African Leaders Want Disputed Somali City Annexed
Communiquè: Meeting of the Heads of State and Government
of the Troop Contributing Countries of AMISOM
Date: August 5, 2013 | Communiquè | Kambala, Ugandha
From: Left to Right
- Hassan Darar Houfaneh – Defence minister of Djibouti,
- Gabriel Nizigama – Minister of Security of Burundi,
- Somalia president – Hassan Sheikh Mohamud,
- Uhuru Kenyatta – President of Kenya,
- Yoweri Kaguta Museveni – President of Uganda,
- Hailemmariam Desalegn – Prime Minister of Ethiopia,
- Andrew Gbebay Bangali – African Union Representative from Sierra Leone
- Ambassador Mahamat Saleh Annadif, Chairperson of AMISOM Commission.
Pose for a group photo during an AMISOM troops-contributing-countries to Somalia conference in Kampala on August 4, 2013.
MEETING OF THE HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT OF THE TROOP CONTRIBUTING COUNTRIES OF THE AFRICAN UNION MISSION IN SOMALIA (AMISOM), ETHIOPIA AND SOMALIA: KAMPALA, UGANDA; 4TH AUGUST 2013
A meeting of the Heads of State and Government of the Troop Contributing Countries (TCCs) to the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), Ethiopia and Somalia took place in Kampala, Uganda on Sunday, 4th August 2013 under the theme:
“Towards a harmonized Approach by the Stakeholders in Building a Peaceful Somalia”.
The Summit, chaired by His Excellency, Yoweri Kaguta Museveni, President of the Republic of Uganda, was preceded by the meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Ministers of Defence on 3rd August 2013.
The Summit was attended by His Excellency Hailemariam Desalegn, Prime Minister of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia; His Excellency Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya; His Excellency Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, President of the Federal Republic of Somalia. His Excellency Hassan Darar Houfaneh, Minister of Defence represented the Government of the Republic of Djibouti and His Excellency Gabriel Nizigama, Minister of Public Security represented the Republic of Burundi.
His Excellency, Andrew Gbebay Bangali Permanent Representative of the Republic of Sierra Leone to the African Union, represented the Government of Sierra Leone while Ambassador Mahamat Saleh Annadif, Special Representative of the Chairperson of the Commission (SRCC) and Head of Mission, AMISOM represented the Africa Union (AU).
Following the report on the prevailing situation in Somalia by Ambassador Mahamat Saleh Annadif, Special Representative of the Chairperson of the Commission (SRCC) and Head of Mission, AMISOM as well as statements made by Burundi, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sierra Leone, Somalia and Uganda, the Summit:
1| Reaffirmed its commitment
Reaffirmed its commitment, under the auspices of the African Union (AU) and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), to the unity, territorial integrity and sovereignty of Somalia as well as its commitment to continue to assist the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) in its stabilization efforts;
Commended the achievements made by AMISOM, Ethiopia and the Somalia National Security Forces in restoring security in Somalia and in particular in degrading the ability of Al Shabaab to carry out atrocities against the people of Somalia;
Recalled the pivotal role played by IGAD and AU in the deployment of AMISOM and welcomed the deployment of additional troops from Djibouti, Kenya and Sierra Leone and encouraged other African countries to contribute to the stabilization effort in Somalia;
4| Further recalled
Further recalled the Communiqué of the 22nd Extra Ordinary Session of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government on the Situation on Somalia held in Addis Ababa on 3rd May, 2013 which recognizes the leadership role of the FGS in the reconciliation process as well as in the establishment of local administrations in the regions;
Expressed grave concern about the deteriorating security situation in some parts of Somalia, and also, condemned the recent Al Shabaab terrorist activities that have resulted in the loss of innocent civilian lives and destruction of property. In this regard, the Summit requested AMISOM to support the FGS in the realization of the FGS’ presence of government institutions, extend its authority and establish itself;
Recalled the concerns contained in paragraph 7 of the communiqué (PSC/PR/COMM(CCCLXXIX) of the meeting of AU Peace and Security Council adopted on 13 June, 2013 that AMISOM forces have reached their operational limits and are unable to conduct a expansion operations as envisaged in the AU-UN Strategic Concept for future operations in Somalia and supported the call to the United Nations (UN) Security Council to provide the necessary support to AMISOM and the Somalia National Security Forces to enable them reorganize, restructure, increase their forces and mobilize logistical support in order to undertake further stabilization operations and also consolidate their control over the recovered territories and to facilitate the FGS extend state authority across the country;
Noted that, given the evolution of the situation in Somalia, the AU Strategic Concept for future AMISOM operations in Somalia adopted by the AU Peace and Security Council and the UN Security Council in January 2012 is not in tandem with the current situation and has been over taken by other events and therefore requested the AU, in consultation with the TCCs to AMISOM, Ethiopia, Somalia as well as IGAD and the UN, in the context of the planned AU-UN Joint Review, to revise the Strategic Concept in order to align it with the prevailing circumstances in the Mission Area;
Expressed concern about ongoing discussions aimed at partial re-hatting of AMISOM, which is considered premature and may cause a dysfunctional command and control, unequal and inequitable distribution of resources and negative consequences on the operational effectiveness of the Mission;
Welcomed the efforts deployed by the FGS including in establishing governance structures in the recovered areas and noted the challenges being encountered in some regions;
10| Welcomed and encouraged
Welcomed and encouraged the ongoing talks between the FGS and Jubba Region stakeholders;
Expressed concerns with the emergence of private security companies noting that their activities negatively impact on efforts aimed at rebuilding the Somalia National Security Forces;
12| Welcomed also the commitment of the FGS
Welcomed also the commitment of the FGS to hold elections by 2016 and expressed its support to facilitate the creation of conducive environment for the conduct of credible elections and called on the AU, IGAD, UN, European Union (EU), and all Somalia’s friends and partners to support the FGS in this regard;
Expressed its appreciation to the African Union (AU), the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the UN Security Council, the European Union (EU) and bilateral partners for their continued support to the stabilization of Somalia;
Expressed concerns about the intermittent funding pattern of AMISOM and the Somalia National Security Forces.
Consequently, the Summit:
Decided, in accordance with the Provisional Federal Constitution of Somalia, that the control of the Kismayo seaport and airport should be handed over to the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS);
Stressed that in line with UN Security Council resolutions, the ban on the exportation of charcoal should be adhered to;
Decided that all militias should be integrated into the Somalia National Security Forces except those associated with Al Shabaab which should be isolated;
Emphasized the imperative of continued African leadership and the need for AMISOM to sustain and strengthen its efforts to stabilize Somalia and reduce the threat of Al Shabaab;
Decided that the FGS, AMISOM and other stakeholders should cooperate to protect AMISOM troops;
Decided that the FGS is to take lead in the process of producing local leaders from the regions which the FGS will then appoint but in doing so, there is the need to ensure balanced participation;
Decided that all parties should support the establishment of Somalia National Security Forces by training educated Somalis to form the officer corps and the training of NCOs should be carried out in Somalia;
Decided that all unfair, unfair accusations, deliberate distortion of facts and bad mouthing of AMISOM TCCs must stop forthwith;
Welcomed the Addis Ababa discussions between the FGS and the Jubba Regions and called for the discussions to be fast tracked and made inclusive;
Encouraged the UN to procure food and other essential material for AMISOM locally where practicable;
Underlined the fight against Al Shabaab as the major focus of the FGS, the TCCs as well as regional and international partners;
Resolved to maintain their commitment to the stabilization effort in Somalia and in this regard decided to convene periodically to review the situation in Somalia;
Decided to support the FGS efforts to undertake political dialogue with various stakeholders and encouraged the convening of the reconciliation conference agreed upon at the 22nd Extra Ordinary Session of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government on the Situation on Somalia held in Addis Ababa on 3rd May, 2013;
28| Requested IGAD
Requested IGAD to continue to play its supportive role, in line with the five principles agreed upon as the basis of stabilization efforts in Somalia as contained in the communiqué of the 22nd Extra Ordinary Session of the IGAD Assembly of Heads of State and Government on the Situation in Somalia held in Addis Ababa on 3rd May, 2013. In this regard, the Summit appealed to the FGS and other stakeholders to work closely in the amicable resolution of any differences;
Requested the FGS to hasten the process of putting in place governance structures in recovered areas, if AMISOM in its current formulation, is to make further gains in the fight against Al Shabaab. The Summit further called on other stakeholders to support the FGS in this regard;
Encouraged the FGS to undertake the necessary political process to establish effective governance structures across Somalia;
Decided to support the FGS in establishing its authority in the Jubba Regions especially its control of state owned federal infrastructure including the seaport and airport;
Requested the FGS to prioritize the reintegration of various militias with a view to establish a cohesive Somalia National Security Force;
Agreed that AMISOM and the Chiefs of Defence Forces of Ethiopia and Somalia, within the framework of the AMISOM Military Operations Coordination Committee (MOCC), in line with the operational decision reached in 2012, to urgently work out the modalities and operationalization of an AMISOM multinational force to be deployed in Kismayo;
Directed Chiefs of Defence Forces to meet on a quarterly basis to review the security situation in Somalia and report to the Committee of Ministers of Defence accordingly for appropriate action;
Requested IGAD to meet on quarterly basis in order to track progress in developments in Somalia with particular reference to rebuilding the Somalia National Security Forces and political outreach and reconciliation;
Requested the AU, in consultations with the TCCs, Ethiopia and Somalia, to undertake in-depth review of recent UN Security Council resolutions, notably resolution 2093 (2013) and 2033 (2013) with a view to unpacking their implications particularly with regards to the contemplated partial re-hatting of AMISOM, its mandate as well as its operational effectiveness;
Requested the AU Commission to intensify and expand its efforts in mobilizing the required support, including predictable funding, for an enhanced AMISOM with increased uniformed personnel strength and the Somalia National Security Forces;
Requested the AU Commission and the TCCs to fast track the ongoing troop rotation, including the Force Command elements;
Requested the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the Commission (SRCC) and Head of Mission – AMISOM to transmit this Communiqué to the AU Commission for the attention of the AU Peace and Security Council.
- H.E. Gabriel Nizigama – MINISTER OF PUBLIC SECURITY OF THE REPUBLIC OF BURUNDI
- H.E. Hassan Darar Houfaneh – MINISTER OF DEFENCE OF THE REPUBLIC OF DJIBOUTI
- H. E. Mr. Hailemariam Desalegn – PRIME MINISTER, FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA
African Leaders Want Disputed Somali City Annexed
Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud attends the closing meeting for the African Union Mission in Somalia, which held in Kampala, Uganda.
The Somali city of Kismayo “should be handed over” to the central government, regional leaders said at the end of a summit Sunday, a decision that puts pressure on Kenyan troops who face charges of backing a powerful militia in the disputed port city.
African leaders said in a statement at the end of a summit in Kampala, Uganda’s capital, that Kismayo’s airport and seaport should be under the control of Somalia’s central government, which has struggled to assert its authority there despite the exit of al-Shabab militants, reports The Associated Press.
The statement said a “multinational force” should be urgently deployed in Kismayo. It also urged the central government in the capital, Mogadishu, to “reintegrate” into the national army all the militias that have no links with al-Shabab militants.
The Kampala summit was organized under the banner of the African Union peacekeeping force deployed in Somalia, known as AMISOM, and was for countries that have troops in Somalia. The prime minister of Ethiopia and the presidents of Uganda, Kenya and Somalia attended the summit.
The decision on Kismayo puts pressure on Kenya, whose troops in the strategic Somali city have been accused of backing one militia, the Raskamboni brigade, against others in deadly fighting there. The Raskamboni brigade —which helped Kenya to push al-Shabab militants out of Kismayo last year —is led by Ahmed Madobe, a Somali warlord who has established a local administration in Kismayo that is independent of the central government. Madobe is a key power broker around Kismayo, although he is not backed by the federal government in Mogadishu.
After the Raskamboni brigade took the upper hand in fighting for control of Kismayo, Somalia’s government said last month it wanted a “more neutral African Union force” there, an apparent indictment of the conduct of Kenyan troops in Somalia.
Kismayo is important for Kenya, which seeks a friendly buffer zone near its border with Somalia — one of the main reasons it sent troops to Somalia in late 2011 to fight the rebels of al-Shabab, Islamic extremists linked to al-Qaida. But the rival militias now at war there appear to be interested in the economic engine of Kismayo. Its port generates large and reliable income, and has been the export point of Somali-made charcoal that the U.N. has deemed illegal.
In a letter to the African Union, Somalia’s government recently accused AMISOM Section Two — a contingent of African Union forces operating in Kismayo — of launching “a targeted offensive against civilians” and of arresting Col. Abbas Ibrahim Gure, a Somali army official sent to Kismayo by the central government.
Kenyan officials have repeatedly denied taking sides in the Kismayo conflict, saying they are in Kismayo to keep the peace.
Some analysts say fighting in Kismayo is distracting from the main goal of battling al-Shabab, who still stage lethal terrorist attacks even in Mogadishu.