his foot on the throne. Then a man of the inhabitants of Kufah, called Qays ibn Alqamah, came. He received him and began to abuse him.

Sa’id asked:  Whom is this man abusing? He replied: He is abusing Ali. He said: Don’t I see that the companions of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) are being abused, but you neither stop it nor do anything about it? I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say−−and I need not say for him anything which he did not say, and then he would ask me tomorrow when I see him Abu Bakr will go to Paradise and Umar will go to Paradise. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect (as in No. 4632). He then said: The company of one of their man whose face has been covered with dust by the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) is better than the actions of one of you for a whole life time even if he is granted the life−span of Noah.

4635: Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Gabriel came and taking me by the hand showed the gate of Paradise by which my people will enter. AbuBakr then said: Apostle of Allah! I wish I had been with you so that I might have looked at it. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then said: You, AbuBakr, will be the first of my people to enter Paradise.

4639: Narrated Umar ibn alKhattab: Al−Aqra’, the mu’adhdhin (announcer) of Umar ibn al−Khattab said: Umar sent me to a bishop and I called him. Umar said to him: Do you find me in the Book? He said: Yes. He asked: How do you find me? He said: I find you (like a) castle. Then he raised a whip to him, saying: What do you mean by castle? He replied: An iron castle and severely trustworthy. He asked: How do you find the one who will come after me? He said: I find him a pious caliph, except that he will prefer his relatives.

Umar said: May Allah have mercy on Uthman: He said it three times. He then asked: How do you find the one who will come after him? He replied: I find him like rusty iron. Umar then put his hand on his head, and said: O filthy! O filthy! He said: Commander of the Faithful! He is a pious caliph, but when he is made caliph, the sword will be unsheathed and blood will be shed.

4643: Narrated Abdullah ibn Zam’ah: When the illness of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) became serious while I was with him among a group of people, Bilal called him for prayer. He said: Ask someone to lead the people in prayer. So Abdullah ibn Zam’ah went out and found that Umar was present among the people and AbuBakr was not there.

I said: Umar, get up and lead the people in prayer. So he came forward and uttered “Allah is Most Great”. When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) heard his voice, as Umar had a loud voice, he said: Where is AbuBakr? Allah does not allow that, and the Muslims too; Allah does not allow that, and the Muslims too. So he sent for AbuBakr. He came after Umar had led the people in that prayer. He then led the people in prayer.

4645: Narrated Abu Bakrah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to al−Hasan ibn Ali. This son of mine is a Sayyid (chief), and I hope Allah may reconcile two parties of my community by means of him. Hammad’s version has: And perhaps Allah may reconcile two large parties of Muslims by means of him.

4646: Narrated Hudhayfah: There is no one who will be overtaken by trial regarding whom I do not fear except Muhammad ibn Maslamah, for I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: Trial will not harm you.

4664: Narrated Abu Umamah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone loves for Allah’s sake, hates for Allah’s sake, gives for Allah’s sake and withholds for Allah’s sake, he will have perfect faith.

4665: Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The most perfect believer in respect of faith is he who is best of them in manners.

4673: Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: When a man commits fornication, faith departs from him and there is something like a canvas roof over his head; and when he quits that action, faith returns to him.

4674: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The Qadariyyah are the Magians of this community. If they are ill, do not pay a sick visit to them, and if they die, do not attend their funerals.

4681: Narrated Abu Dharr; Abu Hurayrah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to sit among his Companions. A stranger would come, but did recognise him (the Prophet) until he asked (about him). So we asked the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) to make a place where he might take his seat so that when a stranger came, he might recognise him. So we built a terrace of soil on which he would take his seat, and we would sit beside him. He then mentioned something similar to this Hadith saying: A man came, and he described his appearance. He saluted from the side of the assembly, saying: Peace be upon you, Muhammad. The Prophet (pbuh) then responded to him.

4686: Narrated Umar ibn alKhattab: Muslim ibn Yasar al−Juhani said: When Umar ibn al−Khattab was asked about the verse “When your Lord took their offspring from the backs of the children of Adam” − al−Qa’nabi recited the verse−−he said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say when he was questioned about it: Allah created Adam, then passed His right hand over his back, and brought forth from it his offspring, saying: I have these for Paradise and these will do the deeds of those who go to Paradise. He then passed His hand over his back and brought forth from it his offspring, saying: I have created these for Hell, and they will do the deeds of those who go to Hell.

A man asked: What is the good of doing anything, Apostle of Allah? The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: When Allah creates a servant for Paradise, He employs him in doing the deeds of those who will go to Paradise, so that his final action before death is one of the deeds of those who go to Paradise, for which He will bring him into Paradise. But when He creates a servant for Hell, He employs him in doing the deeds of those who will go to Hell, so that his final action before death is one of the deeds of those who go to Hell, for which He will bring him into Hell.

4704: Narrated Abu Hurayrah: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: He then mentioned a tradition like it. This version adds: When they propound that, say: “Say Allah is one. Allah is He to Whom men repair. He has not begotten and He has not been begotten, and no one is equal to Him.” Then one should spit three times on his left side and seek refuge in Allah from Satan.

4705: Narrated AlAbbas ibn Abdul-Muttalib: I was sitting in al−Batha with a company among whom the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was sitting, when a cloud passed above them. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) looked at it and said: What do you call this? They said: Sahab. He said: And muzn? They said: And muzn. He said: And anan? They said: And anan. AbuDawud said: I am not quite confident about the word anan. He asked: Do you know the distance between Heaven and Earth? They replied: We do not know.

He then said: The distance between them is seventy−one, seventy−two, or seventy−three years. The heaven which is above it is at a similar distance (going on till he counted seven heavens). Above the seventh heaven there is a sea, the distance between whose surface and bottom is like that between one heaven and the next. Above that there are eight mountain goats the distance between whose hoofs and haunches is like the distance between one heaven and the next. Then Allah, the Blessed and the Exalted, is above that.

4713: Narrated Abu Razin alUqayli: I asked: Apostle of Allah! Will each one of us see his Lord? Ibn Mu’adh’s version has: “being alone with Him, on the Day of Resurrection? And what sign is there is His creation?” He replied: AbuRazin! does each one of you not see the moon? Ibn Mu’adh’s version has: “on the night when it is full, being alone with it?” Then the agreed version goes: I said: Yes. He said: Allah is more great. Ibn Mu’adh’s version has: It is only part of Allah’s creation, but Allah is more glorious and greater.

4716: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) presented himself to the people at Arafat, saying: Is there any man who takes me to his people? The Quraysh have prevented me from preaching the word of my Lord.

4721: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: The Prophet (pbuh) said: My intercession will be for those of my people who have committed major sins.

4724: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The trumpet (sur) which will be blown.

4726: Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: When Allah created Paradise, He said to Gabriel: Go and look at it. He went and looked at it, then came and said: O my Lord! By Thy might, no one who hears of it will fail to enter it. He then surrounded it with disagreeable things, and said: Go and look at it, Gabriel.

He went and looked at it, then came and said: O my Lord! By Thy might, I am afraid that no one will enter it. When Allah created Hell, He said: Go and look at it, Gabriel. He went and looked at it, then came and said: O my Lord! By Thy might, no one who hears of it will enter it. He then surrounded it with desirable things and said: Go and look at it, Gabriel. He went, looked at it, then came and said: O my Lord! By Thy might and power, I am afraid that no one will remain who does not enter it.

4728: Narrated Zayd ibn Arqam: We were with the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). He said when we arrived at a halting place: You are not a hundred thousandth part of those who will come down to me at the pond. I (the narrator AbuHamzah) asked: What was your number that day? He replied: Seven or eight hundred.

4730: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: When the Prophet of Allah (pbuh) was lifted to the heavens (for travelling) in Paradise, or as he said, a river whose banks were of transparent or hollowed pearls was presented to him. The angel who was with him struck it with his hand and took out musk. Muhammad (pbuh) then asked the angel who was with him: What is this? He replied: It is al−Kawthar which Allah has given you.

4731: Narrated Abu Barzah: Abdus-Salam ibn AbuHazim AbuTalut said: I saw Abu Barzah who came to visit Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad. Then a man named Muslim who was there in the company mentioned it to me. When Ubaydullah saw him, he said: This Muhammad of yours is a dwarf and fat. The old man (i.e. AbuBarzah) understood it. So he said: I did not think that I should remain among people who would make me feel ashamed of the company of Muhammad (pbuh).

Thereupon Ubaydullah said: The company of Muhammad (pbuh) is a honour for you, not a disgrace. He added: I called for you to ask about the reservoir. Did you hear the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) mentioning anything about it? AbuBarzah said: Yes, not once, twice, thrice, four times or five times. If anyone believes it, may Allah not supply him with water from it. He then went away angrily.

4735: Narrated AlBara’ ibn Azib: We went out with the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) accompanying the bier of a man of the Ansar. When we reached his grave, it was not yet dug. So the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) sat down and we also sat down around him as if birds were over our heads. He had in his hand a stick with which he was scratching the ground. He then raised his head and said: Seek refuge with Allah from the punishment in the grave. He said it twice or thrice.

The version of Jabir adds here: He hears the beat of their sandals when they go back, and at that moment he is asked: O so and so! Who is your Lord, what is your religion, and who is your Prophet? Hannad’s version says: Two angels will come to him, make him sit up and ask him: Who is your Lord? He will reply: My Lord is Allah. They will ask him: What is your religion? He will reply: My religion is Islam. They will ask him: What is your opinion about the man who was sent on a mission among you? He will reply: He is the Apostle of Allah (pbuh).

They will ask: Who made you aware of this? He will reply: I read Allah’s Book, believed in it, and considered it true; which is verified by Allah’s words: “Allah’s Book, believed in it, and considered it true, which is verified by Allah’s words: “Allah establishes those who believe with the word that stands firm in this world and the next.” The agreed version reads: Then a crier will call from Heaven: My servant has spoken the truth, so spread a bed for him from Paradise, clothe him from Paradise, and open a door for him into Paradise.

So some of its air and perfume will come to him, and a space will be made for him as far as the eye can see. He also mentioned the death of the infidel, saying: His spirit will be restored to his body, two angels will come to him, make him sit up and ask him: Who is your Lord? He will reply: Alas, alas! I do not know. They will ask him: What is your religion? He will reply: Alas, alas! I do not know. They will ask: Who was the man who was sent on a mission among you? He will reply: Alas, alas! I do not know. Then a crier will call from Heaven: He has lied, so spread a bed for him from Hell, clothe him from Hell, and open for him a door into Hell.

Then some of its heat and pestilential wind will come to him, and his grave will be compressed, so that his ribs will be crushed together. Jabir’s version adds: One who is blind and dumb will then be placed in charge of him, having a sledge−hammer such that if a mountain were struck with it, it would become dust. He will give him a blow with it which will be heard by everything between the east and the west except by men and jinn, and he will become dust. Then his spirit will be restored to him.

4738: Narrated Abu Ubaydah ibn alJarrah: I heard the Prophet (pbuh) say: There has been no Prophet after Noah who has not warned his people about the antichrist (Dajjal), and I warn you of him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) described him to us, saying: Perhaps some who have seen me and heard my words will live till his time. The people asked: Apostle of Allah! what will be the condition of our hearts on that day? Like what we are today? He replied: Or better.

4740: Narrated Abu Dharr: The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who separates from the community within a span takes off the noose of Islam from his neck.

4747: Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri ; Anas ibn Malik: The Prophet (pbuh) said: Soon there will appear disagreement and dissension in my people; there will be people who will be good in speech and bad in work. They recite the Qur’an, but it does not pass their collar−bones. They will swerve from the religion as an animal goes through the animal shot at.

They will not return to it till the arrow comes back to its notch. They are worst of the people and animals. Happy is the one who kills them and they kill him. They call to the book of Allah, but they have nothing to do with it. He who fights against them will be nearer to Allah than them (the rest of the people). The people asked: What is their sign? He replied: They shave the head.

4753: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As: The Prophet (pbuh) said: If the property of anyone is designed to be taken away without any right and he fights and is killed, he is a martyr.

4754: Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd: The Prophet (pbuh) said: He who is killed while protecting his property is a martyr, and he who is killed while defending his family, or his blood, or his religion is a martyr.

Types of Blood-Wit – Kitab Al−Diyat

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 39

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 39

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
The Book of  | Types of Blood-Wit – Kitab Al−Diyat
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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4479: Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:
Qurayzah and Nadir (were two Jewish tribes). An−Nadir were nobler than Qurayzah. When a man of Qurayzah killed a man of an−Nadir, he would be killed. But if a man of an−Nadir killed a man of Qurayzah, a hundred wasq of dates would be paid as blood−money. When Prophethood was bestowed upon the Prophet (pbuh), a man of an−Nadir killed a man of Qurayzah.

They said: Give him to us, we shall kill him. They replied: We have the Prophet (pbuh) between you and us. So they came to him. Thereupon the following verse was revealed: “If thou judge, judge in equity between them.” “In equity” means life for a life. The following verse was then revealed: “Do they seek of a judgment of (the days) ignorance?”

4480: Narrated AbuRimthah:
I went to the Prophet (pbuh) with my father. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then asked my father: Is this your son? He replied: Yes, by the Lord of the Ka’bah. He again said: Is it true? He said: I bear witness to it. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then smiled for my resemblance with my father, and for the fact that my father took an oath upon me. He then said: He will not bring evil on you, nor will you bring evil on him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) recited the verse: “No bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another.”

4481: Narrated AbuShurayh alKhuza’i:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If a relative of anyone is killed, or if he suffers khabl, which means a wound, he may choose one of the three things: he may retaliate, or forgive, or receive compensation. But if he wishes a fourth (i.e. something more), hold his hands. After this whoever exceeds the limits shall be in grave penalty.

4482: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
I never saw the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) that some dispute which involved retaliation was brought to him but he commanded regarding it for remission. 

4483: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
A man was killed in the lifetime of the Prophet (pbuh). The matter was brought to the Prophet (pbuh). He entrusted him to the legal guardian of the slain. The slayer said: Apostle of Allah, I swear by Allah, I did not intend to kill him.

The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to the legal guardian: Now if he is true and you kill him, you will enter Hell−fire. So he let him go. His hands were tied with a strap. He came out pulling his strap. Hence he was called Dhu an−Nis’ah (possessor of strap).

4484: Narrated Wa’il ibn Hujr:
I was with the Prophet (pbuh) when a man who was a murderer and had a strap round his neck was brought to him. He then called the legal guardian of the victim and asked him: Do you forgive him? He said: No. He asked: Will you accept the blood−money? He said: No. He asked: Will you kill him? He said: Yes. He said: Take him.

When he turned his back, he said: Do you forgive him? He said: No. He said: Will you accept the blood−money? He said: No. He said: Will you kill him? He said: Yes. He said: Take him. After repeating all this a fourth time, he said: If you forgive him, he will bear the burden of his own sin and the sin of the victim. He then forgave him. He (the narrator) said: I saw him pulling the strap.

4487: Narrated Uthman ibn Affan:
AbuUmamah ibn Sahl said: We were with Uthman when he was besieged in the house. There was an entrance to the house. He who entered it heard the speech of those who were in the Bilat. Uthman then entered it. He came out to us, looking pale. He said: They are threatening to kill me now.

We said: Allah will be sufficient for you against them, Commander of the Faithful! He asked: Why kill me? I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: It is not lawful to kill a man who is a Muslim except for one of the three reasons: Kufr (disbelief) after accepting Islam, fornication after marriage, or wrongfully killing someone, for which he may be killed. I swear by Allah, I have not committed fornication before or after the coming of Islam, nor did I ever want another religion for me instead of my religion since Allah gave guidance to me, nor have I killed anyone. So for what reason do you want to kill me?

4488: Narrated Sa’d ibn Dumayrah alAslami;
Dumayrah al−Aslami: Ziyad ibn Sa’d ibn Dumayrah as−Sulami said on the authority of his father (Sa’d) and his grandfather (Dumayrah) (according to Musa’s version) who were present in the battle of Hunayn with the Apostle of Allah (pbuh): After the advent of Islam, Muhallam ibn Jaththamah al−Laythi killed a man of Ashja’. That was the first blood−money decided by the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) (for payment). Uyaynah spoke about the killing of al−Ashja’i, for he belonged to Ghatafan, and al−Aqra’ ibn Habis spoke on behalf of Muhallam, for he belonged to Khunduf. The voices rose high, and the dispute and noise grew.

So the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Do you not accept blood−money, Uyaynah? Uyaynah then said: No, I swear by Allah, until I cause his women to suffer the same fighting and grief as he caused my women to suffer. Again the voices rose high, and the dispute and noise grew. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Do you not accept the blood−money Uyaynah? Uyaynah gave the same reply as before, and a man of Banu Layth called Mukaytil stood up. He had a weapon and a skin shield in his hand.

He said: I do not find in the beginning of Islam any illustration for what he has done except the one that “some sheep came on, and those in the front were shot; hence those in the rear ran away”. (The other example is that) “make a law today and change it.” The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Fifty (camels) here immediately and fifty when we return to Medina. This happened during some of his journeys. Muhallam was a tall man of dark complexion. He was with the people.

They continued (to make effort for him) until he was released. He sat before the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), with his eyes flowing. He said: Apostle of Allah! I have done (the act) of which you have been informed. I repent to Allah, the Exalted, so ask Allah’s forgiveness for me. Apostle of Allah! The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then said: Did you kill him with your weapon at the beginning of Islam. O Allah! do not forgive Muhallam. He said these words loudly. AbuSalamah added: He (Muhallam) then got up while he was wiping his tears with the end of his garment. Ibn Ishaq said: His people alleged that the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) asked forgiveness for him after that.

4489: Narrated AbuShurayb alKa’bi:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Then you, Khuza’ah, have killed this man of Hudhayl, but I will pay his blood−wit. After these words of mine if a man of anyone is killed, his people will have a choice to accept blood−wit or to kill him.

4491: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: A believer will not be killed for an infidel. If anyone kills a man deliberately, he is to be handed over to the relatives of the one who has been killed. If they wish, they may kill, but if they wish, they may accept blood−wit

4492: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: I will not forgive anyone who kills after accepting blood−wit.

4495: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
Ibn Shihab said: Jabir ibn Abdullah used to say that a Jewess from the inhabitants of Khaybar poisoned a roasted sheep and presented it to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) who took its foreleg and ate from it. A group of his companions also ate with him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then said: Take your hands away (from the food). The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then sent someone to the Jewess and he called her. He said to her: Have you poisoned this sheep?

The Jewess replied: Who has informed you? He said: This foreleg which I have in my hand has informed me. She said: Yes. He said: What did you intend by it? She said: I thought if you were a prophet, it would not harm you; if you were not a prophet, we should rid ourselves of him (i.e. the Prophet). The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then forgave her, and did not punish her. But some of his companions who ate it, died. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) had himself cupped on his shoulder on account of that which he had eaten from the sheep. AbuHind cupped him with the horn and knife. He was a client of Banu Bayadah from the Ansar.

4496: Narrated AbuSalamah:
A Jewess presented a roasted sheep to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) at Khaybar. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition like that of Jabir (No. 4495). He said: Then Bashir ibn al−Bara’ ibn Ma’rur al−Ansari died. He sent someone to call on the Jewess, and said to her (when she came): What motivated you to do the work you have done? He then mentioned the rest of the tradition similar to the one mentioned by Jabir (No. 4495). The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then ordered regarding her and she was killed. But he (AbuSalamah) did not mention the matter of cupping.

4498: Narrated AbuSalamah:
Muhammad ibn Amr said on the authority of AbuSalamah, and he did not mention the name of AbuHurayrah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) used to accept presents but not alms (sadaqah). This version adds: So a Jewess presented him at Khaybar with a roasted sheep which she had poisoned. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) ate of it and the people also ate. He then said: Take away your hands (from the food), for it has informed me that it is poisoned. Bishr ibn al−Bara’ ibn Ma’rur al−Ansari died.

So he (the Prophet) sent for the Jewess (and said to her): What motivated you to do the work you have done? She said: If you were a prophet, it would not harm you; but if you were a king, I should rid the people of you. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then ordered regarding her and she was killed. He then said about the pain of which he died: I continued to feel pain from the morsel which I had eaten at Khaybar. This is the time when it has cut off my aorta.

4499: Narrated Umm Mubashshir:
Umm Mubashshir said to the Prophet (pbuh) during the sickness of which he died: What do you think about your illness, Apostle of Allah (pbuh)? I do not think about the illness of my son except the poisoned sheep of which he had eaten with you at Khaybar. The Prophet (pbuh) said: And I do not think about my illness except that. This is the time when it cut off my aorta. 

4501: Narrated Samurah:
The Prophet (pbuh) Said: If anyone kills his slave, we shall kill him, and if anyone cuts off the nose of his slave, we shall cut off his nose.

4504: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
A man came to the Prophet (pbuh) crying for help. He said: His slave−girl, Apostle of Allah! He said: Woe to you, what happened with you ? He said that it was an evil one. He saw the slave−girl of his master; he became jealous of him, and cut off his penis. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Bring the man to me. The man was called, but people could not get control over him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then said: Go away, you are free. He asked: Apostle of Allah! upon whom does my help lie? He replied: On every believer, or he said: On every Muslim.

4507: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) killed a man of Banu Nadr ibn Malik at Harrah ar−Righa’ at the bank of Layyat al−Bahrah. The transmitter Mahmud (ibn Khalid) also mentioned the words along with the words “at Bahrah” “the slayer and the slain were from among them”. Mahmud alone transmitted in this tradition the words “at the bank of Layyah”.

4509: Narrated Rafi’ ibn Khadij:
A man of the Ansar was killed at Khaybar and his relatives went to the Prophet (pbuh) and mentioned that to him. He asked: Have you two witnesses who can testify to the murderer of your friend? They replied: Apostle of Allah! there was not a single Muslim present, but only Jews who sometimes have the audacity to do even greater crimes than this. He said: Then choose fifty of them and demand that they take an oath; but they refused and the Prophet (pbuh) paid the blood−wit himself.

4511: Narrated Some men:
The Prophet (pbuh) said to the Jews and started with them: Fifty of you should take the oaths. But they refused (to take the oaths). He then said to the Ansar: Prove your claim. They said: Do we take the oaths without seeing, Apostle of Allah? The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then imposed the blood−wit on the Jews because he (the slain) was found among them.

4515: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
Qays ibn Abbad and Ashtar went to Ali and said to him: Did the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) give you any instruction about anything for which he did not give any instruction to the people in general? He said: No, except what is contained in this document of mine. Musaddad said: He then took out a document. Ahmad said: A document from the sheath of his sword. It contained: The lives of all Muslims are equal; they are one hand against others; the lowliest of them can guarantee their protection.

Beware, a Muslim must not be killed for an infidel, nor must one who has been given a covenant be killed while his covenant holds. If anyone introduces an innovation, he will be responsible for it. If anyone introduces an innovation or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (in religion), he is cursed by Allah, by His angels, and by all the people. Musaddad said: Ibn AbuUrubah’s version has: He took out a document.

4516: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said, mentioning the tradition similar to the one transmitted by Ali. This version adds: The most distant of them gives protection as from all, those who are strong among them send back (spoil) to those who are weak among them, and their expeditions sending it back to those who are at home.

4519: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Prophet (pbuh) sent AbuJahm ibn Hudhayfah as a collector of zakat. A man quarrelled with him about his sadaqah (i.e. zakat), and AbuJahm struck him and wounded his head. His people came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: Revenge, Apostle of Allah! The Prophet (pbuh) said: You may have so much and so much. But they did not agree. He again said: You may have so much and so much. But they did not agree. He again said: You may have so much and so much. So they agreed. The Prophet (pbuh) said: I am going to address the people in the afternoon and tell them about your consent.

They said: Yes. Addressing (the people), the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: These people of faith came to me asking for revenge. I presented them with so much and so much and they agreed. Do you agree? They said: No. The immigrants (muhajirun) intended (to take revenge) on them. But the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) commanded them to refrain and they refrained. He then called them and increased (the amount), and asked: Do you agree? They replied: Yes. He said: I am going to address the people and tell them about your consent. They said: Yes. The Prophet (pbuh) addressed and said: Do you agree? They said: Yes.

4521: Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was distributing something, a man came towards him and bent down on him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) struck him with a bough and his face was wounded. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to him: Come and take retaliation. He said: no, I have forgiven, Apostle of Allah!.

4522: Narrated Umar ibn alKhattab:
I did not send my collectors (of zakat) so that they strike your bodies and that they take your property. If that is done with someone and he appeals to me, I shall take retaliation on him. Amr ibn al−’As said: If any man (i.e. governor) inflicts disciplinary punishment on his subjects, would you take retaliation on him too? He said: Yes, by Him in Whose hand my soul is, I shall take retaliation on him. I saw that the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) has given retaliation on himself.

4523: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Prophet (pbuh) Said: The disputants should refrain from taking retaliation. The one who is nearer should forgive first and then the one who is next to him, even if (the one who forgives) were a woman.

4526: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment that if anyone is killed accidentally, his blood−wit should be one hundred camels: thirty she−camels which had entered their second year, thirty she−camels which had entered their third year, thirty she−camels which had entered their fourth year, and ten male camels which had entered their third year.

4527: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The value of the blood−money at the time of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was eight hundred dinars or eight thousand dirhams, and the blood−money for the people of the Book was half of that for Muslims. He said: This applied till Umar (Allah be pleased with him) became caliph and he made a speech in which he said: Take note! Camels have become dear.

So Umar fixed the value for those who possessed gold at one thousand dinars, for those who possessed silver at twelve thousand (dirhams), for those who possessed cattle at two hundred cows, for those who possessed sheep at two thousand sheep, and for those who possessed suits of clothing at two hundred suits. He left the blood−money for dhimmis (protected people) as it was, not raising it in proportion to the increase he made in the blood−wit.

4528: Narrated Ata’ ibn AbuRabah:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment that blood−wit for those who possessed camels should be one hundred camels, and for those who possessed cattle two hundred cows, and for those who possessed sheep one thousand sheep, and for those who possessed suits of clothing two hundred suits, and for those who possessed wheat something which the narrator Muhammad (ibn Ishaq) did not remember.

4528A: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) fixed; and he mentioned the tradition like that of Musa; he said: And those who possess corn food should pay something which I do not remember.

4529: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: The blood−wit for accidental killing should be twenty she−camels which had entered their fourth year, twenty she−camels which had entered their fifth year, twenty she−camels which had entered their second year, twenty she−camels which had entered their third year, and twenty male camels which had entered their second year. It does not beyond Ibn Mas’ud.

4530: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: A man of Banu Adi was killed. The Prophet (pbuh) fixed his blood−wit at the rate of twelve thousand (dirhams).

4531: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr:
(Musaddad’s version has): The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) made a speech on the day of the conquest of Mecca, and said: Allah is Most Great, three times. He then said: There is no god but Allah alone: He fulfilled His promise, helped His servant, and alone defeated the companies. (The narrator said:) I have remembered from Musaddad up to this.

Then the agreed version has: Take note! All the merits mentioned in pre−Islamic times, and the claim made for blood or property are under my feet, except the supply of water to the pilgrims and the custody of the Ka’bah. He then said: The blood−money for unintentional murder which appears intentional, such as is done with a whip and a stick, is one hundred camels, forty of which are pregnant. Musaddad’s version is more accurate.

4540: Narrated AbuMusa: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The fingers are equal: ten camels for each finger.

4541: Narrated AbuMusa al−Ash’ari: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The fingers are equal. I asked: Ten camels for each? He replied: Yes.

4543: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The fingers are equal and the teeth are equal. The front tooth and the molar tooth are equal, this and that are equal.

4544: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet (pbuh) said: The teeth are equal, and the fingers are equal.

4545: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) treated the fingers and toes as equal.

4546: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Prophet (pbuh) said in his address while he was leaning against the Ka’bah: (The blood−wit) for each finger is ten camels.

4547: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Prophet (pbuh) said: For each tooth are ten camels.

4547A: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) would fix the blood−money for accidental killing at the rate of four hundred dinars or their equivalent in silver for townsmen, and he would fix it according to the price of camels. So when they were dear, he increased the amount to be paid, and when cheap prices prevailed he reduced the amount to be paid. In the time of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) they reached between four hundred and eight hundred dinars, their equivalent in silver being eight thousand dirhams.

He said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment that those who possessed cattle should pay two hundred cows, and those who possessed sheep two thousand sheep. He said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: The blood−money is to be treated as something to be inherited by the heirs of the one who has been killed, and the remainder should be divided among the agnates.

He said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment that for cutting off a nose completely there was full blood−money, one hundred (camels) were to be paid. If the tip of the nose was cut off, half of the blood−money,i.e. fifty camels were to be paid, or their equivalent in gold or in silver, or a hundred cows, or one thousand sheep.

For the hand, when it was cut of,f half of the blood−money was to be paid; for one foot of half, the blood−money was to be paid. For a wound in the head, a third of the blood−money was due, i.e. thirty−three camels and a third of the blood−money, or their equivalent in gold, silver, cows or sheep. For a head thrust which reaches the body, the same blood−money was to be paid. Ten camels were to be paid for every finger, and five camels for every tooth.

The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment that the blood−money for a woman should be divided among her relatives on her father’s side, who did not inherit anything from her except the residence of her heirs. If she was killed, her blood−money should be distributed among her heirs, and they would have the right of taking revenge on the murderer.

The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: There is nothing for the murderer; and if he (the victim) has no heir, his heir will be the one who is nearest to him among the people, but the murderer should not inherit anything. Muhammad said: All this has been transmitted to me by Sulayman ibn Musa on the authority of Amr ibn Shu’ayb who, on his father’s authority, said that his grandfather heard it from the Prophet (pbuh).

4548: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Blood−wit for what resembles intentional murder is to be made as severe as that for intentional murder, but the culprit is not to be killed. Khalid gave us some additional information on the authority of Ibn Rashid: That (unintentional murder which resembles intentional murder) means that Satan jumps among the people and then the blood is shed blindly without any malice and weapon.

4549: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Blood−wit for every wound which lays bare a bone is five camels.

4550: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment that a third of the blood−wit should be paid for an eye fixed in its place.

4555: Narrated Umar ibn alKhattab: Ibn Abbas said:
Umar asked about the decision of the Prophet (pbuh) about that (i.e. abortion) Haml ibn Malik ibn an−Nabighah got up and said: I was between two women. One of them struck another with a rolling−pin killing both her and what was in her womb. So the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment that the blood−wit for the unborn child should be a male or a female slave of the best quality and that she should be killed.

4556: Narrated Umar ibn alKhattab:
Tawus said: Umar stood on the pulpit. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect as mentioned before. He did not mention “that she should be killed”. This version adds: “a male or a female slave”. Umar then said: Allah is Most Great. Had I not heard it, we would have decided about it something else.

4557: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: About the story of Haml ibn Malik, Ibn Abbas said: She aborted a child who had grown hair and was dead, and the woman also died. He (the Prophet) gave judgment that the blood−wit was to be paid by the woman’s relatives on the father’s side. Her uncle said: Apostle of Allah! She has aborted a child who had grown hair.

The father of the woman who had slain said: He is a liar: I swear by Allah, he did not raise his voice, or drink or eat. No compensation is to be paid for an offence like this. The Prophet (pbuh) said: is it a rhymed prose of pre−Islamic Arabia and its soothsaying? Pay a male or female slave of the best quality in compensation for the child.

4558: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: One of the two women of Hudhayl killed the other, Each of them had husband and sons. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) fixed the blood−wit for the slain woman to be paid by the woman’s relatives on the father’s side. He declared her husband and the child innocent. The relatives of the woman who killed said: We shall inherit from her. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: No, her sons and her husband should inherit from her.

4561: Narrated Buraydah ibn alHasib:
A woman threw a stone at another woman and she aborted. The dispute was brought to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). He gave judgment that five hundred sheep should be paid for her (unborn) child, and forbade throwing stones.

4562: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment that a male or a female slave, or a horse or a mule should be paid for a miscarriage.

4564: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave judgment about the slave who had made an agreement to purchase his freedom (mukatab) and he had been killed that blood−wit is paid for him at the rate paid for a free man so far as he has paid the purchase money, and at the rate paid for a slave as the remainder is concerned.

4565: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet (pbuh)said: When a mukatab (a slave who has made an agreement to purchase his freedom) gifts blood−money or an inheritance, he can inherit in accordance with the extent to which he has been emancipated.

4566: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: The blood−wit for a man who makes a covenant is half of the blood−wit for a free man.

4569: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: Anyone who practises medicine when he is not known as a practitioner will be held responsible.

4570: Narrated Some people:
AbdulAziz ibn Umar ibn AbdulAziz said: Some people of the deputation which came to my father reported the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) as saying: Any physician who practises medicine when he was not known as a practitioner before that and he harms (the patients) he will be held responsible. AbdulAziz said: Here physician does not refer to a man by qualification. it means opening a vein, incision and cauterisation.

4571: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Musaddad’s version has: He addressed on the day of Conquest. The agreed version then goes: Beware! Every object of pride of pre−Islamic times, whether it is blood−vengeance or property, mentioned or claimed, has been put under my feet except supply of water to the pilgrims and custody of the House (the Ka’bah). He then said: Beware! The blood−wit for unintentional murder, such as is done with a whip and stick, is one hundred camels, forty of which are pregnant.

4573: Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:
A servant of some poor people cut off the ear of the servant of some rich people. His people came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah! we are poor people. So he imposed no compensation on them.

4574: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone is killed blindly or, when people are throwing stones, by a stone or a whip, his blood−wit is the blood−wit for an accidental murder. But if anyone is killed intentionally, retaliation is due. If anyone tries to prevent it, the curse of Allah, of angels, and of all the people will rest on him.

4575: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: No recompense is to be demanded if one is kicked by an animal.

4577: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (pbuh) said: No recompense may be demanded if the fire spreads.

Prescribed Punishments: Kitab Al−Hudud

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 38

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 38

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
The Book of  Prescribed Punishments – Kitab Al−Hudud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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The Book of Prescribed Punishments |Kitab Al−Hudud

4339: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) Said: The blood of a Muslim man who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle should not lawfully be shed except only for one of three reasons: a man who committed fornication after marriage, in which case he should be stoned; one who goes forth to fight with Allah and His Apostle, in which case he should be killed or crucified or exiled from the land; or one who commits murder for which he is killed.

4341: Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:
AbuMusa said: Mu’adh came to me when I was in the Yemen. A man who was Jew embraced Islam and then retreated from Islam. When Mu’adh came, he said: I will not come down from my mount until he is killed. He was then killed. One of them said: He was asked to repent before that.

4345: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
Abdullah ibn AbuSarh used towrite (the revelation) for the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). Satan made him slip, and he joined the infidels. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) commanded to kill him on the day of Conquest (of Mecca). Uthman ibn Affan sought protection for him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) gave him protection.

4346: Narrated Sa’d ibn AbuWaqqas:
On the day of the conquest of Mecca, Abdullah ibn Sa’d ibn AbuSarh hid himself with Uthman ibn Affan. He brought him and made him stand before the Prophet (pbuh), and said: Accept the allegiance of Abdullah, Apostle of Allah! He raised his head and looked at him three times, refusing him each time, but accepted his allegiance after the third time.

Then turning to his companions, he said: Was not there a wise man among you who would stand up to him when he saw that I had withheld my hand from accepting his allegiance, and kill him? They said: We did not know what you had in your heart, Apostle of Allah! Why did you not give us a signal with your eye? He said: It is not advisable for a Prophet to play deceptive tricks with the eyes.

4348: Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:
A blind man had a slave−mother who used to abuse the Prophet (pbuh) and disparage him. He forbade her but she did not stop. He rebuked her but she did not give up her habit. One night she began to slander the Prophet (pbuh) and abuse him. So he took a dagger, placed it on her belly, pressed it, and killed her. A child who came between her legs was smeared with the blood that was there. When the morning came, the Prophet (pbuh) was informed about it. He assembled the people and said: I adjure by Allah the man who has done this action and I adjure him by my right to him that he should stand up.

Jumping over the necks of the people and trembling the man stood up. He sat before the Prophet (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah! I am her master; she used to abuse you and disparage you. I forbade her, but she did not stop, and I rebuked her, but she did not abandon her habit. I have two sons like pearls from her, and she was my companion. Last night she began to abuse and disparage you. So I took a dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it till I killed her. Thereupon the Prophet (pbuh) said: Oh be witness, no retaliation is payable for her blood.

4349: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
A Jewess used to abuse the Prophet (pbuh) and disparage him. A man strangled her till she died. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) declared that no recompense was payable for her blood.

4350: Narrated AbuBakr: AbuBarzah said:
I was with AbuBakr. He became angry at a man and uttered hot words. I said: Do you permit me, Caliph of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), that I cut off his neck? These words of mine removed his anger; he stood and went in. He then sent for me and said: What did you say just now? I said: (I had said:) Permit me that I cut off his neck. He said: Would you do it if I ordered you? I said: Yes. He said: No, I swear by Allah, this is not allowed for any man after Muhammad (pbuh).

4356:Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
Some people raided the camels of the Prophet (pbuh), drove them off, and apostatised. They killed the herdsman of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) who was a believer. He (the Prophet) sent (people) in pursuit of them and they were caught. He had their hands and feet cut off, and their eyes put out. The verse regarding fighting against Allah and His Prophet (pbuh) was then revealed. These were the people about whom Anas ibn Malik informed al−Hajjaj when he asked him.

4357: Narrated AbuzZinad:
When the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) cut off (the hands and feet of) those who had stolen his camels and he had their eyes put out by fire (heated nails), Allah reprimanded him on that (action), and Allah, the Exalted, revealed: “The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His Apostle and strive with might and main for mischief through the land is execution or crucifixion.”

4359: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The verse “The punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His Apostle, and strive with might and main for mischief through the land is execution, or crucifixion, or the cutting off of hands and feet from opposite side or exile from the land…most merciful” was revealed about polytheists. If any of them repents before they are arrested, it does not prevent from inflicting on him the prescribed punishment which he deserves.

4362: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) Said: Forgive the people of good qualities their slips, but not faults to which prescribed penalties apply.

4363: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Forgive the infliction of prescribed penalties among yourselves, for any prescribed penalty of which I hear must be carried out.

4364: Narrated Nu’aym:
Ma’iz came to the Prophet (pbuh) and admitted (having committed adultery) four times in his presence so he ordered him to be stoned to death, but said to Huzzal: If you had covered him with your garment, it would have been better for you.

4366: Narrated Wa’il ibn Hujr:
When a woman went out in the time of the Prophet (pbuh) for prayer, a man attacked her and overpowered (raped) her. She shouted and he went off, and when a man came by, she said: That (man) did such and such to me. And when a company of the Emigrants came by, she said: That man did such and such to me. They went and seized the man whom they thought had had intercourse with her and brought him to her. She said: Yes, this is he. Then they brought him to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh).

When he (the Prophet) was about to pass sentence, the man who (actually) had assaulted her stood up and said: Apostle of Allah, I am the man who did it to her. He (the Prophet) said to her: Go away, for Allah has forgiven you. But he told the man some good words (AbuDawud said: meaning the man who was seized), and of the man who had had intercourse with her, he said: Stone him to death. He also said: He has repented to such an extent that if the people of Medina had repented similarly, it would have been accepted from them.

4367: Narrated AbuUmayyah alMakhzumi:
A thief who had accepted (having committed theft) was brought to the Prophet (pbuh), but no good were found with him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh), said to him: I do not think you have stolen. He said: Yes, I have. He repeated it twice or thrice. So he gave orders. His hand was cut off and he was then brought to him. He said: Ask Allah’s pardon and turn to Him in repentance. He said: I ask Allah’s pardon and turn to Him in repentance. He (the Prophet) then said: O Allah, accept his repentance.

4369: Narrated AnNu’man ibn Bashir:
Azhar ibn Abdullah al−Harari said: Some goods of the people of Kila’ were stolen. They accused some men of the weavers (of theft). They came to an−Nu’man ibn Bashir, the companion of the Prophet (pbuh). He confined them for some days and then set them free.

They came to an−Nu’man and said: You have set them free without beating and investigation. An−Nu’man said: What do you want? You want me to beat them. If your goods are found with them, then it is all right; otherwise, I shall take (retaliation) from your back as I have taken from their backs. They asked: Is this your decision? He said: This is the decision of Allah and His Apostle (pbuh).

4373: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (pbuh) had a man’s hand cut off who had stolen from the place reserved for women a shield whose price was three dirhams.

4374: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) had a man’s hand cut off for (stealing) a shield whose price was a dinar or ten dirhams.

4375: Narrated Rafi’ ibn Khadij: Muhammad ibn Yahya ibn Hibban said:
A slave stole a plant of a palm−tree from the orchard of a man and planted it in the orchard of his master. The owner of the plant went out in search of the plant and he found it. He solicited help against the slave from Marwan ibn al−Hakam who was the Governor of Medina at that time. Marwan confined the slave and intended to cut off his hand. The slave’s master went to Rafi’ ibn Khadij and asked him about it.

He told him that he had heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: The hand is not to be cut off for taking fruit or the pith of the palm−tree. The man then said: Marwan has seized my slave and wants to cut off his hand. I wish you to go with me to him and tell him that which you have heard from the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). So Rafi’ ibn Khadij went with him and came to Marwan ibn al−Hakam. Rafi’ said to him: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: The hand is not to be cut off for taking fruit or the pith of the palm−tree. So Marwan gave orders to release the slave and then he was released.

4377: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) was asked about fruit which was bung up and said: If a needy person takes some with his mouth and does not take a supply away in his garment, there is nothing on him, but he who carries any of it is to be fined twice the value and punished, and he who steals any of it after it has been put in the place where dates are dried to have his hand cut off if their value reaches the value of a shield. If he steals a thing less in value than it, he is to be find twice the value and punished.

4378: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Cutting of hand is not to be inflicted on one who plunders, but he who plunders conspicuously does not belong to us.

4380: Narrated Safwan: AbuDawud said:
Za’idah has also transmitted it from Simak from Ju’ayd ibn Hujayr. He said: Safwan slept. Mujahid and Tawus said: While he was sleeping a thief came and stole the cloak from beneath his head. The version of AbuSalamah ibn AbdurRahman has: He snatched it away from beneath his head and he awoke. He cried and he (the thief) was seized. Az−Zuhri narrated from Safwan ibn Abdullah. His version has: He slept in the mosque and used his cloak as pillow. A thief came and took his cloak. The thief was seized and brought to the Prophet (pbuh).

4382: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
A woman borrowed jewellery through some known persons and she herself was unknown. She then sold them. She was seized and brought to the Prophet (pbuh). He gave orders that her hand should be cut off. It is this woman about whom Usamah interceded and of her the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said whatever he said.

4384: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: There are three (persons) whose actions are not recorded: a sleeper till he awakes, an idiot till he is restored to reason, and a boy till he reaches puberty.

4385: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
Ibn Abbas said: A lunatic woman who had committed adultery was brought to Umar. He consulted the people and ordered that she should be stoned. Ali ibn AbuTalib passed by and said: What is the matter with this (woman)? They said: This is a lunatic woman belonging to a certain family. She has committed adultery.

Umar has given orders that she should be stoned. He said: Take her back. He then came to him and said: Commander of the Faithful, do you not know that there are three people whose actions are not recorded: a lunatic till he is restored to reason, a sleeper till he awakes, and a boy till he reaches puberty? He said: Yes. He then asked: Why is it that this woman is being stoned? He said: There is nothing. He then said: Let her go. He (Umar) let her go and began to utter: Allah is most great.

4387: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
Ibn Abbas said: A lunatic woman passed by Ali ibn AbuTalib. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect as Uthman mentioned. This version has: Do you not remember that the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) has said: There are three whose actions are not recorded: a lunatic whose mind is deranged till he is restored to consciousness, a sleeper till he awakes, and a boy till he reaches puberty?

4388: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib: AbuZubyan said:
A woman who had committed adultery was brought to Umar. He gave orders that she should be stoned. Ali passed by just then. He seized her and let her go. Umar was informed of it. He said: Ask Ali to come to me. Ali came to him and said: Commander of the Faithful, you know that the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: There are three (people) whose actions are not recorded: A boy till he reaches puberty, a sleeper till he awakes, a lunatic till he is restored to reason. This is an idiot (mad) woman belonging to the family of so and so. Someone might have done this action with her when she suffered the fit of lunacy. Umar said: I do not know. Ali said: I do not know.

4389: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: There are three (persons) whose actions are not recorded: a sleeper till he awakes, a boy till he reaches puberty, and a lunatic till he comes to reason.

4390: Narrated Atiyyah alQurazi:
I was among the captives of Banu Qurayzah. They (the Companions) examined us, and those who had begun to grow hair (pubes) were killed, and those who had not were not killed. I was among those who had not grown hair.

4394: Narrated Busr ibn Artat: Junadah ibn AbuUmayyah said:
We were with Busr ibn Artat on the sea (on an expedition). A thief called Misdar who had stolen a bukhti she−camel was brought. He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) say: Hands are not to be cut off during a warlike expedition. Had it not been so, I would have cut it off.

4395: Narrated AbuDharr:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to me: O AbuDharr: I replied: At your service and at your pleasure, Apostle of Allah! He said: how will you do when death smites people, and a house, meaning a grave, will cost as much as a slave. I said: Allah and His Apostle know best, or he said: What Allah and His Apostle choose for me. He said: Show endurance, or he said: You may show endurance.

4396: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
A thief was brought to the Prophet (pbuh). He said: Kill him. The people said: He has committed theft, Apostle of Allah! Then he said: Cut off his hand. So his (right) hand was cut off. He was brought a second time and he said: Kill him. The people said: He has committed theft, Apostle of Allah! Then he said: Cut off his foot. So his (left) foot was cut off. He was brought a third time and he said: Kill him.

The people said: He has committed theft, Apostle of Allah! So he said: Cut off his hand. (So his (left) hand was cut off.) He was brought a fourth time and he said: Kill him. The people said: He has committed theft, Apostle of Allah! So he said: Cut off his foot. So his (right) foot was cut off. He was brought a fifth time and he said: Kill him. So we took him away and killed him. We then dragged him and cast him into a well and threw stones over him.

4397: Narrated Fadalah ibn Ubayd:
A thief was brought to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and his hand was cut off. Thereafter he commanded for it, and it was hung on his neck.

4398: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: When a slave steals, sell him, even though it be for half an uqiyah.

4403: Narrated Ubadah ibn asSamit:
The tradition mentioned above (No. 4401) has also been transmitted by Ubadah ibn as−Samit through a different chain of narrators. This version has: The people said to Sa’d ibn Ubadah: AbuThabit, the prescribed punishments have been revealed: if you find a man with your wife, what will you do? He said: I shall strike them with a sword so much that they become silent (i.e. die). Should I go and gather four witnesses? Until that (time) the need would be fulfilled. So they went away and gathered with the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and said: Apostle of Allah! did you not see AbuThabit. He said so−and−so. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: The sword is a sufficient witness. He then said: No, no, a furious and a jealous man may follow this course.

4405: Narrated Nu’aym ibn Huzzal:
Yazid ibn Nu’aym ibn Huzzal, on his father’s authority said: Ma’iz ibn Malik was an orphan under the protection of my father. He had illegal sexual intercourse with a slave−girl belonging to a clan. My father said to him: Go to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and inform him of what you have done, for he may perhaps ask Allah for your forgiveness. His purpose in that was simply a hope that it might be a way of escape for him. So he went to him and said: Apostle of Allah! I have committed fornication, so inflict on me the punishment ordained by Allah.

He (the Prophet) turned away from him, so he came back and said: Apostle of Allah! I have committed fornication, so inflict on me the punishment ordained by Allah. He (again) turned away from him, so he came back and said: Apostle of Allah! I have committed fornication, so inflict on me the punishment ordained by Allah. When he uttered it four times, the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: You have said it four times. With whom did you commit it? He replied: With so and so. He asked: Did you lie down with her? He replied: Yes. He asked: Had your skin been in contact with hers? He replied. Yes. He asked: Did you have intercourse with her? He said: Yes.

So he (the Prophet) gave orders that he should be stoned to death. He was then taken out to the Harrah, and while he was being stoned he felt the effect of the stones and could not bear it and fled. But Abdullah ibn Unays encountered him when those who had been stoning him could not catch up with him. He threw the bone of a camel’s foreleg at him, which hit him and killed him. They then went to the Prophet (pbuh) and reported it to him. He said: Why did you not leave him alone. Perhaps he might have repented and been forgiven by Allah.

4406: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: Muhammad ibn Ishaq said:
I mentioned the story of Ma’iz ibn Malik to Asim ibn Umar ibn Qatadah. He said to me: Hasan ibn Muhammad ibn Ali ibn AbuTalib said to me: Some men of the tribe of Aslam whom I do not blame and whom you like have transmitted to me the saying of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh): Why did you not leave him alone? He said: But I did not understand this tradition. So I went to Jabir ibn Abdullah and said (to him):

Some men of the tribe of Aslam narrate that the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said when they mentioned to him the anxiety of Ma’iz when the stones hurt him: “Why did you not leave him alone?’ But I do not know this tradition. He said: My cousin, I know this tradition more than the people. I was one of those who had stoned the man. When we came out with him, stoned him and he felt the effect of the stones, he cried: O people! return me to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh).

My people killed me and deceived me; they told me that the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) would not kill me. We did not keep away from him till we killed him. When we returned to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) we informed him of it. He said: Why did you not leave him alone and bring him to me? and he said this so that the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) might ascertain it from him. But he did not say this to abandon the prescribed punishment. He said: I then understood the intent of the tradition.

4407: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
Ma’iz ibn Malik came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said that he had committed fornication and he (the Prophet) turned away from him. He repeated it many times, but he (the Prophet) turned away from him. He asked his people: Is he mad? They replied: There is no defect in him. He asked: Have you done it with her? He replied: Yes. so he ordered that he should be stoned to death. He was taken out and stoned to death, and he (the Prophet) did not pray over him.

4412: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
Ma’iz ibn Malik came to the Prophet (pbuh) and admitted fornication twice. But he drove him away. He then came and admitted fornication twice. But he drove him away. He then came and admitted fornication twice. He (the Prophet) said: You have testified to yourself four times. Take him away and stone him to death.

4413: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said to Ma’iz ibn Malik: Perhaps you kissed, or squeezed, or looked. He said: No. He then said: Did you have intercourse with her? He said: Yes. On the (reply) he (the Prophet) gave order that he should be stoned to death.

4414: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
A man of the tribe of Aslam came to the Prophet (pbuh) and testified four times against himself that he had had illicit intercourse with a woman, while all the time the Prophet (pbuh) was turning away from him. Then when he confessed a fifth time, he turned round and asked: Did you have intercourse with her? He replied: Yes. He asked: Have you done it so that your sexual organ penetrated hers? He replied: Yes.

He asked: Have you done it like a collyrium stick when enclosed in its case and a rope in a well? He replied: Yes. He asked: Do you know what fornication is? He replied: Yes. I have done with her unlawfully what a man may lawfully do with his wife. He then asked: What do you want from what you have said? He said: I want you to purify me. So he gave orders regarding him and he was stoned to death. Then the Prophet (pbuh) heard one of his companions saying to another: Look at this man whose fault was concealed by Allah but who would not leave the matter alone, so that he was stoned like a dog.

He said nothing to them but walked on for a time till he came to the corpse of an ass with its legs in the air. He asked: Where are so and so? They said: Here we are, Apostle of Allah (pbuh)! He said: Go down and eat some of this ass’s corpse. They replied: Apostle of Allah! Who can eat any of this? He said: The dishonour you have just shown to your brother is more serious than eating some of it. By Him in Whose hand my soul is, he is now among the rivers of Paradise and plunging into them.

4420: Narrated Buraydah ibn alHasib:
We, the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), used to talk mutually: Would that al−Ghamidiyyah and Ma’iz ibn Malik had withdrawn after their confession; or he said: Had they not withdrawn after their confession, he would not have pursued them (for punishment). He had them stoned after the fourth (confession).

4421: Narrated AlLajlaj alAmiri:
I was working in the market. A woman passed carrying a child. The people rushed towards her, and I also rushed along with them. I then went to the Prophet (pbuh) while he was asking: Who is the father of this (child) who is with you? She remained silent. A young man by her side said: I am his father, Apostle of Allah! He then turned towards her and asked: Who is the father of this child with you? The young man said: I am his father, Apostle of Allah! The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then looked at some of those who were around him and asked them about him. They said: We only know good (about him).

The Prophet (pbuh) said to him: Are you married? He said: Yes. So he gave orders regarding him and he was stoned to death. He (the narrator) said: We took him out, dug a pit for him and put him in it. We then threw stones at him until he died. A man then came asking about the man who was stoned. We brought him to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: This man has come asking about the wicked man. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said: He is more agreeable than the fragrance of musk in the eyes of Allah. The man was his father. We then helped him in washing, shrouding and burying him. (The narrator said:) I do not know whether he said or did not say “in praying over him.” This is the tradition of Abdah, and it is more accurate.

4423: Narrated Sahl ibn Sa’d:
A man came to the Prophet (pbuh) and confessed before him that he had committed fornication with a woman whom he named. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) sent for the woman and asked her about it. But she denied that she had committed fornication. So he inflicted the prescribed punishment of flogging on him, and let her go.

4424: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
A man committed fornication with a woman. So the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) ordered regarding him and the prescribed punishment of flogging was inflicted on him. He was then informed that he was married. So he commanded regarding him and he was stoned to death.

4426: Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:
A woman belonging to the tribe of Juhaynah (according to the version of Aban) came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said that she had committed fornication and that she was pregnant. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) called her guardian. Then the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said to him: Be good to her, and when she bears a child, bring her (to me). When she gave birth to the child, he brought her (to him).

The Prophet (pbuh) gave orders regarding her, and her clothes were tied to her. He then commanded regarding her and she was stoned to death. He commanded the people (to pray) and they prayed over her. Thereupon Umar said: Are you praying over her, Apostle of Allah, when she has committed fornication? He said: By Him in Whose hand my soul is, she has repented to such an extent that if it were divided among the seventy people of Medina, it would have been enough for them all. And what do you find better than the fact that she gave her life. Aban did not say in his version: Then her clothes were tied to her.

4429: Narrated AbuBakrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) had a woman stoned and a pit was dug up to her breasts.

4433: Narrated AlBara’ ibn Azib:
The people passed by the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) with a Jew who was blackened with charcoal and who was being flogged. He called them and said: Is this the prescribed punishment for a fornicator? They said: Yes. He then called on a learned man among them and asked him: I adjure you by Allah Who revealed the Torah to Moses, do you find this prescribed punishment for a fornicator in your divine Book? He said: By Allah, no. If you had not adjured me about this, I should not have informed you.

We find stoning to be prescribed punishment for a fornicator in our Divine Book. But it (fornication) became frequent in our people of rank; so when we seized a person of rank, we left him alone, and when we seized a weak person, we inflicted the prescribed punishment on him. So we said: Come, let us agree on something which may be enforced equally on people of higher and lower rank. So we agreed to blacken the face of a criminal with charcoal, and flog him, and we abandoned stoning.

The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then said: O Allah, I am the first to give life to Thy command which they have killed. So he commanded regarding him (the Jew) and he was stoned to death. Allah Most High then sent down: “O Apostle, let not those who race one another into unbelief, make thee grieve…” up to “They say: If you are given this, take it, but if not, beware!….” up to “And if any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than) unbelievers,” about Jews, up to “And if any do fail to judge by (the right of) what Allah hath revealed, they are no better than) wrong−doers” about Jews: and revealed the verses up to “And if any do fail to judge by (the light of) what Allah hath revealed, they are (no better than) those who rebel.” About this he said: This whole verse was revealed about the infidels.

4434: Narrated Abdullah Ibn Umar:
A group of Jews came and invited the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) to Quff. So he visited them in their school. They said: AbulQasim, one of our men has committed fornication with a woman; so pronounce judgment upon them. They placed a cushion for the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) who sat on it and said: Bring the Torah. It was then brought. He then withdrew the cushion from beneath him and placed the Torah on it saying: I believed in thee and in Him Who revealed thee. He then said: Bring me one who is learned among you. Then a young man was brought. The transmitter then mentioned the rest of the tradition of stoning similar to the one transmitted by Malik from Nafi'(No. 4431).

4435: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
(This is Ma’mar’s version which is more accurate.) A man and a woman of the Jews committed fornication. Some of them said to the others: Let us go to this Prophet, for he has been sent with an easy law. If he gives a judgment lighter than stoning, we shall accept it, and argue about it with Allah, saying: It is a judgment of one of your prophets. So they came to the Prophet (pbuh) who was sitting in the mosque among his companions.

They said: AbulQasim, what do you think about a man and a woman who committed fornication? He did not speak to them a word till he went to their school. He stood at the gate and said: I adjure you by Allah Who revealed the Torah to Moses, what (punishment) do you find in the Torah for a person who commits fornication, if he is married? They said: He shall be blackened with charcoal, taken round a donkey among the people, and flogged. A young man among them kept silent. When the Prophet (pbuh) emphatically adjured him, he said: By Allah, since you have adjured us (we inform you that) we find stoning in the Torah (is the punishment for fornication).

The Prophet (pbuh) said: So when did you lessen the severity of Allah’s command? He said: A relative of one of our kings had committed fornication, but his stoning was suspended. Then a man of a family of common people committed fornication. He was to have been stoned, but his people intervened and said: Our man shall not be stoned until you bring your man and stone him. So they made a compromise on this punishment between them.

The Prophet (pbuh) said: So I decide in accordance with what the Torah says. He then commanded regarding them and they were stoned to death. Az−Zuhri said: We have been informed that this verse was revealed about them: “It was We Who revealed the Law (to Moses): therein was guidance and light. By its standard have been judged the Jews, by the Prophet who bowed (as in Islam) to Allah’s will.

4441: Narrated AlBara’ ibn Azib:
While I was wandering in search of my camels which had strayed, a caravan or some horsemen carrying a standard came forward. The bedouin began to go round me for my position with the Prophet (pbuh). They came to a domed structure, took out a man from it, and struck his neck. I asked about him. They told me that he had married his father’s wife.

4442: Narrated AlBara’ ibn Azib:
I met my uncle who was carrying a standard. I asked him: Where are you going? He said: The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) has sent me to a man who has married his father’s wife. He has ordered me to cut off his head and take his property.

4443: Narrated AnNu’man ibn Bashir:
Habib ibn Salim said: A man called AbdurRahman ibn Hunayn had intercourse with his wife’s slave−girl. The matter was brought to an−Nu’man ibn Bashir who was the Governor of Kufah. He said: I shall decide between you in accordance with the decision of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh). If she made her lawful for you, I shall flog you one hundred lashes. If she did not make her lawful for you, I shall stone you to death. So they found that she had made her lawful for him. He, therefore, flogged him one hundred lashes.

4444: Narrated AnNu’man ibn Bashir:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: about a man who had (unlawful) intercourse with his wife’s slave girl: If she made her lawful for him, he will be flogged one hundred lashes; if she did not make her lawful for him, I shall stone him.

4445: Narrated Salamah ibn alMuhabbaq:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) made a decision about a man who had intercourse with his wife’s slave−girl as follows. If he forced her, she is free, and he shall give her mistress a slave−girl similar to her; if she asked him to have intercourse voluntarily, she will belong to him, and he shall give her mistress a slave−girl similar to her.

4446: Narrated Salamah ibn alMuhabbaq:
A similar tradition (to the No. 4445) has also been transmitted by Salamah ibn al−Muhabbaq from the Prophet (pbuh). This version has: If she asked her to have intercourse with her voluntarily, then she and a similar slave−girl would be given to her mistress from his property.

4447: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If you find anyone doing as Lot’s people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done.

4448: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
If a man who is not married is seized committing sodomy, he will be stoned to death.

4449: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone has sexual intercourse with an animal, kill him and kill it along with him. I (Ikrimah) said: I asked him (Ibn Abbas): What offence can be attributed to the animal/ He replied: I think he (the Prophet) disapproved of its flesh being eaten when such a thing had been done to it.

4450: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
There is no prescribed punishment for one who has sexual intercourse with an animal.

4451: Narrated Sahl ibn Sa’d:
A man came to the Prophet (pbuh) and made acknowledgment before him that he had committed fornication with a woman whom he named. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) sent someone to the woman and he asked her about it. She denied that she had committed fornication. So he gave him the prescribed punishment of Lashes and left her.

4452: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
A man of Bakr ibn Layth came to the Prophet (pbuh) and made confession four times that he had committed fornication with a woman, so he had a hundred lashes administered to him. The man had not been married. He then asked him to produce proof against the woman, and she said: I swear by Allah, Apostle of Allah, that he has lied. Then he was given the punishment of eighty lashes of falsehood.

4457: Narrated Some Companions:
AbuUmamah ibn Sahl ibn Hunayf said that some companions of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) told that one of their men suffered so much from some illness that he pined away until he was skin and bone (i.e. only a skeleton). A slave−girl of someone visited him, and he was cheered by her and had unlawful intercourse with her. When his people came to visit the patient, he told them about it. He said: Ask the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) about the legal verdict for me, for I have had unlawful intercourse with a slave−girl who visited me.

So they mentioned it to the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) saying: We have never seen anyone (so weak) from illness as he is. If we bring him to you, his bones will disintegrate. He is only skin and bone. So the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) commanded them to take one hundred twigs and strike him once.

4458: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
A slave−girl belonging to the house of the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) committed fornication. He (the Prophet) said: Rush up, Ali, and inflict the prescribed punishment on her. I then hurried up, and saw that blood was flowing from her, and did not stop. So I came to him and he said: Have you finished inflicting (punishment on her)? I said: I went to her while her blood was flowing. He said: Leave her alone till her bleeding stops; then inflict the prescribed punishment on her. And inflict the prescribed punishment on those whom your right hands possess (i.e. slaves).

4459: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
When my vindication came down, the Prophet (pbuh) mounted the pulpit and mentioned that, and recited the Qur’an. Then when he came down from the pulpit he ordered regarding the two men and the woman, and they were given the prescribed punishment.

4460: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The tradition mentioned above (No. 4459) has also been transmitted by Muhammad ibn Ishaq through a different chain of narrators. But he did not mention Aisha. This version has: He (the Prophet) commanded regarding the two men and the woman who spoke obscenity were Hassan ibn Thabit and Mistah ibn Uthathah. An−Nufayl said: It is said that the woman was Hammah daughter of Jahsh.

4461: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (pbuh) did not prescribe any punishment for drinking wine. Ibn Abbas said: A man who had drunk wine and become intoxicated was found staggering on the road, so he was taken to the Prophet (pbuh). When he was opposite al−Abbas’s house, he escaped, and going in to al−Abbas, he grasped hold of him. When that was mentioned to the Prophet (pbuh), he laughed and said: Did he do that? and he gave no command regarding him.

4465: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
Hudayn ibn al−Mundhir ar−Ruqashi, who was AbuSasan, said: I was present with Uthman ibn Affan when al−Walid ibn Uqbah was brought to him. Humran and another man bore witness against him (for drinking wine). One of them testified that he had seen him drinking wine, and the other testified that he had seen him vomiting it. Uthman said: He could not vomit it, unless he did not drink it. He said to Ali: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him. Ali said to al−Hasan: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him.

Al−Hasan said: He who has enjoyed its pleasure should also bear its burden. So Ali said to Abdullah ibn Ja’far: Inflict the prescribed punishment on him. He took a whip and struck him with it while Ali was counting. When he reached (struck) forty (lashes), he said: It is sufficient. The Prophet (pbuh) gave forty lashes. I think he also said: “And AbuBakr gave forty lashes, and Uthman eighty. This is all sunnah (standard practice). And this is dearer to me.”

4466: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) and AbuBakr gave forty lashes for drinking wine and Umar made it eighty. And all this is sunnah, the model and standard practice.

4467: Narrated Mu’awiyah ibn AbuSufyan:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If they (the people) drink wine, flog them, again if they drink it, flog them. Again if they drink it, kill them.

4469: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If he is intoxicated, flog him; again if he is intoxicated, flog him; again if he is intoxicated, flog him if he does it again a fourth time, kill him. AbuDawud said: And there is a similar tradition of Umar ibn AbuSalamah, from his father, on the authority of AbuHurayrah, from the Prophet (pbuh): If he drinks wine, flog him if he does it so again, a fourth time, kill him.

4470: Narrated Qabisah ibn Dhuwayb:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: If anyone drinks wine, flog him; if he repeats it, flog him, and if he repeats it, flog him. If he does it again a third or a fourth time, kill him. A man who had drunk wine was brought (to him) and he gave him lashes. He was again brought to him, and he flogged him. He was again brought to him and he flogged him. He was again brought to him and he flogged him. The punishment of killing (for drinking) was repealed, and a concession was allowed.

4472: Narrated AbdurRahman ibn Azhar:
I can still picture myself looking at the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) who was among the camps of the Companions seeking the camp of Khalid ibn al−Walid, when a man who had drunk wine was brought before him. He asked the people: Beat him. Some struck him with sandals, some with sticks and some with fresh branches of the palm−tree (mitakhah). Ibn Wahb said: This (mitakhah) means green palm fronds. Then the apostle of Allah (pbuh) took some dust from the ground and threw it on his face.

4473: Narrated AbdurRahman ibn alAzhar:
A man who had drunk wine was brought before the Prophet (pbuh) when he was in Hunayn. He threw some dust on his face. He then ordered his Companions and they beat him with their sandals and whatever they had in their hands. He then said to them: Leave him, and they left him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then died, and AbuBakr gave forty lashes for drinking wine, and then Umar in the beginning of his Caliphate inflicted forty stripes and at the end of his Caliphate he inflicted eighty stripes. Uthman (after him) inflicted both punishments, eighty and forty stripes, and finally Mu’awiyah established eighty stripes.

4474: Narrated AbdurRahman ibn Azhar:
I saw the Apostle of Allah (pbuh) on the morning of the conquest of Mecca when I was a young boy. He was walking among the people, seeking the camp of Khalid ibn al−Walid. A man who had drunk wine was brought (before him) and he ordered them (to beat him). So they beat him with what they had in their hands. Some struck him with whips, some with sticks and some with sandals. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) threw some dust on his face. When a man who had drunk wine was brought before AbuBakr, he asked them (i.e. the people) about the number of beatings which they gave him.

They numbered it forty. So AbuBakr gave him forty lashes. When Umar came to power, Khalid ibn al−Walid wrote to him: The people have become addicted to drinking wine and they look down upon the prescribed punishment and its penalty. He said: They are with you, ask them. The immigrants who embraced Islam in the beginning were with him. He asked them and they agreed on the fact that (a drunkard) should be given eighty lashes. Ali said: When a man drinks wine, he tells lies. I, therefore, think that he should be prescribed punishment that is prescribed for telling lies..

4475: Narrated Hakim ibn Hizam:
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) forbade to take retaliation in the mosque, to recite verses in it and to inflict the prescribed punishments in it.

4478: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: When one of you inflicts a beating, he should avoid striking the face.

Battles: Kitab Al−Malahim

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 37

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 37

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
The Book of Battles Kitab Al−Malahim
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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The Book of Battles |Kitab Al−Malahim

4278: Narrated AbuHurayrah:  The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah will raise for this community at the end of every hundred years the one who will renovate its religion for it.

4281: Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The flourishing state of Jerusalem will be when Yathrib is in ruins, the ruined state of Yathrib will be when the great war comes, the outbreak of the great war will be at the conquest of Constantinople and the conquest of Constantinople when the Dajjal (Antichrist) comes forth. He (the Prophet) struck his thigh or his shoulder with his hand and said: This is as true as you are here or as you are sitting (meaning Mu’adh ibn Jabal).

4282: Narrated Mu’adh ibn Jabal:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The greatest war, the conquest of Constantinople and the coming forth of the Dajjal (Antichrist) will take place within a period of seven months.

4283: Narrated Abdullah ibn Busr:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The time between the great war and the conquest of the city (Constantinople) will be six years, and the Dajjal (Antichrist) will come forth in the seventh.

4284: Narrated Thawban:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The people will soon summon one another to attack you as people when eating invite others to share their dish. Someone asked: Will that be because of our small numbers at that time? He replied: No, you will be numerous at that time: but you will be scum and rubbish like that carried down by a torrent, and Allah will take fear of you from the breasts of your enemy and last enervation into your hearts. Someone asked: What is wahn (enervation). Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): He replied: Love of the world and dislike of death.

4285: Narrated AbudDarda’:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The place of assembly of the Muslims at the time of the war will be in al−Ghutah near a city called Damascus, one of the best cities in Syria.

4287: Narrated Awf ibn Malik:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah will not gather two swords upon this community: Its own sword and the sword of its enemy.

4288: Narrated One of the Companions:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Let the Abyssinians alone as long as they let you alone, and let the Turks alone as long as they leave you alone.

4292: Narrated AbuBakrah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Some of my people will alight on low−lying ground, which they will call al−Basrah, beside a river called Dajjal (the Tigris) over which there is a bridge. Its people will be numerous and it will be one of the capital cities of immigrants (or one of the capital cities of Muslims, according to the version of Ibn Yahya who reported from AbuMa’mar). At the end of time the descendants of Qantura’ will come with broad faces and small eyes and alight on the bank of the river.

The town’s inhabitants will then separate into three sections, one of which will follow cattle and (live in) the desert and perish, another of which will seek security for themselves and perish, but a third will put their children behind their backs and fight the invaders, and they will be the martyrs.

4293: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The people will establish cities, Anas, and one of them will be called al−Basrah or al−Busayrah. If you should pass by it or enter it, avoid its salt−marshes, its Kall, its market, and the gate of its commanders, and keep to its environs, for the earth will swallow some people up, pelting rain will fall and earthquakes will take place in it, and there will be people who will spend the night in it and become apes and swine in the morning.

4294: Narrated Abu Hurayrah:
Salih ibn Dirham said: We went on the pilgrimage and met a man who asked us: Is there a town near you called al−Ubullah? We said: Yes. He said: Is there any of you who will undertake to pray two or four rak’ahs on my behalf in the mosque of al−Ashshar, stating “they are on behalf of AbuHurayrah”? He (AbuHurayrah) said: I heard my friend AbulQasim (peace_be_upon_him) say: On the Day of Resurrection Allah will raise martyrs from the mosque of al−Ashshar, who will be the only ones to rise with the martyrs of Badr.

4295: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Leave the Abyssinians alone as long as they leave you alone, for it is only the Abyssinian with short legs who will seek to take out the treasure of the Ka’bah.

4305: Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Let him who hears of the Dajjal (Antichrist) go far from him for I swear by Allah that a man will come to him thinking he is a believer and follow him because of confused ideas roused in him by him.

4306: Narrated Ubadah ibn asSamit:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: I have told you so much about the Dajjal (Antichrist) that I am afraid you may not understand. The Antichrist is short, hen−toed, woolly−haired, one−eyed, an eye−sightless, and neither protruding nor deep−seated. If you are confused about him, know that your Lord is not one−eyed.

4310: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no prophet between me and him, that is, Jesus (peace_be_upon_him). He will descent (to the earth). When you see him, recognise him: a man of medium height, reddish fair, wearing two light yellow garments, looking as if drops were falling down from his head though it will not be wet. He will fight the people for the cause of Islam. He will break the cross, kill swine, and abolish jizyah. Allah will perish all religions except Islam. He will destroy the Antichrist and will live on the earth for forty years and then he will die. The Muslims will pray over him.

4311: Narrated Fatimah, daughter of Qays:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) once delayed the congregational night prayer. He came out and said: The talk of Tamim ad−Dari detained me. He transmitted it to me from a man who was on of of the islands of the sea. All of a sudden he found a woman who was trailing her hair. He asked: Who are you? She said: I am the Jassasah. Go to that castle. So I came to it and found a man who was trailing his hair, chained in iron collars, and leaping between Heaven and Earth. I asked: Who are you? He replied: I am the Dajjal (Antichrist). Has the Prophet of the unlettered people come forth now? I replied: Yes. He said: Have they obeyed him or disobeyed him? I said: No, they have obeyed him. He said: That is better for them.

4314: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said one day from the pulpit: When some people were sailing in the sea, their food was finished. An island appeared to them. They went out seeking bread. They were met by the Jassasah (the Antichrist’s spy). I said to AbuSalamah: What is the Jassasah? He replied: A woman trailing the hair of her skin and of her head. She said: In this castle. He then narrated the rest of the (No. 4311) tradition.

He asked about the palm−trees of Baysan and the spring of Zughar. He said: He is the Antichrist. Ibn Salamah said to me: There is something more in this tradition, which I could not remember. He said: Jabir testified that it was he who was Ibn Sayyad. I said: He died. He said: Let him die. I said: He accepted Islam. He said: Let him accept Islam. I said: He entered Medina. He said: Let him enter Medina.

4316: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
Nafi’ told that Ibn Umar used to say: I swear by Allah that I do not doubt that Antichrist is Ibn Sayyad.

4317: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
Muhammad ibn al−Munkadir told that he saw Jabir ibn Abdullah swearing by Allah that Ibn as−Sa’id was the Dajjal (Antichrist). I expressed my surprise by saying: You swear by Allah! He said: I heard Umar swearing to that in the presence of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), but the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) did not make any objection to it.

4318: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: We saw the last of Ibn Sayyad at the battle of the Harrah.

4319: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The Last Hour will not come before there come forth thirty Dajjals (fraudulents), everyone presuming himself that he is an apostle of Allah.

4320: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The Last Hour will not come before there come forth thirty liar Dajjals (fraudulents) lying on Allah and His Apostle.

4322: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The first defect that permeated Banu Isra’il was that a man (of them) met another man and said: O so−and−so, fear Allah, and abandon what you are doing, for it is not lawful for you. He then met him the next day and that did not prevent him from eating with him, drinking with him and sitting with him. When they did so. Allah mingled their hearts with each other.

He then recited the verse: “curses were pronounced on those among the children of Isra’il who rejected Faith, by the tongue of David and of Jesus the son of Mary”…up to “wrongdoers”. He then said: By no means, I swear by Allah, you must enjoin what is good and prohibit what is evil, prevent the wrongdoer, bend him into conformity with what is right, and restrict him to what is right.

4323: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
A similar tradition (to the No. 4322) has also been transmitted by Ibn Mas’ud through a different chain of narrators to the same effect. This version adds: “Or Allah will mingle your hearts together and curse you as He cursed them.”

4324: Narrated AbuBakr:
You people recite this verse “You who believe, care for yourselves; he who goes astray cannot harm you when you are rightly−guided,” and put it in its improper place. Khalid’s version has: We heard the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) say: When the people see a wrongdoer and do not prevent him, Allah will soon punish them all. Amr ibn Hushaym’s version has: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If acts of disobedience are done among any people and do not change them though the are able to do so, Allah will soon punish them all.

4325: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If any man is among a people in whose midst he does acts of disobedience, and, though they are able to make him change (his acts), they do not change, Allah will smite them with punishment before they die.

4327: Narrated AbuTha’labah alKhushani:
AbuUmayyah ash−Sha’bani said: I asked AbuTha’labah al−Khushani: What is your opinion about the verse “Care for yourselves”. He said: I swear by Allah, I asked the one who was well informed about it; I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about it. He said: No, enjoin one another to do what is good and forbid one another to do what is evil.

But when you see niggardliness being obeyed, passion being followed, worldly interests being preferred, everyone being charmed with his opinion, then care for yourself, and leave alone what people in general are doing; for ahead of you are days which will require endurance, in which showing endurance will be like grasping live coals. The one who acts rightly during that period will have the reward of fifty men who act as he does. Another version has: He said (The hearers asked:) Apostle of Allah, the reward of fifty of them? He replied: The reward of fifty of you.

4328: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: How will you do when that time will come? Or he said: A time will soon come when the people are sifted and only dregs of mankind survive and their covenants and guarantees have been impaired and they have disagreed among themselves and become thus, interwining his fingers. They asked: What do you order us to do, Apostle of Allah? He replied: Accept what you approve, abandon what you disapprove, attend to your own affairs and leave alone the affairs of the generality.

4329: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
When we were around the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), he mentioned the period of commotion (fitnah) saying: When you see the people that their covenants have been impaired, (the fulfilling of) the guarantees becomes rare, and they become thus (interwining his fingers). I then got up and said: What should I do at that time, may Allah make me ransom for you? He replied: Keep to your house, control your tongue, accept what you approve, abandon what you disapprove, attend to your own affairs, and leave alone the affairs of the generality.

4330: Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The best fighting (jihad) in the path of Allah is (to speak) a word of justice to an oppressive ruler.

4331: Narrated Amirah alKindi:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When sin is done in the earth, he who sees it and disapproves of it will be taken like one who was not present, but he who is not present and approves of it will be like him who sees.

4335: Narrated AbuTha’labah alKhushani:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah will not fail to detain this community for less than half a day.

4336: Narrated Sa’d ibn AbuWaqqas:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: I hope my community will not fail to maintain their position in the sight of their Lord if He delays them half a day. Sa’d was asked: How long is half a day? He said: It is five hundred years.

The Promised Deliverer: Kitab Al−Mahdi

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 36

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 36

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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The Promised Deliverer |Kitab Al−Mahdi

4266: Narrated Jabir ibn Samurah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The religion will continue to be established till there are twelve caliphs over you, and the whole community will agree on each of them. I then heard from the Prophet (pbuh) some remarks which I could not understand. I asked my father: What is he saying: He said: all of them will belong to Quraysh.

4269: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If only one day of this world remained. Allah would lengthen that day (according to the version of Za’idah), till He raised up in it a man who belongs to me or to my family whose father’s name is the same as my father’s, who will fill the earth with equity and justice as it has been filled with oppression and tyranny (according to the version of Fitr). Sufyan’s version says: The world will not pass away before the Arabs are ruled by a man of my family whose name will be the same as mine.

4270: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If only one day of this time (world) remained, Allah would raise up a man from my family who would fill this earth with justice as it has been filled with oppression.

4271: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: The Mahdi will be of my family, of the descendants of Fatimah. Abdullah ibn Ja’far said: I heard AbulMalih praising Ali ibn Nufayl and describing his good qualities.

4272: Narrated AbuSa’id al−Khudri:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The Mahdi will be of my stock, and will have a broad forehead a prominent nose. He will fill the earth will equity and justice as it was filled with oppression and tyranny, and he will rule for seven years.

4273: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Prophet (pbuh) said: Disagreement will occur at the death of a caliph and a man of the people of Medina will come flying forth to Mecca. Some of the people of Mecca will come to him, bring him out against his will and swear allegiance to him between the Corner and the Maqam. An expeditionary force will then be sent against him from Syria but will be swallowed up in the desert between Mecca and Medina.

When the people see that, the eminent saints of Syria and the best people of Iraq will come to him and swear allegiance to him between the Corner and the Maqam. Then there will arise a man of Quraysh whose maternal uncles belong to Kalb and send against them an expeditionary force which will be overcome by them, and that is the expedition of Kalb. Disappointed will be the one who does not receive the booty of Kalb. He will divide the property, and will govern the people by the Sunnah of their Prophet (pbuh) and establish Islam on Earth. He will remain seven years, then die, and the Muslims will pray over him.

4276A: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
AbuIshaq told that Ali looked at his son al−Hasan and said: This son of mine is a sayyid (chief) as named by the Prophet (pbuh), and from his loins will come forth a man who will be called by the name of your Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and resemble him in conduct but not in appearance. He then mentioned the story about his filling the earth with justice.

4277: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man called al−Harith ibn Harrath will come forth from Ma Wara an−Nahr. His army will be led by a man called Mansur who will establish or consolidate things for Muhammad’s family as Quraysh consolidated them for the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). Every believer must help him, or he said: respond to his sermons.

Trials and Fierce Battles: Kitab Al−Fitan Wa Al−Malahim

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 35

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 35

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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Trials and Fierce Battles| Kitab Al−Fitan Wa Al−Malahim

4229: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: four (majestic) trials (fitnahs) will take place among this community, and in their end there will be destruction.

4230: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: When we were sitting with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), he talked about periods of trial (fitnahs), mentioning many of them. When he mentioned the one when people should stay in their houses, some asked him: Apostle of Allah, what is the trial (fitnah) of staying at home? He replied: It will be flight and plunder. Then will come a test which is pleasant. Its murkiness is due to the fact that it is produced by a man from the people of my house, who will assert that he belongs to me, whereas he does not, for my friends are only the God−fearing.

Then the people will unite under a man who will be like a hip−bone on a rib. Then there will be the little black trial which will leave none of this community without giving him a slap, and when people say that it is finished, it will be extended. During it a man will be a believer in the morning and an infidel in the evening, so that the people will be in two camps: the camp of faith which will contain no hypocrisy, and the camp of hypocrisy which will contain no faith. When that happens, expect the Antichrist (Dajjal) that day or the next.

4231: Narrated Hudhayfah ibn al−Yaman: I swear by Allah, I do not know whether my companions have forgotten or have pretended to forgot. I swear by Allah that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) did not omit a leader of a wrong belief (fitnah)−−up to the end of the world−−whose followers reach the number of three hundred and upwards but he mentioned to us his name, his father’s name and the name of his tribe.

4232: Narrated Hudhayfah ibn al−Yaman: Subay’ ibn Khalid said: I came to Kufah at the time when Tustar was conquered. I took some mules from it. When I entered the mosque (of Kufah), I found there some people of moderate stature, and among them was a man whom you could recognize when you saw him that he was from the people of Hijaz. I asked: Who is he? The people frowned at me and said: Do you not recognize him? This is Hudhayfah ibn al−Yaman, the companion of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).

Then Hudhayfah said: People used to ask the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about good, and I used to ask him about evil. Then the people stared hard at him. He said: I know the reason why you dislike it. I then asked: Apostle of Allah, will there be evil as there was before, after this good which Allah has bestowed on us? He replied: Yes. I asked: Wherein does the protection from it lie? He replied: In the sword. I asked: Apostle of Allah, what will then happen? He replied: If Allah has on Earth a caliph who flays your back and takes your property, obey him, otherwise die holding onto the stump of a tree.

I asked: What will come next? He replied: Then the Antichrist (Dajjal) will come forth accompanied by a river and fire. He who falls into his fire will certainly receive his reward, and have his load taken off him, but he who falls into his river will have his load retained and his reward taken off him. I then asked: What will come next? He said: The Last Hour will come.

4234: Narrated Hudhayfah: The tradition mentioned above (No. 4232) has also been transmitted through a different chain of narrators by Nasr ibn Asim al−Laythi who said: We came to al−Yashkuri with a group of the people of Banu Layth. He asked: Who are these people? We replied: Banu Layth. We have come to you to ask you about the tradition of Hudhayfah. He then mentioned the tradition and said: I asked: Apostle of Allah, will there be evil after this good? He replied: There will be trial (fitnah) and evil. I asked: Apostle of Allah, will there be good after this evil? He replied: Learn the Book of Allah, Hudhayfah, and adhere to its contents.

He said it three times. I asked: Apostle of Allah, will there be good after this evil? He replied: An illusory truce and a community with specks in its eye. I asked: Apostle of Allah, what do you mean by an illusory community? He replied: The hearts of the people will not return to their former condition. I asked: Apostle of Allah, will there be evil after this good? He replied: There will be wrong belief which will blind and deafen men to the truth in which there will be summoners at the gates of Hell. If you, Hudhayfah, die adhering to a stump, it will be better for you than following any of them.

4237A: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The Muslims will soon be besieged up to Medina, so that their most distant frontier outpost will be Salah.

4240: Narrated AbuMalik al−Ash’ari: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah has protected you from three things: that your Prophet should not invoke a curse on you and should all perish, that those who follow what is false should not prevail over those who follow the truth, and that you should not all agree in an error.

4241: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The mill of Islam will go round till the year thirty−five, or thirty−six, or thirty−seven; then if they perish, they will have followed the path of those who perished before them, but if their religion is maintained, it will be maintained for seventy years. I asked: Does it mean seventy years which remain or seventy years which are gone by? He replied: It means (seventy years) that are gone by.

4243: Narrated AbuBakrah: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: There will be a period of commotion in which the one who lies down will be better than the one who sits, and the one who sits is better than the one who stands, and the one who stands is better than the one who walks, and the one who walks is better than the one who runs (to it). He asked: What do you command me to do, Apostle of Allah? He replied: He who has camels should remain with his camels, he who has sheep should remain with his sheep, and he who has land should remain with his land. He asked: If anyone has more of these, (what should he do)? He replied: He should take his sword, strike its edge on a stone, and then escape if he can.

4244: Narrated Sa’d ibn AbuWaqqas: I asked: Apostle of Allah! Tell me if someone enters my house and extends his hands to kill me (what should I do?) The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) replied: Be like the two sons of Adam. The narrator Yazid (ibn Khalid) then recited the verse: “If thou dost stretch they hand against me to slay me.”

4245: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud ; Khuraym ibn Fatik: The tradition mentioned above (No. 4243) has also been transmitted by Ibn Mas’ud through a different chain of narrators. Ibn Mas’ud said: I heard the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) say: He then mentioned a portion of the tradition narrated by AbuBakrah (No. 4243). This version adds: He (the Prophet) said: All their slain will go to Hell. I (Wabisah) asked: When will this happen Ibn Mas’ud? He replied: This is the period of turmoil (harj) when a man will not be safe from his associates.

I asked: What do you command me (to do) if I happen to live during that period? He replied: You should restrain your tongue and hand and stay at home. When Uthman was slain, I recollected this tradition. I then rode (on a camel) and came to Damascus. There I met Khuraym ibn Fatik and mentioned this tradition to him. He swore by Allah, there was no god but He, he had heard it from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), as Ibn Mas’ud transmitted it to me (Wabisah).

4246: Narrated AbuMusa al−Ash’ari: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Before the Last Hour there will be commotions like pieces of a dark night in which a man will be a believer in the morning and an infidel in the evening, or a believer in the evening and infidel in the morning. He who sits during them will be better than he who gets up and he who walks during them is better than he who runs. So break your bows, cut your bowstrings and strike your swords on stones. If people then come in to one of you, let him be like the better of Adam’s two sons.

4247: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: AbdurRahman ibn Samurah said: I was holding the hand of Ibn Umar on one of the ways of Medina. He suddenly came to a hanging head. He said: Unhappy is the one who killed him. When he proceeded, he said: I do not consider him but unfortunate. I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If anyone goes to a man of my community in order to kill him, he should say in this way, the one who kills will go to Hell and the one who is killed will go to Paradise.

4248: Narrated AbuDharr: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to me: O AbuDharr. I replied: At thy service and at thy pleasure, Apostle of Allah. He then mentioned the tradition in which he said: What will you do when there the death of the people (in Medina) and a house will reach the value of a slave (that is, a grave will be sold for a slave). I replied: Allah and His Apostle know best. Or he said: What Allah and His Apostle choose for me. He said: You must show endurance. Or he said; you may endure.

He then said to me: What will you do, AbuDharr, when you see the Ahjar az−Zayt covered with blood? I replied: What Allah and His Apostle choose for me. He said: You must go to those who are like−minded. I asked: Should I not take my sword and put it on my shoulder? He replied: you would then associate yourself with the people.

I then asked: What do you order me to do? You must stay at home. I asked: (What should I do) if people enter my house and find me? He replied: If you are afraid the gleam of the sword may dazzle you, put the end of your garment over your face in order that (the one who kills you) may bear the punishment of your sins and his.

4249: Narrated AbuMusa al−Ash’ari: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Before you there will be commotions like pieces of a dark night in which a man will be a believer in the morning and an infidel in the evening. He who sits during them will be better than he who gets up, and he who gets up during them is better than he who walks, and he who walks during them is better than he who runs. They (the people) said: What do you order us to do? He replied: Keep to your houses.

4250: Narrated Al−Miqdad ibn al−Aswad: I swear by Allah, I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: The happy man is he who avoids dissensions: happy is the man who avoids dissensions; happy is the man who avoids dissensions: but how fine is the man who is afflicted and shows endurance.

4251: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There will be civil strife (fitnah) which will render people deaf, dumb and blind regarding what is right. Those who contemplate it will be drawn by it, and giving rein to the tongue during it will be like smiting with the sword.

4252: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There will be civil strife which wipe out the Arabs, and their slain will go to Hell. During it the tongue will be more severe than blows of the sword.

4257: Narrated AbudDarda’ and Ubadah ibn as−Samit: Khalid ibn Dihqan said: When we were engaged in the battle of Constantinople at Dhuluqiyyah, a man of the people of Palestine, who was one of their nobility and elite and whose rank was known to them, came forward. He was called Hani ibn Kulthum ibn Sharik al−Kinani. He greeted Abdullah ibn Zakariyya who knew his rank.

Khalid said to us: Abdullah ibn AbuZakariyya told us: I heard Umm ad−Darda’ say: I heard AbudDarda’ say: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: It is hoped that Allah may forgive every sin, except in the case of one who dies a polytheist, or one who purposely kills a believer. Hani ibn Kulthum ar−Rabi’ then said: I heard Mahmud ibn ar−Rabi’ transmitting a tradition from Ubadah ibn as−Samit who transmitted from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) who said: If a man kills a believer unjustly, Allah will not accept any action or duty of his, obligatory or supererogatory.

Khalid then said to us: Ibn AbuZakariyya transmitted a tradition to us from Umm ad−Darda’ on the authority of AbudDarda’ from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) who said: A believer will continue to go on quickly and well so long as he does not shed unlawful blood; when he sheds unlawful blood, he becomes slow and heavy−footed. A similar tradition has been transmitted by Hani ibn Kulthum from Mahmud ibn ar−Rabi’ on the authority of Ubadah ibn as−Samit from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).

4259: Narrated Zayd ibn Thabit: The verse “If a man kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell to abide therein for ever” was revealed six months after the verse “And those who invoke not with Allah any other god, nor slay such life as Allah has made sacred, except for just cause in Surat al−Furqan.

4264: Narrated Sa’id ibn Zayd: We were with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He mentioned civil strife (fitnah) and expressed its gravity. We or the people said: Apostle of Allah, if this happens to us it will destroy us. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said; No. It is enough for you that you would be killed. Sa’id said: I saw that my brethren were killed.

4265: Narrated AbuMusa: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: This people of mine is one to which mercy is shown. It will have no punishment in the next world, but its punishment in this world will be trials, earthquakes and being killed.

Signet−Rings: Kitab Al−Khatam

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 34

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 34

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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Signet−Rings | Kitab Al−Khatam

4210: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: The Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) disliked ten things: Yellow colouring, meaning khaluq, dyeing grey hair, trailing the lower garment, wearing a gold signet−ring, a woman decking herself before people who are not within the prohibited degrees, throwing dice, using spells except with the Mu’awwidhatan, wearing amulets, withdrawing the penis before the semen is discharged, in the case of a woman who is wife or not a wife, and having intercourse with a woman who is suckling a child; but he did not declare them to be prohibited.

4211: Narrated Buraydah ibn al−Hasib: A man came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and he was wearing a signet−ring of yellow copper. He said to him: How is it that I notice the odour of idols in you? So he threw it away, and came wearing an iron signet ring. He (the Prophet) said: What is it that I see you wearing the adornment of the inhabitants of Hell? So he threw it away. He asked: Apostle of Allah, what material I must use? He said: Make it of silver, but do not weigh it as much as a mithqal,

4212: Narrated AbuDhubab: The signet−ring of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was of iron polished with silver. Sometimes it remained in my possession. Al−Mu’ayqib was in charge of the signet−ring of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).

4214: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to wear the signet−ring on his right hand.

4215: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to wear the signet−ring on his left hand, and put its stone next the palm of his hand.

4217: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: Muhammad ibn Ishaq said: I saw as−Salt ibn Abdullah ibn Nawfal ibn AbdulMuttalib wearing the signet−ring on his right small finger. I asked: What is this? He replied: I saw Ibn Abbas wearing his ring in this manner. He put its stone towards the upper part of his palm. Ibn Abbas also mentioned that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to wear his signet−ring in his manner.

4218: Narrated Umar ibn al−Khattab: Ibn az−Zubayr told that a woman client of theirs took az−Zubayr’s daughter to Umar ibn al−Khattab wearing bells on her legs. Umar cut them off and said that he had heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: There is a devil along with each bell.

4220: Narrated Arfajah ibn As’ad: AbdurRahman ibn Tarafah said that his grandfather Arfajah ibn As’ad who had his nose cut off at the battle of al−Kilab got a silver nose, but it developed a stench, so the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) ordered him to get a gold nose.

4221: Narrated Arfajah ibn As’ad: The tradition mentioned above (No. 4220) has also been transmitted by Arfajah ibn As’ad through a different chain to the same effect. Yazid said: I asked AbulAshhab: Did AbdurRahman ibn Tarafah meet his grandfather Arfajah? He replied: Yes.

4223: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) got some ornaments presented by Negus as a gift to him. They contained a gold ring with an Abyssinian stone. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) turning his attention from it took it by means of a stick or his finger, then called Umamah, daughter of Abul’As and daughter of his daughter Zaynab, and said: Wear it, my dear daughter.

4224: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone wants to put a ring of fire on one he loves, let him put a gold ring on him: if anyone wants to put a necklace of fire on one he loves, let him put a gold necklace on him, and if anyone wants to put a bracelet of fire on one he loves let him put a gold bracelet on him. Keep to silver and amuse yourselves with it.

4225: Narrated A sister of Hudhayfah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: You women folk, have in silver something with which you adorn yourselves. I assure you that any woman of you who adorns herself with gold which she displays will be punished for it.

4226: Narrated Asma’ daughter of Yazid: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Any woman who wears a gold necklace will have a similar one of fire put on her neck on the Day of Resurrection, and any woman who puts a gold earring in her ear will have a similar one of fire put in her ear on the Day of Resurrection.

4227: Narrated Mu’awiyah ibn AbuSufyan: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade to ride on panther skins and to wear gold except a little.

Combing the Hair: Kitab Al−Tarajjul

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 33

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 33

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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Combing the Hair | Kitab Al−Tarajjul 

4147: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mughaffal: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade combing the hair except every second day.

4148: Narrated Fudalah ibn Ubayd: Abdullah ibn Buraydah said: A man from the companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) travelled to Fudalah ibn Ubayd when he was in Egypt. He came to him and said: I have not come to you to visit you. But you and I heard a tradition from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him).

I hope you may have some knowledge of it. He asked: What is it? He replied: So and so. He said: Why do I see you dishevelled when you are the ruler of this land? He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has forbidden us to indulge much in luxury. He said: Why do I see you unshod? He replied: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to command us to go barefoot at times.

4149: Narrated AbuUmamah Ilyas ibn Tha’labah: The Companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) mentioned this word before him. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Listen, listen! Wearing old clothes is a part of faith, wearing old clothes is a part of faith.

4150: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had sikkah with which he perfumed himself.

4151: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He who has hair should honour it.

4152: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: Karimah, daughter of Hammam, told that a woman came to Aisha (Allah be pleased with her) and asked her about dyeing with henna. She replied: There is no harm, but I do not like it. My beloved, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), disliked its odour.

4153: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: When Hind, daughter of Utbah, said: Prophet of Allah, accept my allegiance, he replied; I shall not accept your allegiance till you make a difference to the palms of your hands; for they look like the paws of a beast of prey.

4154: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: A woman made a sign from behind a curtain to indicate that she had a letter for the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) closed his hand, saying: I do not know this is a man’s or a woman’s hand. She said: No, a woman. He said: If you were a woman, you would make a difference to your nails, meaning with henna.

4161: Narrated AbuMusa: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If a woman uses perfume and passes the people so that they may get its odour, she is so−and−so, meaning severe remarks.

4162: Narrated AbuHurayrah: A woman met him and he found the odour of perfume in her. Her clothes were fluttering in the air. He said: O maid−servant of the Almighty, are you coming from the mosque? She replied: Yes. He said: For it did you use perfume? She replied: Yes. He said: I heard my beloved AbulQasim (peace_be_upon_him) say: The prayer of a woman who uses perfume for this mosque is not accepted until she returns and takes a bath like that of sexual defilement (perfectly).

4163: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If a woman fumigates herself with perfume, she must not attend the night prayer with us. Ibn Nufayl said: Isha’ means night prayer.

4164: Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir: I came to my family at night (after a journey) with my hands chapped and they perfumed me with saffron. In the morning I went to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and gave him a greeting, but he did not respond to me nor did he welcome me. He said: Go away and wash this off yourself. I then went away and washed it off me. I came to him but there remained a spot of it on me.

I give him a greeting, but he did not respond to me nor did he welcome me. He said: Go away and wash it off yourself. I then went away and washed it off me. I then came and gave him a greeting. He responded to me and welcomed me, saying: The angels do not attend the funeral of an unbeliever bringing good to it, nor a man who smears himself with saffron, nor a man who is sexually defiled. He said: He permitted the man who was sexually defiled to perform ablution when he slept, ate or drank.

4165: Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir: The tradition mentioned above (No. 4164) has also been transmitted by Ammar ibn Yasir through a different chain of narrators. This version has: Ammar said: I used khaluq. The first version is more perfect; it mentioned “taking a bath”. Ibn Jurayj said: I said to Umar (a transmitter): They might be wearing ihram (robe of pilgrim)? He replied: No, they were residents.

4166: Narrated AbuMusa: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah does not accept the prayer of a man who has any khaluq (perfume composed of saffron) on his body.

4168: Narrated Ammar ibn Yasir: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The angels do not come near three: the dead body of the unbeliever, one who smears himself with khaluq, and the one who is sexually defiled except that he performs ablution.

4169: Narrated Al−Walid ibn Uqbah: When the Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) conquered Makkah. The people of Makkah began to bring their boys and he would invoke a blessing on them and rub their heads. I was brought, but as I had been perfumed with khaluq, he did not touch me because of the khaluq.

4170: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: A man came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and he had the mark of yellowness (of saffron). The Prophet (peace be upon him rarely mentioned a thing which he disliked before a man. When he went away, he said: Would that you tell this man that he should wash this off him.

4173: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: The hair of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) were up to the lobes of his ears.

4175: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: The hair of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) were above wafrah and below jummah.

4177: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: When I parted the hair of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) I made a parting from the crow of his head and let his forelock hang between his eyes.

4178: Narrated Wa’il ibn Hujr: I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and I had long hair. When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw me, he said: Evil, evil! He said: I then returned and cut them off. I then came to him in the morning. He said (to me): I did not intend to do evil to you. This is much better.

4179: Narrated Umm Hani: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) came to Mecca and he had four plaits of hair.

4180: Narrated Abdullah ibn Ja’far: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) gave the children of Ja’far three day’ time to visit them. He then came to visit them, and said: Do not weep over my brother after this day. He said: Call to me the children of my brother. We were brought to him as if we were chicken. He said: Call a barber to me. He then ordered and our heads were shaved.

4182: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade qaza’ which means that the head of a boy is shaved and a lock is left.

4183: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) saw a boy with part of his head shaved and part left unshaven. He forbade them to do that, saying: Shave it all or leave it all.

4184: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: I had a hanging lock of hair. My mother said to me: I shall not cut it, for the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to stretch it our and hold it.

4185: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: Al−Hajjaj ibn Hassan said: We entered upon Anas ibn Malik. My sister al−Mughirah said: You were a boy in those days and you had two locks of hair. He (Anas) rubbed your head and invoked blessing on you. He said: Shave them (i.e. the locks) or clip them, for this is the fashion of the Jews.

4190: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not pluck out grey hair. If any believer grows a grey hair in Islam, he will have light on the Day of Resurrection. (This is Sufyan’s version). Yahya’s version says: Allah will record on his behalf a good deed for it, and will blot out a sin for it.

4193: Narrated AbuDharr: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The best things with which grey hair are changed are henna and katam.

4194: Narrated AbuRimthah: I went with my father to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He had locks hanging down as far as the lobes of the ears stained with henna, and he was wearing two green garments.

4195: Narrated AbuRimthah: This version adds (to the previous hadith No 4194): My father said to him (the Prophet): Show me what is on your back, for I am a physician. He (the Prophet) said: You are only a soother. Its physician is He Who has credit it.

4196: Narrated AbuRimthah: I and my father came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He said to a man or to my father: Who is this? He replied: He is my son. He said: Do not commit a crime on him. He had stained his beard with henna.

4198: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to wear tanned leather sandals and dye his beard yellow with wars and saffron.

4199: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: When a man who had dyed himself with henna passed by the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), he said: How fine this is! When another man who had dyed himself with henna and katam passed by, he said: This is better than that. Then another man who had dyed himself with yellow dye, passed by, he said: This is better than all that.

4200: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: At the end of time there will be people who will use this black dye like the crops of doves who will not experience the fragrance of Paradise.

4201: Narrated Thawban: When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) went on a journey, the last member of his family he saw was Fatimah, and the first he visited on his return was Fatimah. Once when he returned from an expedition she had hung up a hair−cloth, or a curtain, at her door, and adorned al−Hasan and al−Husayn with silver bracelets. So when he arrived, he did not enter.

Thinking that he had been prevented from entering by what he had seen, she tore down the curtain, unfastened the bracelets from the boys and cut them off. They went weeping to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), and when he had taken them from them, he said: Take this to so and so’s family. Thawban. In Medina, these are my family, and I did not like them to enjoy their good things in the present life. Buy Fatimah a necklace or asb, Thawban, and two ivory bracelets.

Clothing: Kitab Al−Libas

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 32

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 32

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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Clothing |Kitab Al−Libas

4009:  Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) put on a new garment he mentioned it by name, turban or shirt, and would then say: O Allah, praise be to Thee! as Thou hast clothed me with it, I ask Thee for its good and the good of that for which it was made, and I seek refuge in Thee from its evil and the evil of that for which it was made.

4012:  Narrated Mu’adh ibn Anas:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone eats food and then says: “Praise be to Allah Who has fed me with this food and provided me with it through no might and power on my part,” he will be forgiven his former and later sins. If anyone puts on a garment and says: “Praise be to Allah Who has clothed me with this and provided me with it through no might and power on my part,” he will be forgiven his former and later sins.

4014:  Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
The clothing which the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) liked best was shirt.

4015:  Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
No clothing was dearer to be Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) than shirt.

4016:  Narrated Asma’, daughter of Yazid,:
The sleeve of the shirt of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to the wrist.

4018:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: If anyone wears a garment for gaining fame, Allah will clothe him in a similar garment on the Day of Resurrection.

4020:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He who copies any people is one of them.

4021A:  Narrated Utbah ibn AbdusSulami:
I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to clothe me. He clothed me with two coarse clothes of linen.

4022:  Narrated AbuMusa alAsh’ari:
AbuBurdah said: My father said to me: My son, if you had seen us while we were with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and the rain had fallen on us, you would have thought that our smell was the smell of the sheep.

4023:  Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The King Dhu Yazan presented to the apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) a suit of clothes which he had purchased for thirty−three camels or thirty−three she−camels. He accepted it.

4024:  Narrated Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn alHarith:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) purchased a suit of clothes for twenty she−camels and some more and he presented it to Dhu Yazan.

4026:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
When the Haruriyyah made a revolt, I came to Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). He said: Go to these people. I then put on the best suit of the Yemen. AbuZumayl (a transmitter) said: Ibn Abbas was handsome and of imposing countenance. Ibn Abbas said: I then came to them and they said: Welcome to you, Ibn Abbas! what is this suit of clothes? I said: Why are you objecting to me? I saw over the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) the best suit of clothes.

4027:  Narrated Sa’d:
I saw a man riding on a white mule and he had a black turban of silk and wool. He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) put it on me. This is the version of Uthman, and there is the word akhbara in his tradition.

4028:  Narrated AbuAmir or AbuMalik:
AbdurRahman ibn Ghanam al−Ash’ari said: AbuAmir or AbuMalik told me−−I swear by Allah another oath that he did not believe me that he heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: There will be among my community people who will make lawful (the use of) khazz and silk. Some of them will be transformed into apes and swine.

4036:  Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The king of Rome presented a fur of silk brocade to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and he wore it. The scene that his hands were moving (while wearing the robe) is before my eyes. He then sent it to Ja’far who wore it and came to him. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: I did not send it to you to wear. He asked: What should I do with it? He replied: Send it to your brother Negus.

4037:  Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: I do not ride on purple, or wear a garment dyed with saffron, or wear shirt hemmed with silk. Pointing to the collar of his shirt al−Hasan (al−Basri) said: The perfume used by men should have an odour but no colour, and the perfume used by women should have a colour but no odour. Sa’id said: I think he said: They interpreted his tradition about perfume used by women as applying when she comes out. But when she is with her husband, she may use any perfume she wishes.

4038:  Narrated AbuRayhanah:
AbulHusayn, al−Haytham ibn Shafi said: I and a companion of mine called AbuAmir, a man from al−Ma’afir went to perform prayer in Bayt al−Maqdis (Jerusalem). Their preacher was a man of Azd called AbuRayhanah, who was a companion of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). AbulHusayn said: my companion went to the mosque before me. I went there after him and sat beside him. He asked me: Did you hear the preaching of AbuRayhanah? I said: No. He said: I heard him say:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade ten things: Sharpening the ends of the teeth, tattooing, plucking hair, men sleeping together without an under garment, women sleeping together without an under−garment, men putting silk at the hem of their garments like the Persians, or putting silk on their shoulders like the Persians, plundering, riding on panther skins, wearing signet rings, except in the case of one in authority.

4040:  Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade me to wear a gold ring, or a Qassi garment or the use purple saddle−cloths.

4041:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) once prayed wearing a garment having marks. He looked at its marks. When he saluted, he said: Take this garment of mine to AbuJahm, for it turned my attention just now in my prayer, and bring a simple garment without marks.

4043:  Narrated Asma:
Abdullah AbuUmar, client of Asma’, daughter of AbuBakr, said: I saw Ibn Umar buying a Syrian garment in the market. When he saw that it had red warp, he returned it. I then came to Asma’ and mentioned it to her. She said: Bring me, slave−girl, the mantle of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). She brought out a mantle of a course ornamented cloth, with its collar, sleeves, front, and back were hemmed with brocade.

4046:  Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Prophet of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took silk and held it in his right hand, and took gold and held it in his left hand and said: both of these are prohibited to the males of my community.

4048:  Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
We used to take it away (i.e. silk) from boys, and leave it for girls. Mis’ar said: I asked Amr ibn Dinar about it, but he did not know it.

4050:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Wear your white garments, for they are among your best garments, and shroud your dead in them. Among the best types of collyrium you use is antimony (ithmid) for it clears the vision and makes the hair sprout.

4051:  Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) paid visit to us, and saw a dishevelled man whose hair was disordered. He said: Could this man not find something to make his hair lie down? He saw another man wearing dirty clothes and said: Could this man not find something to wash his garments with.

4052:  Narrated AbulAhwas Awf ibn Malik:
I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) wearing a poor garment and he said (to me): Have you any property? He replied: Yes. He asked: What kind is it? He said: Allah has given me camels. Sheep, horses and slaves. He then said: When Allah gives you property, let the mark of Allah’s favour and honour to you be seen.

4053:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
Zayd ibn Aslam said: Ibn Umar used to dye his beard with yellow colour so much so that his clothes were filled (dyed) with yellowness. He was asked: Why do you dye with yellow colour? He replied: I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) dyeing with yellow colour, and nothing was dearer to him than it. He would dye all his clothes with it, even his turban.

4054:  Narrated AbuRimthah:
I went with my father to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and saw two green garments over him.

4055:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
We came down with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) from a turning of a valley. He turned his attention to me and I was wearing a garment dyed with a reddish yellow dye. He asked: What is this garment over you? I recognised what he disliked. I then came to my family who were burning their oven. I threw it (the garment) in it and came to him the next day. He asked: Abdullah, what have you done with the garment? I informed him about it. He said: Why did you not give it to one of your family to wear, for there is no harm in it for women.

4057:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw me. The version of AbuAli al−Lula’ has: I think I wore a garment dyed with a reddish yellow colour. He asked: What is this? So I went and burnt it. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: What have you done with your garment? I replied: I burnt it. He said: Why did you not give it to one of your women to wear?

4058:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
A man wearing two red garments passed the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and gave him a greeting, but he did not respond to his greeting.

4059:  Narrated Rafi’ ibn Khadij:
We went out with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) on a journey, and we had on our saddles and camels garments consisting of red warp of wool. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do I not see that red colour has dominated you. We then got up quickly on account of this saying of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and some of our camels ran away. We then took the garments and withdrew them.

4060:  Narrated Zaynab:
Hurayth ibn al−Abajj as−Sulayhi said: that a woman of Banu Asad: One day I was with Zaynab, the wife of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), and we were dyeing her clothes with red ochre. In the meantime the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) peeped us. When he saw the red ochre, he returned. When Zaynab saw this, she realised that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) disapproved of what she had done. She then took and washed her clothes and concealed all redness. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then returned and peeped, and when he did not see anything, he entered.

4062:  Narrated Amir:
I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) at Mina giving sermon on a mule and wearing a red garment, while Ali was announcing.

4063:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
I made a black cloak for the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and he put it on; but when he sweated in it and noticed the odour of the wool, he threw it away. The narrator said: I think he said: He liked good smell.

4064:  Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
When I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), he was sitting with his hands round his knees wearing the cloak the fringe of which was over his feet.

4067:  Narrated Ali ibn Rukanah:
Ali quoting his father said: Rukanah wrestled with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) threw him on the ground. Rukanah said: I heard the Prophet(peace_be_upon_him) say: The difference between us and the polytheists is that we wear turbans over caps.

4068:  Narrated AbdurRahman ibn Awf:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) put a turban on me and let the ends hang in front of him and behind me.

4069:  Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade wearing clothes in two styles: that a man sits in a single garment with his hands round his knees and uncover his private parts towards heaven and that he wears his garment while one of his sides is uncovered, and puts the garment on his shoulders.

4071:  Narrated Qurrah ibn Iyas alMuzani:
I came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) with a company of Muzaynah and we swore allegiance to him. The buttons of his shirt were open. I swore allegiance to him and I put my hand inside the collar of his shirt and felt the seal. Urwah said: I always saw Mu’awiyah and his son opening their buttons of the collar during winter and summer. They never closed their buttons.

4073:  Narrated AbuJurayy Jabir ibn Salim alHujaymi:
I saw a man whose opinion was accepted by the people, and whatever he said they submitted to it. I asked: Who is he? They said: This is the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). I said: On you be peace, Apostle of Allah, twice. He said: Do not say “On you be peace,” for “On you be peace” is a greeting for the dead, but say “Peace be upon you”.

I asked: You are the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon you)? He said: I am the Apostle of Allah Whom you call when a calamity befalls you and He removes it; when you suffer from drought and you call Him, He grows food for you; and when you are in a desolate land or in a desert and your she−camel strays and you call Him, He returns it to you. I said: Give me some advice.

He said: Do not abuse anyone. He said that he did not abuse a freeman, or a slave, or a camel or a sheep thenceforth. He said: Do not look down upon any good work, and when you speak to your brother, show him a cheerful face. This is a good work.

Have your lower garment halfway down your shin; if you cannot do it, have it up to the ankles. Beware of trailing the lower garment, for it is conceit and Allah does not like conceit. And if a man abuses and shames you for something which he finds in you, then do not shame him for something which you find in him; he will bear the evil consequences for it.

4078:  Narrated Sahl Ibn alHanzaliyyah:
Qays ibn Bishr at−Taghlibi said: My father told me that he was a companion of AbudDarda’. There was in Damascus a man from the companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), called Ibn al−Hanzaliyyah. He was a recluse and rarely met the people. He remained engaged in prayer. When he was not praying he was occupied in glorifying Allah and exalting Him until he went to his family. Once he passed us when we were with AbudDarda’. AbudDarda’ said to him: Tell us a word which benefits us and does not harm you.

He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sent out a contingent and it came back. One of the men came and sat in the place where the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to sit, and he said to a man beside him: Would that you saw us when we met the enemy and so−and−so attacked and cut through a lance. He said: Take it from me and I am a boy of the tribe Ghifar. What do you think about his statement? He replied: I think his reward was lost. Another man heard it and said: I do not think that there is any harm in it.

They quarrelled until the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) heard it, and he said: Glory be to Allah! There is no harm if he is rewarded and praised. I saw that AbudDarda’ was pleased with it and began to raise his hand to him and say: Did you hear it from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him)? He said: Yes. He continued to repeat it to him so often that I thought he was going to kneel down. He said: On another day he again passed us. AbudDarda’ said to him: (Tell us) a word which benefits us and does not harm you.

He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to us: One who spends on (the maintenance of) horses (for jihad) is like the one who spreads his hand to give alms (sadaqah) and does not withhold it. He then passed us on another day. AbudDarda’ said to him: (Tell us) a word which benefits us and does no harm to you. He said: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Khuraym al−Asadi would be a fine man were it not for the length of his hair, which reaches the shoulders, and the way he lets his lower garment hang down.

When Khuraym heard that, he hurriedly, took a knife, cut his hair in line with his ears and raised his lower garment half way up his legs. He then passed us on another day. AbudDarda’ said to him: (tell us) a word which benefits us and does not harm you. He said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: You are coming to your brethren; so tidy your mounts and tidy your dress, until you are like a mole among the people. Allah does not like obscene words or deeds, or do intentional committing of obscenity.

4079:  Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah Most High says: Pride is my cloak and majesty is my lower garment, and I shall throw him who view with me regarding one of them into Hell.

4081:  Narrated AbuHurayrah:
A man who was beautiful came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He said: Apostle of Allah, I am a man who likes beauty, and I have been given some of it, as you see. And I do not like that anyone excels me (in respect of beauty). Perhaps he said: “even to the extent of thong of my sandal (shirak na’li)”, or he he said: “to the extent of strap of my sandal (shis’i na’li)”. Is it pride? He replied: No, pride is disdaining what is true and despising people.

4082:  Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
AbdurRahman said: I asked AbuSa’id al−Khudri about wearing lower garment. He said: You have come to the man who knows it very well. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The way for a believer to wear a lower garment is to have it halfway down his legs and he is guilty of no sin if it comes halfway between that and the ankles, but what comes lower than the ankles is in Hell. On the day of Resurrection. Allah will not look at him who trails his lower garment conceitedly.

4083:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Hanging down is in lower garment, shirt and turban. If anyone trails any of them conceitedly, Allah will not look at him on the Day of Resurrection.

4084:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
What the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said about lower garment also applies to shirt.

4085:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
Ikrimah said that he saw Ibn Abbas putting on lower garment, letting the hem on the top of his foot and raising it behind. He said: Why do you put on the lower garment in this way? He replied: It is how I saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) do it.

4087:  Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) cursed the man who dressed like a woman and the woman who dressed like a man.

4088:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Ibn AbuMulaykah told that when someone remarked to Aisha that a woman was wearing sandals, she replied: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) cursed mannish women.

4089:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Safiyyah, daughter of Shaybah, said that Aisha mentioned the women of Ansar, praised them and said good words about them. She then said: When Surat an−Nur came down, they took the curtains, tore them and made head covers (veils) of them.

4090:  Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
When the verse “That they should cast their outer garments over their persons” was revealed, the women of Ansar came out as if they had crows over their heads by wearing outer garments.

4091:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
May Allah have mercy on the early immigrant women. When the verse “That they should draw their veils over their bosoms” was revealed, they tore their thick outer garments and made veils from them.

4092:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Asma, daughter of AbuBakr, entered upon the Apostle of Allah(peace_be_upon_him) wearing thin clothes. The Apostle of Allah(peace_be_upon_him) turned his attention from her. He said: O Asma’, when a woman reaches the age of menstruation, it does not suit her that she displays her parts of body except this and this, and he pointed to her face and hands.

4094:  Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) brought Fatimah a slave which he donated to her. Fatimah wore a garment which, when she covered her head, did not reach her feet, and when she covered her feet by it, that garment did not reach her head. When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) saw her struggle, he said: There is no harm to you: Here is only your father and slave.

4095:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
A mukhannath (eunuch) used to enter upon the wives of Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). They (the people) counted him among those who were free of physical needs. One day the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) entered upon us when he was with one of his wives, and was describing the qualities of a woman, saying: When she comes forward, she comes forward with four (folds in her stomach), and when she goes backward, she goes backward with eight (folds in her stomach). The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do I not see that this (man) knows what here lies. Then they (the wives) observed veil from him.

4100:  Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
I was with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) while Maymunah was with him. Then Ibn Umm Maktum came. This happened when we were ordered to observe veil (purdah). The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Observe veil from him. We asked: Apostle of Allah! is he not blind? He can neither see us nor recognise us.

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Are both of you blind? Do you not see him? AbuDawud said: This was peculiar to the wives of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). Do you not see that Fatimah daughter of Qays passed her waiting period with Ibn Umm Maktum. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said to Fatimah daughter of Qays: Pass your waiting period with Ibn Umm Maktum, for he is a blind man. You can put off your clothes with him.

4101:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When one of you marries his male−slave to his slave−woman, he should not look at her private parts.

4102:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When one of you marries his female servant to his slave or to his employee, he should not look at her private part below the navel and above the knees.

4103:  Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) came to visit her when she was veiled, and said: use one fold and not two.

4104:  Narrated Dihyah ibn Khalifah alKalbi:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was brought some pieces of fine Egyptian linen and he gave me one and said: Divide it into two; cut one of the pieces into a shirt and give the other to your wife for veil. Then when he turned away, he said: And order your wife to wear a garment below it and not show her figure.

4105:  Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
Safiyyah, daughter of AbuUbayd, said: When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) mentioned lower garment, Umm Salamah, wife of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), asked him: And a woman, Apostle of Allah? He replied: She may hang down a span. Umm Salamah said: Still it (foot) will be uncovered. He said: Then a forearm’s length, nor exceeding it.

4107:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) gave licence to others of the believers (i.e. the wives of the Prophet) to hang down their lower garment a span. Then they asked him to increase it, and he increased one span for them. They would send (the garment) to us and we would measure it one forearm’s length for them.

4112:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) ordered that the skins of the animals which had died a natural death should be used when they are tanned.

4113:  Narrated Salamah ibn alMuhabbaq:
On the expedition of Tabuk the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to a household and, seeing a bucket hanging, asked for water. They said: Apostle of Allah, the animal died a natural death. He replied; Its tanning is its purification.

4114:  Narrated Maymunah:
Al−Aliyah, daughter of Subay’, said: I had some sheep at Uhud, and they began to die. I then entered upon Maymunah, wife of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), and mentioned it to her. Maymunah said to me: If you took their skins and made use of them, (that would be better for you). She asked: Is that lawful? She replied, Yes. Some people of the Quraysh passed by the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) dragging a sheep of theirs as big as an ass. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to them: Would that you took its skin. They said: It died a natural death. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Water and leaves of the mimosa flava purify it.

4115:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Ukaym:
The letter of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was read out to us in the territory of Juhaynah when I was a young boy: Do not make use of the skin or sinew of an animal which died a natural death.

4116:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Ukaym,:

Al−Hakam ibn Uyaynah said that he went along with some people to Abdullah ibn Ukaym, a man of Juhaynah. al−Hakam said: They entered and I sat at the door. Then they came out and told me that Abdullah ibn Ukaym had informed them that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had written to Juhaynah one month before his death: Do not make use of the skin or sinew of an animal which died a natural death.

4117:  Narrated Mu’awiyah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not ride on silk stuff and panther skins. AbuSa’id said to us: AbuDawud said to us: The name of AbulMu’tamir is Yazid ibn Tahman. He lived in al−Hirah.

4119:  Narrated AlMiqdam ibn Ma’dikarib:
Khalid said: Al−Miqdam ibn Ma’dikarib and a man of Banu Asad from the people of Qinnisrin went to Mu’awiyah ibn AbuSufyan. Mu’awiyah said to al−Miqdam: Do you know that al−Hasan ibn Ali has died? Al−Miqdam recited the Qur’anic verse “We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return.” A man asked him: Do you think it a calamity? He replied: Why should I not consider it a calamity when it is a fact that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to take him on his lap, saying: This belongs to me and Husayn belongs to Ali? The man of Banu Asad said: (He was) a live coal which Allah has extinguished.

Al−Miqdam said: Today I shall continue to make you angry and make you hear what you dislike. He then said: Mu’awiyah, if I speak the truth, declare me true, and if I tell a lie, declare me false. He said: Do so. He said: I adjure you by Allah, did you hear the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbidding use to wear gold? He replied: Yes. He said: I adjure you by Allah, do you know that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited the wearing of silk? He replied: Yes. He said: I adjure you by Allah, do you know that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited the wearing of the skins of beasts of prey and riding on them? He said: Yes. He said: I swear by Allah, I saw all this in your house, O Mu’awiyah.

Mu’awiyah said: I know that I cannot be saved from you, O Miqdam. Khalid said: Mu’awiyah then ordered to give him what he did not order to give to his two companions, and gave a stipend of two hundred (dirhams) to his son. Al−Miqdam then divided it among his companions, and the man of Banu Asad did not give anything to anyone from the property he received. When Mu’awiyah was informed about it, he said: Al−Miqdam is a generous man; he has an open hand (for generosity). The man of Banu Asad withholds his things in a good manner.

4120:  Narrated Usamah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade (the use of) the skins of beasts of prey.

4123:  Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade that a man should put on sandals while standing.

4126:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
It is part of the Sunnah that when a man sits down, he should take off his sandals and place them at his side.

4129:  Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When you put on (a garment) and when you perform ablution, you should begin with your right side.

4131:  Narrated Jabir ibn Samurah:
When I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) in his house, I saw him sitting reclining on a pillow. The narrator Ibn al−Jarrah added: “on his left side”.

4132:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
Sa’id ibn Amr al−Qurashi quoting his father said: Ibn Umar (once) saw some fellow travellers of the Yemen. They had their saddles (on camels) of leather. He said: If anyone likes to see the fellow travellers most resembling to the Companions of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), he should see them.

4135:  Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The bedding of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) consisted of leather stuffed with palm fibre.

4136:  Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin:
Her bedding was in front of the place of prayer of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).

4137:  Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to Fatimah and found a curtain hanging at her door, so he did not enter. Whenever he entered (the house), he would visit her first. Then Ali came and found that Fatimah was grieved. He asked: What is the matter with you? She replied: The Apostle of Allah(peace_be_upon_him) came to me but did not enter (the house). Ali then came to him and said: Apostle of Allah, Fatimah felt it keenly that you came to visit her but did not go in.

He replied: What have I to do with this world? What have I to do with prints and figures (on the curtain)? He (Ali) then went to Fatimah and informed her of what the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had said. She said: Ask the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) what he me to do about it. He (the Prophet) said: Tell her that she must send it to so−and−so.

4140:  Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The angels do not enter a house which contains a picture, a dog, or a man who is impure by sexual defilement.

4144:  Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:

The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) ordered Umar ibn al−Khattab who was in al−Batha’ at the time of the conquest (of Makkah) to visit the Ka’bah and obliterate all images in it. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) did not enter it until all the images were obliterated.

4146:  Narrated AbuHurayrah:

The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Gabriel (peace_be_upon_him) came to me and said: I came to you last night and was prevented from entering simply because there were images at the door, for there was a decorated curtain with images on it in the house, and there was a dog in the house.

So order the head of the image which is in the house to be cut off so that it resembles the form of a tree; order the curtain to be cut up and made into two cushions spread out on which people may tread; and order the dog to be turned out. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then did so. The dog belonged to al−Hasan or al−Husayn and was under their couch. So he ordered it to be turned out.

Hot Baths: Kitab Al−Hammam

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 31

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 31

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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Hot Baths | Kitab Al−Hammam

3998: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade to enter the hot baths. He then permitted men to enter them in lower garments.

3999: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: AbulMalih said: Some women of Syria came to Aisha. She asked them: From whom are you? They replied: From the people of Syria. She said: Perhaps you belong to the place where women enter hot baths (for washing ). The said: Yes. She said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If a woman puts off her clothes in a place other than her house, she tears the veil between her and Allah, the Exalted.

4000: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: After some time the lands of the non−Arabs will be conquered for you, and there you will find houses called hammamat (hot baths). so men should not enter them (to wash) except in lower garments, and forbid the women to enter them except a sick or one who is in a child−bed.

4001: Narrated Ya’la: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saw a man washing in a public place without a lower garment. So he mounted the pulpit, praised and extolled Allah and said: Allah is characterised by modesty and concealment. So when any of you washes, he should conceal himself.

4003: Narrated Jarhad: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sat with us and my thigh was uncovered. He said: Do you not know that thigh is a private part.

4004: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not uncover you thigh, and do not look at the thigh of the living and the dead.

4006: Narrated Mu’awiyah ibn Haydah: I said: Apostle of Allah, from whom should we conceal our private parts and to whom can we show? He replied: conceal your private parts except from your wife and from whom your right hands possess (slave−girls). I then asked: Apostle of Allah, (what should we do), if the people are assembled together? He replied: If it is within your power that no one looks at it, then no one should look at it. I then asked: Apostle of Allah if one of us is alone, (what should he do)? He replied: Allah is more entitled than people that bashfulness should be shown to him.

4007: Narrated AbuSa’id al−Khudri: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man should not look at the private parts of another man, and a woman should not look at the private parts of another woman. A man should not lie with another man without wearing lower garment under one cover; and a woman should not be lie with another woman without wearing lower garment under one cover.

4008: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man should not lie with another man and a woman should not lie with another woman without covering their private parts except a child or a father. He also mentioned a third thing which I forgot.

Dialects and Readings of the Qur’an: Kitab Al−Huruf Wa Al−Qira’at

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 30

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 30

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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3958: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) read the Qur’anic verse, “And take ye the Station of Abraham as a place of prayer.

3960: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The verse “And no Prophet could (ever) be false to his trust” was revealed about a red velvet. When it was found missing on the day of Badr, some people said; Perhaps the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) has taken it. So Allah, the  xalted, sent down “And no prophet could (ever) be false to his trust” to the end of the verse.

3962: Narrated Laqit ibn Sabirah: I came in the deputation of Banu al−Muntafiq to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He then narrated the rest of the tradition. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: la tahsibanna (do not think) and did not say: la tahsabanna (do not think).

3964: Narrated Zayd ibn Thabit: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to read: “Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt (ghayru ulid−darari) but the narrator Sa’id did not say the words “used to read”

3965: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) red the verse: “eye for eye” (al−’aynu bil−’ayn).

3966: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) read the verse: “We ordained therein for them: Life for life and eye for eye (an−nafsa bin−nafsi wal−’aynu bil−’ayn).

3967: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: Atiyyah ibn Sa’d al−Awfi said: I recited to Abdullah ibn Umar the verse: “It is Allah Who created you in a state of (helplessness) weakness (min da’f).” He said: (Read) min du’f. I recited it to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as you recited it to me, and he gripped me as I gripped you.

3968: Narrated AbuSa’id al−Khudri: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) read the verse mentioned above, “min du’f.”

3970: Narrated Ibn Abzi: Ubayy ibn Ka’b) said: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) read the verse: “Say: In the bounty of Allah and in His mercy−−in that let you rejoice: that is better than the wealth you hoard.”

3971: Narrated Asma’ daughter of Yazid: She heard the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) read the verse: “He acted unrighteously.” (innahu ‘amila ghayra salih).

3972: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin: Shahr ibn Hawshab said: I asked Umm Salamah: How did the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) read this verse: “For his conduct is unrighteous (innahu ‘amalun ghayru salih”. She replied: He read it: “He acted unrighteously” (innahu ‘amila ghayra salih).

3973: Narrated Ubayy ibn Ka’b:: When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prayed, he began with himself and said: May the mercy of Allah be upon us and upon Moses. If he had patience, he would have seen marvels from his Companion. But he said: “(Moses) said: If ever I ask thee about anything after this, keep me not in they company: then wouldst thou have received (full) excuse from my side”. Hamzah lengthened it.

3974: Narrated Ubayy ibn Ka’b: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) read the Qur’anic verse: “Thou hast received (full) excuse from me (min ladunni)” and put tashdid (doubling of consonants) on nun (n).

3975: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: Ubayy ibn Ka’b made me read the following verse as the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) made him read: “in a spring of murky water” (fi ‘aynin hami’atin) with short vowel a after h.

3976: Narrated AbuSa’id al−Khudri: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A man from the Illiyyun will look downwards at the people of Paradise and Paradise will be glittering as if it were a brilliant star. He (the narrator) said: In this way the word durri (brilliant) occurs in this tradition, i.e. the letter dal (d) has short vowel u and it has no hamzah (‘). AbuBakr and Umar will be of them and will have some additional blessings.

3977: Narrated Farwah ibn Musayk al−Ghutayfi: I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He then narrated the rest of the tradition. A man from the people said: “Apostle of Allah! Tell us about Saba’; what is it: land or woman? He replied: It is neither land nor woman; it is a man to whom ten children of the Arabs were born: six of them lived in the Yemen and four lived in Syria. The narrator Uthman said al−Ghatafani instead of al−Ghutayfi. He said: It has been transmitted to us by al−Hasan ibn al−Hakam an−Nakha’i.

3980: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) read: “(There is for him) Rest and satisfaction” (faruhun wa rayhan).

3982: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) made me read the verse “It is I who give (all) sustenance, Lord of power, steadfast (for ever).

3983: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) used to read the verse “Is there any that will receive admonition (muddakir)? ” that is with doubling of consonant [(dal)(d)].

3984: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: I saw the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) reading the verse; “does he think that his wealth would make him last for ever?”

3987:  Narrated AbuSa’id al−Khudri: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) related a tradition in which he mentioned the words “Jibril and Mikal” and he pronounced them “Jibra’ila wa Mika’ila.”

3988: Narrated AbuSa’id al−Khudri: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) mentioned the name of the one who will sound the trumpet (sahib as−sur) and said: On his right will be Jibra’il and on his left will be Mika’il.

3989: Narrated Ibn al−Musayyab: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), AbuBakr, Umar and Uthman used to read “maliki yawmid−din (master of the Day of Judgment)”. The first to read maliki yawmid−din was Marwan.

3990: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to recite: “In the name of Allah, the Cherisher and Sustainer of the worlds; most Gracious, most Merciful; Master of the Day of Judgment,” breaking its recitation into verses, one after another.

Divination and Omens: Kitab Al−Kahanah Wa Al−Tatayyur

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 29

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 29

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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3895: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone resorts to a diviner and believes in what he says (according) to the version of Musa), or has intercourse with his wife (according to the agreed version) when she is menstruating, or has intercourse with his wife through her anus, he has nothing to do with what has been sent down to Muhammad (peace_be_upon_him) − according to the version of Musaddad.

3896: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone acquires any knowledge of astrology, he acquires a branch of magic of which he gets more as long as he continues to do so.

3898: Narrated Qabisah: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Augury from the flight of birds, taking evil omens and the practice of pressomancy pertain to divination. Tarq: It is used in the sense of divination in which women threw stones. ‘Iyafah: It means geomancy by drawing lines.

3901: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Taking omens is polytheism; taking omens is polytheism. He said it three times. Every one of us has some, but Allah removes it by trust (in Him).

3904: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no ghoul.

3907: Narrated AbuHurayrah: When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) heard a word, and he liked it, he said: We took your omen from your mouth.

3909: Narrated Urwah ibn Amir al−Qurashi: When taking omens was mentioned in the presence of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him), he said: The best type is the good omen, and it does not turn back a Muslim. If one of you sees anything he dislikes, he should say: O Allah, no one brings good things except Thee, and no one averts evil things except Thee and there is no might and power but in Allah.

3910: Narrated Buraydah ibn al−Hasib: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) did not take omens from anything, but when he sent out an agent he asked about his name. If it pleased him, he was glad about it, and his cheerfulness on that account was visible in his face. If he disliked his name, his displeasure on that account was visible in his face. When he entered a village, he asked about its name, and if it pleased him, he was glad about it, and his cheerfulness on that account was visible in his face. But if he disliked its name, his displeasure on that account was visible in his face.

3911: Narrated Sa’d ibn Malik: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: There is no hamah, no infection and no evil omen; if there is in anything an evil omen, it is a house, a horse, and a woman.

3912: Narrated Farwah ibn Musayk: Yahya ibn Abdullah ibn Buhayr said that he was informed by one who had heard Farwah ibn Musayk tell that he said: Apostle of Allah! we have land called Abyan, which is the land where we have our fields and grow our crops, but it is very unhealthy. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Leave it, for destruction comes from being near disease.

3913: Narrated Anas ibn Malik: A man said: Apostle of Allah! we were in an abode in which our numbers and our goods were many and changed to an abode in which our numbers and our goods became few. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Leave it, for it is reprehensible.

3914: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) took a man who was suffering from tubercular leprosy by the hand; he then put it along with his own hand in the dish and said: Eat with confidence in Allah and trust in Him.

3915: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: A slave who has entered into an agreement to purchase his freedom is a slave as long as a dirham of the agreed price remains to be paid.

3916: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al−’As: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If any slave entered into an agreement to buy his freedom for one hundred uqiyahs and he pays them all but ten, he remains a slave (until he pays the remaining ten); and if a slave entered into an agreement to purchase his freedom for one hundred dinars, and he pays them all but ten dinars, he remains a slave (until he pays the remaining ten).

3917: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said to us: If one of you has a slave, and he enters into an agreement to purchase his freedom, and can pay the full price, she must veil herself from him.

3920: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin: Juwayriyyah, daughter of al−Harith ibn al−Mustaliq, fell to the lot of Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas, or to her cousin. She entered into an agreement to purchase her freedom. She was a very beautiful woman, most attractive to the eye. Aisha said: She then came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) asking him for the purchase of her freedom. When she was standing at the door, I looked at her with disapproval. I realised that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) would look at her in the same way that I had looked.

She said: Apostle of Allah, I am Juwayriyyah, daughter of al−Harith, and something has happened to me, which is not hidden from you. I have fallen to the lot of Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas, and I have entered into an agreement to purchase of my freedom. I have come to you to seek assistance for the purchase of my freedom. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Are you inclined to that which is better? She asked: What is that, Apostle of Allah? He replied: I shall pay the price of your freedom on your behalf, and I shall marry you.

She said: I shall do this. She (Aisha) said: The people then heard that the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had married Juwayriyyah. They released the captives in their possession and set them free, and said: They are the relatives of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) by marriage. We did not see any woman greater than Juwayriyyah who brought blessings to her people. One hundred families of Banu al−Mustaliq were set free on account of her.

3921: Narrated Umm Salamah, Ummul Mu’minin: Safinah said: I was a slave of Umm Salamah, and she said: I shall emancipate you, but I stipulate that you must serve the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as long as you live. I said: Even if you do not make a stipulation, I shall not leave the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). She then emancipated me and made the stipulation with me.

3922: Narrated Usamah ibn Umayr al−Huzali: (This is AbulWalid’s version): A man emancipated a share in a slave and the matter was mentioned to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He said: Allah has no partner. Ibn Kathir added in his version: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) allowed his emancipation.

3923: Narrated AbuHurayrah: A man emancipated his share in a slave. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) allowed his (full) emancipation, and required him to pay the rest of his price.

3937: Narrated ath−Thalabb ibn Tha’labah at−Tamimi: A man emancipated his share in a slave. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) did not put the responsibility on him to emancipate the rest.

3938: Narrated Samurah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: (The narrator Musa said in another place: From Samurah ibn Jundub as presumed by Hammad): If anyone gets possession of a relative who is within the prohibited degrees, that person becomes free. AbuDawud said: A similar tradition has also been transmitted by Samurah from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) through a different chain.

3939: Narrated Umar ibn al−Khattab: Qatadah reported Umar ibn al−Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) as saying: If anyone gets possession of a relative who is within the prohibited degrees, that person becomes free.

3942: Narrated Sulamah bint Ma’qil al−Qasiyyah: My uncle brought me (to Medina) in the pre−Islamic days. He sold me to al−Hubab ibn Amr, brother of AbulYusr ibn Amr. I bore a child, AbdurRahman ibn al−Hubab, to him and he (al−Hubab) then died. Thereupon his wife said: I swear by Allah, now you will be sold (as a repayment) for his loan. So I came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Apostle of Allah! I am a woman of Banu Kharijah Qays ibn Aylan. My uncle had brought me to Medina in pre−Islamic days. He sold me to al−Hubab ibn Amr, brother of AbulYusr ibn Amr.

I bore AbdurRahman ibn al−Hubab to him. His wife said: I swear by Allah, you will be sold for his loan. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Who is the guardian of al−Hubab? He was told: His brother, AbulYusr ibn Amr. He then sent for him and said: Set her free; when you hear that some slaves have been brought to me, came to me, and I shall compensate you for her. She said: They set me free, and when some slaves were brought to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), he gave them a slave in compensation for me.

3943: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah: We sold slave−mothers during the time of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and of AbuBakr. When Umar was in power, he forbade us and we stopped.

3952: Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The child of adultery is worst of the three.

3953: Narrated Wathilah ibn al−Asqa: Al−Arif ibn ad−Daylami said: We went to Wathilah ibn al−Asqa and said to him: Tell us a tradition which has not addition or omission. He became angry and replied: One of you recites when his copy of a Qur’an is hung up in his house, and he makes additions and omissions. We said: All we mean is a tradition you have heard from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He said: We went to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) about a friend of ours who deserved. Hell for murder. He said: Emancipate a slave on his behalf; Allah will set free from Hell a member of the body for every member of his.

3954: Narrated AbuNajih as−Sulami: Along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) we besieged the palace of at−Ta’if. The narrator, Mutadh, said: I heard my father (sometimes) say: “Palace of at−Ta’if,” and (sometimes) “Fort of at−Ta’if,” which are the same. I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: he who causes an arrow to hit its mark in Allah’s cause will have it counted as a degree for him (in Paradise). He then transmitted the rest of the tradition.

I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If a Muslim man emancipates a Muslim man, Allah, the Exalted, will make every bone of his protection for every bone of his emancipator from Hell; and if a Muslim woman emancipates a Muslim woman, Allah will make every bone of hers protection for every bone of her emancipator from Hell on the Day of Resurrection.

3955: Narrated Marrah ibn Ka’b: Amr ibn Abasah, said that Marrah ibn Ka’b said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If anyone emancipates a Muslim slave, that will be his ransom from Jahannam.

3957: Narrated AbudDarda’: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: the similitude of a man who emancipates a slave at the time of his death is like that of a man who gives a present after satisfying his appetite.

Medicine: Kitab At-Tibb

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 28

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 28

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Kitab:  Al−Tibb | The Book of Medicine
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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3846: Narrated Usamah ibn Sharik:
I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and his Companions were sitting as if they had birds on their heads. I saluted and sat down. The desert Arabs then came from here and there. They asked: Apostle of Allah, should we make use of medical treatment? He replied: Make use of medical treatment, for Allah has not made a disease without appointing a remedy for it, with the exception of one disease, namely old age.

3847: Narrated Umm alMundhar bint Qays alAnsariyyah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to visit me, accompanied by Ali who was convalescing. We had some ripe dates hung up. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) got up and began to eat from them. Ali also got up to eat, but the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said repeatedly to Ali: Stop, Ali, for you are convalescing, and Ali stopped. She said: I then prepared some barley and beer−root and brought it. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) then said: Take some of this, Ali, for it will be more beneficial for you. AbuDawud said: The narrator Harun said: al−Adawiyyah (i.e. Umm al−Mundhar).

3848: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The best medical treatment you apply is cupping.

3849: Narrated Salmah:
The maid−servant of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), said: No one complained to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) of a headache but he told him to get himself cupped, or of a pain in his legs but he told him to dye them with henna.

3850: Narrated AbuKabshah alAnsari:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to have himself cupped on the top of his head and between his shoulders, and that he used to say: If anyone pours out any of his blood, he will not suffer if he applies no medical treatment for anything.

3851: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had himself cupped three times in the veins at the sides of the neck and on the shoulder. Ma’mar said: I got myself cupped, and I lost my memory so much so that I was instructed Surat al−Fatihah by others in my prayer.  He had himself cupped at the top of his head.

3852: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone has himself cupped on the 17th, 19th and 21st it will be a remedy for every disease.

3853: Narrated Kabshah daughter of AbuBakrah:
(the narrator other than Musa said that Kayyisah daughter of AbuBakrah) She said that her father used to forbid his family to have themselves cupped on a Tuesday, and used to assert on the authority of the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) that Tuesday is the day of blood in which there is an hour when it does not stop.

3854: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had himself cupped above the thigh for a contusion from which he suffered.

3855: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) sent a physician to Ubayy (ibn Ka’b), and he cut his vein.

3856: Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade to cauterise; we cauterised but they (cauterisation) did not benefit us, nor proved useful for us.

3859: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about a charm for one who is possessed (nashrah). He replied: It pertains to the work of the devil.

3860: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If I drink an antidote, or tie an amulet, or compose poetry, I am the type who does not care what he does.

3861: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited unclean medicine.

3862: Narrated AbdurRahman ibn Uthman:
When a physician consulted the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) about putting frogs in medicine, he forbade him to kill them.

3864: Narrated Tariq ibn Suwayd or Suwayd ibn Tariq:
Wa’il said: Tariq ibn Suwayd or Suwayd ibn Tariq asked the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) about wine, but he forbade it. He again asked him, but he forbade him. He said to him: Prophet of Allah, it is a medicine. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: No it is a disease.

3865: Narrated AbudDarda:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah has sent down both the disease and the cure, and He has appointed a cure for every disease, so treat yourselves medically, but use nothing unlawful.

3866: Narrated Sa’d:
I suffered from an illness. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to pay a visit to me. He put his hands between my nipples and I felt its coolness at my heart. He said: You are a man suffering from heart sickness. Go to al−Harith ibn Kaladah, brother of Thaqif. He is a man who gives medical treatment. He should take seven ajwah dates of Medina and grind them with their kernels, and then put them into your mouth.

3869: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Wear your white garments, for they are among your best garments, and shroud your dead in them. Among the best types of collyrium you use is antimony (ithmid): it clears the vision and makes the hair sprout.

3871: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The man casting evil would be commanded to perform ablution, and then the man affected was washed with it.

3872: Narrated Asma’, daughter of Yazid ibn asSakan,:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) as saying: Do not kill your children secretly, for the milk, with which a child is suckled while his mother is pregnant, overtakes the horseman and throws him from his horse.

3874: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
Zaynab, the wife of Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, told that Abdullah said: I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) saying: spells, charms and love−potions are polytheism. I asked: Why do you say this? I swear by Allah, when my eye was discharging I used to go to so−and−so, the Jew, who applied a spell to me. When he applied the spell to me, it calmed down. Abdullah said: That was just the work of the Devil who was picking it with his hand, and when he uttered the spell on it, he desisted. All you need to do is to say as the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to say: Remove the harm, O Lord of men, and heal. Thou art the Healer. There is no remedy but Thine which leaves no disease behind.

3875: Narrated Imran ibn Husayn:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: No spell is to be used except for the evil eye or a scorpion sting.

3876: Narrated Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) entered upon Thabit ibn Qays. The version of Ahmad (ibn Salih) has: When he was ill He (the Prophet) said: Remove the harm, O Lord of men, from Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas. He then took some dust of Bathan, and put it in a bowel, and then mixed it with water and blew in it, and poured it on him.

3878: Narrated AshShifa’, daughter of Abdullah,:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) entered when I was with Hafsah, and he said to me: Why do you not teach this one the spell for skin eruptions as you taught her writing.

3879: Narrated Sahl ibn Hunayf:
I passed by a river. I entered it and took a bath in it. When I came out, I had fever. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was informed about it. He said: Ask AbuThabit to seek refuge in Allah from that I asked: O my Lord, will the spell be useful? He replied: No, the spell is to be used except for the evil eye or a snake bite or a scorpion sting.

3883: Narrated AbudDarda’:
I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: If any of you is suffering from anything or his brother is suffering, he should say: Our Lord is Allah Who is in the heaven, holy is Thy name, Thy command reigns supreme in the heaven and the earth, as Thy mercy in the heaven, make Thy mercy in the earth; forgive us our sins, and our errors; Thou art the Lord of good men; send down mercy from Thy mercy, and remedy, and remedy from Thy remedy on this pain so that it is healed up.

3884: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) sued to teach them the following words in the case of alarm: I seek refuge in Allah’s perfect words from His anger, the evil of His servants, the evil suggestions of the devils and their presence. Abdullah ibn Amr used to teach them to those of his children who had reached puberty, and he wrote them down (on some material) and hung on the child who had not reached puberty.

3887: Narrated Alaqah ibn Sahar atTamimi:
Alaqah came to the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) and embraced Islam. He then came back from him and passed some people who had a lunatic fettered in chains. His people said: We are told that your companion has brought some good. Have you something with which you can cure him? I then recited Surat al−Fatihah and he was cured. They gave me one hundred sheep. I then came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and informed him of it. He asked: Is it only this? The narrator, Musaddad, said in his other version: Did you say anything other than this? I said: No. He said: Take it, for by my life, some accept if for a worthless chain, but you have done so for a genuine one.

3889: Narrated AbuSalih Zakwan asSamman:
A man from Aslam tribe said: I was sitting with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). A man from among his Companions came and said: Apostle of Allah! I have been stung last night, and I could not sleep till morning. He asked: What was that? He replied: A scorpion. He said: Oh, had you said in the evening: “I take refuge in the perfect words of Allah from the evil of what He created,” nothing would have harmed you, Allah willing.

3890: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
A man who was stung by a scorpion was brought to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He said: Had he said the word: “I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allah from the evil of what He created, “he would not have been stung, or he said, “It would not have harmed him.”

3892: Narrated Alaqah ibn Sahar atTamimi:
We proceeded from the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and came to a clan of the Arabs. They said: We have been told that you have brought what is good from this man. Have you any medicine or a charm, for we have a lunatic in chains? We said: Yes. Then they brought a lunatic in chains. He said: I recited Surat al−Fatihah over him for three days, morning and evening. Whenever I finished it, I would collect my saliva and spit it out, and he seemed as if he were set free from a bond. He said: They gave me some payment, but I said: No, not until I ask the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He (the Prophet) said: Accept it, for, by my life, some accept it for a worthless charm, but you have done so for a genuine one.

3894: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
My mother intended to make me fat to send me to the (house of) the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). But nothing which he desired benefited me till she gave me cucumber with fresh dates to eat. Then I became fat as good (as she desired).

Foods: Kitab Al-At’imah

Sunan Abu-Dawud - Book 27

Sunan Abu-Dawud | Book 27

Hadeeth: Sunan Abu-Dawud
Kitab:  Al−Ashribah | The Book of Foods
Introduction to Partial Translation of Sunnan Abu-Dawud
Translator: Prof. Ahmed Hasan

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Foods | Kitab Al-At’imah

3732: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He who does not accept an invitation which he receives has disobeyed Allah and His Apostle of, and he who enters without invitation enters as a thief and goes out as a raider.

3735: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) held a wedding feast) for Safiyyah with meal and dates.

3736: Narrated Zubayr ibn Uthman:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: The wedding feast on the first day is a duty, that on the second is a good practice, but that on the third day is to make men hear of it and show it to them. Qatadah said: A man told me that Sa’id ibn al−Musayyab was invited (to a wedding feast on the first day and he accepted it. He was again invited on the second day, and he accepted. When he was invited on the third day, he did not accept; he said: They are the people who make men hear of it and show it to them.

3738: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) returned to Medina, he would slaughter a camel or a cow.

3740: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Hospitality extend for three days, and what goes beyond that is sadaqah (charity).

3741: Narrated AbuKarimah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: It is a duty of every Muslim (to provide hospitality) to a guest for a night. If anyone comes in the morning to his house, it is a debt due to him. If he wishes, he may fulfil it, and if he wishes he may leave it.

3742: Narrated AlMiqdam AbuKarimah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If any Muslim is a guest of people and is given nothing, it is the duty of every Muslim to help him to the extent of taking for him from their crop and property for the entertainment of one night.

3744: Narrated Abdullah Ibn Abbas:
When the verse: “O ye who believe! eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities, but let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good will” was revealed, a man thought it a sin to eat in the house of another man after the revelation of this verse. Then this (injunction) was revealed by the verse in Surat an−Nur: “No blame on you whether you eat in company or separately.”

When a rich man (after revelation) invited a man from his people to eat food in his house, he would say: I consider it a sin to eat from it, and he said: a poor man is more entitled to it than I. The Arabic word tajannah means sin or fault. It was then declared lawful to eat something on which the name of Allah was mentioned, and it was made lawful to eat the flesh of an animal slaughtered by the people of the Book.

3745: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade that the food of two people who were rivalling on another should be eaten

3746: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
Safinah AbuAbdurRahman said that a man prepared food for Ali ibn AbuTalib who was his guest, and Fatimah said: I wish we had invited the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and he had eaten with us.

They invited him, and when he came he put his hands on the side−ports of the door, but when he saw the figured curtain which had been put at the end of the house, he went away. So Fatimah said to Ali: Follow him and see what turned him back. I (Ali) followed him and asked: What turned you back, Apostle of Allah? He replied: It is not fitting for me or for any Prophet to enter a house which is decorated.

3747: Narrated AbdurRahman alHimyari:

A companion of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) reported him as saying: When two people come together to issue an invitation, accept that of the one whose door is nearer in neighbourhood, but if one of them comes before the other accept the invitation of the one who comes first.

3749: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Prayer should not be postponed for taking meals nor for any other thing.

3750: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
Abdullah ibn Ubaydullah ibn Umayr said: I was with my father in the time of Ibn az−Zubayr sitting beside Abdullah ibn Umar. Then Abbad ibn Abdullah ibn az−Zubayr said: We have heard that the evening meal is taken just before the night prayer. Thereupon Abdullah ibn Umar said: Woe to you! what was their evening meal? Do you think it was like the meal of your father?

3751: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came out from the privy and was presented to him. They (the people) asked: Should we bring you water for ablution? He replied: I have been commanded to perform ablution when I get up for prayer.

3752: Narrated Salman alFarsi:
I read in the Torah that the blessing of food consists in ablution before it. So I mentioned it to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him). He said: The blessing of food consists in ablution before it and ablution after it.

3753: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came out from the valley of a mountain where he had eased himself. There were some dried dates on a shield before us. We called him and he ate with us. He did not touch water.

3755: Narrated Wahshi ibn Harb:
The Companions of the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) we eat but we are not satisfied. He said: Perhaps you eat separately. They replied: Yes. He said: If you gather together at your food and mention Allah’s name, you will be blessed in it.

3758: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: When one of you eats, he should mention Allah’s name; if he forgets to mention Allah’s name at the beginning, he should say: “In the name of Allah at the beginning and at the end of it.”

3759: Narrated Umayyah ibn Makhshi:
Umayyah was sitting and a man was eating. He did not mention Allah’s name until there remained the last morsel. When he raised it to his mouth, he said: In the name of Allah at the beginning and at the end of it. The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) laughed and said: The devil kept eating along with him, but when he mentioned Allah’s name, he vomited what was in his belly.

3761: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was never seen reclining while eating, nor walking with two men at his heels.

3763: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When one of you eats, he must not eat from the top of the dish, but should eat from the bottom; for the blessing descends from the top of it.

3764: Narrated Abdullah ibn Busr:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) had a bowl called gharra’. It was carried by four persons. When the sun rose high, and they performed the forenoon prayer, the bowl in which tharid was prepared was brought, and the people gathered round it. When they were numerous, the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Allah has made me a respectable servant, and He did not make me an obstinate tyrant. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Eat from it sides and leave its top, the blessing will be conferred on it

3765: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade two kinds of food: to sit at cloth on which wine is drunk, and to eat by a man while lying on his stomach.

3768: Narrated Umar ibn AbuSalamah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Come near, my son, mention Allah’s name, eat with your right hand and eat from what is next to you.

3769: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: Do not eat meat with a knife, for it is a foreign practice, but bite it, for it is more beneficial and wholesome.

3770: Narrated Safwan ibn Umayyah:
I was eating with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and snatching the meat from the bone with my hand. He said: bring the bone near your mouth, for it is more beneficial and wholesome.

3771: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
The bone dearer to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was the bone of sheep.

3772: Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud:
The tradition mentioned above (No. 3771) has also been narrated by Ibn Mas’ud with a different chain of narrators. This version has: The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) liked the foreleg (of a sheep). Once the foreleg was poisoned, and he thought that the Jews had poisoned it.

3774: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The food the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) liked best was tharid made from bread and tharid made from Hays.

3775: Narrated Qabisah ibn Halb:
A man asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him): Is there any food from which I should keep myself away? I heard the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) say: Anything which creates doubt should not occur in your mind by which you resemble Christianity.

3776: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited eating the animal which feeds on filth and drinking its milk.

3777: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited to drink the milk of the animal which feeds on filth.

3778: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade riding the camel which feeds on filth and drinking its milk.

3780: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
On the day of Khaybar we slaughtered horses, mules, and assess. The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade us (to eat) mules and asses, but he did not forbid horse−flesh.

3781: Narrated Khalid ibn alWalid:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade us to eat horse−flesh, the flesh of mules and of asses. The narrator Haywah added: Every beast of prey with a fang.

3786: Narrated Thabit ibn Wadi’ah:
We were in an army with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). We got some lizards. I roasted one lizard and brought it to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and placed it before him. He took a stick and counted its fingers. He then said: A group from the children of Isra’il was transformed into an animal of the land, and I do not know which animal it was. He did not eat it nor did he forbid (its eating).

3787: Narrated AbdurRahman ibn Shibl:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade to eat the flesh of lizard.

3788: Narrated Safinah:
I ate the flesh of a bustard along with the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).

3789: Narrated atTalabb ibn Tha’labah atTamimi:
I accompanied the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), but I did not hear about the prohibition of (eating) insects and little creatures of land.

3790: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
Numaylah said: I was with Ibn Umar. He was asked about eating hedgehog. He recited: “Say: I find not in the message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden.” An old man who was with him said: I heard AbuHurayrah say: It was mentioned to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). Noxious of the noxious. Ibn Umar said: If the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) had said it, it is as he said that we did not know.

3791: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The people of pre−Islamic times used to eat some things and leave others alone, considering them unclean. Then Allah sent His Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and sent down His Book, marking some things lawful and others unlawful; so what He made lawful is lawful, what he made unlawful is unlawful, and what he said nothing about is allowable. And he recited: “Say: I find not in the message received by me by inspiration any (meat) forbidden to be eaten by one who wishes to eat it….” up to the end of the verse.

3792: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
I asked the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) about the hyena. He replied: It is game, and if one who is wearing ihram (pilgrim’s robe) hunts it, he should give a sheep as atonement.

3795: Narrated AlMiqdam ibn Ma’dikarib:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Beware, the fanged beast of prey is not lawful, nor the domestic asses, nor the find from the property of a man with whom treaty has been concluded, except that he did not need it. If anyone is a guest of people who provide no hospitality for him, he is entitled to take from them the equivalent of the hospitality due to him.

3796: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
On the day of Khaybar the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) prohibited eating every beast of prey, and every bird with a talon.

3797: Narrated Khalid ibn alWalid:
I went with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to fight at the battle of Khaybar, and the Jews came and complained that the people had hastened to take their protected property (as a booty), so the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: The property of those who have been given a mules, every fanged beast of prey, and every bird with a talon are forbidden for you.

3798: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
AbuzZubayr quoted the authority of Jabir ibn Abdullah for the statement that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade payment for a dog. Ibn AbdulMalik said: to eat a cat and to enjoy its price.

3800: Narrated Ghalib ibn Abjar:
We faced a famine, and I had nothing from my property which I could feed my family ex except a few asses, and the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) forbade the flesh of domestic asses. So I came to the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon) , we are suffering from famine, and I have no property which I feed my family except some fat asses, and you have forbidden the flesh of domestic asses. He said: Feed your family on the fat asses of yours, for I forbade them on account of the animal which feeds on the filth of the town, that is, the animal which feeds on filth.

3802: Narrated Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al‘As:
On the day of Khaybar the Apostle of Allah (may pease be upon him) forbade (eating) the flesh of domestic asses, and the animal which feeds on filth: riding it and eating its flesh.

3804: Narrated Salman alFarsi:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) was asked about (eating) locusts. He replied: They are the most numerous of Allah’s hosts. I neither eat them nor declare them unlawful.

3806: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: What the sea throws up and is left by the tide you may eat, but what dies in the sea and floats you must not eat.

3807: Narrated Jabir ibn Samurah:
A man alighted at Harrah with his wife and children. A man said (to him): My she−camel has strayed; if you find it, detain it. He found it, but did not find its owner, and it fell ill. His wife said: Slaughter it. But he refused and it died. She said: Skin it so that we may dry its fat and flesh and then eat them. He said: Let me ask the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). So he came to him (the Prophet) and asked him. He said: Have you sufficient for your needs? He replied: No. He then said: Then eat it. Then its owner came and he told him the story. He said: Why did you not slaughter it? He replied: I was ashamed (or afraid) of you.

3808: Narrated AlFaji’ ibn Abdullah alAmiri:
Al−Faji’ came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and asked: Is not dead meat lawful for us? He said: What is your food? We said: Some food in the evening and some in the morning. AbuNu’aym said: Uqbah explained it to me saying: a cup (of milk) in the morning and a cup in the evening; this does not satisfy the hunger. So made the carrion lawful for them in this condition.

3809: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: I wish I had a white loaf made from tawny and softened with clarified butter and milk. A man from among the people got up and getting one brought it. He asked: In which had it been? He replied: In a lizard skin. He said: Take it away.

3810: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was brought a piece of cheese in Tabuk. He called for a knife, mentioned Allah’s name and cut it.

3814: Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
The garlic and onions were mentioned before the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). He was told: The most severe of them is garlic. Would you make it unlawful? The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: Eat it, and he who eats it should not come near this mosque until its odour goes away.

3815: Narrated Hudhayfah ibn alYaman:
Zirr ibn Hubaysh said: Hudhayfah traced, I think, to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) the saying: He who spits in the direction of the qiblah will come on the Day of Resurrection in the state that his saliva will be between his eyes; and he who eats from this noxious vegetable should not come near our mosque, saying it three times.

3816: Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: He who eats from this plant should not come near the mosques.

3817: Narrated AlMughirah ibn Shu’bah:
I ate garlic and came to the place where the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was praying; one rak’ah of prayer had been performed when I joined. When I entered the mosque, the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) noticed the odour of garlic.

When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) finished his prayer, he said: He who eats from this plant should not come near us until its odour has gone away. When I finished the prayer, I came to the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) and said: Apostle of Allah, do give me your hand. Then I put his hand in the sleeve of my shirt, carrying it to my chest to show that my chest was fastened with a belt. He said: You have a (valid) excuse.

3818: Narrated Mu’awiyah ibn Qurrah:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) forbade these two plants (i.e. garlic and onions), and he said: He who eats them should not come near our mosque. If it is necessary to eat them, make them dead by cooking, that is, onions and garlic.

3819: Narrated Ali ibn AbuTalib:
It is forbidden to eat garlic unless it is cooked.

3820: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
Khalid said: AbuZiyad Khiyar ibn Salamah asked Aisha about onions. She replied: The last food which the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) ate was some which contained onions.

3821: Narrated Yusuf ibn Abdullah ibn Salam:
I saw that the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) took a piece of break of barley and put a date on it and said: This is the condiment of this.

3823: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
When the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was brought some old dates, he began to examine them and remove the worms from them.

3824: Narrated Abdullah ibn AbuTalhah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) was brought some dates which contained worms. He then mentioned the rest of the tradition to the same effect as the previous (No 3823).

3827: Narrated Aisha, Ummul Mu’minin:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) used to eat melon with fresh dates, and he used to say: The heat of the one is broken by the coolness of the other, and the coolness of the one by the heat of the other.

3828: Narrated Abdullah ibn Busr ibn Atiyyah ibn Busr:
The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) came to visit us and we offered him butter and dates, for he liked butter and dates.

3829: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
I was on an expedition along with the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him). We got the vessels and skins of the polytheists and used them. But he did not object to them 9i.e. us) for that (action).

3833: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: When a mouse falls into clarified butter, if it is sold, throw the mouse and what is around it away, but if it is in a liquid state, do not go near it. Al−Hasan said: AbdurRazzaq said: This tradition has been transmitted by Ma’mar, from az−Zuhri, from Ubaydullah ibn Abdullah ibn Abbas, from Maymunah, from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him).

3834: Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The tradition mentioned above (No. 3833) has also been transmitted by Ibn Abbas from Maymunah, from the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) like the tradition narrated by az−Zuhri, from Ibn al−Musayyab.

3841: Narrated AbuSa’id alKhudri:
When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) finished his food, he said: “Praise be to Allah Who has given us food and drink and made us Muslims.”

3842: Narrated AbuAyyub alAnsari:
When the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) ate or drank, he said: “Praise be to Allah Who has given food and drink and made it easy to swallow, and provided an exit for it.

3843: Narrated AbuHurayrah:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone spends the night with grease on his hand which he has not washed away, he can blame only himself if some trouble comes to him.

3844: Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah:
AbulHaytham ibn at−Tayhan prepared food for the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him), and he invited the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) and his Companions. When they finished (food), the said: If some people enter the house of a man, his food is eaten and his drink is drunk, and they supplicate (to Allah) for him, this is his reward.

3845: Narrated Anas ibn Malik:
The Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) came to visit Sa’d ibn Ubaydah, and he brought bread and olive oil, and he ate (them). Them). Then the Prophet (peace_be_upon_him) said: May the fasting (men) break their fast with you, and the pious eat your food, and the angels pray for blessing on you.

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